Chapter in Book : [167]

Follow this collection to receive daily e-mail notification of new additions
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 167
  • liquidity risk management in Islamic banks_habib_adam.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Dolgun, Muhammed Habib; Ng, Adam Boon Ka (2019)

  • After the global financial crisis, there are discussions in terms of liquidity risk management of banks, and in this context, many new tools, regulations, and mechanisms have been introduced by regulatory authorities. Islamic banks are also being governed by these tools and regulations. Liquidity risk is one of the important issues that needs attention in terms of resilience of Islamic banking sector. It can be defined as a shortcoming to cover financial liabilities and its management is related to managing the expected and unexpected cash outflows. A scrutiny of this important issue in an Islamic banking context is crucial to promoting efficiency, growth, and resilience of the Islami...

  • item.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah; Uddin, Ajim; Chowdhury, Mohammad Ashraful Ferdous (2019)

  • The capital structure choices of a firm not only determine the current value of the firm, but also largely determine its long-term survival. Modigliani and Miller's seminal 1958 paper explicates conventional firms' capital structure choices. However, we are yet to develop a solid theoretical framework about the financing decisions of Islamic firms. This is a review chapter on current developments in the field of Islamic capital structure. The chapter starts with a short discussion about the various sources of capital and their advantages and disadvantages, followed by a detailed description of traditional capital structure theories and their real-world empirical evidence. Finally, it ...

  • chapter 11_conclusion_Zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2019)

  • Islamic finance industry has grown rapidly over the last few years, where the 2018 Islamic Finance Development Report by Thomson Reuters reported that the year on year growth by of 11% to US$2.4 trillion in assets in 2017 and predicted that it would grow to $3.8tn of assets by 2023 (Thomson Reuters, 2018). Realising the importance of the industry, this book examines various issues on Accounting and Governance of Islamic financial institutions. In fact, the unique feature of Islamic financ that is based on the shariah principle warrants critical examination on various issues relating to accounting of Islamic financial transactions. Basically, business dealings are prohibited to contain...

  • chapter 9_shariah_committees_shariah_governance_Zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This chapter discusses some challenges of Shariah Committees In Islamic financial institutions in dispensing their responsibilities in mitigating the non-compliance risks. The concept of shariah governance has its foundation in the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Shariah (which literally means "the way") is the divinely ordained guidelines of conduct for Muslims in all aspects of their life, which includes financial matters. Any form of transaction, irrespective of financial or otherwise, must be free of any element of injustice to the transacting parties. For financial transactions, any elemerit or form of activity that could be construed as 'riba' or injustice to any of the participants in t...

  • effect_corporate_governance_firms_credit_ratings_ng et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Ng, Yan Ling; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Lee, Teck Heang (2012)

  • Malaysia experienced rapid economic growth at an average annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth of 8.5% during the 1990s due to its financial liberalization policy. This rapid growth came to a halt after the impact of the Asian financial crisis occurred on 1997-1998 causing the economy into recession. This prompted the Malaysian government to urgently develop a sophisticated capital market backed by an efficient regulatory framework to instil investors' confidence in order to attract capital inflow from the local and foreign investors to restart the economy.

  • chapter 4_revenue_recognition_Islamic_banks_Zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2019)

  • Accounting for revenue recognition has been a subject of interest for regulators and other market participants. The interest stems from the fact that revenue forms the greatest single item in the financial statements (FASB, 2002 , p. 1). Indeed, aggressive revenue recognition has always been associated with corporate financial scandals like Enron, Worldcom and Parmalat. It has been used to mask firms' real performance with the aim of preventing shareholders and stakeholders from scrutinizing their financial performance and other wrongdoings. The Securities and Exchange Commission in the US documented that mistake in revenue recognition as the lead issue in "financial reporting errors"...

  • chapter 3_analysis_accounting_Islamic_perspectives_Zulkarnain_Nurazleena.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ismail, Nurazleena (2019)

  • This chapter provides a discussion of a study that examines accounting in Islamic perspectives. The discussion includes an overview of the development of Islamic finance, accounting in Islamic perspectives, decision usefulness, stewardship, accountability, financial measurement, disclosure and presentation and four key accounting assumptions, namely 'substance over form', 'time value of money', 'fair value' measurement and 'recognition based on probability', which serve as important guides to preparers of financial information ...

