Browsing by Topic Conventional finance::Economics

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Showing results 58 to 67 of 107
  • Macroeconomic_activity_dynamics_and_Granger_causality_Mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Masih, Rumi; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (1996)

  • The main purpose of this paper is to discern the dynamic causal chain (in the Granger (temporal) sense rather than in the structural sense) among real output, money, interest rate, inflation and the exchange rate in the context of a small Asian developing economy, such as Indonesia. The methodology employed uses various unit root tests and Johansen's cointegration test followed by vector error-correction modelling, variance decompositions, and impulse response functions in order to capture both the within-sample and out-of-sample Granger causal chain among macroeconomic activity. Given the inward-oriented growth strategy of this small developing economy, where the real output was vuln...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Tayeb, Hamza Ait (2018)

  • This study aims to apply the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) technique to analyze the macroeconomic impacts of oil prices on oil importing and oil exporting economis using Russia and Japan as evidence. Quarterly data from 1997 till 2017 of macroeconomic indicators like GDP growth, CPI, exchange rate, PPI, and oil prices were used in this study. Our results indicate that in an oil importing country like Japan, oil price increase has inflationary effects on the domestic economy as the average prices increase. Also, it was found that economic growth tends to decline in the wake of rising oil prices. The value of the currency is also shown to depreciate vis-a-vis the US Dollar as th...

  • macroeconomics_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Hasan, Zubair; Lehar, Habibah (2009)

  • This content of this book are spread over eleven chapters, covering four major themes: introduction to macroeconomics, tools and models, monetary and fiscal policies and income distribution. Available in physical copy only (Call Number: HB 172.5 H344)

  • malaysia_us_trade_question_sustainability_correct_policy_baharom_2015.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2015-09-30)

  • The on-off-on again-off again Malaysia-US Free Trade Agreement (MUSFTA) is a proposed treaty between Malaysia and the United States of America. Initial negotiations, in fact started way back in 2005 and as all other Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), the treaty aims to liberalise each other markets to parties of the agreement and directly encourage trade between the two countries. Malaysia has a commendable and enviable economic growth and development. Our macroeconomic policies have always been designed to create a more liberalized and fair international trade environment. Though Malaysia continues to accord high priority to the rule-based multilateral trading system under the World Trade...

  • chapter 13_managing the Malaysian economy after GE 2008_Ariff.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Lopez, Greg; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • On 8 March 2008 (GE 2008) Malaysians unexpectedly delivered a stunning blow to Malaysia's long-standing ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional (BN), at the twelfth general election. Although it won the election, BN lost its psychologically important two-thirds majority in parliament which allows it to change the Federal Constitution at will. The blow was all the more devastating as the Anwar Ibrahim-led informal coalition of Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR/People's Iustice Party), Democratic Action Party (DAP) and Parti Se-Islam Malaysia (PAS/Pan Islamic Party of Malaysia) managed to form state governments in almost all states in the developed western parts of Peninsular Malaysia with citizens...

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd Tahir, Hirnissa; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2016)

  • This paper examines the causality between military expenditures and economic growth for twenty selecteddeveloping countries. In this paper we test for Granger long-run causality employing the Panel Error-Correction Model (ECM) framework using annual data for the period 1970 to 2005. Military expenditure is measured using the logarithm of the ratio of military expenditures to gross domestic product (milex); while economic growth is proxied by the logarithm of real GDP per capita (rgdppc). Causation (as well as cointegration) is inferred from milex to rgdppc, in a panel setting using the Pooled Mean Group (PMG) estimator proposed by Pesaran et al. (1999) when the Error-Correction (ECM) ...

  • mitigating_fatalities_damages_due_natural_disasters_baharom_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Musa, Haslina (2019)

  • Studies have shown that natural disasters could pose a spectrum of challenges to human development, especially in developing countries. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP, 2004) estimates that low human development countries accounted for more than half of reported casualties due to natural disasters for the last two decades. The study also estimates that nearly 85 percent of the people exposed to natural disasters live in either medium or low human development countries. Other related studies have shown that corrupted officials in poor countries would increase the vulnerability of these countries to natural disasters. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to investigate t...

  • model_uncertainty_asset_return_predictability_application_bayesian_model_averaging_masih_mie.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Masih, Rumi; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Mie, Killian (2010)

  • We investigate model uncertainty associated with predictive regressions employed in asset return forecasting research. We use simple combination and Bayesian model averaging (BMA) techniques to compare the performance of these forecasting approaches in short-vs. long-run horizons of S&P500 monthly excess returns. Simple averaging involves an equally-weighted averaging of the forecasts from alternative combinations of factors used in the predictive regressions, whereas BMA involves computing the predictive probability that each model is the true model and uses these predictive probabilities as weights in combing the forecasts from different models. From a given set of multiple factors,...

  • money_supply_interest_rate_liquidity_share_prices_test_their_linkage_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ariff, Mohamed; Tin-fah, Chung; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2012)

  • The money supply impacts on interest rate and liquidity were first proposed in 1961 by Friedman, the late Nobel laureate. The liquidity effect has yet received unanimous empirical support. Also, research interest on liquidity subsided in the 2000s. Using quarterly data over 1960–2011 and simultaneous solution to a system of equations, this paper reports positive liquidity effect from money supply. By extending the system of equations with a liquidity equation and after controlling the effect of earnings, evidence is found of a significant positive effect from liquidity on share prices. Money supply is found to be endogenous as in post Keynesian theory. These findings, obtained after s...

