PhD : [92]

Follow this collection to receive daily e-mail notification of new additions
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 92
  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohd Daud, Mohd Ariff (2019)

  • The provision of shelter is a fundamental human right as implied in the Maqasid al-Shari'ah, hence Islamic finance should provide avenues to facilitate society in buying affordable homes. This challenge covers the funding aspect of affordable housing development albeit other critical challenges associated such as high land cost, compliance and construction cost, and developers' profit margin. The issue is that market forces dictate property prices that many cannot afford; hence lack of affordable housing is a serious issue being faced by major cities around the globe, including Malaysia. As the public resort to government assistance for policy change to support more affordable housing...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Smolo, Edib (2019)

  • Although the well-functioning financial structure is, in general, a key to long-term sustainable economic growth and overall stability, the debate on the relationship between financial development and economic growth remains non-fading. The theoretical literature provides startlingly different and sometimes conflicting views on the finance growth nexus. In addition to this non-fading debate on finance - growth nexus, the degree of banking competition attracted increasing attention in recent years. Banking consolidations, merger and acquisitions, fuelled by overall banking deregulations and the lowering of economic barriers led to structural changes within the banking and financial env...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Abd. Razak, Shahrul Azman (2014)

  • This study examines the concept of combination of contracts in Islamic commercial law and its application in the Malaysian Islamic financial services. Combination of contracts encounters some juridical issues by virtue of the three prohibiting ahadith mentioned by the Prophet (s.a.w.) . The ahadith stated that the Prophet (s.a.w.) prohibited combining two sales in one sale, loan and sale, as well as two transactions in one transaction. Many debates have been raised among classical and contemporary Shari'ah scholars regarding the interpretation of these ahadith and the types of contracts that are combinable or non-combinable. Given the fact that these issues remain obfuscated, therefor...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Abdul Razak, Ahmad Lutfi (2019)

  • In the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-2009 , there has been increased scrutiny in the way that credit rating agencies (CRAs) have conducted credit risk analysis. Through the UN-supported Principles for Responsible Investments (PRJ), a growing number of investors and CRAs have collaborated to enhance the systematic and transparent consideration of environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors in the assessment of corporate creditworthiness. While there exists a burgeoning literature that examines the relationship between corporate social performance (CSP) and credit risk, there are several prevailing issues. Firstly, previous studies of CSP have relied on measure...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Hussin, Syaryanti (2019)

  • One of important non-financial information to be disclosed by IFIs is the information related to environment, social and governance (ESG) matters. Solid ESG practices result in lower risk and better operational performance of firm. The increasing cases of corporate collapse over non-financial issues during the last decades have highlighted the importance of ESG disclosure. IFIs have been seen left behind in term of providing their stakeholders with enough information to the stakeholders' attached surrounding from environmental aspect. In addition of that , the study examines SC characteristics from SC size, SC meeting and international member on the linkages between governance mechani...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Gulzar Mohd, Rosana (2019)

  • Despite the increase in studies on Islamic banks, there is a number of issues. Firstly, the comparison is with commercial banks although in reality, Islamic banks have strayed from their theoretical foundations of mutuality and profit-sharing. A more apt comparison is thus with cooperative banks, which share similar theoretical foundations with Islamic banks. Secondly, this comparison may unlock the stability puzzle for Islamic banks. While theoretically they are argued to be stabilising, empirically, the evidence is mixed. Several works concur with the notion of superior stability in Islamic compared to conventional banks but of late, there are increasing findings to the contrary. Th...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Omer, Gamal Salih (2019)

  • This research aims to examine the relationship between Islamic banks' profitability and shareholders' value with the market structures, ownership structures, and financial risk factors, and to test for any differences in these performances between the Islamic and conventional banks. The impacts of both market and ownership structures and financial risks of banking performance is recognized globally and critical for the banking industry. The market and ownership structures are considered pertinent as they indicate competitive environment in which banks can lower costs, extend access to finance, and build effectiveness while garnering impacts of the financial risks will promote financia...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohd Hussan, Subithabhanu (2018)

