Journal Article : [491]

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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 491
  • comment_on_Modinomics_design_implementation_outcomes_and_prospect_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • The term "Modinomics" embodies the essence of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's economic policies. Jha (2018) explains how Modinomics is reshaping the Indian economy through a slew of economic reforms and a series of bold measures aimed at "participatory development." All this sounds like music to the ears. Jha (2018) paints an overtly rosy picture of the Indian economy under Modi's leadership and administration. The narration is quite informative and fairly persuasive. However, it reads more like an official document than a scholarly piece, which gives the impression that it is not unbiased.

  • belt_and_road_initiative_and_Islamic_financing_jinzi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: JinZi, Chu; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • China's One Belt and One Road (OBOR) is a global trade network across Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania. Also known as Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), OBOR is an attempt to redraw ancient Silk Road to foster global trade and economic development. Nearly 30 Muslims-majority countries are part of China's vision of BRI. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how public private partnership (PPP) has been applied in BRI projects; and second, to explore how Islamic finance can fit within a PPP context. This paper proposes a framework for using Islamic finance in infrastructure PPP projects. This paper also analyses two PPP projects where Islamic finance was deployed as p...

  • impact_social_environmental_sustainability_esma et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdul Rahman (2019)

  • While there is ample evidence that non-financial firms' financial performance and social and environmental performance are related, evidence for the banking sector remains limited and inconclusive. This paper examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regressions and non-linear threshold regressions of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most estimation models controlling for both bank-specific and macroeconomic variables. The positive impact on fina...

  • structural changes_competition_and_bank_stability_Mansor et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Salim, Kinan; Abojeib, Moutaz; Lau, Wee Yeap (2019)

  • This paper assesses Malaysia's competition landscape and its risk implications subsequent to conventional banking consolidation and Islamic banking penetration in the aftermath of the 1997/1998 Asian financial crisis. Employing a panel sample of conventional and Islamic commercial banks, it arrives at the following conclusions. First, the consolidation exercise, which has led to a significant reduction in the number of domestic commercial banks, has not stifled banking competition. Second, the paper provides empirical support for the competition-stability relationship, particularly for the conventional banking sector. Islamic banking sector risk appears to be neutral to market competi...

  • who leads the Australian interest rates_mansur masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Winduss, Trent (2006)

  • The focus of this paper is to test the cointegrating and Granger-causal relationships between Australian short-run interest rate securities and those of the UK, US, Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and New Zealand. A relatively new methodology known as Long Run Structural Model (LRSM) (Pesaran and Shin, 2002) followed by vector error-correction model, generalized variance decompositions, generalized impulse response, and persistence profile have been used. The findings tend to suggest that Australia's short-term interest rates are cointegrated with those of its major trading partners. The results of this paper indicate that the ability of Australian policy makers to target and manipulate d...

  • dynamic modeling of stock market interdependencies_mansur masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Masih, Rumi (2001)

  • This article examines the patterns of dynamic linkages among national stock prices of Australia and four Asian NIC stock markets namely, Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore and Hong Kong. By employing recently developed time-series techniques results seem to consistently suggest the relatively leading role of the Hong Kong market in driving fluctuations in the Australian and other NIC stock markets. In other words, given the generality of the techniques employed, Hong Kong showed up consistently as the initial receptor of exogenous shocks to the (long-term) equilibrium relationship whereas the Australian and the other NIC markets, particularly the Singaporean and Taiwanese markets had to b...

  • temporal_causality_dynamic_interactions_among_macroeconomic_activity_mansur masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Masih, Rumi (1995)

  • The main purpose of this paper is to discern the dynamic causal relationship (in the Granger (temporal) sense) among real output, money, interest rate, inflation and exchange rate in the context of two small open economies, such as Singapore and Korea. The Granger-causal chain implied by the authors' evidence that real output more often the authors' predominantly leads (rather than lags) money supply followed by other three endogenous variables, is consistent more with the recent Real Business Cycle theory than with the other two major macroeconomic paradigms such as the Keynesian and the Monetarist.

