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Showing results 148 to 167 of 1487
  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hasnul, Al Gifari (2017)

  • The topic of poverty and inequality is still a central discussion among the economist. The current efforts in fighting poverty and inequality, which are considered unsuccessful, has motivated the economist and policy makers to find new ideas and strategies in combatting poverty and inequality. At the same time, the area of economic freedom is increasingly being discussed and linked with other major economic areas. This paper aims to examine the relationship between economic freedom and poverty as well as inequality ...

  • can_the_maldives_become_a_global_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The opposition coalition that won the presidential election in the Maldives on the 23rd September 2018 has the first-ever political manifesto to contain a special agenda for the development of Islamic fi nance, demonstrating the evergrowing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • capital_adequacy_lending_deposit_behaviours_conventional_islamic_banks_shamser.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Karim, Mastura; Hassan, M. Kabir; Hassan, Taufiq; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2014)

  • Capital adequacy plays an important role in determining banking activities. A bank must hold a minimum level of capital to ensure sufficient funds to buffer against unexpected losses or adverse shocks. This study analyzes and compares Islamic and conventional banks in 14 Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) countries from 1999 to 2009. The empirical evidence suggests that capital requirements have a significant impact on the deposit and lending behaviors of the 52 Islamic banks (IBs) and 186 conventional banks (CBs) in the sample. There is a strong positive relationship between capital requirements and deposit and loan growth for both IBs and CBs

  • capital_flows_regulatory_arbitrage_obiyathulla.pdf.jpg
  • Newspaper Article


  • Authors: Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2018)

  • Events earlier in the year in Australia show the extent to which cross-border capital flows can arbitrage regulatory hurdles. It appears that in an effort to rein in a burgeoning housing bubble, the Australian central bank, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) has placed caps on bank lending to real estate developers. The policy, aimed largely at curbing purchases of Australian homes by foreigners through domestic borrowing, initially was effective. In addition to foreign speculators, domestic housing developers too were hit hard. Such regulation would have essentially taken the wind out of a domestic housing bubble, had it not been for foreign hedge funds and private equity. Given fre...

  • capital_market_shariah_advisory_committee_renamed_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2013)

  • The Capital Market Development Authority (CMDA) is the regulator for the capital markets in the Maldives. In May 2011, the CMDA took the initiative to develop a fully-fledged Islamic capital market in the Maldives and the first step towards this vision was to establish a Capital Market Shariah Advisory Committ ee (CMSAC).

  • Capital_regulation_and_Islamic_banking_performance_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • This paper empirically assesses the relation between bank performance and capital regulation for Islamic banks from 13 countries and evaluates whether the relation varies with bank size, capital, and liquidity. We find small Islamic banks to be less stable and less profitable; they also cut lending growth as capital regulation becomes more stringent. The stability and lending growth of big Islamic banks are, however, directly related to capital regulation. Further, capital regulation adversely affects the profitability of Islamic banks with low liquidity and high capital holdings. While capital regulation is needed, it should not be adopted in a blanket manner for all Islamic banks.

  • capital_structure_Shariah_compliance_firms_Malaysian_evidence_obiyathulla et al.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Abdul Halim, Asyraf; Abd Sukor, Mohd Edil; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2019)

  • In the literature of corporate finance, there exists alongside others, an age long inquiry into the behaviour and determinants of corporate capital structure. The study into capital structure behaviour was pioneered by Modigliani and Miller (1958, 1963) and which is still widely research today. Despite years of research, much are still unknown to us, which determinants are reliable explanator of capital structure variations across firms and time. In 1984, Stewart C. Myers officially introduced the "Capital Structure Puzzle" in his American Finance Association Presidential Speech. The capital structure puzzle at its heart asks the question of how do firms decide and manage their capita...

