Journal Article : [521]

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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 521
  • governance_structure_external_audit_price_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2008)

  • This study provides new evidence on the relationship between external audit price and corporate governance of the largest (based on market capitalization) 100 listed firms on both the main and second board of the Bursa Malaysia (BMB) (previously known as the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange). The findings show that for main board companies, external audit price is positively and significantly associated with corporate size, complexity and internal governance variable (i.e. director's remuneration). For the second board firms, complexity, corporate size and internal governance variables (i.e. proportion of non-executive directors to total directors) were important determinants of external a...

  • forecasting_corporate_failure_Malaysian_industrial_sector firms_Zulkarnain et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Abdul Hamid, Mohamad Ali; Md. Nasir, Annuar; Mohamad, Zainal Abidin (2001)

  • Financial ratios have long been used as predictor of important events in financial markets of developed economies. Formulating business failure prediction models utilising financial ratios is no exception. However, there is hardly any evidence on failure prediction in developing markets such as Malaysia. This study develops a failure prediction model for industrial sector listed firms that discriminates between 24 failed and non-failed for the period 1980 to 1996. The findings show that the model correctly and significantly classified 91.1% and 89.3% of the failed and non-failed firms respectively. An alternative prediction model developed based solely on accounting information showed...

  • application_blockchain_technology_crowdfunding_Aishath_Zakariya.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Mustapha, Zakariya (2019)

  • Technology has advanced with the spread of internet services. Statistics by the United States have estimated that internet facilities have been made available to over a third of the total world population and, in the same vein, access to mobile phones has been rendered to about 85 percent of the population. Crowdfunding finds widespread support via internet platforms and is gaining momentum as a means to empower people and businesses hitherto unable to access banking or access limited facilities therefrom. Today, it has become a mechanism for raising funds to build multi-billion-dollar industries. It is said that the difficulties encountered while struggling to source funds by newly-f...

  • diversification_across_economic_sectors_implication_portfolio_investments_Malaysia_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Hassan, Taufiq (2006)

  • Due to the increasing efforts towards regional and global economic integration, the effects of "country specific" factors are becoming less important in managing domestic portfolio investments. Consequently the concept of diversification across economic sectors has received attention in literature. This paper analyzes the opportunity for diversification across different economic sectors for long-term investment using sectorial indices. The findings indicate high but unstable correlation of returns between indices. This implies that investment managers should account for potential movements in sector-specific and sub-sector-specific risks. The findings imply that investment in one or t...

  • audit_committee_reporting_current_practices_companies_listed_KLSE_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2007)

  • This study examines the disclosures contained in Audit Committee Reports (ACRs) and the level of compliance of current practices with the amended Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange listing requirements after the adoption of various recommendations made by the High-Level of Finance Committee on Corporate Governance and the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG) in 1999 and 2000 respectively. All firms listed on the KLSE's main and second board, and MESDAQ counters were sampled. Consistent with the literature in developed markets, the findings reveal that very few companies provide more than what is expected by the ACRs in their listing requirements. Further, companies in finance, techn...

  • potential_application_technology-based_innovations_zakat_administration_India_Aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Nadwi, Shahbaz (2019)

  • India is the home country for many Muslims and effective management of zakah is essential to the country. In this era of technology, it is imperative to use technology with zakat to ensure that the classical zakat administration approaches are upgraded to the uruf or customary practices of the society. The objective of this paper is to find out the potential of using technology in upgrading zakat administration in India. This is a qualitative approach where the primary sources such as zakat administration laws in India and secondary sources such as journal articles and published reports on the subject are analysed to derive conclusions. The findings of this paper suggest that the inno...

  • the_significance_Central_Bank_Malaysia_Act_Islamic_banking_muneeza.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Malaysia is considered as the cranium of Islamic banking. The purpose of this paper is to find out the significance of Central Bank of Malaysia Act (CBMA) to Islamic banking by analysing the relevant provisions of CBMA and the reported case law in Malaysia in this regard. This is a legal research where the provisions of this Act relevant to Islamic banking is reviewed and assessed in the light of reported case law. It is found that there is a need for the legislature to come up with the specific directions or practice notes in which Shariah issues of the case could be differentiated from factual issues/legal issues. It is hoped that the outcome of this paper will assist those jurisdic...