  • fractional_cointegration_approach_empirical_tests_PPP_rumi_masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Masih, Rumi; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (1995)

  • This paper applies a relatively new concept of fractional cointegration to shed some light on the validity of purchasing power parity as a long-run equilibrium condition, using the Taiwan/US dollar exchange rate. Findings suggest that, while standard tests of cointegration fail to support cointegration between nominal exchange rates, domestic and foreign prices, the fractional cointegration analysis permits deviations from equilibrium to follow a fractionally integrated process and hence captures a much wider class of parity or mean-reversion behaviour. The paper concludes by indicating areas in which fractional cointegration will be a particularly appropriate technique to unearth pre...

  • bivariate_multivariate_tests_money–price_causality_mansur_masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Masih, Rumi (1997)

  • This paper is an attempt at re-examining the question of causality between money and prices both in the bivariate and multivariate context of a small developing economy, based on an improved methodology. Pakistan is used as a case study. The study tends to suggest rather strongly that in the case of Pakistan during the period under consideration (1970/71 to 1993/94), contrary to earlier findings, it was price that was the leading variable as the structuralist maintain and not the other way around as the monetarist maintain

  • does_low_leverage_minimize_impact_financial_shocks_Obiya et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: el Alaoui, AbdelKader Ouatik; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Asutay, Mehmet (2018)

  • This study embodies a preliminary endeavour at analysing the impact of leverage on portfolio behaviour, with specific reference to return and volatility, in the European stock markets, using the debt ratio as one of the important benchmarks for Islamic stock screening. Given the focus of Islamic stock screening on the debt ratio, we use data from 320 firms for eight European countries which were classified according to their level of debt and size. For this, the portfolio optimisation based Mean-Variance Efficient Frontier (MVEF), the Sharpe Ratio and the Capital Market Line (CML) were employed. Our findings tend to demonstrate that, under shocks, high leverage worsens the portfolio r...

  • the_less_developed_states_converging_richer_state_malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Din, Badariah H.; Sanusi, Nur Azura; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • The present paper addresses the question whether the less developed states, namely; Kedah, Kelantan, Pahang, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak and Terengganu are converging with the richer state of Selangor, using unit root test and cointegration approach to test for income convergence for the period 1970-2013. We tested convergence on per capita real GDP for the states involved and the results suggest that the less developed states have been converging to the state of Selangor for the period under study. We also identify two convergence clubs among the states. In this respect, the state government has an important role to play in enhancing growth by continuously providing stable economic enviro...

  • determinant_securitization_spread_malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Bakri, Mohammed Hariri; Sufian, Fadzlan; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Ismail, Shafinar (2018)

  • Malaysian firms have been reported to be involved in Asset-Backed Securities since 1986 when Cagamas Bhd was the pioneer in the field. This research aims to examine the factors influencing spread in Malaysia's securitization market. In order to provide a test of stability and a choice of model, the multicollinearity test was conducted by providing information on the degree of correlation between the explanotary variables used in the multivariate regression analysis. Ordinary Least Square method was used for baseline, and panel data analysis was applied during the study period (2004-2012) for a more robust check of the analysis. The data were obtained from 90 non-financial firms or ins...

  • enhancing_zakat_framework_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Maldives is a one hundred percent Muslim nation where the zakat administrative function is entrusted to a government ministry, the Ministry of Islamic Affairs (MIA), which manages zakat al maal and zakat al-fitr. Since June 1, 2016, MIA has delegated the task of collecting zakat to the Maldives Inland Revenue Authority (MIRA). Maldives presently has no law dealing with zakat, so the Islamic Training and Research Institute (IRTI) has proposed a set of zakat laws that could be adopted by the country. The objective of this qualitative research is to discuss the zakat framework proposed by IRTI. There is limited literature available on the zakat framework in Maldives, so it is anticipated...

