Journal Article : [482]

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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 482
  • does_low_leverage_minimize_impact_financial_shocks_Obiya et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: el Alaoui, AbdelKader Ouatik; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Asutay, Mehmet (2018)

  • This study embodies a preliminary endeavour at analysing the impact of leverage on portfolio behaviour, with specific reference to return and volatility, in the European stock markets, using the debt ratio as one of the important benchmarks for Islamic stock screening. Given the focus of Islamic stock screening on the debt ratio, we use data from 320 firms for eight European countries which were classified according to their level of debt and size. For this, the portfolio optimisation based Mean-Variance Efficient Frontier (MVEF), the Sharpe Ratio and the Capital Market Line (CML) were employed. Our findings tend to demonstrate that, under shocks, high leverage worsens the portfolio r...

  • the_less_developed_states_converging_richer_state_malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Din, Badariah H.; Sanusi, Nur Azura; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • The present paper addresses the question whether the less developed states, namely; Kedah, Kelantan, Pahang, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak and Terengganu are converging with the richer state of Selangor, using unit root test and cointegration approach to test for income convergence for the period 1970-2013. We tested convergence on per capita real GDP for the states involved and the results suggest that the less developed states have been converging to the state of Selangor for the period under study. We also identify two convergence clubs among the states. In this respect, the state government has an important role to play in enhancing growth by continuously providing stable economic enviro...

  • determinant_securitization_spread_malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Bakri, Mohammed Hariri; Sufian, Fadzlan; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Ismail, Shafinar (2018)

  • Malaysian firms have been reported to be involved in Asset-Backed Securities since 1986 when Cagamas Bhd was the pioneer in the field. This research aims to examine the factors influencing spread in Malaysia's securitization market. In order to provide a test of stability and a choice of model, the multicollinearity test was conducted by providing information on the degree of correlation between the explanotary variables used in the multivariate regression analysis. Ordinary Least Square method was used for baseline, and panel data analysis was applied during the study period (2004-2012) for a more robust check of the analysis. The data were obtained from 90 non-financial firms or ins...

  • enhancing_zakat_framework_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Maldives is a one hundred percent Muslim nation where the zakat administrative function is entrusted to a government ministry, the Ministry of Islamic Affairs (MIA), which manages zakat al maal and zakat al-fitr. Since June 1, 2016, MIA has delegated the task of collecting zakat to the Maldives Inland Revenue Authority (MIRA). Maldives presently has no law dealing with zakat, so the Islamic Training and Research Institute (IRTI) has proposed a set of zakat laws that could be adopted by the country. The objective of this qualitative research is to discuss the zakat framework proposed by IRTI. There is limited literature available on the zakat framework in Maldives, so it is anticipated...

  • Analysis_of_commodity_reserve_currency_system_yusuf.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ahmed, Jameel; Mydin Meera, Ahamed Kameel; Saleem, Muhammad Yusuf; Collins, Patrick (2018)

  • This paper aims to apply the doctrine of siyasah shariyyah to a policy proposal in the area of monetary economics, namely, the Grondona system of conditional currency convertibility, which has been proposed as a practical means of resisting the economic instability caused by the present-day fiat money system. The paper uses library research to review the literature relevant to the Grondona system, and examines the extent to which its operations conform to the principle of siyasah shariyyah, thereby encouraging Maslahah, i.e. the public interest. The paper includes important implications for the policymakers in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation countries for the possible implemen...

  • Theoretical_impact_of_enhanced_musharakah_mutanaqisah_home_financing_Alam_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • This paper theoretically analyzes two alternative modes of home financing. The first mode is the conventional housing loan and the other is Enhanced Musharakah Mutanaqisah (EMM) home financing. Our results reveal the EMM based setting is superior to the conventional housing loans in at least two aspects. These are the prevention of house price inflation in all phases of economic business cycle and the smoothening of real estate cycles. This means that, under the EMM, the risk of real estate bubble formation is subdued, which should prove to be welfare improving.

