Journal Article : [535]

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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 535
  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Tanin, Tauhidul Islam; Mobin, Mohammad Ashraful; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Salim, Kinan; Nkoba, Malik Abdulrahman; Abdul Razak, Ahmad Lutfi (2019)

  • The spotlight of this study is to examine whether environmental, social, and governance performance affects the financial performance of microfinance institutions (MFIs). The topic has been of much interest to researchers and policymakers due to increased awareness among stakeholders on the adverse social and environmental impacts of business actions. Using a dataset covering 5 years for 62 MFIs across 34 countries, we find that environmental and governance performance has no impact on the financial performance of MFIs. As for the social-financial performance nexus, our results reveal a positive relationship using the depth of outreach as proxy of social performance. However, when wom...

  • comment_on_protectionism_under Trump_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2020)

  • The USA under Trump has departed from its long-cherished tradition of being a leading proponent of liberal trade policies to a new norm that seeks comfort in protection-ism. Noland (2020) provides a deep insight into the political economy that explains the sudden reversal of US trade policies since 2016. In addition to furnishing an excel-lent literature survey which sheds considerable light on the issues at hand, Noland delves into an econometric analysis of the voter preferences, in which the explanatory variables are economic, demographic and cultural factors, with interaction terms.

  • bank_risk_financial_development_evidence_form_dual_banking_countries_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ali, Mohsin (2020)

  • This study examines the impact of financial development on bank risk-taking, measured as bank capitalization and bank income diversification. We observe the relationship using annual bank-level data from countries with dual-banking systems. The dataset spans from 2000 to 2014. Our results suggest that the impact of financial development on bank capitalization is heterogeneous across Islamic and conventional commercial banks. Moreover, the effect is different across listed and unlisted banks. However, on average, the response of income diversification to financial development is similar across most specifications. Additionally, bank risk is found to be countercyclical, suggesting that ...

  • damage_assessment_Kelantan_flooding_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Md. Shah, Kamarul; Musa, Haslina; Jasmi, Abu Talib; Ahmad, Jusuh; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2020)

  • This study will focus on assessing the total amount of damage and losses that has occurred during the 2014 flood disaster in Kelantan. The phenomenon of heavy rainfall during monsoon season is normal in Malaysia especially for the east coastal state areas between November to March every year. With the rainfall rate of 794mm which is 1.6 times higher than the average rainfall from the previous year, it has destroyed dwelling houses, animals, crops and also agricultural land. By using cross-sectional data analysis with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method on 686 respondents in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, the results showed that early warning indicators such as Short Message Services (SMS) and o...

  • short-term_Shariah-compliant_Islamic_liquidity_management_instruments_sustain_Islamic_banking_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • The purpose of this paper is to describe the structure of the Islamic treasury bills issued by the Central Bank of Maldives, Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA) for the benefit of those jurisdictions that aspire to introduce short term Islamic liquidity management instruments. This is exploratory research where the experience of the author in structuring the Islamic liquidity management instruments discussed in the paper. It is evident from the discussions of this paper that innovation is the key to structure Shari'ah compliant short term liquidity management instruments. The example of Maldives has proved that there is a need to amend the laws of the country to facilitate Central banks...

  • perceived_public_accounts_committee_independence_zulkarnain et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Zainal Abidin, Zaharuddin; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Mat Daud, Zaidi; Senik, Rosmila (2019)

  • The objective of the study is to examine perceived Public Account Committee's (PAC) independence from the perspective of PAC members and non-PAC members. The findings indicate that for the PAC to be independence, it should be free from any form of interference from any party when exercising and conducting its responsibilities. The PAC must be free to select any topic or issue to be examined that they think important and involves the public interest. However, being independent can also be seen as a way of gaining political mileage for PAC members and also gives advantages to the opposition members too. Overall, the independence of the PAC is still debatable judging from the decision an...

  • mitigating_fatalities_damages_due_natural_disasters_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Musa, Haslina (2019)

  • Studies have shown that natural disasters could pose a spectrum of challenges to human development, especially in developing countries. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP, 2004)) estimates that low human development countries accounted for more than half of reported casualties due to natural disasters for the last two decades. The study also estimates that nearly 85 percent of the people exposed to natural disasters live in either medium or low human development countries. Other related studies have shown that corrupted officials in poor countries would increase the vulnerability of these countries to natural disasters. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to investigate ...