  • One of the objectives of the implementation of the Islamic Financial Services Act 2013 (IFSA) is to promote greater risk-sharing in the Islamic financial industry. Accordingly, IFSA has distinguished the two major sources of funding for an Islamic banking institution, i.e. deposits and investment accounts. However, more than five years into the implementation, the Act is deemed to have failed in terms of upholding its risk-sharing values, where change could only be observed in the statutory position of investment account. This dissertation aims to motivate Islamic banks to move away from continuing risk-transfer practices, by proposing a risk-sharing investment account model (includin...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Tengku Zainal Abidin, Tengku Roziana (2019)

  • The world is striving towards eradicating poverty via inclusive growth. Financial inclusion is seen as an important tool towards getting the unbanked, poor population into the financial system. Does greater financial inclusion create financial stability? Engaging the less financially capable people into the financial system is not a risk-free undertaking. Relaxation of rules and regulations which trigger sub-prime crisis in 2007-2008 has proven that more exposure to 'unfit' borrowers may lead to financial instability. Our study focuses on OIC countries for the impressive growth of lslamic finance during the past decade where 95% of the assets reside in the majority-Muslims countries y...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Islam, Muhammad Umar (2019)

  • Globally, the awareness about sustainability has increased due to the lingering environment, social and governance-related issues. In this perspective, the role of social media and consumer awareness are important since they influence the corporate sector to care for sustainable development. Banks, being very important to the economy, contribute to sustainability through their internal (through governance, data security, etc.) and external (through environment-friendly loans , financial inclusion, etc.) practices. These practices are collectively called as environment, society, and governance (ESG) sustainability. ESG practices by banks are important since they operate on public funds...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Ludeen, Abdullah (2019)

  • The first objective of this study aims to investigate the current status of financial inclusion and the second research objective aims to study the determinants of populations' refusal or inability to participate in banking system. The qualitative approach is used for the first research objective whereas quantitative technique is used to address the second objective. For the purpose of quantitative approach, primary data was collected through survey questionnaires from financially excluded population (individuals without a bank account or having only salary account) in Kabul province to answer the hypotheses outlined for this study. The data was analyzed using Structural Equation Mode...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Khan, Shabeer (2019)

  • Although literature on shadow economy has been growing, the examination is scarce in the case of developing countries, especially the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) economies. In this study, we develop various testable hypotheses related to shadow economy. We investigate the determinants of shadow economy across a large sample of 141 countries and examine whether it varies across OIC (42) and non-OIC (99) countries. The average size of the shadow economy in OIC countries is 34.36% of gross domestic product (GDP) while it is 30.57% of GDP in non-OlC economies. The approach of exploring various definitions, historical development, types, Islamic viewpoint and the determining ...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Abdullah, Ahmad Monir (2018)

  • Financially distressed companies always bring about enormous financial and economic losses to many stakeholders, such as management, stockholders, employees and customers together with a substantial social and economic cost to the country. Therefore, a distress prediction model that can predict the event and identify the determinants in advance would serve to reduce such losses by providing a pre-warning signal to stakeholders. Preventive actions can then be taken by stakeholders if they can obtain early warning signal of probable failure that will lead to the efficient allocation of available resources to reduce losses. For these reasons, identifying the financial distress determinan...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Lokman @ Yusop, Azarahiah (2018)

  • Bank financing is an important external source of financing for SMEs. However, banks often considered SMEs as riskier than large enterprises and therefore use various tools to mitigate their risks in SME lending / financing such as imposing collateral requirement, higher pricing and credit rationing. This may limit access to finance for the SMEs. By understanding SME default risk better, banks may reduce or eliminate the collateral requirement, lower the pricing or avoid credit rationing thus improving access to finance for the SMEs. Studies have considered various risk factors and their impact on default. However, none, to the best of my knowledge has considered religion as a risk fa...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Chowdhury, Mohammad Ashraful Ferdous (2019)

  • In spite of the expanding number of studies investigating the effect of institutional quality on capital flows, a very few attempts has been made to investigate the impact of capital flows on the institutional quality of host countries.This study investigates the role of capital flows on the institutional infrastructure of the OIC countries, which are divided into three separate essays. The first essay investigates the impact of the official development assistance (ODA) on the institutional development of the OIC counties. The research uses system GMM, and the data for this study is obtained from 40 OIC countries for the three-year average period from 1991 to 2016. Empirical findings ...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Anwer, Zaheer (2017)