  • Comparative_study_of_ hajj_fund_management_institution_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aisha; Tamby Sudeen, Amira Shuhada; Nasution, Atiqoh; Nurmalasari, Ratih (2018)

  • Performing hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam which may become compulsory for a Muslim who has financial ability to perform this ibadah at least once in his lifetime. To facilitate Muslims to fulfil this religious obligation, countries which have majority Muslim population like Malaysia, Indonesia and Maldives have established legal entities/institutions to manage hajj funds from hajj depositors (aspirant pilgrims) and provide services related to hajj. Although these institutions share the same objective in terms of helping Muslims to perform hajj, their operational activities are largely different. This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of hajj fund management insti...

  • Tax_evasion_tax_burden_and_economic_development_in_Asean_5_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Din, Badariah H.; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Tax evasion is a crime. Recent estimates registered the loss of tax revenue amounting to USD3.1 trillion or 5.1% of world's GDP. Tax revenue losses have negative consequences to the government ability to fuelled economic growth by providing enough public infrastructure and other services. In this study we have estimated the share of shadow economy to the official economy for five ASEAN economies, namely; Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand for the period 1980-2013 using the MIMIC model. The indexes of the shadow economy from the MIMIC model were then used to calculate the loss in tax revenue as a result of the presence of the shadow economy. We then test the h...

  • The_impact_of_human_development_on_natural_disaster_fatalities_and_damage_panel_data_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Countries with high levels of human development should be able to reduce the impact of natural disasters in terms of the total numbers of people killed and affected, and damage. In this study we investigate the impact of human development indicators such as income per capita and human capital (education level) on natural disaster fatalities (total deaths, total affected and total economic losses) in 79 selected countries. Using dynamic panel data analysis, we found that the level of economic development plays an important role in mitigating the impact of natural disasters such as droughts, earthquakes, extreme temperatures, floods, storms, volcanoes, landslides and wildfires. Other fa...

  • the_application_of_blockchain_technology_in_crowdfunding_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Tajul Arifin, Asma'; Arshad, Nur Aishah; Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The emergence of innovative digital financial technologies, namely blockchain and crowdfunding, indicates new ways to reach the poor and economically vulnerable groups. This paper contributes to the emerging literature on financial technology by presenting the case of crowdfunding in financial inclusion. The rationale behind this inquiry is to demonstrate the relevance of crowdfunding to financial inclusion, and how might blockchain technology fuel the development of crowdfunding. This paper also constitutes one of the first attempts to analyse crowdfunding in Malaysia and Shariah-compliant crowdfunding. In this paper, a desk research is conducted where journal articles, books, magazi...

  • Finance_and_inequality_in_eight_Asian_countries_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • The present paper seeks to assess the implications of increasing financial sector size on income inequality in eight Asian countries - Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea. Adopting a panel data approach, it document a non-linear relation between income inequality and financial sector size in these countries. More precisely, the increasing financial sector size is favourable to equal income distribution only up until a size threshold, beyond which further expansion of the financial sector can worsen income distribution. The analysis further highlights the income-equalizing effect of economic growth and infrastructure development and...

  • does_securitization_government_staff_personal_loan_perform_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Bakri, Mohammed Hariri; Dabas, Nurayati; Shafinar Ismail, Shafinar; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Malaysian firms have been reported to involve in Asset-Backed Securities since 1986s where Cagamas is a pioneer. The objective of this study to determine the primary market spread and analyze on firm financial performance. The methodology for this paper using regression analysis for the study period 2007-2012. They are three determinants that contribute and statistically significant for this research paper. The measurement of financial performance does not have any impact during subprime mortgage crisis. The firm results shows increasing profitability, reducing debt, stronger company value and shareholders earning better dividend.

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Roehner, Bertrand M.; Qing-hai, Wang (2018)

  • Over the last few years, a number of archaeological discoveries have been made that have raised questions and opened up possibly new understanding of the ancient history of Bangladesh. The findings at Wari-Bateshwar point to the possibility of a city-based civilization in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta dating back to 4,000 BC. Another new discovery, which is being actively studied, is the possible existence of a branch of the Silk Road going through Bangladesh. A theoretical framework is required to guide an investigation as well as to acquire and interpret data. This paper explores a framework based on the existence of a southern branch of the Silk Road going through Bangladesh; and th...

