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Showing results 126 to 145 of 1273
  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hasnul, Al Gifari (2017)

  • The topic of poverty and inequality is still a central discussion among the economist. The current efforts in fighting poverty and inequality, which are considered unsuccessful, has motivated the economist and policy makers to find new ideas and strategies in combatting poverty and inequality. At the same time, the area of economic freedom is increasingly being discussed and linked with other major economic areas. This paper aims to examine the relationship between economic freedom and poverty as well as inequality ...

  • can_the_maldives_become_a_global_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The opposition coalition that won the presidential election in the Maldives on the 23rd September 2018 has the first-ever political manifesto to contain a special agenda for the development of Islamic fi nance, demonstrating the evergrowing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • capital_adequacy_lending_deposit_behaviours_conventional_islamic_banks_shamser.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Karim, Mastura; Hassan, M. Kabir; Hassan, Taufiq; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2014)

  • Capital adequacy plays an important role in determining banking activities. A bank must hold a minimum level of capital to ensure sufficient funds to buffer against unexpected losses or adverse shocks. This study analyzes and compares Islamic and conventional banks in 14 Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) countries from 1999 to 2009. The empirical evidence suggests that capital requirements have a significant impact on the deposit and lending behaviors of the 52 Islamic banks (IBs) and 186 conventional banks (CBs) in the sample. There is a strong positive relationship between capital requirements and deposit and loan growth for both IBs and CBs

  • capital_market_shariah_advisory_committee_renamed_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2013)

  • The Capital Market Development Authority (CMDA) is the regulator for the capital markets in the Maldives. In May 2011, the CMDA took the initiative to develop a fully-fledged Islamic capital market in the Maldives and the first step towards this vision was to establish a Capital Market Shariah Advisory Committ ee (CMSAC).

  • capitalism_morality_and_business_ethics_abbas.JPG.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mirakhor, Abbas (2016)

  • In 2012, PM Cameron called for "moral capitalism"; a system based on two pillars: (i) social responsibility of individuals and business; and (ii) inclusion and sharing of the fruits of the economy. Sceptics such as William Bowles termed the call "hypocritical", "empty", "rubbish", and "hot air", as he asked what does moral capitalism really mean? The rich sharing their wealth with the poor? Available in physical copy only (Call Number: HF 5387 M179)

  • case_universal_banking_component_Islamic_banking_mabid.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mahmoud Al-Jarhi, Mabid Ali Mohamed (2005)

  • Universal banking is one of the main components of Islamic banking. Islamic banks provide finance to enterprises through either sharing directly in the net results of their activities or financing their purchases of assets, goods and services on credit. We can therefore expect Islamic banks to hold equity in corporations and sit on their boards of directors. This paper aims to put forward the case of universal banking as a part of Islamic banking. A large amount of literature is surveyed that comes from banking theory, macroeconomic and monetary theory, as well as empirical studies about banking practices. The conclusion is that universal banking on its own is a sound practice that ca...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hussain, Siti Noorbaini (2018)

  • Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia or history of AIM is closely linked to the establishment of Grameen Bank. It all began when Prof. Dr Muhammad Yunus, Economic lecturer at Chittagong University of Bangladesh conducted a study in 1976 with a sample of poor community that rarely engage in the banking world. From his study, these poor people are not able to improve their standard of living due to lack of capital. Therefore, Prof. Yunus suggests that capital injection is a basic human right and shall be given to the poor people in helping them to improve their social and economic welfares ...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • case_study_waqf_shares_financing_through_movable_waqf_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2011)

  • Historically speaking the institution of waqf, which is a non-governmental organization (NGOs), has played a significant role throughout Islamic history, from the time of the Prophet (pbuh) to the beginning of the 19th century. Although this institution existed before the coming of Islam, yet, Islam was the first religion to develop its legal framework and regulate it. Thus, it became one of the devices created by Muslims to fulfill many services that are financed by the state or the government today, such as education, healthcare, national security, transportation facilities, basic infrastructure, food, shelter, and jobs for many. It acted like a network, penetrating many service sec...

  • cash_waqf_new_financial_product_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2009)

  • This book will be a valuable addition to the growing literature on this finance subject. In the book, an attempt is made to explain the concept of cash-waqf, its mechanism, operations and management in the light of Shariah. As the book deals with both theory and application of the cash-waqf concept in Muslim countries as well as in non-Muslim countries, it will serve as a basis for further research work.