  • This study examines the impact of ethical and Shariah screenmg on idiosyncratic risk, performance and dividend policy decisions for US market for the period 2006-2015. A unique dataset is utilized to construct representative portfolios of Socially Responsible Investing (SRI), Shariah compliant investment and Market (proxy). The existing literature suggests that constraints on stock selection imposed by screening may limit investment universe and make faith based portfolios sub-optimal. Therefore, the investors who want to follow their religious or social beliefs need to incur cost of their values. Our results reveal that Shariah compliant investors are slightly disadvantaged in terms ...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Karatas, Abdullah (2017)

  • Among the available liquidity management instruments in Islamic banking, only sukuk of a particular type meet the requirements of HQLA (in principle) as defined by the Basel Committee and adapted for Islamic finance by the IFSB (Islamic Financial Services Board) (IFSB, 2017). Candidates for HQLA are only international sukuk, i.e. sukuk that are issued in an international currency, sukuk that are also publicly listed, and sukuk that are traded not only locally but also internationally. Sovereigns and international institutions such as the IDB (Islamic Development Bank) have issued almost all sukuk of this caliber. In this PhD thesis, the research will make empirically informed qualitat...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Alhamdani, Gamal Nassar Ali (2017)

  • Technology Startups (TSs) are critical to develop economic capacity, support innovation and stimulate entrepreneurial spirit In a nation. As TSs embark on innovative and disruptive journeys, they face their biggest challenge: financing. This study aims to examine the determinants of financing among TSs in Malaysia while critically examining the role of Islamic Finance. The study adopts a triangulation methodological approach, which consists of questionnaire survey and semi-structured interviews. It focuses on Malaysian technology startups, entrepreneurs and their financing needs mainly at two stages: the early stage and the later stage. The study examines the following dependent varia...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Seho, Mirzet (2018)

  • The issue of whether banks should diversify or focus their portfolios is theoretically and empirically open to debate. Traditional wisdom in banking argues that diversification can reduce risk and improve retums. The theory of corporate finance, however, contends that diversification increases earnings volatility, write-downs and write-offs, agency problems and inefficiency. While the former suggests that banks should be as diversified as possible, the latter recommends that banks should focus their activities. In an attempt to test these arguments, numerous empirical studies have been conducted - primarily on conventional banks in single-banking systems from developed economies and l...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 92

PhD : [92]

Follow this collection to receive daily e-mail notification of new additions
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 92
  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohd Daud, Mohd Ariff (2019)

  • The provision of shelter is a fundamental human right as implied in the Maqasid al-Shari'ah, hence Islamic finance should provide avenues to facilitate society in buying affordable homes. This challenge covers the funding aspect of affordable housing development albeit other critical challenges associated such as high land cost, compliance and construction cost, and developers' profit margin. The issue is that market forces dictate property prices that many cannot afford; hence lack of affordable housing is a serious issue being faced by major cities around the globe, including Malaysia. As the public resort to government assistance for policy change to support more affordable housing...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Smolo, Edib (2019)

  • Although the well-functioning financial structure is, in general, a key to long-term sustainable economic growth and overall stability, the debate on the relationship between financial development and economic growth remains non-fading. The theoretical literature provides startlingly different and sometimes conflicting views on the finance growth nexus. In addition to this non-fading debate on finance - growth nexus, the degree of banking competition attracted increasing attention in recent years. Banking consolidations, merger and acquisitions, fuelled by overall banking deregulations and the lowering of economic barriers led to structural changes within the banking and financial env...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Abd. Razak, Shahrul Azman (2014)

  • This study examines the concept of combination of contracts in Islamic commercial law and its application in the Malaysian Islamic financial services. Combination of contracts encounters some juridical issues by virtue of the three prohibiting ahadith mentioned by the Prophet (s.a.w.) . The ahadith stated that the Prophet (s.a.w.) prohibited combining two sales in one sale, loan and sale, as well as two transactions in one transaction. Many debates have been raised among classical and contemporary Shari'ah scholars regarding the interpretation of these ahadith and the types of contracts that are combinable or non-combinable. Given the fact that these issues remain obfuscated, therefor...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Abdul Razak, Ahmad Lutfi (2019)

  • In the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-2009 , there has been increased scrutiny in the way that credit rating agencies (CRAs) have conducted credit risk analysis. Through the UN-supported Principles for Responsible Investments (PRJ), a growing number of investors and CRAs have collaborated to enhance the systematic and transparent consideration of environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors in the assessment of corporate creditworthiness. While there exists a burgeoning literature that examines the relationship between corporate social performance (CSP) and credit risk, there are several prevailing issues. Firstly, previous studies of CSP have relied on measure...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Hussin, Syaryanti (2019)