  • Efficiency_and_bank_margins_a_comparative_analysis_of_Islamic_and_conventional_banks_in_Yemen_fekri_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shawtari, Fekri Ali; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah (2018)

  • This paper examines the determinants of bank margins' in the Yemeni banking sector for Islamic and conventional banks. The first objective is to investigate whether there is a significant difference between the margins of conventional and Islamic banks. The second objective is to examine whether efficiency represents an influential factor in determining bank margins for Islamic and conventional banks controlling for other micro and macro variables. The study finds that the overall bank margin in Yemen has steadily decreased during the observation period with the exception of the year 2011. The parametric and non parametric results show that the bank margins are significantly higher fo...

  • Sukuk_announcement_effects_during_financial_crisis_the_case_for_Indonesia_ziyaad_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mahomed, Ziyaad; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Ariff, Mohamed (2018)

  • The effects of capital-raising announcements have long been used as an indicator of increased shareholder wealth (Brown and Warner, 1985). Studies on bond announcements, for example, have been largely inconclusive. However, when effects are measured based on bond underlying structure, 'straight and convertible bonds', then the results are more conclusive (Abdul Rahim, 2012). Furthermore, issuances around crisis period are expected to result in negative market reaction as investors prefer liquidity (Fenn, 2000). Sukuk are bond-like instruments that are issued based on the Sharia guidelines and perceived to be less risky due to their risk sharing attribute. Sukuk are issued by the gover...

  • risk_sharing_financing_islamic_banks_better_shielded_against_interest_rate_risk_mm.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Seho, Mirzet; Alaabed, Alaa; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2016)

  • In theory, risk sharing based Financing (RSF) is considered a corner stone of Islamic finance. It is argued to render Islamic banks more resilient to shocks. In practice, however thus feature of Islamic financial products is almost negligible. Instead, debt-based instrument, with conventional like features, have overwhelmed the nascent industry. In addition, the framework of present-day economic, regulatory and financial reality inevitable exposes Islamic banks in dual banking systems to problems of conventional banks. This includes, but is not limited to, interest risk rate. Empirical evidence has, thus far, confirmed such exposures, despite Islamic bank's interest-free operations. T...

  • comparison_methodologies_shariah_stock_screening_shar_za.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Zakri, Aida Shaiza; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah; Mohd Tahir, Zainal Abidin (2018)

  • On average the Islamic finance industry has grown by almost 20% per annum, a compound annual growth rate of 17% from 2009 to 2013 (IFSB, 2013) with its current assets estimated to be worth USD 2 trillion and is set to reach USD 5 trillion in year 2020. This paper aims to analyse three Shari'ah screening methodologies namely Securities Commission (Malaysia), FTSE NASDAQ Dubai Shari'ah Index Series and the Dow Jones Islamic Market Indices. A sample of 30 companies comprising Shari'ah and non-Shari'ah stocks invested by the Malaysian institutional funds were analysed. Our analysis shows that out of the 30 samples stocks, only eight companies passed the screening using the criteria of the...

  • new_evidence_from_an_alternative_methodological_approach_mansur_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Masih, Rumi; Hasan, Mohammad S. (1997)

  • Proposes to re-examine empirically the causal relationship between defence spending and economic growth in mainland China. First, using a VAR modelling technique with suitable diagnostics, e.g. Akaike's FPE statistics and a likelihood ratio test for over and under-fitting the causal model, the results indicate a positive unidirectional causality flowing from defence spending to economic growth. Second, by evaluating a dynamic vector error correction model, variance decomposition and impulse response functions, then analyses the direction, duration and strength of Granger-causality between defence spending and economic growth. The results broadly indicate that defence spending and econ...

  • a_fractional_cointegration_approach_testing_mean_reversion_spot_forward_exchange_rates_mm.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Masih, Rumi (1998)

  • The issue of whether foreign exchange markets process information efficiently (at least in a speculative, weak sense) has been a topic of renewed attention by empirical analysts in the fields of international finance, international economics and futures markets (see, inter alia, Hakkio and Rush, 1989; Macdonald and Taylor, 1989; Copeland, 1991; Lai and Lai, 1991; Tronzano, 1992; and Karfakis and Moschos, 1994) in a bivariate context, and Coleman, 1990; Alexander and Johnson, 1992; Baillie and Bollerslev, 1989; and Karfakis and Parikh, 1994; in a multivariate context). One of the reasons underlying the regeneration of interest in testing the efficient markets hypothesis (EMH) has, to a...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 482

Journal Article : [482]

