Effects of financial development and financial inclusion in mitigating shadow economy in OIC and non-OIC countries
Although literature on shadow economy has been growing, the examination is scarce in the case of developing countries, especially the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) economies. In this study, we develop various testable hypotheses related to shadow economy. We investigate the determinants of shadow economy across a large sample of 141 countries and examine whether it varies across OIC (42) and non-OIC (99) countries. The average size of the shadow economy in OIC countries is 34.36% of gross domestic product (GDP) while it is 30.57% of GDP in non-OlC economies. The approach of exploring various definitions, historical development, types, Islamic viewpoint and the determining factors behind people's preference to join shadow economy is adopted in order to provide a deeper understanding of shadow economy. As far as our first objective Is concerned, we explored the determinants of shadow economy in OIC and non-OIC countries (1995-2015). Our results show that economic growth and institutional variables have negative association with shadow economy in both types of countries whereas government expenditure has a positive effect on shadow economy in both groups ...
Shadow economy , Financial development , OIC member countries , Non-OIC countries , 1995-2015
Khan, Shabeer. (2019). Effects of financial development and financial inclusion in mitigating shadow economy in OIC and non-OIC countries (Doctoral dissertation). INCEIF, Kuala Lumpur. Retrieved from https://ikr.inceif.org/handle/INCEIF/3111