  • One of important non-financial information to be disclosed by IFIs is the information related to environment, social and governance (ESG) matters. Solid ESG practices result in lower risk and better operational performance of firm. The increasing cases of corporate collapse over non-financial issues during the last decades have highlighted the importance of ESG disclosure. IFIs have been seen left behind in term of providing their stakeholders with enough information to the stakeholders' attached surrounding from environmental aspect. In addition of that , the study examines SC characteristics from SC size, SC meeting and international member on the linkages between governance mechani...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Gulzar Mohd, Rosana (2019)

  • Despite the increase in studies on Islamic banks, there is a number of issues. Firstly, the comparison is with commercial banks although in reality, Islamic banks have strayed from their theoretical foundations of mutuality and profit-sharing. A more apt comparison is thus with cooperative banks, which share similar theoretical foundations with Islamic banks. Secondly, this comparison may unlock the stability puzzle for Islamic banks. While theoretically they are argued to be stabilising, empirically, the evidence is mixed. Several works concur with the notion of superior stability in Islamic compared to conventional banks but of late, there are increasing findings to the contrary. Th...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Omer, Gamal Salih (2019)

  • This research aims to examine the relationship between Islamic banks' profitability and shareholders' value with the market structures, ownership structures, and financial risk factors, and to test for any differences in these performances between the Islamic and conventional banks. The impacts of both market and ownership structures and financial risks of banking performance is recognized globally and critical for the banking industry. The market and ownership structures are considered pertinent as they indicate competitive environment in which banks can lower costs, extend access to finance, and build effectiveness while garnering impacts of the financial risks will promote financia...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohd Hussan, Subithabhanu (2018)

  • One of the objectives of the implementation of the Islamic Financial Services Act 2013 (IFSA) is to promote greater risk-sharing in the Islamic financial industry. Accordingly, IFSA has distinguished the two major sources of funding for an Islamic banking institution, i.e. deposits and investment accounts. However, more than five years into the implementation, the Act is deemed to have failed in terms of upholding its risk-sharing values, where change could only be observed in the statutory position of investment account. This dissertation aims to motivate Islamic banks to move away from continuing risk-transfer practices, by proposing a risk-sharing investment account model (includin...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Tengku Zainal Abidin, Tengku Roziana (2019)

  • The world is striving towards eradicating poverty via inclusive growth. Financial inclusion is seen as an important tool towards getting the unbanked, poor population into the financial system. Does greater financial inclusion create financial stability? Engaging the less financially capable people into the financial system is not a risk-free undertaking. Relaxation of rules and regulations which trigger sub-prime crisis in 2007-2008 has proven that more exposure to 'unfit' borrowers may lead to financial instability. Our study focuses on OIC countries for the impressive growth of lslamic finance during the past decade where 95% of the assets reside in the majority-Muslims countries y...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Islam, Muhammad Umar (2019)

  • Globally, the awareness about sustainability has increased due to the lingering environment, social and governance-related issues. In this perspective, the role of social media and consumer awareness are important since they influence the corporate sector to care for sustainable development. Banks, being very important to the economy, contribute to sustainability through their internal (through governance, data security, etc.) and external (through environment-friendly loans , financial inclusion, etc.) practices. These practices are collectively called as environment, society, and governance (ESG) sustainability. ESG practices by banks are important since they operate on public funds...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Ludeen, Abdullah (2019)

  • The first objective of this study aims to investigate the current status of financial inclusion and the second research objective aims to study the determinants of populations' refusal or inability to participate in banking system. The qualitative approach is used for the first research objective whereas quantitative technique is used to address the second objective. For the purpose of quantitative approach, primary data was collected through survey questionnaires from financially excluded population (individuals without a bank account or having only salary account) in Kabul province to answer the hypotheses outlined for this study. The data was analyzed using Structural Equation Mode...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Khan, Shabeer (2019)

