Browsing by Topics Islamic economics

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Showing results 76 to 85 of 98
  • item.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mokhtar, Maznita; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2020)

  • There is wide consensus that the ultimate objective of government policies is to improve the quality of people's lives. The reality, however, is that the impact of government policies tends to be measured rather in terms of GDP growth as proxy for progress. The debate about growth vs. development is not new as the distinction between these concepts was recognized since the 1970s. GDP growth has often been understood in terms of improvement in the quality of life. However, further research is indicating that inequality affects sustainable growth (Berg and Ostry 2011), which in turn reduces the ability to improve the quality of life. This is the case of many OECD nations where household...

  • PhD_Political_connections_shariah_compliance_and_firms_performance_malaysian_experience_Irum_Saba.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Saba, Irum (2017)

  • Businesses and politics are two important blocks for the economic growth of any country. This dissertation focuses on the determinants of the performance of the listed firms in the case of Malaysia with the analysis and impact of political connections and Shari'ah compliance on the performance of the listed firms for the year 2000-2014. The research also focuses on the performance of firms having political affiliations and who also attain the status of Shari'ah compliance as per the rule book of the Securities and Exchange Commission of Malaysia. The results of our study shows, certain firm-specific ...

  • Political stability and growth_akther_hakim_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Uddin, Md Akther; Ali, Md Hakim; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2017)

  • This paper studies the effect of political stability on economic growth by taking 120 developing countries over the period of 1996-2014. We apply relatively advanced dynamic two step system-GMM and quantile regression. Political stability is found to be a key determinant of economic growth. More importantly, political instability (or risk) is found to be higher in the OIC countries and is a deterrent to economic growth. Also, for the lower and middle income OIC countries, political instability appears to affect economic growth more severely perhaps due to the absence of strong economic and political institutions. Moreover, political instability is also found to be significantly higher...

  • Promoting_shared_prosperity_in_developed_developing_countries_on_sustainable_development_concept_via_Islamicity_Prosperity_Index_Nor_Hazila.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Nor Hazila Ismail (2020)

  • Greater inequalities and social exclusion are reckoned to be the results of economic growth which led the World Bank to set the new goal, to end extreme poverty and promote shared prosperity. Interestingly, the approach of the contemporary solution is largely in consonance with the objectives of the Shari'ah. Realizing the importance of this agenda, a bold attempt is made in this study to quantify and visualize 'prosperity sharing' in 28 developed countries and 14 developing countries by reshaping the sustainable development concept from an Islamic perspective. The four pillars of prosperity namely Faradh (social responsibility), Shura (social participation), Al Adl Wal Ihsan (social ...

  • psychographic_factors_influence_personal_bankcruptcy_malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Eaw Hooi Cheng; Usha Rajagopalan; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Khong Kok Wei; Rosimah Ahmad (2015)

  • Personal debts issues are common matters and happen in every country. Excessive debts have led to default payments and ended in personal bankruptcy filing. The number of personal bankruptcy cases doubles in United States from 200,000 cases to 450,000 cases from 1970 to 1980 (White, 1987). In Malaysia, personal bankruptcy filing has been increasing at an alarming rate where Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) has announced that there are 251,209 cases as at September 2013 (The Star, 2013. In addition, recent bankruptcy record exhibits that the declared bankrupt cases are becoming more prevalent among younger generation as compared to past years records. The increase in personal bankruptcy ca...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Mohamad Hassan (2017)

  • Canada represents as well-developed high-income richly endowed with abundant natural resources and advanced technological infrastructure and high wages, which will allow them to attract FDI inflows to the country for years. This study makes an attempt to test the possible directions of causality between real exchange and FDI flows on the one hand and the impact of FDI inflows and real exchange rate on economic growth on the other, with specific reference to Canada for the period of 1970-2015. In this study, the time series technique has been employed, reinforced with co-integration, error correction modelling and variance decomposition including LRSM ...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hassan, Mohamed (2017)

  • The flows of foreign investment are the fundamental elements in the economic growth of countries within the globalization process of economy. Canada has a highly-developed economy, advanced technological infrastructure that will allow them to attract flows of FDI. This study makes an attempt to test the possible directions of causality between exchange rate and flows of foreign direct investment in Canada for the period of 1970 to 2015. The methods applied are the error corrections and variance decompositions techniques including LRSM. To the best of my knowledge, there has not been any study on this issue using this technique. Our findings on this study suggests that the direction of...