  • chapter 7_accounting_musharakah_mutanaqisah_home_financing_Mahmoud et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Al Homsi, Mahmoud; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Asadov, Alam (2019)

  • This chapter provides the discussion on accounting issues for Musharakah Mutanaqisah (MM) home financing in the case of Malaysia. Though the MM mode of financing has addressed the 'ambiguities and risk issues in conventional mortgage financing and the controversy that surrounds other financing packages like al Bai Bithaman Ajiland Bay al Inah (Mydin-Meera & Abdul-Razak, 2009), there are some practical issues in operating this mode of financing, as Islamic banks operate this type of contract more closely to conventional practice, thereby lacking the spirit of the contract itself ...

  • chapter 2_comparison_MASB_AAOIFI_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2019)

  • This chapter provides new findings to accounting and finance literature, where, it compares the conceptual framework of both of the MASB- and the AAOIFI- in the context of financial reporting of Islamic financial institutions (IFls). The conceptual framework or some authors referred as "accounting constitution" set the tone for a consistent accounting standards and become a reference point for developing future standards for financial accounting and reporting (Barker et al., 2014; Abela et al., 2014; Holzmann & Munter, 2014 (Sutton et al., 2015; Gebhardt et aI., 2014; Norby, 1977; Gore & Zimmerman, 2007). In this context, more than 120 countries (including major players in Islamic fin...

  • chapter 8_application_Shariah_governance_framework_Islamic_financial_institutions_Zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This chapter provides discussion on a study that investigates the perceptions on shariah governance practices among Malaysian Islamic financial institutions. The chapter explores the effectiveness of implementation of Shariah Governance Framework among Malaysian IFIs with the focus on their level of commitment, the challenges and suggestions to further improve the effectiveness of implementation of this framework. The system of corporate control, effective and efficient governance that is consistent with shariah guidance has been an important agenda for Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) since the existence ofIslamic Finance in Malaysia. This is especially important in light of rap...

  • firms_credit ratings_corporate_governance_malaysia_ng et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Ng, Yan Ling; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2012)

  • In the first two-thirds of the 1990s, Malaysia experienced rapid economic growth at an average annual Gross Domestic Product (GOP) growth of 8.5%; due to its financial liberalization policy that encourage greater participation of foreign direct investment and strengthening condition of exports. This rapid growth came to a halt with the onset of Asian financial crisis in mid-1997. During that time, the combination of sudden reversals in the net capital flow, exchange rate depreciation/devaluation, crash in stock market, fire sales on asset, corporate distress, and credit contraction lead the economy into recession.

  • an_empirical_study_audit_committee_practices_Shaharatulfazzah et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mohd Saad, Siti Shaharatulfazzah; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Abdul Hamid, Mohamad Ali; Evans, Jonathan Gerard; Abdul Wahab, Sazali (2012)

  • An audit committee would effectively deliver their duties if there were adequate resources. In the US, the National Association of Corporate Directors (NACD) (2000) pointed out that 'sufficient resources' is one of the three keys to an effective oversight process of an audit committee. Consistently, Treadway Report stressed the importance for an audit eommittee to have adequate resources and authority to effectively discharge their duties (Treadway, 1987) ...

  • integrating waqf crowfunding into the blockchain_magda_aishath.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Looking at current global reports, it seems that half of the world's population is suffering economically and socially. According to the most recent estimates, in 2013, 10.7 per cent of the world's population (767 million people) lived on less than US$1.90 a day (World Bank|Poverty Overview 2018). Moreover, millions of people lack adequate shelter and access to portable water, health services and education and suffer from extreme hunger (Shah 2013). Muslim countries are not exceptional, even though many anti-poverty programmes have been implemented, yet the Islamic Development Bank reported that 351.2 million people are living on less than $1.25 a day (SESRIC - Statistical, Economic a...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • accounting_for_the_property acquisition_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience related to an lslamic equity home financing contract (ie. Musharakah Mutanaqisah) between a Malaysian Islamic Bank and their customer. The Musharakah Mutanaqisah (MM) Financing mode has gained popularity in house financing in Malaysia, where the bank and customer enter into a contract of joint property ownership and the customer's ownership of the asset gradually increases throughout the financing period and fully owns the asset after the last financial settlement. This case aims to: illustrate the process of property acquisition using the MM financing mode; account the various transactions involved in MM financing; account capit...