Follow this collection to receive daily e-mail notification of new additions
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 482
  • does_low_leverage_minimize_impact_financial_shocks_Obiya et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: el Alaoui, AbdelKader Ouatik; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Asutay, Mehmet (2018)

  • This study embodies a preliminary endeavour at analysing the impact of leverage on portfolio behaviour, with specific reference to return and volatility, in the European stock markets, using the debt ratio as one of the important benchmarks for Islamic stock screening. Given the focus of Islamic stock screening on the debt ratio, we use data from 320 firms for eight European countries which were classified according to their level of debt and size. For this, the portfolio optimisation based Mean-Variance Efficient Frontier (MVEF), the Sharpe Ratio and the Capital Market Line (CML) were employed. Our findings tend to demonstrate that, under shocks, high leverage worsens the portfolio r...

  • the_less_developed_states_converging_richer_state_malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Din, Badariah H.; Sanusi, Nur Azura; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • The present paper addresses the question whether the less developed states, namely; Kedah, Kelantan, Pahang, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak and Terengganu are converging with the richer state of Selangor, using unit root test and cointegration approach to test for income convergence for the period 1970-2013. We tested convergence on per capita real GDP for the states involved and the results suggest that the less developed states have been converging to the state of Selangor for the period under study. We also identify two convergence clubs among the states. In this respect, the state government has an important role to play in enhancing growth by continuously providing stable economic enviro...

  • determinant_securitization_spread_malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Bakri, Mohammed Hariri; Sufian, Fadzlan; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Ismail, Shafinar (2018)

  • Malaysian firms have been reported to be involved in Asset-Backed Securities since 1986 when Cagamas Bhd was the pioneer in the field. This research aims to examine the factors influencing spread in Malaysia's securitization market. In order to provide a test of stability and a choice of model, the multicollinearity test was conducted by providing information on the degree of correlation between the explanotary variables used in the multivariate regression analysis. Ordinary Least Square method was used for baseline, and panel data analysis was applied during the study period (2004-2012) for a more robust check of the analysis. The data were obtained from 90 non-financial firms or ins...

  • enhancing_zakat_framework_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Maldives is a one hundred percent Muslim nation where the zakat administrative function is entrusted to a government ministry, the Ministry of Islamic Affairs (MIA), which manages zakat al maal and zakat al-fitr. Since June 1, 2016, MIA has delegated the task of collecting zakat to the Maldives Inland Revenue Authority (MIRA). Maldives presently has no law dealing with zakat, so the Islamic Training and Research Institute (IRTI) has proposed a set of zakat laws that could be adopted by the country. The objective of this qualitative research is to discuss the zakat framework proposed by IRTI. There is limited literature available on the zakat framework in Maldives, so it is anticipated...

  • Analysis_of_commodity_reserve_currency_system_yusuf.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ahmed, Jameel; Mydin Meera, Ahamed Kameel; Saleem, Muhammad Yusuf; Collins, Patrick (2018)

  • This paper aims to apply the doctrine of siyasah shariyyah to a policy proposal in the area of monetary economics, namely, the Grondona system of conditional currency convertibility, which has been proposed as a practical means of resisting the economic instability caused by the present-day fiat money system. The paper uses library research to review the literature relevant to the Grondona system, and examines the extent to which its operations conform to the principle of siyasah shariyyah, thereby encouraging Maslahah, i.e. the public interest. The paper includes important implications for the policymakers in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation countries for the possible implemen...

  • Theoretical_impact_of_enhanced_musharakah_mutanaqisah_home_financing_Alam_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • This paper theoretically analyzes two alternative modes of home financing. The first mode is the conventional housing loan and the other is Enhanced Musharakah Mutanaqisah (EMM) home financing. Our results reveal the EMM based setting is superior to the conventional housing loans in at least two aspects. These are the prevention of house price inflation in all phases of economic business cycle and the smoothening of real estate cycles. This means that, under the EMM, the risk of real estate bubble formation is subdued, which should prove to be welfare improving.