  • application_tawidh_gharamah_Islamic_banking_Malaysia_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Zainudin, Nur Adibah; Ali, Ruqayyah; Ibrahim, Siti Nadzirah; Mustapha, Zakariya (2019)

  • The objective of this paper is to explore the practical application of ta'widh and gharamah in Islamic banking in Malaysia with reference to the guidelines that are applicable to date; and find out the issues detected in the implementation of them. In the course of doing this, Shariah reasons for imposing ta'widh and gharamah in Islamic banking are discussed. Also, whether ta'widh and gharamah would be required for Islamic banking with reference to possible alternatives to them is also discussed. This qualitative study primarily focuses on library research and adopts case study approach for analyzing the application of ta'widh and gharamah. The jurisdiction of the study is Malaysia be...

  • re-estimation_modelling_shadow_economy_Malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Din, Badariah H.; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2019)

  • The purpose of this study is to re-estimates the size of shadow economy in Malaysia and investigates the role play by the financial sector development in mitigating the size of shadow economy. Our results suggest that individual income tax burden has an impact on shadow economy in Malaysia; indicating that lower personal tax rate discourages people from participating in the shadow economy in Malaysia. On the other hand, increase in national income and government consumption also reduce shadow economy; while increase in misery increases shadow economy in Malaysia. One policy implication from this study is that the Malaysian government should embark on programs that can reduce the size ...

  • efficiency_asset_quality_stability_banking_sector_Malaysia_ariff et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Shawtari, Fekri Ali (2019)

  • Malaysia practices a dual banking system, where conventional banks coexist with Islamic banks. While conventional banks are well established, Islamic banks are growing rapidly. Since Islamic banks consist of two types, namely stand-alone or wholesome Islamic banks and Islamic subsidiaries of conventional banks, it would be revealing to examine if Islamic subsidiaries of conventional banks differ from standalone Islamic banks in terms of efficiency, stability and assets quality. A few studies in the literature that examine the issue have focused on comparisons between Islamic banks and conventional banks, with no consideration given to the differentiation between the two categories of ...

  • court_referral_Nigeria_financial_regulation_advisory_council_experts_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mustapha, Zakariya; Kunhibava, Sherin; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • This paper aims to highlight resolution of Islamic finance dispute by common law-orient courts in Nigeria with respect to Shari'ah non-compliance and legal risks thereof, as well as the lesson to learn from Malaysia in that regard. This is with view to ensuring Shari'ah compliance and legal safety of Islamic finance practice as prerequisites for sustainability of the Nigerian Islamic finance industry. A qualitative method was used; interviews were conducted with different categories of experts and primary data collected in relation to Shari'ah non-compliance and legal risks in adjudicating Islamic finance dispute by civil courts and the role of expert advice as basis for court referra...

  • a_fresh_view_on_zakah_as_socio-financial_tool_to_promote_ethics_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2020)

  • Current statistical data shows that almost all Muslim countries are facing economic and social problems such as the spread of poverty, mounting outstanding external debt due to compound interest and widespread unethical behaviour. Some contemporary scholars relate these problems to the oppression and the crippling policies of former colonial administrations, while others point to the governmental incompetence and corruption that triggered the last Arab spring. However, this paper contends that although the above mentioned issues may have served as catalysts that led to the worsening of socio-economic situation in many countries, the main reason for the overwhelming problems plaguing M...

  • the_application_of ju’alah_Islamic_finance_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohamed, Ismail Mohd; Mohd Rafede; Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • Ju'alah is one of the least researched types of Shariah contracts used in Islamic finance. The objective of this paper is to explore the current and potential applications of Ju'alah with specific reference to Malaysian Islamic banking, takaful and the Islamic capital market. This paper establishes that there is potential for using Ju'alah in Islamic finance as a primary and/or secondary contract. It also establishes that Ju'alah can be used in takaful, though it is not being currently used for this in Islamic banking and the Islamic capital market in Malaysia. It is anticipated that the findings of this paper will improve understanding of the practice of Ju'alah in the Malaysian Isla...