  • Rethinking_Islamic_economics_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mansor H. Ibrahim (2019)

  • The emergence of Islamic viewpoints on economic issues under the umbrella of Islamic economics has captivated much interest especially in its practical manifestation in Islamic banking and finance. In light of the failure of mainstream economics to address many pressing issues, and hence the need for alternative views, this paper offers assessments of Islamic economics whether (i) it is relevant to this need, (ii) it has progressed to the extent that it has been made to become relevant, and (iii) it is also in need of reform. While I argue that Islamic economics is relevant, it falls short of expectations on the second issue. The major reasons being: (a) the lack of progress in Islami...

  • review_Sudanese_socio-economic_development_problems_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2002)

  • The article gives an overall pictures of the present socio-economic problems of the Sudan. It argues that the government alone cannot handle the process ot the economic development, and that the rationale in the developed countries shows the importance of including the role of the people in the process of economic development either through the private sector, community development or through the non-profit sector.

  • item.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; El Maghrebi, Nabil (2020)

  • The theory of commodity pricing is one of the foundations of economic theory and applications. A mathematical model is proposed, from first principles and based on the formalism of statistical physics, for describing the prices of commodities. Both spot and futures prices are analyzed. The calibration and predictions of the model, based on market data, provide strong evidence in support of the model. Consider the behavior of market prices. As can be seen from Figure 8.1, the price of silver and gold appear to have a random time evolution. Furthermore, the two prices seem to be positively correlated; in contrast, the price of gold and oil seem to be negatively correlated. Market data s...

Browsing by Topics Islamic economics

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 76 to 85 of 98
  • item.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mokhtar, Maznita; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2020)

  • There is wide consensus that the ultimate objective of government policies is to improve the quality of people's lives. The reality, however, is that the impact of government policies tends to be measured rather in terms of GDP growth as proxy for progress. The debate about growth vs. development is not new as the distinction between these concepts was recognized since the 1970s. GDP growth has often been understood in terms of improvement in the quality of life. However, further research is indicating that inequality affects sustainable growth (Berg and Ostry 2011), which in turn reduces the ability to improve the quality of life. This is the case of many OECD nations where household...

  • PhD_Political_connections_shariah_compliance_and_firms_performance_malaysian_experience_Irum_Saba.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Saba, Irum (2017)

  • Businesses and politics are two important blocks for the economic growth of any country. This dissertation focuses on the determinants of the performance of the listed firms in the case of Malaysia with the analysis and impact of political connections and Shari'ah compliance on the performance of the listed firms for the year 2000-2014. The research also focuses on the performance of firms having political affiliations and who also attain the status of Shari'ah compliance as per the rule book of the Securities and Exchange Commission of Malaysia. The results of our study shows, certain firm-specific ...

  • Political stability and growth_akther_hakim_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Uddin, Md Akther; Ali, Md Hakim; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2017)

  • This paper studies the effect of political stability on economic growth by taking 120 developing countries over the period of 1996-2014. We apply relatively advanced dynamic two step system-GMM and quantile regression. Political stability is found to be a key determinant of economic growth. More importantly, political instability (or risk) is found to be higher in the OIC countries and is a deterrent to economic growth. Also, for the lower and middle income OIC countries, political instability appears to affect economic growth more severely perhaps due to the absence of strong economic and political institutions. Moreover, political instability is also found to be significantly higher...