  • Islamic_financial_wealth_management_muneeza.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mahadi, Nurul Arifah; Mazli, Siti Aishah; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The gender gap in Islamic wealth management is an area often not discussed as some perceive Islam as a religion that bans women from acquiring and managing wealth separately from the men in their life. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the economic status of women from an Islamic perspective by examining the relevant literature. Drawing from the Malaysian context, this paper illustrates the gender gap in financial inclusion and also looks at market opportunities to empower women financially. This is a conceptual paper grounded in religious texts, academic publications and statistics published by authoritative bodies. The paper clarifies the general concept of Islamic wealth manage...

  • the_potential_Bai_Salam_Islamic_social_finance_muneeza.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Anggi Kusuma Putri; Esha tir Razia; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Ending poverty is the first of the 17 goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development set by the United Nations. The target is to have no more than 3 percent of the world's population living on just $1.90 a day by 2030. A review on existing literature suggests that the United Nations need a more diverse approach to boost farming and alleviate poverty in order to meet its target. The paper is an effort to explore the possible application of an Islamic banking instrument in meeting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This paper aims to explore the feasibility of Salam as an alternative mode of agricultural financing. The concept of the paper can be extended to non-farming ...

  • too_small_succeed_versus_too_big_fail_marjan_obiya_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naseri, Marjan; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2019)

  • Even though large banks could imply large risks and heightened vulnerability for a country's macroeconomy, the presence of many small banks with similar behavior such as Islamic banks could also cause systemic risks. This article makes an initial attempt to investigate the impact of bank size on banking performance. Our study spans 12 emerging countries with dual banking systems and applies two-step dynamic system GMM estimator. The results show that size really does matter in the banking industry, and its impact on performance tends to be non-linear with a trade-off between profitability and efficiency. Comparing conventional with Islamic banks, we find that bank size has almost the ...

  • view_practice_stock_market_reaction_sukuk_credit_rating_changes_Malaysia_zulkarnain_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; AlHomsi, Mahmoud (2019)

  • Documented evidence on conventional bond markets shows negative market reaction to bond credit rating downgrade and no reaction to credit rating upgrade. Despite the fact that sukuk issuances make up more than 58.8% of the value of outstanding bonds in the country and Malaysia issues at least half of the world's sukuk and is widely recognized as a leader in the sukuk space, there is no documented evidence on the stock market reaction to sukuk credit rating changes. This study analyzed the wealth effect of sukuk credit rating changes in Malaysia using 16 sukuk upgrades and 20 sukuk downgrades for the period 2000-2014. The evidence shows negative market reaction to downgrades and positi...

  • waqfintech_sustainable_socio-economic_development_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • This paper aims to discuss the use of financial technology in waqf (Islamic endowment) for funding religious and social causes. It is believed that waqfintech could reach a wider audience and benefit more people in need through the use of innovative financial technology like crowdfunding and blockchain. The main objective of this paper is to introduce the concept of waqfcrowd and waqfcoin as a means of collecting and managing waqf in the digital age. Waqf institutions can thus take advantage of technological innovation to utilise the convenience and efficiency offered by financial technology. This is a conceptual paper which reviews the relevant literature regarding waqf and financial...

  • mertons_equation_quantum_oscillator_II_belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • Merton has proposed a model for contingent claims on a firm as an option on the firms value, and is based on a generalization of the Black-Scholes stochastic equation (Merton, 1974). A special case of Merton's model is proposed - based on the quantum oscillator - for pricing options. Two cases of the option price are obtained: both these cases yield possible candidates for the generalization of the Black-Scholes option pricing formula. However, one of the proposed option prices does not obey the martingale condition and the other does not yield the correct discounting of future cash flows. For these reasons, the option prices do not obey put-call parity. The options can, however, be u...