  • house_financing_contracts_used_Islamic_banks_finished_properties_Malaysia_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Fauzi, Muhammad Fahmi; Mat Nor, Muhammad Faisal; Abideen, Mohamed; Ajroudi, Muhammed Maher (2020)

  • The purpose of this paper is to find out the existing practices of the Islamic banks in providing financing to the customers who have a requirement to purchase a finished property and to examine the existing products used by the Islamic banks in this regard by providing an insight into the modus operandi of these products. In doing this, attempt is made to find out the most famous product offered by the Islamic banks in this regard and to find out whether in reality, Malaysian Islamic banking industry has moved away from Bai Bithaman Ajil (BBA) or not. This is a qualitative research, largely library-based, and it will consist of secondary sources such as books, journals, articles and ...

  • governance_structure_external_audit_price_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2008)

  • This study provides new evidence on the relationship between external audit price and corporate governance of the largest (based on market capitalization) 100 listed firms on both the main and second board of the Bursa Malaysia (BMB) (previously known as the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange). The findings show that for main board companies, external audit price is positively and significantly associated with corporate size, complexity and internal governance variable (i.e. director's remuneration). For the second board firms, complexity, corporate size and internal governance variables (i.e. proportion of non-executive directors to total directors) were important determinants of external a...

  • audit_committee_reporting_current_practices_companies_listed_KLSE_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2007)

  • This study examines the disclosures contained in Audit Committee Reports (ACRs) and the level of compliance of current practices with the amended Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange listing requirements after the adoption of various recommendations made by the High-Level of Finance Committee on Corporate Governance and the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG) in 1999 and 2000 respectively. All firms listed on the KLSE's main and second board, and MESDAQ counters were sampled. Consistent with the literature in developed markets, the findings reveal that very few companies provide more than what is expected by the ACRs in their listing requirements. Further, companies in finance, techn...

  • forecasting_corporate_failure_Malaysian_industrial_sector firms_Zulkarnain et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Abdul Hamid, Mohamad Ali; Md. Nasir, Annuar; Mohamad, Zainal Abidin (2001)

  • Financial ratios have long been used as predictor of important events in financial markets of developed economies. Formulating business failure prediction models utilising financial ratios is no exception. However, there is hardly any evidence on failure prediction in developing markets such as Malaysia. This study develops a failure prediction model for industrial sector listed firms that discriminates between 24 failed and non-failed for the period 1980 to 1996. The findings show that the model correctly and significantly classified 91.1% and 89.3% of the failed and non-failed firms respectively. An alternative prediction model developed based solely on accounting information showed...

  • application_blockchain_technology_crowdfunding_Aishath_Zakariya.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Mustapha, Zakariya (2019)

  • Technology has advanced with the spread of internet services. Statistics by the United States have estimated that internet facilities have been made available to over a third of the total world population and, in the same vein, access to mobile phones has been rendered to about 85 percent of the population. Crowdfunding finds widespread support via internet platforms and is gaining momentum as a means to empower people and businesses hitherto unable to access banking or access limited facilities therefrom. Today, it has become a mechanism for raising funds to build multi-billion-dollar industries. It is said that the difficulties encountered while struggling to source funds by newly-f...

  • diversification_across_economic_sectors_implication_portfolio_investments_Malaysia_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Hassan, Taufiq (2006)

  • Due to the increasing efforts towards regional and global economic integration, the effects of "country specific" factors are becoming less important in managing domestic portfolio investments. Consequently the concept of diversification across economic sectors has received attention in literature. This paper analyzes the opportunity for diversification across different economic sectors for long-term investment using sectorial indices. The findings indicate high but unstable correlation of returns between indices. This implies that investment managers should account for potential movements in sector-specific and sub-sector-specific risks. The findings imply that investment in one or t...