  • Analysis_of_commodity_reserve_currency_system_yusuf.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ahmed, Jameel; Mydin Meera, Ahamed Kameel; Saleem, Muhammad Yusuf; Collins, Patrick (2018)

  • This paper aims to apply the doctrine of siyasah shariyyah to a policy proposal in the area of monetary economics, namely, the Grondona system of conditional currency convertibility, which has been proposed as a practical means of resisting the economic instability caused by the present-day fiat money system. The paper uses library research to review the literature relevant to the Grondona system, and examines the extent to which its operations conform to the principle of siyasah shariyyah, thereby encouraging Maslahah, i.e. the public interest. The paper includes important implications for the policymakers in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation countries for the possible implemen...

  • Theoretical_impact_of_enhanced_musharakah_mutanaqisah_home_financing_Alam_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • This paper theoretically analyzes two alternative modes of home financing. The first mode is the conventional housing loan and the other is Enhanced Musharakah Mutanaqisah (EMM) home financing. Our results reveal the EMM based setting is superior to the conventional housing loans in at least two aspects. These are the prevention of house price inflation in all phases of economic business cycle and the smoothening of real estate cycles. This means that, under the EMM, the risk of real estate bubble formation is subdued, which should prove to be welfare improving.

  • Comparative_study_of_ hajj_fund_management_institution_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aisha; Tamby Sudeen, Amira Shuhada; Nasution, Atiqoh; Nurmalasari, Ratih (2018)

  • Performing hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam which may become compulsory for a Muslim who has financial ability to perform this ibadah at least once in his lifetime. To facilitate Muslims to fulfil this religious obligation, countries which have majority Muslim population like Malaysia, Indonesia and Maldives have established legal entities/institutions to manage hajj funds from hajj depositors (aspirant pilgrims) and provide services related to hajj. Although these institutions share the same objective in terms of helping Muslims to perform hajj, their operational activities are largely different. This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of hajj fund management insti...

  • Tax_evasion_tax_burden_and_economic_development_in_Asean_5_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Din, Badariah H.; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Tax evasion is a crime. Recent estimates registered the loss of tax revenue amounting to USD3.1 trillion or 5.1% of world's GDP. Tax revenue losses have negative consequences to the government ability to fuelled economic growth by providing enough public infrastructure and other services. In this study we have estimated the share of shadow economy to the official economy for five ASEAN economies, namely; Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand for the period 1980-2013 using the MIMIC model. The indexes of the shadow economy from the MIMIC model were then used to calculate the loss in tax revenue as a result of the presence of the shadow economy. We then test the h...

  • The_impact_of_human_development_on_natural_disaster_fatalities_and_damage_panel_data_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Countries with high levels of human development should be able to reduce the impact of natural disasters in terms of the total numbers of people killed and affected, and damage. In this study we investigate the impact of human development indicators such as income per capita and human capital (education level) on natural disaster fatalities (total deaths, total affected and total economic losses) in 79 selected countries. Using dynamic panel data analysis, we found that the level of economic development plays an important role in mitigating the impact of natural disasters such as droughts, earthquakes, extreme temperatures, floods, storms, volcanoes, landslides and wildfires. Other fa...

  • the_application_of_blockchain_technology_in_crowdfunding_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Tajul Arifin, Asma'; Arshad, Nur Aishah; Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The emergence of innovative digital financial technologies, namely blockchain and crowdfunding, indicates new ways to reach the poor and economically vulnerable groups. This paper contributes to the emerging literature on financial technology by presenting the case of crowdfunding in financial inclusion. The rationale behind this inquiry is to demonstrate the relevance of crowdfunding to financial inclusion, and how might blockchain technology fuel the development of crowdfunding. This paper also constitutes one of the first attempts to analyse crowdfunding in Malaysia and Shariah-compliant crowdfunding. In this paper, a desk research is conducted where journal articles, books, magazi...

