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Prof. Dr.

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Mansor H. Ibrahim

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Qualification
Ph.D.in Economics, Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, USA . (1996)
Fields/Area of Specialization
Macro/Monetary economics
Biography
Prior to joining INCEIF, Prof. Dr. Mansor H. Ibrahim served the Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) for three years (2009- 2011) and the Department of Economics, International Islamic University Malaysia for 12 years (1996-2008). He studied at Washington University where he received his A. B. (Economics) in 1990, A.M. (Economics) in 1991 and PhD in Economics in 1996. His research interest includes monetary economics, money and banking, analysis of financial markets and applied econometrics. He currently serves as Deputy President Academic (DPA) of INCEIF and as Dean for School of Graduate and Professional Studies (SGPS).
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Now showing 1 - 11 of 103
  • Publication
    Financial intermediation costs in a dual banking system: the role of Islamic banking
    Siong Hook Law; Mansor H. Ibrahim (Bank Indonesia Institute, 2019)

    This paper empirically analyses the role of Islamic banking in financial intermediation costs as measured by net interest margins for a leading dual banking country, Malaysia. Controlling for theoretically motivated determinants of the margins, the paper compares the interest/financing margins of conventional and Islamic banks and examines the impacts of Islamic banking presence on bank margins. The analysis provides evidence of the higher margins of Islamic banks compared to those of conventional banks. Further, the difference in bank margins between the two types of banks can be attributed to differences in market power, operating costs, and diversification. Finally, Islamic banking presence or penetration, as represented by the ratio of Islamic financing to aggregate bank credit/financing and, alternatively, the share of Islamic banking assets, is robustly associated with lower bank margins, on average. These results bear important implications for the development of the Islamic banking industry and in fostering the efficient allocation of financial resources by the banking system.

  • Publication
    The response of sectoral returns to macroeconomic shocks in the Malaysian stock market
    Siong Hook Law; Mansor H. Ibrahim (University of Malaya, 2014)

    This paper examines the responses of sectoral returns to shocks in five macroeconomic indicators using the vector autoregressive (VAR) model and generalised impulse response functions for an emerging stock market, Malaysia. The empirical results suggest that, while the temporal responses of sectoral returns to macroeconomic shocks are relatively identical, their initial responses are slightly different. Monetary policy and exchange rate shocks have the largest effect on the finance sector, whereas output and exchange rate shocks exert most influence on the property sector. Comparatively, among the shocks, monetary shocks (i.e., money supply, interest rate and exchange rate shocks) are more influential in influencing sectoral returns than goods market shocks (i.e., output and consumer price shocks).

  • Publication
    Oil and macro-financial linkages: evidence from the GCC countries
    Mansor H. Ibrahim (Elsevier Inc., 2019)

    We assess potential roles of recent oil price swings in macro-financial linkages for the case of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries using bank-level panel data from 2000-2016. Employing both dynamic panel and panel VAR modelling, we document evidence indicating significant implications of oil price changes on the GCC financial and real sectors and significant macro-financial linkages. The results are robust in suggesting favourable effects of positive oil price changes on bank profitability, credit growth and output growth. Likewise, we document robust evidence indicating immediate contraction in credit growth, deterioration in credit quality and decline in economic growth following negative oil price changes. We also note that the implications of oil price changes tend to be felt more strongly by small banks. Finally, we find substantial causal interactions between output growth and bank variables, notable of which are robust findings of significant responses of (i) credit growth and bank profitability to business cycle and (ii) business cycle to credit quality. With the documented roles of oil prices on macro-financial linkages, the oil market developments should be monitored closely and, in anticipation of oil price drops, attention should be given to maintaining lending activity as well as safeguarding banks' financial soundness such that the contraction of real activity can be contained.

  • Publication
    Oil price risk in selected ASEAN markets
    Mansor H. Ibrahim (UKM Graduate School of Business, 2014)

    This paper analyzes the oil price risk in four ASEAN markets using a two-factor "market and oil" model and EGARCH(1, 1) variance specification. In the analysis, three alternative non-linear measures of oil prices are used and robustness check of basic results is also performed. The results suggest a direct relation between oil price changes and stock market returns and indicate no evidence for asymmetric oil price risk for Indonesia. Meanwhile, the asymmetric oil price risk seems apparent for the markets of Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. For an oil exporting Malaysia, the oil price decline tends to compromise its market performance while the oil price increase does not seem to be beneficial. In contrast, for oil-importing Singapore and Thailand, the oil price shocks tend to adversely affect their market returns. The contrasting experiences of these markets in the face of oil price fluctuations are attributed to the degree of oil dependency, level of financial development, and trade openness.