  • capitalism_morality_and_business_ethics_abbas.JPG.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mirakhor, Abbas (2016)

  • In 2012, PM Cameron called for "moral capitalism"; a system based on two pillars: (i) social responsibility of individuals and business; and (ii) inclusion and sharing of the fruits of the economy. Sceptics such as William Bowles termed the call "hypocritical", "empty", "rubbish", and "hot air", as he asked what does moral capitalism really mean? The rich sharing their wealth with the poor? Available in physical copy only (Call Number: HF 5387 M179)

  • case_riba_free_logo_halal_businesses_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Halal and haram is a concept which every Muslim must adhere to in all their daily affairs. Halal and haram are not terminologies relevant only for food or consumable items. In Shari'ah, the concept of halal and haram is also to be applied in muamalat or commercial matters. In short, all affairs of human must be based on doing what is halal or permissible and abstaining from what is haram or forbidden. According to Thomson Reuters' State of the Global Islamic Economy 2018/19 report, there are 1.8 billion Muslims in the world whose spending was estimated to be $2 trillion in 2017. In addition to Muslims, who made up a quarter of the world population, there are people of other faiths and...

  • case_universal_banking_component_Islamic_banking_mabid.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mahmoud Al-Jarhi, Mabid Ali Mohamed (2005)

  • Universal banking is one of the main components of Islamic banking. Islamic banks provide finance to enterprises through either sharing directly in the net results of their activities or financing their purchases of assets, goods and services on credit. We can therefore expect Islamic banks to hold equity in corporations and sit on their boards of directors. This paper aims to put forward the case of universal banking as a part of Islamic banking. A large amount of literature is surveyed that comes from banking theory, macroeconomic and monetary theory, as well as empirical studies about banking practices. The conclusion is that universal banking on its own is a sound practice that ca...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hussain, Siti Noorbaini (2018)

  • Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia or history of AIM is closely linked to the establishment of Grameen Bank. It all began when Prof. Dr Muhammad Yunus, Economic lecturer at Chittagong University of Bangladesh conducted a study in 1976 with a sample of poor community that rarely engage in the banking world. From his study, these poor people are not able to improve their standard of living due to lack of capital. Therefore, Prof. Yunus suggests that capital injection is a basic human right and shall be given to the poor people in helping them to improve their social and economic welfares ...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • case_study_waqf_shares_financing_through_movable_waqf_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2011)

  • Historically speaking the institution of waqf, which is a non-governmental organization (NGOs), has played a significant role throughout Islamic history, from the time of the Prophet (pbuh) to the beginning of the 19th century. Although this institution existed before the coming of Islam, yet, Islam was the first religion to develop its legal framework and regulate it. Thus, it became one of the devices created by Muslims to fulfill many services that are financed by the state or the government today, such as education, healthcare, national security, transportation facilities, basic infrastructure, food, shelter, and jobs for many. It acted like a network, penetrating many service sec...

  • cash_waqf_new_financial_product_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2009)

  • This book will be a valuable addition to the growing literature on this finance subject. In the book, an attempt is made to explain the concept of cash-waqf, its mechanism, operations and management in the light of Shariah. As the book deals with both theory and application of the cash-waqf concept in Muslim countries as well as in non-Muslim countries, it will serve as a basis for further research work.

  • causality_between_financial_development_economic_growth_application_vector_error_correction_variance_decomposition_methods_saudi_arabia_masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; al-Elg, Ali; Madani, Haider (2009)

  • This article makes an attempt to test the possible directions of causality between financial development and economic growth, which were labelled by Patrick (1966) as the supply-leading and demand-following hypothesis. Saudi Arabia is taken as a case study. The methods applied are the error correction and variance decompositions techniques including the most recently developed ‘long-run structural modelling (LRSM)’ (Pesaran and Shin, 2002), which by imposing exactly identifying and overidentifying restrictions on the cointegrating vector has taken care of a major limitation of the conventional cointegrating estimates in that they were atheoretical in nature. To the best of our knowled...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Yousafzai, Essa Omar (2018)

  • This paper aims to investigate whether Shari'ah stock index, exchange rates and macroeconomic forces in Japan have any long run relationship or not. If the relationship exists, does the Shari'ah stock index lead or lag? The paper is likely to be the first study that investigates the causal relationship of aforementioned variables and the Shari'ah Index in Japan. Current literature on the topic in different countries gives either contradictory or inclusive results. This study will try to fill two gaps, one relating to Japan, and another relating to Islamic Indices. It employed quarterly data from 2007 to 2017. Auto-Regressive Distributed lag (ARDL) time series technique is applied to c...