  • the_impact_social_enviromental_sustainability_financial_performance_adam.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdulrahman (2019)

  • Despite the promising evidence of the corporate social and environmental performance-corporate financial performance relations across various business sectors, the findings from banking sector remain limited and inconclusive. This article examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regression and non-linear threshold regression of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period of 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most of the estimation models controlling for both bank specific and macroeconomic ...

  • ethical_investments_financial_performance_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This paper examines the financial performance of ethical funds in different regions and concludes that there is a cost attached to ethical investing. An analysis of 964 mutual funds comprising of Socially responsible funds (SRFs) and the Shariah-compliant equity funds (SCFs) suggests that: a) except for global funds, both types of funds underperform in the market, b) both types of funds are preferred for investment in growth and momentum stocks, c) SRFs are preferred for small capitalized stocks whereas SCFs do not follow any specific style or investment strategy, d) unlike SRFs, SCFs do not provide a safe haven for investors during crises. These findings are probably due to the lack ...

  • the_substitution_hypothesis_agency_conflicts_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Anwer, Zaher; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • According to the substitution hypothesis and recent evidence, firms that are better governed carry less debt and experience fewer agency problems. This may also imply that firms with lower debt are better governed and experience lower agency costs. We test this hypothesis by comparing the agency costs of Shariah compliant (SC, and therefore low debt) and Shariah noncompliant (SNC) firms, using a proprietary dataset comprising constituents of the Dow Jones Islamic index for the period 2006-2015. The findings support the hypothesis but are contingent on the firm's idiosyncratic risk; SC firms with low idiosyncratic risk have higher agency costs.

  • waqf_development_in_marawi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd Shukri, Nur Diyanah Syakirah; Ahmad Zamri, Siti Nuralina; Muneeza, Aishath; Ghulam, Hanif (2019)

  • Since 2017, the city of Marawi was left in ruins after five months of aerial bombardments and close-quarter fighting between Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and government forces. Many buildings were destroyed; mosques and schools are no exceptions. While rebuilding efforts have begun in the city, the government has limited resources to fund city reconstruction and Waqf properties (e.g. mosques and schools) are not constitutionally considered as part of the government assets. Fortunately, the government seeks to channel funding for city reconstruction, including Islamic finance schemes. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the opportunities and challenges to rebuild Waqf prop...

  • developing_regional_healthcare_facilities_in_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Badeeu, Fathimath Nashwa; Nafiz, Aminath Reesha; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The purpose of this paper is to identify the underlying issues of healthcare system in Maldives in order to provide an understanding of the challenges facing healthcare providers in islands and atolls in a wider context. The paper scrutinizes the financial burden faced by the current healthcare system in Maldives. It also proposes shariah compliant mechanism that can be utilized to minimize financial burden in a long-term basis. It is hoped that the outcome of the research will assist the policymakers of Maldives to devise a shariah compliant mechanism to finance the development of atoll and island health facilities in a sustainable manner.

  • a_statistical_model_of_the_firm_Belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • A model of the firm is proposed that considers the firm to be a stochastic and random entity described by an action functional and the Feynman path integral. The action functional is postulated based on the profit maximization principle. The Cobb-Douglas production function and the Solow-Swan model for capital input are employed to define a specific model for the firm's action functional. An option is defined on the profit of a firm in the framework of the statistical model. The option's price can be studied empirically. A profit and loss sharing system of wages is defined as an extension of fixed wages.

  • possible_impact_of_the_latest_international_standard_Zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Osman, Mohammad Noor Hisham; Abdul Latiff, Ahmed Razman; Mat Daud, Zaidi; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Turmin, Siti Zaidah (2018)

  • Auditors are required to issue going concern opinion (GC opinion) to companies that are incapable to continue their operations in the near future. It is very important for auditors to issue the GC opinion properly because such opinion is the only signal from them on the viability of a company. Investors need such signal before they can make good investment decisions. In Malaysia however, auditors do not want to issue GC opinion to a very large percentage of financially distressed companies. This motivates this paper to discuss the impact of the latest ISA 570 (2016) on GC opinion issuance rate in this country. Overall, we are in the opinion that there is no strong ground to expect the...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 521

Journal Article : [521]

Follow this collection to receive daily e-mail notification of new additions
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 521
  • governance_structure_external_audit_price_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2008)

  • This study provides new evidence on the relationship between external audit price and corporate governance of the largest (based on market capitalization) 100 listed firms on both the main and second board of the Bursa Malaysia (BMB) (previously known as the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange). The findings show that for main board companies, external audit price is positively and significantly associated with corporate size, complexity and internal governance variable (i.e. director's remuneration). For the second board firms, complexity, corporate size and internal governance variables (i.e. proportion of non-executive directors to total directors) were important determinants of external a...