  • Promoting_shared_prosperity_in_developed_developing_countries_on_sustainable_development_concept_via_Islamicity_Prosperity_Index_Nor_Hazila.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Nor Hazila Ismail (2020)

  • Greater inequalities and social exclusion are reckoned to be the results of economic growth which led the World Bank to set the new goal, to end extreme poverty and promote shared prosperity. Interestingly, the approach of the contemporary solution is largely in consonance with the objectives of the Shari'ah. Realizing the importance of this agenda, a bold attempt is made in this study to quantify and visualize 'prosperity sharing' in 28 developed countries and 14 developing countries by reshaping the sustainable development concept from an Islamic perspective. The four pillars of prosperity namely Faradh (social responsibility), Shura (social participation), Al Adl Wal Ihsan (social ...

  • psychographic_factors_influence_personal_bankcruptcy_malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Eaw Hooi Cheng; Usha Rajagopalan; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Khong Kok Wei; Rosimah Ahmad (2015)

  • Personal debts issues are common matters and happen in every country. Excessive debts have led to default payments and ended in personal bankruptcy filing. The number of personal bankruptcy cases doubles in United States from 200,000 cases to 450,000 cases from 1970 to 1980 (White, 1987). In Malaysia, personal bankruptcy filing has been increasing at an alarming rate where Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) has announced that there are 251,209 cases as at September 2013 (The Star, 2013. In addition, recent bankruptcy record exhibits that the declared bankrupt cases are becoming more prevalent among younger generation as compared to past years records. The increase in personal bankruptcy ca...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Mohamad Hassan (2017)

  • Canada represents as well-developed high-income richly endowed with abundant natural resources and advanced technological infrastructure and high wages, which will allow them to attract FDI inflows to the country for years. This study makes an attempt to test the possible directions of causality between real exchange and FDI flows on the one hand and the impact of FDI inflows and real exchange rate on economic growth on the other, with specific reference to Canada for the period of 1970-2015. In this study, the time series technique has been employed, reinforced with co-integration, error correction modelling and variance decomposition including LRSM ...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hassan, Mohamed (2017)

  • The flows of foreign investment are the fundamental elements in the economic growth of countries within the globalization process of economy. Canada has a highly-developed economy, advanced technological infrastructure that will allow them to attract flows of FDI. This study makes an attempt to test the possible directions of causality between exchange rate and flows of foreign direct investment in Canada for the period of 1970 to 2015. The methods applied are the error corrections and variance decompositions techniques including LRSM. To the best of my knowledge, there has not been any study on this issue using this technique. Our findings on this study suggests that the direction of...

  • Rethinking_Islamic_economics_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mansor H. Ibrahim (2019)

  • The emergence of Islamic viewpoints on economic issues under the umbrella of Islamic economics has captivated much interest especially in its practical manifestation in Islamic banking and finance. In light of the failure of mainstream economics to address many pressing issues, and hence the need for alternative views, this paper offers assessments of Islamic economics whether (i) it is relevant to this need, (ii) it has progressed to the extent that it has been made to become relevant, and (iii) it is also in need of reform. While I argue that Islamic economics is relevant, it falls short of expectations on the second issue. The major reasons being: (a) the lack of progress in Islami...

  • review_Sudanese_socio-economic_development_problems_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2002)

  • The article gives an overall pictures of the present socio-economic problems of the Sudan. It argues that the government alone cannot handle the process ot the economic development, and that the rationale in the developed countries shows the importance of including the role of the people in the process of economic development either through the private sector, community development or through the non-profit sector.

  • item.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; El Maghrebi, Nabil (2020)

  • The theory of commodity pricing is one of the foundations of economic theory and applications. A mathematical model is proposed, from first principles and based on the formalism of statistical physics, for describing the prices of commodities. Both spot and futures prices are analyzed. The calibration and predictions of the model, based on market data, provide strong evidence in support of the model. Consider the behavior of market prices. As can be seen from Figure 8.1, the price of silver and gold appear to have a random time evolution. Furthermore, the two prices seem to be positively correlated; in contrast, the price of gold and oil seem to be negatively correlated. Market data s...