  • potential_application_technology-based_innovations_zakat_administration_India_Aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Nadwi, Shahbaz (2019)

  • India is the home country for many Muslims and effective management of zakah is essential to the country. In this era of technology, it is imperative to use technology with zakat to ensure that the classical zakat administration approaches are upgraded to the uruf or customary practices of the society. The objective of this paper is to find out the potential of using technology in upgrading zakat administration in India. This is a qualitative approach where the primary sources such as zakat administration laws in India and secondary sources such as journal articles and published reports on the subject are analysed to derive conclusions. The findings of this paper suggest that the inno...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 535

Journal Article : [535]

Follow this collection to receive daily e-mail notification of new additions
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 535
  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Tanin, Tauhidul Islam; Mobin, Mohammad Ashraful; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Salim, Kinan; Nkoba, Malik Abdulrahman; Abdul Razak, Ahmad Lutfi (2019)

  • The spotlight of this study is to examine whether environmental, social, and governance performance affects the financial performance of microfinance institutions (MFIs). The topic has been of much interest to researchers and policymakers due to increased awareness among stakeholders on the adverse social and environmental impacts of business actions. Using a dataset covering 5 years for 62 MFIs across 34 countries, we find that environmental and governance performance has no impact on the financial performance of MFIs. As for the social-financial performance nexus, our results reveal a positive relationship using the depth of outreach as proxy of social performance. However, when wom...

  • comment_on_protectionism_under Trump_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2020)

  • The USA under Trump has departed from its long-cherished tradition of being a leading proponent of liberal trade policies to a new norm that seeks comfort in protection-ism. Noland (2020) provides a deep insight into the political economy that explains the sudden reversal of US trade policies since 2016. In addition to furnishing an excel-lent literature survey which sheds considerable light on the issues at hand, Noland delves into an econometric analysis of the voter preferences, in which the explanatory variables are economic, demographic and cultural factors, with interaction terms.

  • bank_risk_financial_development_evidence_form_dual_banking_countries_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ali, Mohsin (2020)

  • This study examines the impact of financial development on bank risk-taking, measured as bank capitalization and bank income diversification. We observe the relationship using annual bank-level data from countries with dual-banking systems. The dataset spans from 2000 to 2014. Our results suggest that the impact of financial development on bank capitalization is heterogeneous across Islamic and conventional commercial banks. Moreover, the effect is different across listed and unlisted banks. However, on average, the response of income diversification to financial development is similar across most specifications. Additionally, bank risk is found to be countercyclical, suggesting that ...

  • damage_assessment_Kelantan_flooding_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Md. Shah, Kamarul; Musa, Haslina; Jasmi, Abu Talib; Ahmad, Jusuh; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2020)

  • This study will focus on assessing the total amount of damage and losses that has occurred during the 2014 flood disaster in Kelantan. The phenomenon of heavy rainfall during monsoon season is normal in Malaysia especially for the east coastal state areas between November to March every year. With the rainfall rate of 794mm which is 1.6 times higher than the average rainfall from the previous year, it has destroyed dwelling houses, animals, crops and also agricultural land. By using cross-sectional data analysis with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method on 686 respondents in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, the results showed that early warning indicators such as Short Message Services (SMS) and o...

  • short-term_Shariah-compliant_Islamic_liquidity_management_instruments_sustain_Islamic_banking_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • The purpose of this paper is to describe the structure of the Islamic treasury bills issued by the Central Bank of Maldives, Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA) for the benefit of those jurisdictions that aspire to introduce short term Islamic liquidity management instruments. This is exploratory research where the experience of the author in structuring the Islamic liquidity management instruments discussed in the paper. It is evident from the discussions of this paper that innovation is the key to structure Shari'ah compliant short term liquidity management instruments. The example of Maldives has proved that there is a need to amend the laws of the country to facilitate Central banks...

  • perceived_public_accounts_committee_independence_zulkarnain et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Zainal Abidin, Zaharuddin; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Mat Daud, Zaidi; Senik, Rosmila (2019)

  • The objective of the study is to examine perceived Public Account Committee's (PAC) independence from the perspective of PAC members and non-PAC members. The findings indicate that for the PAC to be independence, it should be free from any form of interference from any party when exercising and conducting its responsibilities. The PAC must be free to select any topic or issue to be examined that they think important and involves the public interest. However, being independent can also be seen as a way of gaining political mileage for PAC members and also gives advantages to the opposition members too. Overall, the independence of the PAC is still debatable judging from the decision an...

  • mitigating_fatalities_damages_due_natural_disasters_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Musa, Haslina (2019)

  • Studies have shown that natural disasters could pose a spectrum of challenges to human development, especially in developing countries. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP, 2004)) estimates that low human development countries accounted for more than half of reported casualties due to natural disasters for the last two decades. The study also estimates that nearly 85 percent of the people exposed to natural disasters live in either medium or low human development countries. Other related studies have shown that corrupted officials in poor countries would increase the vulnerability of these countries to natural disasters. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to investigate ...