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Eaw, Hooi Cheng; Kok, Wei Khong; Rajagopalan, Usha; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2014)

  • The Insolvency department (MdI) statistical releases indicate total bankruptcy cases as at September 2013 is 251,209 bankrupt filed (The Star, 2013) and recent bankruptcy record exhibits that the declared bankrupt cases are getting younger as comparing to past years record which worries by Bank Negara. The increase in personal bankruptcy case reflects erosion in credit evaluation process and this has lead the banks to be cautious and to tighten their lending process and loan approval. The purpose of this research study is to examine the causality factors towards personal bankruptcy in Malaysia. The concept of financial numeracy has emerged recently in personal financial management to ...

  • central_bank_of_the_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The Strategic Plan 2018-22 (the Strategic Plan) of the Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA), the central bank of the Maldives, was launched on the 23rd July 2018. In his inauguration speech, the MMA's governor, Ahmed Naseer, stated that the new strategic action plan for the next four years aims to revolutionize the payment system in the Maldives. The MMA's vision is to become a credible, independent and contemporary central bank committed to maintaining price stability and promoting inclusive, sustainable economic growth. The MMA's mission is to promote the international value and stability of the Maldivian rufiyaa, develop a secure and efficient payment system in the Maldives and foster...

  • ceo_maldives_islamic_bank_retires_Aishath.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Harith Harun, the first CEO and managing director of Maldives Islamic Bank, has retired on the 31st March 2018. Harith is a Malaysian citizen who has contributed toward the creation of a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry in the Maldives. He played an instrumental role in creating the Islamic monetary market and other Islamic finance institutions that emerged in the country. The stakeholders of the Islamic finance industry are of the view that Harith leaving the position of the managing director of Maldives Islamic Bank is a loss to the industry. However, Harith will still serve as a director of the bank.

Browsing by Title

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 148 to 167 of 1487
  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hasnul, Al Gifari (2017)

  • The topic of poverty and inequality is still a central discussion among the economist. The current efforts in fighting poverty and inequality, which are considered unsuccessful, has motivated the economist and policy makers to find new ideas and strategies in combatting poverty and inequality. At the same time, the area of economic freedom is increasingly being discussed and linked with other major economic areas. This paper aims to examine the relationship between economic freedom and poverty as well as inequality ...

  • can_the_maldives_become_a_global_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The opposition coalition that won the presidential election in the Maldives on the 23rd September 2018 has the first-ever political manifesto to contain a special agenda for the development of Islamic fi nance, demonstrating the evergrowing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • capital_adequacy_lending_deposit_behaviours_conventional_islamic_banks_shamser.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Karim, Mastura; Hassan, M. Kabir; Hassan, Taufiq; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2014)

  • Capital adequacy plays an important role in determining banking activities. A bank must hold a minimum level of capital to ensure sufficient funds to buffer against unexpected losses or adverse shocks. This study analyzes and compares Islamic and conventional banks in 14 Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) countries from 1999 to 2009. The empirical evidence suggests that capital requirements have a significant impact on the deposit and lending behaviors of the 52 Islamic banks (IBs) and 186 conventional banks (CBs) in the sample. There is a strong positive relationship between capital requirements and deposit and loan growth for both IBs and CBs

  • capital_flows_regulatory_arbitrage_obiyathulla.pdf.jpg
  • Newspaper Article


  • Authors: Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2018)

  • Events earlier in the year in Australia show the extent to which cross-border capital flows can arbitrage regulatory hurdles. It appears that in an effort to rein in a burgeoning housing bubble, the Australian central bank, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) has placed caps on bank lending to real estate developers. The policy, aimed largely at curbing purchases of Australian homes by foreigners through domestic borrowing, initially was effective. In addition to foreign speculators, domestic housing developers too were hit hard. Such regulation would have essentially taken the wind out of a domestic housing bubble, had it not been for foreign hedge funds and private equity. Given fre...