  • Although literature on shadow economy has been growing, the examination is scarce in the case of developing countries, especially the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) economies. In this study, we develop various testable hypotheses related to shadow economy. We investigate the determinants of shadow economy across a large sample of 141 countries and examine whether it varies across OIC (42) and non-OIC (99) countries. The average size of the shadow economy in OIC countries is 34.36% of gross domestic product (GDP) while it is 30.57% of GDP in non-OlC economies. The approach of exploring various definitions, historical development, types, Islamic viewpoint and the determining ...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Abdullah, Ahmad Monir (2018)

  • Financially distressed companies always bring about enormous financial and economic losses to many stakeholders, such as management, stockholders, employees and customers together with a substantial social and economic cost to the country. Therefore, a distress prediction model that can predict the event and identify the determinants in advance would serve to reduce such losses by providing a pre-warning signal to stakeholders. Preventive actions can then be taken by stakeholders if they can obtain early warning signal of probable failure that will lead to the efficient allocation of available resources to reduce losses. For these reasons, identifying the financial distress determinan...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Lokman @ Yusop, Azarahiah (2018)

  • Bank financing is an important external source of financing for SMEs. However, banks often considered SMEs as riskier than large enterprises and therefore use various tools to mitigate their risks in SME lending / financing such as imposing collateral requirement, higher pricing and credit rationing. This may limit access to finance for the SMEs. By understanding SME default risk better, banks may reduce or eliminate the collateral requirement, lower the pricing or avoid credit rationing thus improving access to finance for the SMEs. Studies have considered various risk factors and their impact on default. However, none, to the best of my knowledge has considered religion as a risk fa...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Chowdhury, Mohammad Ashraful Ferdous (2019)

  • In spite of the expanding number of studies investigating the effect of institutional quality on capital flows, a very few attempts has been made to investigate the impact of capital flows on the institutional quality of host countries.This study investigates the role of capital flows on the institutional infrastructure of the OIC countries, which are divided into three separate essays. The first essay investigates the impact of the official development assistance (ODA) on the institutional development of the OIC counties. The research uses system GMM, and the data for this study is obtained from 40 OIC countries for the three-year average period from 1991 to 2016. Empirical findings ...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Anwer, Zaheer (2017)

  • This study examines the impact of ethical and Shariah screenmg on idiosyncratic risk, performance and dividend policy decisions for US market for the period 2006-2015. A unique dataset is utilized to construct representative portfolios of Socially Responsible Investing (SRI), Shariah compliant investment and Market (proxy). The existing literature suggests that constraints on stock selection imposed by screening may limit investment universe and make faith based portfolios sub-optimal. Therefore, the investors who want to follow their religious or social beliefs need to incur cost of their values. Our results reveal that Shariah compliant investors are slightly disadvantaged in terms ...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Karatas, Abdullah (2017)

  • Among the available liquidity management instruments in Islamic banking, only sukuk of a particular type meet the requirements of HQLA (in principle) as defined by the Basel Committee and adapted for Islamic finance by the IFSB (Islamic Financial Services Board) (IFSB, 2017). Candidates for HQLA are only international sukuk, i.e. sukuk that are issued in an international currency, sukuk that are also publicly listed, and sukuk that are traded not only locally but also internationally. Sovereigns and international institutions such as the IDB (Islamic Development Bank) have issued almost all sukuk of this caliber. In this PhD thesis, the research will make empirically informed qualitat...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Alhamdani, Gamal Nassar Ali (2017)

  • Technology Startups (TSs) are critical to develop economic capacity, support innovation and stimulate entrepreneurial spirit In a nation. As TSs embark on innovative and disruptive journeys, they face their biggest challenge: financing. This study aims to examine the determinants of financing among TSs in Malaysia while critically examining the role of Islamic Finance. The study adopts a triangulation methodological approach, which consists of questionnaire survey and semi-structured interviews. It focuses on Malaysian technology startups, entrepreneurs and their financing needs mainly at two stages: the early stage and the later stage. The study examines the following dependent varia...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Seho, Mirzet (2018)

  • The issue of whether banks should diversify or focus their portfolios is theoretically and empirically open to debate. Traditional wisdom in banking argues that diversification can reduce risk and improve retums. The theory of corporate finance, however, contends that diversification increases earnings volatility, write-downs and write-offs, agency problems and inefficiency. While the former suggests that banks should be as diversified as possible, the latter recommends that banks should focus their activities. In an attempt to test these arguments, numerous empirical studies have been conducted - primarily on conventional banks in single-banking systems from developed economies and l...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 92