  • application_tawidh_gharamah_Islamic_banking_Malaysia_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Zainudin, Nur Adibah; Ali, Ruqayyah; Ibrahim, Siti Nadzirah; Mustapha, Zakariya (2019)

  • The objective of this paper is to explore the practical application of ta'widh and gharamah in Islamic banking in Malaysia with reference to the guidelines that are applicable to date; and find out the issues detected in the implementation of them. In the course of doing this, Shariah reasons for imposing ta'widh and gharamah in Islamic banking are discussed. Also, whether ta'widh and gharamah would be required for Islamic banking with reference to possible alternatives to them is also discussed. This qualitative study primarily focuses on library research and adopts case study approach for analyzing the application of ta'widh and gharamah. The jurisdiction of the study is Malaysia be...

  • re-estimation_modelling_shadow_economy_Malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Din, Badariah H.; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2019)

  • The purpose of this study is to re-estimates the size of shadow economy in Malaysia and investigates the role play by the financial sector development in mitigating the size of shadow economy. Our results suggest that individual income tax burden has an impact on shadow economy in Malaysia; indicating that lower personal tax rate discourages people from participating in the shadow economy in Malaysia. On the other hand, increase in national income and government consumption also reduce shadow economy; while increase in misery increases shadow economy in Malaysia. One policy implication from this study is that the Malaysian government should embark on programs that can reduce the size ...

  • efficiency_asset_quality_stability_banking_sector_Malaysia_ariff et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Shawtari, Fekri Ali (2019)

  • Malaysia practices a dual banking system, where conventional banks coexist with Islamic banks. While conventional banks are well established, Islamic banks are growing rapidly. Since Islamic banks consist of two types, namely stand-alone or wholesome Islamic banks and Islamic subsidiaries of conventional banks, it would be revealing to examine if Islamic subsidiaries of conventional banks differ from standalone Islamic banks in terms of efficiency, stability and assets quality. A few studies in the literature that examine the issue have focused on comparisons between Islamic banks and conventional banks, with no consideration given to the differentiation between the two categories of ...

  • court_referral_Nigeria_financial_regulation_advisory_council_experts_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mustapha, Zakariya; Kunhibava, Sherin; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • This paper aims to highlight resolution of Islamic finance dispute by common law-orient courts in Nigeria with respect to Shari'ah non-compliance and legal risks thereof, as well as the lesson to learn from Malaysia in that regard. This is with view to ensuring Shari'ah compliance and legal safety of Islamic finance practice as prerequisites for sustainability of the Nigerian Islamic finance industry. A qualitative method was used; interviews were conducted with different categories of experts and primary data collected in relation to Shari'ah non-compliance and legal risks in adjudicating Islamic finance dispute by civil courts and the role of expert advice as basis for court referra...

  • a_fresh_view_on_zakah_as_socio-financial_tool_to_promote_ethics_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2020)

  • Current statistical data shows that almost all Muslim countries are facing economic and social problems such as the spread of poverty, mounting outstanding external debt due to compound interest and widespread unethical behaviour. Some contemporary scholars relate these problems to the oppression and the crippling policies of former colonial administrations, while others point to the governmental incompetence and corruption that triggered the last Arab spring. However, this paper contends that although the above mentioned issues may have served as catalysts that led to the worsening of socio-economic situation in many countries, the main reason for the overwhelming problems plaguing M...

  • the_application_of ju’alah_Islamic_finance_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohamed, Ismail Mohd; Mohd Rafede; Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • Ju'alah is one of the least researched types of Shariah contracts used in Islamic finance. The objective of this paper is to explore the current and potential applications of Ju'alah with specific reference to Malaysian Islamic banking, takaful and the Islamic capital market. This paper establishes that there is potential for using Ju'alah in Islamic finance as a primary and/or secondary contract. It also establishes that Ju'alah can be used in takaful, though it is not being currently used for this in Islamic banking and the Islamic capital market in Malaysia. It is anticipated that the findings of this paper will improve understanding of the practice of Ju'alah in the Malaysian Isla...