  • causality_between_financial_development_economic_growth_application_vector_error_correction_variance_decomposition_methods_saudi_arabia_masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; al-Elg, Ali; Madani, Haider (2009)

  • This article makes an attempt to test the possible directions of causality between financial development and economic growth, which were labelled by Patrick (1966) as the supply-leading and demand-following hypothesis. Saudi Arabia is taken as a case study. The methods applied are the error correction and variance decompositions techniques including the most recently developed ‘long-run structural modelling (LRSM)’ (Pesaran and Shin, 2002), which by imposing exactly identifying and overidentifying restrictions on the cointegrating vector has taken care of a major limitation of the conventional cointegrating estimates in that they were atheoretical in nature. To the best of our knowled...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Yousafzai, Essa Omar (2018)

  • This paper aims to investigate whether Shari'ah stock index, exchange rates and macroeconomic forces in Japan have any long run relationship or not. If the relationship exists, does the Shari'ah stock index lead or lag? The paper is likely to be the first study that investigates the causal relationship of aforementioned variables and the Shari'ah Index in Japan. Current literature on the topic in different countries gives either contradictory or inclusive results. This study will try to fill two gaps, one relating to Japan, and another relating to Islamic Indices. It employed quarterly data from 2007 to 2017. Auto-Regressive Distributed lag (ARDL) time series technique is applied to c...

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Eaw, Hooi Cheng; Kok, Wei Khong; Rajagopalan, Usha; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2014)

  • The Insolvency department (MdI) statistical releases indicate total bankruptcy cases as at September 2013 is 251,209 bankrupt filed (The Star, 2013) and recent bankruptcy record exhibits that the declared bankrupt cases are getting younger as comparing to past years record which worries by Bank Negara. The increase in personal bankruptcy case reflects erosion in credit evaluation process and this has lead the banks to be cautious and to tighten their lending process and loan approval. The purpose of this research study is to examine the causality factors towards personal bankruptcy in Malaysia. The concept of financial numeracy has emerged recently in personal financial management to ...

  • central_bank_of_the_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The Strategic Plan 2018-22 (the Strategic Plan) of the Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA), the central bank of the Maldives, was launched on the 23rd July 2018. In his inauguration speech, the MMA's governor, Ahmed Naseer, stated that the new strategic action plan for the next four years aims to revolutionize the payment system in the Maldives. The MMA's vision is to become a credible, independent and contemporary central bank committed to maintaining price stability and promoting inclusive, sustainable economic growth. The MMA's mission is to promote the international value and stability of the Maldivian rufiyaa, develop a secure and efficient payment system in the Maldives and foster...

  • ceo_maldives_islamic_bank_retires_Aishath.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Harith Harun, the first CEO and managing director of Maldives Islamic Bank, has retired on the 31st March 2018. Harith is a Malaysian citizen who has contributed toward the creation of a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry in the Maldives. He played an instrumental role in creating the Islamic monetary market and other Islamic finance institutions that emerged in the country. The stakeholders of the Islamic finance industry are of the view that Harith leaving the position of the managing director of Maldives Islamic Bank is a loss to the industry. However, Harith will still serve as a director of the bank.

  • CES_production_function_estimates_of_elasticity_of_substitution_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (1984)

  • This paper attempts to estimate (i) the elasticity of substitution between capital and labour (ii) returns to scale and (iii) Hicks-neutral disembodIed technical progress in Australian twelve (two digit) manufacturing industries as well as total manufacturing during the period 1968/69 through 1977/78. The method employed to derive the above estimates was the constant elasticity of substitution (C.E.S.) production function. Time series data have been used in that connection. Subject to the limitations of the study, the relative orders of magnitude of the estimates appear to be plausible.

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Furniturewala, Faizan Shakeel (2016)

  • Islamic microfinance provides an alternative model for a significant number of underprivileged people who are not served by conventional microfinance. In order to give access to sustainable services to a greater extent, the Islamic microfinance is in paramount need of the adoption of innovative business models and sound practices into the industry. To this end, the research seeks to provide theoretical basis, operational framework, and empirical support for the establishment of Islamic microfinance institutions ...

  • challenges_facing_shariah_committees_malaysian_islamic_financial_institutions_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2016)

  • An effective system of rules, practices and processes by which Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) are directed and controlled to ensure their business operations are Shariah-compliant, which has important implications on their reputation, Shariah governance and the future growth of Islamic finance industry. Sixteen Chairmen of the Shariah Committees of Islamic financial institutions in Malaysia were interviewed on the challenges faced in carrying out their responsibilities and theri views on effective Shariah Committees. This paper summarizes the various challenges faced by Shariah committees in Islamic financial institutions in Malaysia.

  • Challenges_facing_the_Islamic_finance_industry_in_the_Maldives_Aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2012)

  • The Maldives is a country with limited resources. The lifeline of the economy is fishing and the golden goose of the country is tourism. The country also heavily depends on importation of goods. The financial system of the Maldives is based on conventional rules and laws. The financial and the economic system of the country are based on conventional economics and financial principles.