  • chapter 13_managing the Malaysian economy after GE 2008_Ariff.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Lopez, Greg; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • On 8 March 2008 (GE 2008) Malaysians unexpectedly delivered a stunning blow to Malaysia's long-standing ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional (BN), at the twelfth general election. Although it won the election, BN lost its psychologically important two-thirds majority in parliament which allows it to change the Federal Constitution at will. The blow was all the more devastating as the Anwar Ibrahim-led informal coalition of Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR/People's Iustice Party), Democratic Action Party (DAP) and Parti Se-Islam Malaysia (PAS/Pan Islamic Party of Malaysia) managed to form state governments in almost all states in the developed western parts of Peninsular Malaysia with citizens...

  • accounting_for_Islamic_financial_transactions_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This hypothetical case study was developed based on the financial statements of Bahrain Islamic Bank and Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad. The banks were registered in two different countries namely Bahrain and Malaysia that adopted Financial Accounting Standards (FAS) issued by the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) (the standards are locally adopted and named as Malaysian Financial Reporting Standards (MFRS)) issued by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) respectively. The key issues explored in this case are: the motivation for recording and reporting Islamic financial transact...

  • accounting_for_leasing_zulkarnain_shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience dealing with an Islamic car financing contract (i.e. Al-ljarah Thumma Al-Bay |AITAB] contract - Sale and Leaseback) between a Malaysian Islamic Financial Institution and their customer. It is well recognised that AITAB is governed by the Malaysian Hire Purchase Act 1967, that oversees conventional (nor Islamic) car financing, yet it is used for both financing modes. The contract requires clarification on the following: understanding of the nature of the contract used and the relevant transactions involved; revenue recognition (current and future); capitalisation of relevant costs in the asset's value; fair value of leased asset; ...

  • Zakat_in_Islamic_wealth_management_ziyaad.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mahomed, Ziyaad (2017)

  • The common understanding of investments is to manage wealth such that there is wealth increase with rare losses of the starting value to compensate wealth holders (i) against inflation via risk-free return and (ii) plus a risk premium for the risk of the investment. It thus has the twin objectives of growth in wealth and preservation of wealth. This is achieved by means of a planned strategy that defines the goals of the investor. Wealth management includes the following: to achieve maximum growth with minimal risk (or maximum growth for a target level of risk); to manage risk as far as is possible to minimise taxation and other costs to receive a consistent income; to have a consiste...

  • Property_rights_and_shariah_non-compliance_risk_saiful.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2017)

  • This chapter attempts to argue that an organized effort to avoid such risks due to the financial infrastructure rigidities may invite non-compliance with shariah rules. This is due to the fact that the shariah requires Islamic financial institutions to take ownership of the goods it intends to sell as a fundamental principle in contract law and to move the title to the buying party once the sale is executed. Hence this chapter critically examines the concept of al-bay and property rights in Islam in relation to the constraints posed by the existing financial infrastructure, namely capital requirement and taxation, on the taking of risks by Islamic banks.

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 167

Chapter in Book : [167]

Follow this collection to receive daily e-mail notification of new additions
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 167
  • liquidity risk management in Islamic banks_habib_adam.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Dolgun, Muhammed Habib; Ng, Adam Boon Ka (2019)

  • After the global financial crisis, there are discussions in terms of liquidity risk management of banks, and in this context, many new tools, regulations, and mechanisms have been introduced by regulatory authorities. Islamic banks are also being governed by these tools and regulations. Liquidity risk is one of the important issues that needs attention in terms of resilience of Islamic banking sector. It can be defined as a shortcoming to cover financial liabilities and its management is related to managing the expected and unexpected cash outflows. A scrutiny of this important issue in an Islamic banking context is crucial to promoting efficiency, growth, and resilience of the Islami...

  • item.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah; Uddin, Ajim; Chowdhury, Mohammad Ashraful Ferdous (2019)

  • The capital structure choices of a firm not only determine the current value of the firm, but also largely determine its long-term survival. Modigliani and Miller's seminal 1958 paper explicates conventional firms' capital structure choices. However, we are yet to develop a solid theoretical framework about the financing decisions of Islamic firms. This is a review chapter on current developments in the field of Islamic capital structure. The chapter starts with a short discussion about the various sources of capital and their advantages and disadvantages, followed by a detailed description of traditional capital structure theories and their real-world empirical evidence. Finally, it ...