Browsing by Topic Conventional finance::Economics

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 58 to 67 of 107
  • Macroeconomic_activity_dynamics_and_Granger_causality_Mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Masih, Rumi; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (1996)

  • The main purpose of this paper is to discern the dynamic causal chain (in the Granger (temporal) sense rather than in the structural sense) among real output, money, interest rate, inflation and the exchange rate in the context of a small Asian developing economy, such as Indonesia. The methodology employed uses various unit root tests and Johansen's cointegration test followed by vector error-correction modelling, variance decompositions, and impulse response functions in order to capture both the within-sample and out-of-sample Granger causal chain among macroeconomic activity. Given the inward-oriented growth strategy of this small developing economy, where the real output was vuln...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Tayeb, Hamza Ait (2018)

  • This study aims to apply the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) technique to analyze the macroeconomic impacts of oil prices on oil importing and oil exporting economis using Russia and Japan as evidence. Quarterly data from 1997 till 2017 of macroeconomic indicators like GDP growth, CPI, exchange rate, PPI, and oil prices were used in this study. Our results indicate that in an oil importing country like Japan, oil price increase has inflationary effects on the domestic economy as the average prices increase. Also, it was found that economic growth tends to decline in the wake of rising oil prices. The value of the currency is also shown to depreciate vis-a-vis the US Dollar as th...

  • macroeconomics_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Hasan, Zubair; Lehar, Habibah (2009)

  • This content of this book are spread over eleven chapters, covering four major themes: introduction to macroeconomics, tools and models, monetary and fiscal policies and income distribution. Available in physical copy only (Call Number: HB 172.5 H344)

  • malaysia_us_trade_question_sustainability_correct_policy_baharom_2015.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2015-09-30)

  • The on-off-on again-off again Malaysia-US Free Trade Agreement (MUSFTA) is a proposed treaty between Malaysia and the United States of America. Initial negotiations, in fact started way back in 2005 and as all other Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), the treaty aims to liberalise each other markets to parties of the agreement and directly encourage trade between the two countries. Malaysia has a commendable and enviable economic growth and development. Our macroeconomic policies have always been designed to create a more liberalized and fair international trade environment. Though Malaysia continues to accord high priority to the rule-based multilateral trading system under the World Trade...

  • chapter 13_managing the Malaysian economy after GE 2008_Ariff.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Lopez, Greg; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • On 8 March 2008 (GE 2008) Malaysians unexpectedly delivered a stunning blow to Malaysia's long-standing ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional (BN), at the twelfth general election. Although it won the election, BN lost its psychologically important two-thirds majority in parliament which allows it to change the Federal Constitution at will. The blow was all the more devastating as the Anwar Ibrahim-led informal coalition of Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR/People's Iustice Party), Democratic Action Party (DAP) and Parti Se-Islam Malaysia (PAS/Pan Islamic Party of Malaysia) managed to form state governments in almost all states in the developed western parts of Peninsular Malaysia with citizens...

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd Tahir, Hirnissa; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2016)

  • This paper examines the causality between military expenditures and economic growth for twenty selecteddeveloping countries. In this paper we test for Granger long-run causality employing the Panel Error-Correction Model (ECM) framework using annual data for the period 1970 to 2005. Military expenditure is measured using the logarithm of the ratio of military expenditures to gross domestic product (milex); while economic growth is proxied by the logarithm of real GDP per capita (rgdppc). Causation (as well as cointegration) is inferred from milex to rgdppc, in a panel setting using the Pooled Mean Group (PMG) estimator proposed by Pesaran et al. (1999) when the Error-Correction (ECM) ...

  • mitigating_fatalities_damages_due_natural_disasters_baharom_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Musa, Haslina (2019)

  • Studies have shown that natural disasters could pose a spectrum of challenges to human development, especially in developing countries. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP, 2004) estimates that low human development countries accounted for more than half of reported casualties due to natural disasters for the last two decades. The study also estimates that nearly 85 percent of the people exposed to natural disasters live in either medium or low human development countries. Other related studies have shown that corrupted officials in poor countries would increase the vulnerability of these countries to natural disasters. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to investigate t...

  • model_uncertainty_asset_return_predictability_application_bayesian_model_averaging_masih_mie.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Masih, Rumi; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Mie, Killian (2010)

  • We investigate model uncertainty associated with predictive regressions employed in asset return forecasting research. We use simple combination and Bayesian model averaging (BMA) techniques to compare the performance of these forecasting approaches in short-vs. long-run horizons of S&P500 monthly excess returns. Simple averaging involves an equally-weighted averaging of the forecasts from alternative combinations of factors used in the predictive regressions, whereas BMA involves computing the predictive probability that each model is the true model and uses these predictive probabilities as weights in combing the forecasts from different models. From a given set of multiple factors,...

  • money_supply_interest_rate_liquidity_share_prices_test_their_linkage_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ariff, Mohamed; Tin-fah, Chung; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2012)

  • The money supply impacts on interest rate and liquidity were first proposed in 1961 by Friedman, the late Nobel laureate. The liquidity effect has yet received unanimous empirical support. Also, research interest on liquidity subsided in the 2000s. Using quarterly data over 1960–2011 and simultaneous solution to a system of equations, this paper reports positive liquidity effect from money supply. By extending the system of equations with a liquidity equation and after controlling the effect of earnings, evidence is found of a significant positive effect from liquidity on share prices. Money supply is found to be endogenous as in post Keynesian theory. These findings, obtained after s...