Browsing by Title

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 126 to 145 of 1273
  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hasnul, Al Gifari (2017)

  • The topic of poverty and inequality is still a central discussion among the economist. The current efforts in fighting poverty and inequality, which are considered unsuccessful, has motivated the economist and policy makers to find new ideas and strategies in combatting poverty and inequality. At the same time, the area of economic freedom is increasingly being discussed and linked with other major economic areas. This paper aims to examine the relationship between economic freedom and poverty as well as inequality ...

  • can_the_maldives_become_a_global_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The opposition coalition that won the presidential election in the Maldives on the 23rd September 2018 has the first-ever political manifesto to contain a special agenda for the development of Islamic fi nance, demonstrating the evergrowing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • capital_adequacy_lending_deposit_behaviours_conventional_islamic_banks_shamser.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Karim, Mastura; Hassan, M. Kabir; Hassan, Taufiq; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2014)

  • Capital adequacy plays an important role in determining banking activities. A bank must hold a minimum level of capital to ensure sufficient funds to buffer against unexpected losses or adverse shocks. This study analyzes and compares Islamic and conventional banks in 14 Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) countries from 1999 to 2009. The empirical evidence suggests that capital requirements have a significant impact on the deposit and lending behaviors of the 52 Islamic banks (IBs) and 186 conventional banks (CBs) in the sample. There is a strong positive relationship between capital requirements and deposit and loan growth for both IBs and CBs

  • capital_market_shariah_advisory_committee_renamed_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2013)

  • The Capital Market Development Authority (CMDA) is the regulator for the capital markets in the Maldives. In May 2011, the CMDA took the initiative to develop a fully-fledged Islamic capital market in the Maldives and the first step towards this vision was to establish a Capital Market Shariah Advisory Committ ee (CMSAC).

  • capitalism_morality_and_business_ethics_abbas.JPG.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mirakhor, Abbas (2016)

  • In 2012, PM Cameron called for "moral capitalism"; a system based on two pillars: (i) social responsibility of individuals and business; and (ii) inclusion and sharing of the fruits of the economy. Sceptics such as William Bowles termed the call "hypocritical", "empty", "rubbish", and "hot air", as he asked what does moral capitalism really mean? The rich sharing their wealth with the poor? Available in physical copy only (Call Number: HF 5387 M179)

  • case_universal_banking_component_Islamic_banking_mabid.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mahmoud Al-Jarhi, Mabid Ali Mohamed (2005)

  • Universal banking is one of the main components of Islamic banking. Islamic banks provide finance to enterprises through either sharing directly in the net results of their activities or financing their purchases of assets, goods and services on credit. We can therefore expect Islamic banks to hold equity in corporations and sit on their boards of directors. This paper aims to put forward the case of universal banking as a part of Islamic banking. A large amount of literature is surveyed that comes from banking theory, macroeconomic and monetary theory, as well as empirical studies about banking practices. The conclusion is that universal banking on its own is a sound practice that ca...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hussain, Siti Noorbaini (2018)

  • Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia or history of AIM is closely linked to the establishment of Grameen Bank. It all began when Prof. Dr Muhammad Yunus, Economic lecturer at Chittagong University of Bangladesh conducted a study in 1976 with a sample of poor community that rarely engage in the banking world. From his study, these poor people are not able to improve their standard of living due to lack of capital. Therefore, Prof. Yunus suggests that capital injection is a basic human right and shall be given to the poor people in helping them to improve their social and economic welfares ...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • case_study_waqf_shares_financing_through_movable_waqf_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2011)

  • Historically speaking the institution of waqf, which is a non-governmental organization (NGOs), has played a significant role throughout Islamic history, from the time of the Prophet (pbuh) to the beginning of the 19th century. Although this institution existed before the coming of Islam, yet, Islam was the first religion to develop its legal framework and regulate it. Thus, it became one of the devices created by Muslims to fulfill many services that are financed by the state or the government today, such as education, healthcare, national security, transportation facilities, basic infrastructure, food, shelter, and jobs for many. It acted like a network, penetrating many service sec...

  • cash_waqf_new_financial_product_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2009)

  • This book will be a valuable addition to the growing literature on this finance subject. In the book, an attempt is made to explain the concept of cash-waqf, its mechanism, operations and management in the light of Shariah. As the book deals with both theory and application of the cash-waqf concept in Muslim countries as well as in non-Muslim countries, it will serve as a basis for further research work.