  • Comparative_study_of_ hajj_fund_management_institution_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aisha; Tamby Sudeen, Amira Shuhada; Nasution, Atiqoh; Nurmalasari, Ratih (2018)

  • Performing hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam which may become compulsory for a Muslim who has financial ability to perform this ibadah at least once in his lifetime. To facilitate Muslims to fulfil this religious obligation, countries which have majority Muslim population like Malaysia, Indonesia and Maldives have established legal entities/institutions to manage hajj funds from hajj depositors (aspirant pilgrims) and provide services related to hajj. Although these institutions share the same objective in terms of helping Muslims to perform hajj, their operational activities are largely different. This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of hajj fund management insti...

  • Tax_evasion_tax_burden_and_economic_development_in_Asean_5_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Din, Badariah H.; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Tax evasion is a crime. Recent estimates registered the loss of tax revenue amounting to USD3.1 trillion or 5.1% of world's GDP. Tax revenue losses have negative consequences to the government ability to fuelled economic growth by providing enough public infrastructure and other services. In this study we have estimated the share of shadow economy to the official economy for five ASEAN economies, namely; Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand for the period 1980-2013 using the MIMIC model. The indexes of the shadow economy from the MIMIC model were then used to calculate the loss in tax revenue as a result of the presence of the shadow economy. We then test the h...

  • The_impact_of_human_development_on_natural_disaster_fatalities_and_damage_panel_data_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Countries with high levels of human development should be able to reduce the impact of natural disasters in terms of the total numbers of people killed and affected, and damage. In this study we investigate the impact of human development indicators such as income per capita and human capital (education level) on natural disaster fatalities (total deaths, total affected and total economic losses) in 79 selected countries. Using dynamic panel data analysis, we found that the level of economic development plays an important role in mitigating the impact of natural disasters such as droughts, earthquakes, extreme temperatures, floods, storms, volcanoes, landslides and wildfires. Other fa...

  • the_application_of_blockchain_technology_in_crowdfunding_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Tajul Arifin, Asma'; Arshad, Nur Aishah; Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The emergence of innovative digital financial technologies, namely blockchain and crowdfunding, indicates new ways to reach the poor and economically vulnerable groups. This paper contributes to the emerging literature on financial technology by presenting the case of crowdfunding in financial inclusion. The rationale behind this inquiry is to demonstrate the relevance of crowdfunding to financial inclusion, and how might blockchain technology fuel the development of crowdfunding. This paper also constitutes one of the first attempts to analyse crowdfunding in Malaysia and Shariah-compliant crowdfunding. In this paper, a desk research is conducted where journal articles, books, magazi...

  • Finance_and_inequality_in_eight_Asian_countries_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • The present paper seeks to assess the implications of increasing financial sector size on income inequality in eight Asian countries - Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea. Adopting a panel data approach, it document a non-linear relation between income inequality and financial sector size in these countries. More precisely, the increasing financial sector size is favourable to equal income distribution only up until a size threshold, beyond which further expansion of the financial sector can worsen income distribution. The analysis further highlights the income-equalizing effect of economic growth and infrastructure development and...

  • does_securitization_government_staff_personal_loan_perform_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Bakri, Mohammed Hariri; Dabas, Nurayati; Shafinar Ismail, Shafinar; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Malaysian firms have been reported to involve in Asset-Backed Securities since 1986s where Cagamas is a pioneer. The objective of this study to determine the primary market spread and analyze on firm financial performance. The methodology for this paper using regression analysis for the study period 2007-2012. They are three determinants that contribute and statistically significant for this research paper. The measurement of financial performance does not have any impact during subprime mortgage crisis. The firm results shows increasing profitability, reducing debt, stronger company value and shareholders earning better dividend.

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Roehner, Bertrand M.; Qing-hai, Wang (2018)

  • Over the last few years, a number of archaeological discoveries have been made that have raised questions and opened up possibly new understanding of the ancient history of Bangladesh. The findings at Wari-Bateshwar point to the possibility of a city-based civilization in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta dating back to 4,000 BC. Another new discovery, which is being actively studied, is the possible existence of a branch of the Silk Road going through Bangladesh. A theoretical framework is required to guide an investigation as well as to acquire and interpret data. This paper explores a framework based on the existence of a southern branch of the Silk Road going through Bangladesh; and th...

