The sustainability of microfinance institutions and its key drivers: a multi-criteria based performance analysis in OIC and non-OIC countries
In the last three decades, the microfinance market has continued to grow, from 13 million clients in 1997 to 98 million in 2009 and 139.9 million in 2018. As microfinance grows, a transformational change in microfinance in microfinance has taken place. Prior to the 1990s, microfinance worked more as microcredit for poverty alleviation and development instruments which were still subsidized. But today microfinance has turned into a more complex ecosystem with more varied market participants and approaches. Will these microfinance institutions be sustainable in providing financial and social services now and in the future? What are the key variables that play an important role in the sustainability of the MFIs? This study is to help find the answers to these questions using a multi-criteria decision-making framework and a dynamic parametric analysis. This study aims to measure the sustainability of microfinance institutions in a multi-dimensional manner so that the achievement of its mission - the triple bottom line - can be measured and evaluated. This study also examines MFI in OIC member countries considering that OIC is a group of countries with the the second largest number of members after the United Nations. Investigating the MFIs from 111 countries worldwide from 2003 to 2019, this study utilizes the TOPSIS and VIKOR frameworks as the two multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approaches that have been proven efficient, consistent, and compatible with the decision problem on measuring MFI's sustainability performance. This study utilized a framework of governance approach and institutional theory to predict the key variables of MFI's sustainability performance through a dynamic parametric method, namely generalized method of moment, known as GMM.
Sustainability , Microfinance institutions , OIC countries , Non-OIC countries
Suseno, P. (2022). The sustainability of microfinance institutions and its key drivers: a multi-criteria based performance analysis in OIC and non-OIC countries (Doctoral dissertation). INCEIF, Kuala Lumpur. Retrieved from https://ikr.inceif.org/handle/INCEIF/3790