  • capital_market_shariah_advisory_committee_renamed_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2013)

  • The Capital Market Development Authority (CMDA) is the regulator for the capital markets in the Maldives. In May 2011, the CMDA took the initiative to develop a fully-fledged Islamic capital market in the Maldives and the first step towards this vision was to establish a Capital Market Shariah Advisory Committ ee (CMSAC).

  • Capital_regulation_and_Islamic_banking_performance_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • This paper empirically assesses the relation between bank performance and capital regulation for Islamic banks from 13 countries and evaluates whether the relation varies with bank size, capital, and liquidity. We find small Islamic banks to be less stable and less profitable; they also cut lending growth as capital regulation becomes more stringent. The stability and lending growth of big Islamic banks are, however, directly related to capital regulation. Further, capital regulation adversely affects the profitability of Islamic banks with low liquidity and high capital holdings. While capital regulation is needed, it should not be adopted in a blanket manner for all Islamic banks.

  • capital_structure_Shariah_compliance_firms_Malaysian_evidence_obiyathulla et al.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Abdul Halim, Asyraf; Abd Sukor, Mohd Edil; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2019)

  • In the literature of corporate finance, there exists alongside others, an age long inquiry into the behaviour and determinants of corporate capital structure. The study into capital structure behaviour was pioneered by Modigliani and Miller (1958, 1963) and which is still widely research today. Despite years of research, much are still unknown to us, which determinants are reliable explanator of capital structure variations across firms and time. In 1984, Stewart C. Myers officially introduced the "Capital Structure Puzzle" in his American Finance Association Presidential Speech. The capital structure puzzle at its heart asks the question of how do firms decide and manage their capita...

  • capitalism_morality_and_business_ethics_abbas.JPG.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mirakhor, Abbas (2016)

  • In 2012, PM Cameron called for "moral capitalism"; a system based on two pillars: (i) social responsibility of individuals and business; and (ii) inclusion and sharing of the fruits of the economy. Sceptics such as William Bowles termed the call "hypocritical", "empty", "rubbish", and "hot air", as he asked what does moral capitalism really mean? The rich sharing their wealth with the poor? Available in physical copy only (Call Number: HF 5387 M179)

  • case_riba_free_logo_halal_businesses_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Halal and haram is a concept which every Muslim must adhere to in all their daily affairs. Halal and haram are not terminologies relevant only for food or consumable items. In Shari'ah, the concept of halal and haram is also to be applied in muamalat or commercial matters. In short, all affairs of human must be based on doing what is halal or permissible and abstaining from what is haram or forbidden. According to Thomson Reuters' State of the Global Islamic Economy 2018/19 report, there are 1.8 billion Muslims in the world whose spending was estimated to be $2 trillion in 2017. In addition to Muslims, who made up a quarter of the world population, there are people of other faiths and...

  • case_universal_banking_component_Islamic_banking_mabid.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mahmoud Al-Jarhi, Mabid Ali Mohamed (2005)

  • Universal banking is one of the main components of Islamic banking. Islamic banks provide finance to enterprises through either sharing directly in the net results of their activities or financing their purchases of assets, goods and services on credit. We can therefore expect Islamic banks to hold equity in corporations and sit on their boards of directors. This paper aims to put forward the case of universal banking as a part of Islamic banking. A large amount of literature is surveyed that comes from banking theory, macroeconomic and monetary theory, as well as empirical studies about banking practices. The conclusion is that universal banking on its own is a sound practice that ca...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hussain, Siti Noorbaini (2018)

  • Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia or history of AIM is closely linked to the establishment of Grameen Bank. It all began when Prof. Dr Muhammad Yunus, Economic lecturer at Chittagong University of Bangladesh conducted a study in 1976 with a sample of poor community that rarely engage in the banking world. From his study, these poor people are not able to improve their standard of living due to lack of capital. Therefore, Prof. Yunus suggests that capital injection is a basic human right and shall be given to the poor people in helping them to improve their social and economic welfares ...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • case_study_waqf_shares_financing_through_movable_waqf_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2011)

  • Historically speaking the institution of waqf, which is a non-governmental organization (NGOs), has played a significant role throughout Islamic history, from the time of the Prophet (pbuh) to the beginning of the 19th century. Although this institution existed before the coming of Islam, yet, Islam was the first religion to develop its legal framework and regulate it. Thus, it became one of the devices created by Muslims to fulfill many services that are financed by the state or the government today, such as education, healthcare, national security, transportation facilities, basic infrastructure, food, shelter, and jobs for many. It acted like a network, penetrating many service sec...