  • Efficiency_and_bank_margins_a_comparative_analysis_of_Islamic_and_conventional_banks_in_Yemen_fekri_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shawtari, Fekri Ali; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah (2018)

  • This paper examines the determinants of bank margins' in the Yemeni banking sector for Islamic and conventional banks. The first objective is to investigate whether there is a significant difference between the margins of conventional and Islamic banks. The second objective is to examine whether efficiency represents an influential factor in determining bank margins for Islamic and conventional banks controlling for other micro and macro variables. The study finds that the overall bank margin in Yemen has steadily decreased during the observation period with the exception of the year 2011. The parametric and non parametric results show that the bank margins are significantly higher fo...

  • Sukuk_announcement_effects_during_financial_crisis_the_case_for_Indonesia_ziyaad_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mahomed, Ziyaad; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Ariff, Mohamed (2018)

  • The effects of capital-raising announcements have long been used as an indicator of increased shareholder wealth (Brown and Warner, 1985). Studies on bond announcements, for example, have been largely inconclusive. However, when effects are measured based on bond underlying structure, 'straight and convertible bonds', then the results are more conclusive (Abdul Rahim, 2012). Furthermore, issuances around crisis period are expected to result in negative market reaction as investors prefer liquidity (Fenn, 2000). Sukuk are bond-like instruments that are issued based on the Sharia guidelines and perceived to be less risky due to their risk sharing attribute. Sukuk are issued by the gover...

  • risk_sharing_financing_islamic_banks_better_shielded_against_interest_rate_risk_mm.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Seho, Mirzet; Alaabed, Alaa; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2016)

  • In theory, risk sharing based Financing (RSF) is considered a corner stone of Islamic finance. It is argued to render Islamic banks more resilient to shocks. In practice, however thus feature of Islamic financial products is almost negligible. Instead, debt-based instrument, with conventional like features, have overwhelmed the nascent industry. In addition, the framework of present-day economic, regulatory and financial reality inevitable exposes Islamic banks in dual banking systems to problems of conventional banks. This includes, but is not limited to, interest risk rate. Empirical evidence has, thus far, confirmed such exposures, despite Islamic bank's interest-free operations. T...

  • comparison_methodologies_shariah_stock_screening_shar_za.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Zakri, Aida Shaiza; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah; Mohd Tahir, Zainal Abidin (2018)

  • On average the Islamic finance industry has grown by almost 20% per annum, a compound annual growth rate of 17% from 2009 to 2013 (IFSB, 2013) with its current assets estimated to be worth USD 2 trillion and is set to reach USD 5 trillion in year 2020. This paper aims to analyse three Shari'ah screening methodologies namely Securities Commission (Malaysia), FTSE NASDAQ Dubai Shari'ah Index Series and the Dow Jones Islamic Market Indices. A sample of 30 companies comprising Shari'ah and non-Shari'ah stocks invested by the Malaysian institutional funds were analysed. Our analysis shows that out of the 30 samples stocks, only eight companies passed the screening using the criteria of the...

  • new_evidence_from_an_alternative_methodological_approach_mansur_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Masih, Rumi; Hasan, Mohammad S. (1997)

  • Proposes to re-examine empirically the causal relationship between defence spending and economic growth in mainland China. First, using a VAR modelling technique with suitable diagnostics, e.g. Akaike's FPE statistics and a likelihood ratio test for over and under-fitting the causal model, the results indicate a positive unidirectional causality flowing from defence spending to economic growth. Second, by evaluating a dynamic vector error correction model, variance decomposition and impulse response functions, then analyses the direction, duration and strength of Granger-causality between defence spending and economic growth. The results broadly indicate that defence spending and econ...

  • a_fractional_cointegration_approach_testing_mean_reversion_spot_forward_exchange_rates_mm.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Masih, Rumi (1998)

  • The issue of whether foreign exchange markets process information efficiently (at least in a speculative, weak sense) has been a topic of renewed attention by empirical analysts in the fields of international finance, international economics and futures markets (see, inter alia, Hakkio and Rush, 1989; Macdonald and Taylor, 1989; Copeland, 1991; Lai and Lai, 1991; Tronzano, 1992; and Karfakis and Moschos, 1994) in a bivariate context, and Coleman, 1990; Alexander and Johnson, 1992; Baillie and Bollerslev, 1989; and Karfakis and Parikh, 1994; in a multivariate context). One of the reasons underlying the regeneration of interest in testing the efficient markets hypothesis (EMH) has, to a...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 482