  • causality_between_financial_development_economic_growth_application_vector_error_correction_variance_decomposition_methods_saudi_arabia_masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; al-Elg, Ali; Madani, Haider (2009)

  • This article makes an attempt to test the possible directions of causality between financial development and economic growth, which were labelled by Patrick (1966) as the supply-leading and demand-following hypothesis. Saudi Arabia is taken as a case study. The methods applied are the error correction and variance decompositions techniques including the most recently developed ‘long-run structural modelling (LRSM)’ (Pesaran and Shin, 2002), which by imposing exactly identifying and overidentifying restrictions on the cointegrating vector has taken care of a major limitation of the conventional cointegrating estimates in that they were atheoretical in nature. To the best of our knowled...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Yousafzai, Essa Omar (2018)

  • This paper aims to investigate whether Shari'ah stock index, exchange rates and macroeconomic forces in Japan have any long run relationship or not. If the relationship exists, does the Shari'ah stock index lead or lag? The paper is likely to be the first study that investigates the causal relationship of aforementioned variables and the Shari'ah Index in Japan. Current literature on the topic in different countries gives either contradictory or inclusive results. This study will try to fill two gaps, one relating to Japan, and another relating to Islamic Indices. It employed quarterly data from 2007 to 2017. Auto-Regressive Distributed lag (ARDL) time series technique is applied to c...

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Eaw, Hooi Cheng; Kok, Wei Khong; Rajagopalan, Usha; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2014)

  • The Insolvency department (MdI) statistical releases indicate total bankruptcy cases as at September 2013 is 251,209 bankrupt filed (The Star, 2013) and recent bankruptcy record exhibits that the declared bankrupt cases are getting younger as comparing to past years record which worries by Bank Negara. The increase in personal bankruptcy case reflects erosion in credit evaluation process and this has lead the banks to be cautious and to tighten their lending process and loan approval. The purpose of this research study is to examine the causality factors towards personal bankruptcy in Malaysia. The concept of financial numeracy has emerged recently in personal financial management to ...

  • central_bank_of_the_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The Strategic Plan 2018-22 (the Strategic Plan) of the Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA), the central bank of the Maldives, was launched on the 23rd July 2018. In his inauguration speech, the MMA's governor, Ahmed Naseer, stated that the new strategic action plan for the next four years aims to revolutionize the payment system in the Maldives. The MMA's vision is to become a credible, independent and contemporary central bank committed to maintaining price stability and promoting inclusive, sustainable economic growth. The MMA's mission is to promote the international value and stability of the Maldivian rufiyaa, develop a secure and efficient payment system in the Maldives and foster...

  • ceo_maldives_islamic_bank_retires_Aishath.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Harith Harun, the first CEO and managing director of Maldives Islamic Bank, has retired on the 31st March 2018. Harith is a Malaysian citizen who has contributed toward the creation of a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry in the Maldives. He played an instrumental role in creating the Islamic monetary market and other Islamic finance institutions that emerged in the country. The stakeholders of the Islamic finance industry are of the view that Harith leaving the position of the managing director of Maldives Islamic Bank is a loss to the industry. However, Harith will still serve as a director of the bank.

  • CES_production_function_estimates_of_elasticity_of_substitution_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (1984)

  • This paper attempts to estimate (i) the elasticity of substitution between capital and labour (ii) returns to scale and (iii) Hicks-neutral disembodIed technical progress in Australian twelve (two digit) manufacturing industries as well as total manufacturing during the period 1968/69 through 1977/78. The method employed to derive the above estimates was the constant elasticity of substitution (C.E.S.) production function. Time series data have been used in that connection. Subject to the limitations of the study, the relative orders of magnitude of the estimates appear to be plausible.

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Furniturewala, Faizan Shakeel (2016)

  • Islamic microfinance provides an alternative model for a significant number of underprivileged people who are not served by conventional microfinance. In order to give access to sustainable services to a greater extent, the Islamic microfinance is in paramount need of the adoption of innovative business models and sound practices into the industry. To this end, the research seeks to provide theoretical basis, operational framework, and empirical support for the establishment of Islamic microfinance institutions ...

  • challenges_facing_shariah_committees_malaysian_islamic_financial_institutions_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2016)

  • An effective system of rules, practices and processes by which Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) are directed and controlled to ensure their business operations are Shariah-compliant, which has important implications on their reputation, Shariah governance and the future growth of Islamic finance industry. Sixteen Chairmen of the Shariah Committees of Islamic financial institutions in Malaysia were interviewed on the challenges faced in carrying out their responsibilities and theri views on effective Shariah Committees. This paper summarizes the various challenges faced by Shariah committees in Islamic financial institutions in Malaysia.

  • Challenges_facing_the_Islamic_finance_industry_in_the_Maldives_Aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2012)

  • The Maldives is a country with limited resources. The lifeline of the economy is fishing and the golden goose of the country is tourism. The country also heavily depends on importation of goods. The financial system of the Maldives is based on conventional rules and laws. The financial and the economic system of the country are based on conventional economics and financial principles.