  • house_financing_contracts_used_Islamic_banks_finished_properties_Malaysia_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Fauzi, Muhammad Fahmi; Mat Nor, Muhammad Faisal; Abideen, Mohamed; Ajroudi, Muhammed Maher (2020)

  • The purpose of this paper is to find out the existing practices of the Islamic banks in providing financing to the customers who have a requirement to purchase a finished property and to examine the existing products used by the Islamic banks in this regard by providing an insight into the modus operandi of these products. In doing this, attempt is made to find out the most famous product offered by the Islamic banks in this regard and to find out whether in reality, Malaysian Islamic banking industry has moved away from Bai Bithaman Ajil (BBA) or not. This is a qualitative research, largely library-based, and it will consist of secondary sources such as books, journals, articles and ...

  • governance_structure_external_audit_price_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2008)

  • This study provides new evidence on the relationship between external audit price and corporate governance of the largest (based on market capitalization) 100 listed firms on both the main and second board of the Bursa Malaysia (BMB) (previously known as the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange). The findings show that for main board companies, external audit price is positively and significantly associated with corporate size, complexity and internal governance variable (i.e. director's remuneration). For the second board firms, complexity, corporate size and internal governance variables (i.e. proportion of non-executive directors to total directors) were important determinants of external a...

  • audit_committee_reporting_current_practices_companies_listed_KLSE_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2007)

  • This study examines the disclosures contained in Audit Committee Reports (ACRs) and the level of compliance of current practices with the amended Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange listing requirements after the adoption of various recommendations made by the High-Level of Finance Committee on Corporate Governance and the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG) in 1999 and 2000 respectively. All firms listed on the KLSE's main and second board, and MESDAQ counters were sampled. Consistent with the literature in developed markets, the findings reveal that very few companies provide more than what is expected by the ACRs in their listing requirements. Further, companies in finance, techn...

  • forecasting_corporate_failure_Malaysian_industrial_sector firms_Zulkarnain et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Abdul Hamid, Mohamad Ali; Md. Nasir, Annuar; Mohamad, Zainal Abidin (2001)

  • Financial ratios have long been used as predictor of important events in financial markets of developed economies. Formulating business failure prediction models utilising financial ratios is no exception. However, there is hardly any evidence on failure prediction in developing markets such as Malaysia. This study develops a failure prediction model for industrial sector listed firms that discriminates between 24 failed and non-failed for the period 1980 to 1996. The findings show that the model correctly and significantly classified 91.1% and 89.3% of the failed and non-failed firms respectively. An alternative prediction model developed based solely on accounting information showed...

  • application_blockchain_technology_crowdfunding_Aishath_Zakariya.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Mustapha, Zakariya (2019)

  • Technology has advanced with the spread of internet services. Statistics by the United States have estimated that internet facilities have been made available to over a third of the total world population and, in the same vein, access to mobile phones has been rendered to about 85 percent of the population. Crowdfunding finds widespread support via internet platforms and is gaining momentum as a means to empower people and businesses hitherto unable to access banking or access limited facilities therefrom. Today, it has become a mechanism for raising funds to build multi-billion-dollar industries. It is said that the difficulties encountered while struggling to source funds by newly-f...

  • diversification_across_economic_sectors_implication_portfolio_investments_Malaysia_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Hassan, Taufiq (2006)

  • Due to the increasing efforts towards regional and global economic integration, the effects of "country specific" factors are becoming less important in managing domestic portfolio investments. Consequently the concept of diversification across economic sectors has received attention in literature. This paper analyzes the opportunity for diversification across different economic sectors for long-term investment using sectorial indices. The findings indicate high but unstable correlation of returns between indices. This implies that investment managers should account for potential movements in sector-specific and sub-sector-specific risks. The findings imply that investment in one or t...

  • potential_application_technology-based_innovations_zakat_administration_India_Aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Nadwi, Shahbaz (2019)

  • India is the home country for many Muslims and effective management of zakah is essential to the country. In this era of technology, it is imperative to use technology with zakat to ensure that the classical zakat administration approaches are upgraded to the uruf or customary practices of the society. The objective of this paper is to find out the potential of using technology in upgrading zakat administration in India. This is a qualitative approach where the primary sources such as zakat administration laws in India and secondary sources such as journal articles and published reports on the subject are analysed to derive conclusions. The findings of this paper suggest that the inno...

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