  • cash_waqf_new_financial_product_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2009)

  • This book will be a valuable addition to the growing literature on this finance subject. In the book, an attempt is made to explain the concept of cash-waqf, its mechanism, operations and management in the light of Shariah. As the book deals with both theory and application of the cash-waqf concept in Muslim countries as well as in non-Muslim countries, it will serve as a basis for further research work.

  • causality_between_financial_development_economic_growth_application_vector_error_correction_variance_decomposition_methods_saudi_arabia_masih.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; al-Elg, Ali; Madani, Haider (2009)

  • This article makes an attempt to test the possible directions of causality between financial development and economic growth, which were labelled by Patrick (1966) as the supply-leading and demand-following hypothesis. Saudi Arabia is taken as a case study. The methods applied are the error correction and variance decompositions techniques including the most recently developed ‘long-run structural modelling (LRSM)’ (Pesaran and Shin, 2002), which by imposing exactly identifying and overidentifying restrictions on the cointegrating vector has taken care of a major limitation of the conventional cointegrating estimates in that they were atheoretical in nature. To the best of our knowled...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Yousafzai, Essa Omar (2018)

  • This paper aims to investigate whether Shari'ah stock index, exchange rates and macroeconomic forces in Japan have any long run relationship or not. If the relationship exists, does the Shari'ah stock index lead or lag? The paper is likely to be the first study that investigates the causal relationship of aforementioned variables and the Shari'ah Index in Japan. Current literature on the topic in different countries gives either contradictory or inclusive results. This study will try to fill two gaps, one relating to Japan, and another relating to Islamic Indices. It employed quarterly data from 2007 to 2017. Auto-Regressive Distributed lag (ARDL) time series technique is applied to c...

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Eaw, Hooi Cheng; Kok, Wei Khong; Rajagopalan, Usha; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2014)

  • The Insolvency department (MdI) statistical releases indicate total bankruptcy cases as at September 2013 is 251,209 bankrupt filed (The Star, 2013) and recent bankruptcy record exhibits that the declared bankrupt cases are getting younger as comparing to past years record which worries by Bank Negara. The increase in personal bankruptcy case reflects erosion in credit evaluation process and this has lead the banks to be cautious and to tighten their lending process and loan approval. The purpose of this research study is to examine the causality factors towards personal bankruptcy in Malaysia. The concept of financial numeracy has emerged recently in personal financial management to ...

  • central_bank_of_the_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The Strategic Plan 2018-22 (the Strategic Plan) of the Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA), the central bank of the Maldives, was launched on the 23rd July 2018. In his inauguration speech, the MMA's governor, Ahmed Naseer, stated that the new strategic action plan for the next four years aims to revolutionize the payment system in the Maldives. The MMA's vision is to become a credible, independent and contemporary central bank committed to maintaining price stability and promoting inclusive, sustainable economic growth. The MMA's mission is to promote the international value and stability of the Maldivian rufiyaa, develop a secure and efficient payment system in the Maldives and foster...

  • ceo_maldives_islamic_bank_retires_Aishath.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Harith Harun, the first CEO and managing director of Maldives Islamic Bank, has retired on the 31st March 2018. Harith is a Malaysian citizen who has contributed toward the creation of a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry in the Maldives. He played an instrumental role in creating the Islamic monetary market and other Islamic finance institutions that emerged in the country. The stakeholders of the Islamic finance industry are of the view that Harith leaving the position of the managing director of Maldives Islamic Bank is a loss to the industry. However, Harith will still serve as a director of the bank.