  • Finance_and_inequality_in_eight_Asian_countries_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • The present paper seeks to assess the implications of increasing financial sector size on income inequality in eight Asian countries - Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea. Adopting a panel data approach, it document a non-linear relation between income inequality and financial sector size in these countries. More precisely, the increasing financial sector size is favourable to equal income distribution only up until a size threshold, beyond which further expansion of the financial sector can worsen income distribution. The analysis further highlights the income-equalizing effect of economic growth and infrastructure development and...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 491

Journal Article : [491]

Follow this collection to receive daily e-mail notification of new additions
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 491
  • comment_on_Modinomics_design_implementation_outcomes_and_prospect_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • The term "Modinomics" embodies the essence of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's economic policies. Jha (2018) explains how Modinomics is reshaping the Indian economy through a slew of economic reforms and a series of bold measures aimed at "participatory development." All this sounds like music to the ears. Jha (2018) paints an overtly rosy picture of the Indian economy under Modi's leadership and administration. The narration is quite informative and fairly persuasive. However, it reads more like an official document than a scholarly piece, which gives the impression that it is not unbiased.

  • belt_and_road_initiative_and_Islamic_financing_jinzi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: JinZi, Chu; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • China's One Belt and One Road (OBOR) is a global trade network across Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania. Also known as Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), OBOR is an attempt to redraw ancient Silk Road to foster global trade and economic development. Nearly 30 Muslims-majority countries are part of China's vision of BRI. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how public private partnership (PPP) has been applied in BRI projects; and second, to explore how Islamic finance can fit within a PPP context. This paper proposes a framework for using Islamic finance in infrastructure PPP projects. This paper also analyses two PPP projects where Islamic finance was deployed as p...

  • impact_social_environmental_sustainability_esma et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdul Rahman (2019)

  • While there is ample evidence that non-financial firms' financial performance and social and environmental performance are related, evidence for the banking sector remains limited and inconclusive. This paper examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regressions and non-linear threshold regressions of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most estimation models controlling for both bank-specific and macroeconomic variables. The positive impact on fina...

  • structural changes_competition_and_bank_stability_Mansor et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Salim, Kinan; Abojeib, Moutaz; Lau, Wee Yeap (2019)

  • This paper assesses Malaysia's competition landscape and its risk implications subsequent to conventional banking consolidation and Islamic banking penetration in the aftermath of the 1997/1998 Asian financial crisis. Employing a panel sample of conventional and Islamic commercial banks, it arrives at the following conclusions. First, the consolidation exercise, which has led to a significant reduction in the number of domestic commercial banks, has not stifled banking competition. Second, the paper provides empirical support for the competition-stability relationship, particularly for the conventional banking sector. Islamic banking sector risk appears to be neutral to market competi...

  • who leads the Australian interest rates_mansur masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Winduss, Trent (2006)

  • The focus of this paper is to test the cointegrating and Granger-causal relationships between Australian short-run interest rate securities and those of the UK, US, Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and New Zealand. A relatively new methodology known as Long Run Structural Model (LRSM) (Pesaran and Shin, 2002) followed by vector error-correction model, generalized variance decompositions, generalized impulse response, and persistence profile have been used. The findings tend to suggest that Australia's short-term interest rates are cointegrated with those of its major trading partners. The results of this paper indicate that the ability of Australian policy makers to target and manipulate d...

  • dynamic modeling of stock market interdependencies_mansur masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Masih, Rumi (2001)

  • This article examines the patterns of dynamic linkages among national stock prices of Australia and four Asian NIC stock markets namely, Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore and Hong Kong. By employing recently developed time-series techniques results seem to consistently suggest the relatively leading role of the Hong Kong market in driving fluctuations in the Australian and other NIC stock markets. In other words, given the generality of the techniques employed, Hong Kong showed up consistently as the initial receptor of exogenous shocks to the (long-term) equilibrium relationship whereas the Australian and the other NIC markets, particularly the Singaporean and Taiwanese markets had to b...

  • temporal_causality_dynamic_interactions_among_macroeconomic_activity_mansur masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Masih, Rumi (1995)

  • The main purpose of this paper is to discern the dynamic causal relationship (in the Granger (temporal) sense) among real output, money, interest rate, inflation and exchange rate in the context of two small open economies, such as Singapore and Korea. The Granger-causal chain implied by the authors' evidence that real output more often the authors' predominantly leads (rather than lags) money supply followed by other three endogenous variables, is consistent more with the recent Real Business Cycle theory than with the other two major macroeconomic paradigms such as the Keynesian and the Monetarist.