  • forecasting_corporate_failure_Malaysian_industrial_sector firms_Zulkarnain et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Abdul Hamid, Mohamad Ali; Md. Nasir, Annuar; Mohamad, Zainal Abidin (2001)

  • Financial ratios have long been used as predictor of important events in financial markets of developed economies. Formulating business failure prediction models utilising financial ratios is no exception. However, there is hardly any evidence on failure prediction in developing markets such as Malaysia. This study develops a failure prediction model for industrial sector listed firms that discriminates between 24 failed and non-failed for the period 1980 to 1996. The findings show that the model correctly and significantly classified 91.1% and 89.3% of the failed and non-failed firms respectively. An alternative prediction model developed based solely on accounting information showed...

  • application_blockchain_technology_crowdfunding_Aishath_Zakariya.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Mustapha, Zakariya (2019)

  • Technology has advanced with the spread of internet services. Statistics by the United States have estimated that internet facilities have been made available to over a third of the total world population and, in the same vein, access to mobile phones has been rendered to about 85 percent of the population. Crowdfunding finds widespread support via internet platforms and is gaining momentum as a means to empower people and businesses hitherto unable to access banking or access limited facilities therefrom. Today, it has become a mechanism for raising funds to build multi-billion-dollar industries. It is said that the difficulties encountered while struggling to source funds by newly-f...

  • diversification_across_economic_sectors_implication_portfolio_investments_Malaysia_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Hassan, Taufiq (2006)

  • Due to the increasing efforts towards regional and global economic integration, the effects of "country specific" factors are becoming less important in managing domestic portfolio investments. Consequently the concept of diversification across economic sectors has received attention in literature. This paper analyzes the opportunity for diversification across different economic sectors for long-term investment using sectorial indices. The findings indicate high but unstable correlation of returns between indices. This implies that investment managers should account for potential movements in sector-specific and sub-sector-specific risks. The findings imply that investment in one or t...

  • audit_committee_reporting_current_practices_companies_listed_KLSE_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2007)

  • This study examines the disclosures contained in Audit Committee Reports (ACRs) and the level of compliance of current practices with the amended Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange listing requirements after the adoption of various recommendations made by the High-Level of Finance Committee on Corporate Governance and the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG) in 1999 and 2000 respectively. All firms listed on the KLSE's main and second board, and MESDAQ counters were sampled. Consistent with the literature in developed markets, the findings reveal that very few companies provide more than what is expected by the ACRs in their listing requirements. Further, companies in finance, techn...

  • potential_application_technology-based_innovations_zakat_administration_India_Aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Nadwi, Shahbaz (2019)

  • India is the home country for many Muslims and effective management of zakah is essential to the country. In this era of technology, it is imperative to use technology with zakat to ensure that the classical zakat administration approaches are upgraded to the uruf or customary practices of the society. The objective of this paper is to find out the potential of using technology in upgrading zakat administration in India. This is a qualitative approach where the primary sources such as zakat administration laws in India and secondary sources such as journal articles and published reports on the subject are analysed to derive conclusions. The findings of this paper suggest that the inno...

  • the_significance_Central_Bank_Malaysia_Act_Islamic_banking_muneeza.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Malaysia is considered as the cranium of Islamic banking. The purpose of this paper is to find out the significance of Central Bank of Malaysia Act (CBMA) to Islamic banking by analysing the relevant provisions of CBMA and the reported case law in Malaysia in this regard. This is a legal research where the provisions of this Act relevant to Islamic banking is reviewed and assessed in the light of reported case law. It is found that there is a need for the legislature to come up with the specific directions or practice notes in which Shariah issues of the case could be differentiated from factual issues/legal issues. It is hoped that the outcome of this paper will assist those jurisdic...