  • Publication
    Credit expansion and financial stability in Malaysia
    Seow Shin Koong; Siong Hook Law; Mansor H. Ibrahim (Elsevier B.V., 2017)

    This study investigated the degree of synchronization between credit expansion and financial stability in Malaysia at aggregated and disaggregated levels. The dynamic factor model and a broad range of macrofinancial variables are adopted to construct a financial stability index to measure the stability of the Malaysian financial system. The non-parametric method is subsequently employed to gauge the degree of synchronization between credit and financial stability. The empirical findings indicated a negative synchronization between business credit and financial stability in Malaysia, suggesting that an expansion in business credit would lead to financial instability. The results implied that difficulties will arise in designing policies as business credit expands. On the other hand, there is insufficient evidence to show that increasing household credit has any negative influence on Malaysian financial stability.

  • Publication
    Trade-finance complementarity and carbon emission intensity: panel evidence from middle-income countries
    Mansor H. Ibrahim (Springer US, 2018)

    This paper examines the complementarity/substitutability of international trade and financial development in the mitigation of carbon emissions for a panel sample of 62 middle-income countries from 1991 to 2010. Applying the bias-corrected LSDV estimator, the paper yields interesting results. For the full sample, international trade and financial development play an interactive and complementary role in reducing CO2 intensity of energy use. That is, the environmental benefit of international trade is materialized only if a country has a well-developed financial market. Likewise, financial development is beneficial to the environment only in a highly open economy. Having stated these, the analysis also uncovers evidence that these results may be different across levels of income or across regions. The results bear important policy implications for the abatement of the environmental problem in the middle-income countries.

  • Publication
    Impact of bank concentration and financial development on growth volatility: the case of selected OIC countries
    Edib Smolo; Ginanjar Dewandaru; Mansor H. Ibrahim (Taylor & Francis Group, 2021)

    This study investigates the impact of bank concentration and financial development on economic volatility for the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) member countries. Employing dynamic panel models, we find no evidence that bank concentration is significantly related to economic volatility when it is entered independently in the models. Meanwhile, financial development lowers economic volatility. Extending the models to include market structure - financial development interaction, we note that the impact of bank concentration on volatility depends on the level of financial development within OIC countries. More specifically, the volatility-increasing effect of bank concentration tends to be moderated by financial development. Accordingly, in the wake of banking sector consolidation in these countries, policymakers and regulators in OIC countries should focus on further developing their financial markets such that the negative consequences of resulting market concentration can be mitigated.

  • Publication
    Was bail-out a success? Evidence from the investment-cash flow relationship
    Mohd Adib Ismail; Mohd-Pisal Zainal; Mohammed Yusoff; Mansor H. Ibrahim (UKM, 2013)

    The 1997-1998 Asian financial crisis affected the balance sheets of many Malaysian firms, which increased the financial constraints on such firms. To counter the impacts, the Malaysian government carried out various directed policy measures known collectively as the bail-out policy. The present paper examines the success of the policy to reduce the financial constraints. The present paper uses panel estimation methods to analyze the relationship between firms’ investments and their cash flows. The sample of study is split into two subsamples, consisting of the periods before and after the financial crisis, respectively. The success of the policy is measured based upon the easing of financial constraints faced by Malaysian firms. Using annual financial data, consisting of unbalanced panel from the period of 1988 to 2005, the results found favour the bail-out policy. This finding indicates the success of the bail-out policy to reduce the severity of financial constraints.

  • Publication
    Islamic banking: business model, issues and challenges
    Kinan Salim; Mansor H. Ibrahim (RAM Holdings Berhad, 2017)

    The Islamic banking sector has ascended to be systematically important in several OIC countries particularly in Malaysia and the GCC. Globally, the sector has recorded a double digit growth rate far exceeding the growth rate of its conventional counterpart. Its sustained growth in the provision of financial services founded on Islamic principles even during crisis episodes, especially duting the recent global financial crisis, makes Islamic banking gain traction even in the non-Muslim world. Over recent years, it has made its presence in such countries as Switzerland, the UK, and the USA.

  • Publication
    Lending structure and bank insolvency risk: a comparative study between Islamic and conventional banks
    Aisyah A. Rahman; Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera; Mansor H. Ibrahim (World Business Institute, 2009)

    This study investigates the impact of lending structure on the insolvency risk exposure. A comparative analysis between the insolvency risk behavior between the Islamic and conventional banks is made. Our findings show that real estate lending is positively related to the conventional banks’ risk, but inversely related to the Islamic banks’ risk exposure. Thus, the policy makers as well as the banks should react accordingly in the decision making process.

  • Publication
    Financial constraints and firm investment in Malaysia: an investigation of investment-cash flow relationship
    Mohd Adib Ismail; Mohammed Yusoff; Mohd-Pisal Zainal; Mansor H. Ibrahim (UPM Press, 2010)

    This paper investigates the presence of financial constraints among firms in Malaysia using firm level panel data analysis. The empirical results based on panel GMM demonstrate that financial constraints are present in the market, which indicate that the firms are unable to access to external forms of financing. In addition, the presence also signifies the presence of asymmetric information problem between the firm and its financer. Thus, the neoclassical investment theory which based on assumption of complete information such that only factor prices and technology determine firm’s desired capital stock is simply rejected. Eventually, their investments are much affected by fluctuations in their cash flows or retained earnings.