  • fractional_cointegration_approach_empirical_tests_PPP_rumi_masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Masih, Rumi; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (1995)

  • This paper applies a relatively new concept of fractional cointegration to shed some light on the validity of purchasing power parity as a long-run equilibrium condition, using the Taiwan/US dollar exchange rate. Findings suggest that, while standard tests of cointegration fail to support cointegration between nominal exchange rates, domestic and foreign prices, the fractional cointegration analysis permits deviations from equilibrium to follow a fractionally integrated process and hence captures a much wider class of parity or mean-reversion behaviour. The paper concludes by indicating areas in which fractional cointegration will be a particularly appropriate technique to unearth pre...

  • bivariate_multivariate_tests_money–price_causality_mansur_masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Masih, Rumi (1997)

  • This paper is an attempt at re-examining the question of causality between money and prices both in the bivariate and multivariate context of a small developing economy, based on an improved methodology. Pakistan is used as a case study. The study tends to suggest rather strongly that in the case of Pakistan during the period under consideration (1970/71 to 1993/94), contrary to earlier findings, it was price that was the leading variable as the structuralist maintain and not the other way around as the monetarist maintain

  • does_low_leverage_minimize_impact_financial_shocks_Obiya et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: el Alaoui, AbdelKader Ouatik; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Asutay, Mehmet (2018)

  • This study embodies a preliminary endeavour at analysing the impact of leverage on portfolio behaviour, with specific reference to return and volatility, in the European stock markets, using the debt ratio as one of the important benchmarks for Islamic stock screening. Given the focus of Islamic stock screening on the debt ratio, we use data from 320 firms for eight European countries which were classified according to their level of debt and size. For this, the portfolio optimisation based Mean-Variance Efficient Frontier (MVEF), the Sharpe Ratio and the Capital Market Line (CML) were employed. Our findings tend to demonstrate that, under shocks, high leverage worsens the portfolio r...

  • the_less_developed_states_converging_richer_state_malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Din, Badariah H.; Sanusi, Nur Azura; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • The present paper addresses the question whether the less developed states, namely; Kedah, Kelantan, Pahang, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak and Terengganu are converging with the richer state of Selangor, using unit root test and cointegration approach to test for income convergence for the period 1970-2013. We tested convergence on per capita real GDP for the states involved and the results suggest that the less developed states have been converging to the state of Selangor for the period under study. We also identify two convergence clubs among the states. In this respect, the state government has an important role to play in enhancing growth by continuously providing stable economic enviro...

  • determinant_securitization_spread_malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Bakri, Mohammed Hariri; Sufian, Fadzlan; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Ismail, Shafinar (2018)

  • Malaysian firms have been reported to be involved in Asset-Backed Securities since 1986 when Cagamas Bhd was the pioneer in the field. This research aims to examine the factors influencing spread in Malaysia's securitization market. In order to provide a test of stability and a choice of model, the multicollinearity test was conducted by providing information on the degree of correlation between the explanotary variables used in the multivariate regression analysis. Ordinary Least Square method was used for baseline, and panel data analysis was applied during the study period (2004-2012) for a more robust check of the analysis. The data were obtained from 90 non-financial firms or ins...

  • enhancing_zakat_framework_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Maldives is a one hundred percent Muslim nation where the zakat administrative function is entrusted to a government ministry, the Ministry of Islamic Affairs (MIA), which manages zakat al maal and zakat al-fitr. Since June 1, 2016, MIA has delegated the task of collecting zakat to the Maldives Inland Revenue Authority (MIRA). Maldives presently has no law dealing with zakat, so the Islamic Training and Research Institute (IRTI) has proposed a set of zakat laws that could be adopted by the country. The objective of this qualitative research is to discuss the zakat framework proposed by IRTI. There is limited literature available on the zakat framework in Maldives, so it is anticipated...

