Restructuring and bank performance in dual banking system
Views & Download
This paper assesses the impact of changing competition landscape and Islamic bank penetration on bank risk, profitability and capitalization. This study utilizes an unbalanced panel dataset consisting of 37 commercial banks over the period 1997 to 2015. The paper uses a panel VAR methodology to discern the interactions between bank competition and Islamic banking presence on one hand and bank performance on the other hand. We find evidence supportive of both competition - stability and competition - fragility views for conventional banks. The results suggest that bank competition improves conventional bank risk and, at the same time, lower profitability and capital holdings. As for Islamic banks, competition seems to robustly influence only bank profitability. Finally, we note that increasing Islamic bank penetration improves the risk profile of conventional banks and, as expected, reduces their market power. These results bear important implications on the design of competition policies in a dual banking system as well as on the development of the Islamic banking sector.
Bank competition , Islamic bank penetration , Bank performance
Sukmana, Raditya and Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2021). Restructuring and bank performance in dual banking system. Signifikan: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi, 10 (2), pp. 223-246.
Faculty of Economic and Business Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta