Browsing by Topic Shariah

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Showing results 8 to 17 of 44
  • clean development mechanism in malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2009)

  • The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is an arrangement under the Kyoto Protocol (an international and legally binding agreement to reduce greenhouse gases, emissions worldwide) allowing industrialised countries with a greenhouse gas reduction commitment (called Annex 1 countries) to invest in projects that reduce emissions in developing countries as an alternative to more expensive emission reductions in their own countries. The most important factor of a carbon project is that it establishes that it would not have occurred without the additional incentive provided by emission reductions credits. Available in physical copy only (Call Number: fp HC 445.5 R287Z)

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Izani, Izahairani (2016)

  • To codify or not to codify, is, in matters of the law, the paramount jurisprudential question. More so when the laws in question relate to and are to govern a relatively budding industry, such as that of the Islamic banking and finance (IBF) industry. This paper examines the respective legal and regulatory landscape of four countries, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Sudan and Malaysia vis-a-vis IBF, particularly whether the presence or absence of codified Shariah law for IBF matters play any role in the development of their respective IBF industries and whether Malaysia can draw any lessons from the experiences in Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Sudan to ascertain the need/viability/manner in whic...

  • crime_economic_condition_case_united_states_america_baharom_muzafar_jaharudin_yap.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Yap, Shy Yen; Padli, Jaharudin (2009)

  • A normative definition views crime as deviant behavior that violates prevailing norms-cultural standards prescribing how humans ought to behave normally. This approach considers the complex realities surrounding the concept of crime and seeks to understand how changing social, political, psychological, and economic conditions may affect the current definitions of crime and the form of the legal, law enforcement, and penal responses made by society. In the United States since 1930, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has tabulated Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) annually from crime data submitted by law enforcement agencies across the United States. Officials compile this data at the...

  • crime_economic_conditions_Malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2009)

  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of economic conditions on various categories of criminal activities in Malaysia for the period 1973‐2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool. Dynamic ordinary least squares was also used to check the robustness of the results. The results indicate that murder, armed robbery, rape, assault, daylight burglary, and motorcycle theft exhibit long‐run relationships with economic conditions, and the causal effect in all cases runs from economic conditions to crime rates and not vice versa. In the long‐run, strong economic performances have a positive impact on murder, rape, assault, dayl...

  • crime _socio-macroeconomics_determinants_panel-error-correction_cointegration_analysis_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Noor, Zaleha (2013)

  • This study investigates the relationship between crime and socio and macro economic variables such as income, unemployment, inflation, interest rate, and also the political violence, both domestic and regional. The main motivation of the study is to have a better understanding of crime as well as finding and suggesting alternative ways of approaching crime. We analyzed 21 countries, with data spanning from 1960 to 2001.We adopted the model and framework introduced by Viren (2001) based on Becker (1968), Block and Heineke (1975). However, we slightly modified by rephrasing it in order not to only capture the long run relationship but also the short run adjustment. We employed the panel...

  • crime_police_personnel_Malaysia_empirical_investigation_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Muhamad, Suriyani (2014)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis.

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Muhamad, Suriyani (2013)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis

  • crime_unemployment_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Din, Badariah H.; Muhamad, Suriyani; Ishak, Suryati (2014)

  • The purpose of the present study is to determine whether there is long-run relationship between crime rates and unemployment rate in Malaysia for the period 1973 to 2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool to infer cointegration or the long-run relationship between unemployment and the crime rates. The results indicate that the unemployment rate, and crime rates: total crime rate, violent crime (murder, robbery, and assault), and property crime (daylight burglary, night burglary, and motorcycle theft) are cointegrated. The estimated long-run coeffi cients suggest that unemployment rate has negative effect on violent crime, murder,...

  • Crime_United_States_America_testing_Broken_Window_hypothesis_Baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2014)

  • This study wishes to examine and validate the ‘broken window’ hypothesis among the fifty one states in the United States. The chosen method for this analysis is Johansen cointegration test to test for cointegration, and if any cointegrating vector is found, we proceed to test for Granger causality based on VECM. We test whether property crime (proxy for minor crime) leads to violent crime (proxy for major crime) in the fifty one states with respect to the period 1960 to 2007. Result of the study indicates that violent crime and property crime are cointegrated in forty eight states out of fifty one states. Further analysis to test for the validity of the broken window hypothesis provid...

  • Does_prospectus_information_matter_in_IPO_pricing_mansur_etal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd-Rashid, Rasidah; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Abdul-Rahim, Ruzita; Che-Yahya, Norliza (2018)

  • The purpose of this study is to identify selected information from the prospectus that might signal the initial public offering (IPO) offer price. The results tend to provide support for the argument that firms with Shariah-compliant status reflect lower uncertainty and project better signalling of quality due to greater scrutiny by the government and thus are able to offer IPOs at higher prices. Similarly, firms with a higher proportion of shareholder retention indicate lower risks as insiders forego their options to diversify their portfolio, and hence could price their IPOs higher. Finally, the involvement of institutional investors and higher underwriter ranking could be used by f...