  • Islamic_financial_wealth_management_muneeza.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mahadi, Nurul Arifah; Mazli, Siti Aishah; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The gender gap in Islamic wealth management is an area often not discussed as some perceive Islam as a religion that bans women from acquiring and managing wealth separately from the men in their life. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the economic status of women from an Islamic perspective by examining the relevant literature. Drawing from the Malaysian context, this paper illustrates the gender gap in financial inclusion and also looks at market opportunities to empower women financially. This is a conceptual paper grounded in religious texts, academic publications and statistics published by authoritative bodies. The paper clarifies the general concept of Islamic wealth manage...

  • the_potential_Bai_Salam_Islamic_social_finance_muneeza.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Anggi Kusuma Putri; Esha tir Razia; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Ending poverty is the first of the 17 goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development set by the United Nations. The target is to have no more than 3 percent of the world's population living on just $1.90 a day by 2030. A review on existing literature suggests that the United Nations need a more diverse approach to boost farming and alleviate poverty in order to meet its target. The paper is an effort to explore the possible application of an Islamic banking instrument in meeting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This paper aims to explore the feasibility of Salam as an alternative mode of agricultural financing. The concept of the paper can be extended to non-farming ...

  • too_small_succeed_versus_too_big_fail_marjan_obiya_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naseri, Marjan; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2019)

  • Even though large banks could imply large risks and heightened vulnerability for a country's macroeconomy, the presence of many small banks with similar behavior such as Islamic banks could also cause systemic risks. This article makes an initial attempt to investigate the impact of bank size on banking performance. Our study spans 12 emerging countries with dual banking systems and applies two-step dynamic system GMM estimator. The results show that size really does matter in the banking industry, and its impact on performance tends to be non-linear with a trade-off between profitability and efficiency. Comparing conventional with Islamic banks, we find that bank size has almost the ...

  • view_practice_stock_market_reaction_sukuk_credit_rating_changes_Malaysia_zulkarnain_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; AlHomsi, Mahmoud (2019)

  • Documented evidence on conventional bond markets shows negative market reaction to bond credit rating downgrade and no reaction to credit rating upgrade. Despite the fact that sukuk issuances make up more than 58.8% of the value of outstanding bonds in the country and Malaysia issues at least half of the world's sukuk and is widely recognized as a leader in the sukuk space, there is no documented evidence on the stock market reaction to sukuk credit rating changes. This study analyzed the wealth effect of sukuk credit rating changes in Malaysia using 16 sukuk upgrades and 20 sukuk downgrades for the period 2000-2014. The evidence shows negative market reaction to downgrades and positi...

  • waqfintech_sustainable_socio-economic_development_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • This paper aims to discuss the use of financial technology in waqf (Islamic endowment) for funding religious and social causes. It is believed that waqfintech could reach a wider audience and benefit more people in need through the use of innovative financial technology like crowdfunding and blockchain. The main objective of this paper is to introduce the concept of waqfcrowd and waqfcoin as a means of collecting and managing waqf in the digital age. Waqf institutions can thus take advantage of technological innovation to utilise the convenience and efficiency offered by financial technology. This is a conceptual paper which reviews the relevant literature regarding waqf and financial...

  • mertons_equation_quantum_oscillator_II_belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • Merton has proposed a model for contingent claims on a firm as an option on the firms value, and is based on a generalization of the Black-Scholes stochastic equation (Merton, 1974). A special case of Merton's model is proposed - based on the quantum oscillator - for pricing options. Two cases of the option price are obtained: both these cases yield possible candidates for the generalization of the Black-Scholes option pricing formula. However, one of the proposed option prices does not obey the martingale condition and the other does not yield the correct discounting of future cash flows. For these reasons, the option prices do not obey put-call parity. The options can, however, be u...

  • the_impact_social_enviromental_sustainability_financial_performance_adam.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdulrahman (2019)

  • Despite the promising evidence of the corporate social and environmental performance-corporate financial performance relations across various business sectors, the findings from banking sector remain limited and inconclusive. This article examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regression and non-linear threshold regression of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period of 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most of the estimation models controlling for both bank specific and macroeconomic ...

  • ethical_investments_financial_performance_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This paper examines the financial performance of ethical funds in different regions and concludes that there is a cost attached to ethical investing. An analysis of 964 mutual funds comprising of Socially responsible funds (SRFs) and the Shariah-compliant equity funds (SCFs) suggests that: a) except for global funds, both types of funds underperform in the market, b) both types of funds are preferred for investment in growth and momentum stocks, c) SRFs are preferred for small capitalized stocks whereas SCFs do not follow any specific style or investment strategy, d) unlike SRFs, SCFs do not provide a safe haven for investors during crises. These findings are probably due to the lack ...

  • the_substitution_hypothesis_agency_conflicts_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Anwer, Zaher; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • According to the substitution hypothesis and recent evidence, firms that are better governed carry less debt and experience fewer agency problems. This may also imply that firms with lower debt are better governed and experience lower agency costs. We test this hypothesis by comparing the agency costs of Shariah compliant (SC, and therefore low debt) and Shariah noncompliant (SNC) firms, using a proprietary dataset comprising constituents of the Dow Jones Islamic index for the period 2006-2015. The findings support the hypothesis but are contingent on the firm's idiosyncratic risk; SC firms with low idiosyncratic risk have higher agency costs.

  • waqf_development_in_marawi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd Shukri, Nur Diyanah Syakirah; Ahmad Zamri, Siti Nuralina; Muneeza, Aishath; Ghulam, Hanif (2019)

  • Since 2017, the city of Marawi was left in ruins after five months of aerial bombardments and close-quarter fighting between Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and government forces. Many buildings were destroyed; mosques and schools are no exceptions. While rebuilding efforts have begun in the city, the government has limited resources to fund city reconstruction and Waqf properties (e.g. mosques and schools) are not constitutionally considered as part of the government assets. Fortunately, the government seeks to channel funding for city reconstruction, including Islamic finance schemes. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the opportunities and challenges to rebuild Waqf prop...

  • developing_regional_healthcare_facilities_in_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Badeeu, Fathimath Nashwa; Nafiz, Aminath Reesha; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The purpose of this paper is to identify the underlying issues of healthcare system in Maldives in order to provide an understanding of the challenges facing healthcare providers in islands and atolls in a wider context. The paper scrutinizes the financial burden faced by the current healthcare system in Maldives. It also proposes shariah compliant mechanism that can be utilized to minimize financial burden in a long-term basis. It is hoped that the outcome of the research will assist the policymakers of Maldives to devise a shariah compliant mechanism to finance the development of atoll and island health facilities in a sustainable manner.

  • a_statistical_model_of_the_firm_Belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • A model of the firm is proposed that considers the firm to be a stochastic and random entity described by an action functional and the Feynman path integral. The action functional is postulated based on the profit maximization principle. The Cobb-Douglas production function and the Solow-Swan model for capital input are employed to define a specific model for the firm's action functional. An option is defined on the profit of a firm in the framework of the statistical model. The option's price can be studied empirically. A profit and loss sharing system of wages is defined as an extension of fixed wages.

  • possible_impact_of_the_latest_international_standard_Zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Osman, Mohammad Noor Hisham; Abdul Latiff, Ahmed Razman; Mat Daud, Zaidi; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Turmin, Siti Zaidah (2018)

  • Auditors are required to issue going concern opinion (GC opinion) to companies that are incapable to continue their operations in the near future. It is very important for auditors to issue the GC opinion properly because such opinion is the only signal from them on the viability of a company. Investors need such signal before they can make good investment decisions. In Malaysia however, auditors do not want to issue GC opinion to a very large percentage of financially distressed companies. This motivates this paper to discuss the impact of the latest ISA 570 (2016) on GC opinion issuance rate in this country. Overall, we are in the opinion that there is no strong ground to expect the...

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