  • Analysis_of_commodity_reserve_currency_system_yusuf.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ahmed, Jameel; Mydin Meera, Ahamed Kameel; Saleem, Muhammad Yusuf; Collins, Patrick (2018)

  • This paper aims to apply the doctrine of siyasah shariyyah to a policy proposal in the area of monetary economics, namely, the Grondona system of conditional currency convertibility, which has been proposed as a practical means of resisting the economic instability caused by the present-day fiat money system. The paper uses library research to review the literature relevant to the Grondona system, and examines the extent to which its operations conform to the principle of siyasah shariyyah, thereby encouraging Maslahah, i.e. the public interest. The paper includes important implications for the policymakers in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation countries for the possible implemen...

  • Theoretical_impact_of_enhanced_musharakah_mutanaqisah_home_financing_Alam_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • This paper theoretically analyzes two alternative modes of home financing. The first mode is the conventional housing loan and the other is Enhanced Musharakah Mutanaqisah (EMM) home financing. Our results reveal the EMM based setting is superior to the conventional housing loans in at least two aspects. These are the prevention of house price inflation in all phases of economic business cycle and the smoothening of real estate cycles. This means that, under the EMM, the risk of real estate bubble formation is subdued, which should prove to be welfare improving.

  • Comparative_study_of_ hajj_fund_management_institution_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aisha; Tamby Sudeen, Amira Shuhada; Nasution, Atiqoh; Nurmalasari, Ratih (2018)

  • Performing hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam which may become compulsory for a Muslim who has financial ability to perform this ibadah at least once in his lifetime. To facilitate Muslims to fulfil this religious obligation, countries which have majority Muslim population like Malaysia, Indonesia and Maldives have established legal entities/institutions to manage hajj funds from hajj depositors (aspirant pilgrims) and provide services related to hajj. Although these institutions share the same objective in terms of helping Muslims to perform hajj, their operational activities are largely different. This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of hajj fund management insti...

  • Tax_evasion_tax_burden_and_economic_development_in_Asean_5_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Din, Badariah H.; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Tax evasion is a crime. Recent estimates registered the loss of tax revenue amounting to USD3.1 trillion or 5.1% of world's GDP. Tax revenue losses have negative consequences to the government ability to fuelled economic growth by providing enough public infrastructure and other services. In this study we have estimated the share of shadow economy to the official economy for five ASEAN economies, namely; Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand for the period 1980-2013 using the MIMIC model. The indexes of the shadow economy from the MIMIC model were then used to calculate the loss in tax revenue as a result of the presence of the shadow economy. We then test the h...

  • The_impact_of_human_development_on_natural_disaster_fatalities_and_damage_panel_data_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Countries with high levels of human development should be able to reduce the impact of natural disasters in terms of the total numbers of people killed and affected, and damage. In this study we investigate the impact of human development indicators such as income per capita and human capital (education level) on natural disaster fatalities (total deaths, total affected and total economic losses) in 79 selected countries. Using dynamic panel data analysis, we found that the level of economic development plays an important role in mitigating the impact of natural disasters such as droughts, earthquakes, extreme temperatures, floods, storms, volcanoes, landslides and wildfires. Other fa...

  • the_application_of_blockchain_technology_in_crowdfunding_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Tajul Arifin, Asma'; Arshad, Nur Aishah; Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The emergence of innovative digital financial technologies, namely blockchain and crowdfunding, indicates new ways to reach the poor and economically vulnerable groups. This paper contributes to the emerging literature on financial technology by presenting the case of crowdfunding in financial inclusion. The rationale behind this inquiry is to demonstrate the relevance of crowdfunding to financial inclusion, and how might blockchain technology fuel the development of crowdfunding. This paper also constitutes one of the first attempts to analyse crowdfunding in Malaysia and Shariah-compliant crowdfunding. In this paper, a desk research is conducted where journal articles, books, magazi...

  • Finance_and_inequality_in_eight_Asian_countries_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • The present paper seeks to assess the implications of increasing financial sector size on income inequality in eight Asian countries - Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea. Adopting a panel data approach, it document a non-linear relation between income inequality and financial sector size in these countries. More precisely, the increasing financial sector size is favourable to equal income distribution only up until a size threshold, beyond which further expansion of the financial sector can worsen income distribution. The analysis further highlights the income-equalizing effect of economic growth and infrastructure development and...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 491