Browsing by Topic Shariah

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 8 to 17 of 44
  • clean development mechanism in malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2009)

  • The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is an arrangement under the Kyoto Protocol (an international and legally binding agreement to reduce greenhouse gases, emissions worldwide) allowing industrialised countries with a greenhouse gas reduction commitment (called Annex 1 countries) to invest in projects that reduce emissions in developing countries as an alternative to more expensive emission reductions in their own countries. The most important factor of a carbon project is that it establishes that it would not have occurred without the additional incentive provided by emission reductions credits. Available in physical copy only (Call Number: fp HC 445.5 R287Z)

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Izani, Izahairani (2016)

  • To codify or not to codify, is, in matters of the law, the paramount jurisprudential question. More so when the laws in question relate to and are to govern a relatively budding industry, such as that of the Islamic banking and finance (IBF) industry. This paper examines the respective legal and regulatory landscape of four countries, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Sudan and Malaysia vis-a-vis IBF, particularly whether the presence or absence of codified Shariah law for IBF matters play any role in the development of their respective IBF industries and whether Malaysia can draw any lessons from the experiences in Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Sudan to ascertain the need/viability/manner in whic...

  • crime_economic_condition_case_united_states_america_baharom_muzafar_jaharudin_yap.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Yap, Shy Yen; Padli, Jaharudin (2009)

  • A normative definition views crime as deviant behavior that violates prevailing norms-cultural standards prescribing how humans ought to behave normally. This approach considers the complex realities surrounding the concept of crime and seeks to understand how changing social, political, psychological, and economic conditions may affect the current definitions of crime and the form of the legal, law enforcement, and penal responses made by society. In the United States since 1930, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has tabulated Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) annually from crime data submitted by law enforcement agencies across the United States. Officials compile this data at the...

  • crime_economic_conditions_Malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2009)

  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of economic conditions on various categories of criminal activities in Malaysia for the period 1973‐2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool. Dynamic ordinary least squares was also used to check the robustness of the results. The results indicate that murder, armed robbery, rape, assault, daylight burglary, and motorcycle theft exhibit long‐run relationships with economic conditions, and the causal effect in all cases runs from economic conditions to crime rates and not vice versa. In the long‐run, strong economic performances have a positive impact on murder, rape, assault, dayl...

  • crime _socio-macroeconomics_determinants_panel-error-correction_cointegration_analysis_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Noor, Zaleha (2013)

  • This study investigates the relationship between crime and socio and macro economic variables such as income, unemployment, inflation, interest rate, and also the political violence, both domestic and regional. The main motivation of the study is to have a better understanding of crime as well as finding and suggesting alternative ways of approaching crime. We analyzed 21 countries, with data spanning from 1960 to 2001.We adopted the model and framework introduced by Viren (2001) based on Becker (1968), Block and Heineke (1975). However, we slightly modified by rephrasing it in order not to only capture the long run relationship but also the short run adjustment. We employed the panel...

  • crime_police_personnel_Malaysia_empirical_investigation_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Muhamad, Suriyani (2014)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis.

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Muhamad, Suriyani (2013)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis

  • crime_unemployment_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Din, Badariah H.; Muhamad, Suriyani; Ishak, Suryati (2014)

  • The purpose of the present study is to determine whether there is long-run relationship between crime rates and unemployment rate in Malaysia for the period 1973 to 2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool to infer cointegration or the long-run relationship between unemployment and the crime rates. The results indicate that the unemployment rate, and crime rates: total crime rate, violent crime (murder, robbery, and assault), and property crime (daylight burglary, night burglary, and motorcycle theft) are cointegrated. The estimated long-run coeffi cients suggest that unemployment rate has negative effect on violent crime, murder,...

  • Crime_United_States_America_testing_Broken_Window_hypothesis_Baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2014)

  • This study wishes to examine and validate the ‘broken window’ hypothesis among the fifty one states in the United States. The chosen method for this analysis is Johansen cointegration test to test for cointegration, and if any cointegrating vector is found, we proceed to test for Granger causality based on VECM. We test whether property crime (proxy for minor crime) leads to violent crime (proxy for major crime) in the fifty one states with respect to the period 1960 to 2007. Result of the study indicates that violent crime and property crime are cointegrated in forty eight states out of fifty one states. Further analysis to test for the validity of the broken window hypothesis provid...

  • Does_prospectus_information_matter_in_IPO_pricing_mansur_etal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd-Rashid, Rasidah; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Abdul-Rahim, Ruzita; Che-Yahya, Norliza (2018)

  • The purpose of this study is to identify selected information from the prospectus that might signal the initial public offering (IPO) offer price. The results tend to provide support for the argument that firms with Shariah-compliant status reflect lower uncertainty and project better signalling of quality due to greater scrutiny by the government and thus are able to offer IPOs at higher prices. Similarly, firms with a higher proportion of shareholder retention indicate lower risks as insiders forego their options to diversify their portfolio, and hence could price their IPOs higher. Finally, the involvement of institutional investors and higher underwriter ranking could be used by f...