  • chapter 11_conclusion_Zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2019)

  • Islamic finance industry has grown rapidly over the last few years, where the 2018 Islamic Finance Development Report by Thomson Reuters reported that the year on year growth by of 11% to US$2.4 trillion in assets in 2017 and predicted that it would grow to $3.8tn of assets by 2023 (Thomson Reuters, 2018). Realising the importance of the industry, this book examines various issues on Accounting and Governance of Islamic financial institutions. In fact, the unique feature of Islamic financ that is based on the shariah principle warrants critical examination on various issues relating to accounting of Islamic financial transactions. Basically, business dealings are prohibited to contain...

  • chapter 9_shariah_committees_shariah_governance_Zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This chapter discusses some challenges of Shariah Committees In Islamic financial institutions in dispensing their responsibilities in mitigating the non-compliance risks. The concept of shariah governance has its foundation in the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Shariah (which literally means "the way") is the divinely ordained guidelines of conduct for Muslims in all aspects of their life, which includes financial matters. Any form of transaction, irrespective of financial or otherwise, must be free of any element of injustice to the transacting parties. For financial transactions, any elemerit or form of activity that could be construed as 'riba' or injustice to any of the participants in t...

  • effect_corporate_governance_firms_credit_ratings_ng et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Ng, Yan Ling; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Lee, Teck Heang (2012)

  • Malaysia experienced rapid economic growth at an average annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth of 8.5% during the 1990s due to its financial liberalization policy. This rapid growth came to a halt after the impact of the Asian financial crisis occurred on 1997-1998 causing the economy into recession. This prompted the Malaysian government to urgently develop a sophisticated capital market backed by an efficient regulatory framework to instil investors' confidence in order to attract capital inflow from the local and foreign investors to restart the economy.

  • chapter 4_revenue_recognition_Islamic_banks_Zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2019)

  • Accounting for revenue recognition has been a subject of interest for regulators and other market participants. The interest stems from the fact that revenue forms the greatest single item in the financial statements (FASB, 2002 , p. 1). Indeed, aggressive revenue recognition has always been associated with corporate financial scandals like Enron, Worldcom and Parmalat. It has been used to mask firms' real performance with the aim of preventing shareholders and stakeholders from scrutinizing their financial performance and other wrongdoings. The Securities and Exchange Commission in the US documented that mistake in revenue recognition as the lead issue in "financial reporting errors"...

  • chapter 3_analysis_accounting_Islamic_perspectives_Zulkarnain_Nurazleena.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ismail, Nurazleena (2019)

  • This chapter provides a discussion of a study that examines accounting in Islamic perspectives. The discussion includes an overview of the development of Islamic finance, accounting in Islamic perspectives, decision usefulness, stewardship, accountability, financial measurement, disclosure and presentation and four key accounting assumptions, namely 'substance over form', 'time value of money', 'fair value' measurement and 'recognition based on probability', which serve as important guides to preparers of financial information ...

  • chapter 7_accounting_musharakah_mutanaqisah_home_financing_Mahmoud et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Al Homsi, Mahmoud; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Asadov, Alam (2019)

  • This chapter provides the discussion on accounting issues for Musharakah Mutanaqisah (MM) home financing in the case of Malaysia. Though the MM mode of financing has addressed the 'ambiguities and risk issues in conventional mortgage financing and the controversy that surrounds other financing packages like al Bai Bithaman Ajiland Bay al Inah (Mydin-Meera & Abdul-Razak, 2009), there are some practical issues in operating this mode of financing, as Islamic banks operate this type of contract more closely to conventional practice, thereby lacking the spirit of the contract itself ...

  • chapter 2_comparison_MASB_AAOIFI_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2019)

  • This chapter provides new findings to accounting and finance literature, where, it compares the conceptual framework of both of the MASB- and the AAOIFI- in the context of financial reporting of Islamic financial institutions (IFls). The conceptual framework or some authors referred as "accounting constitution" set the tone for a consistent accounting standards and become a reference point for developing future standards for financial accounting and reporting (Barker et al., 2014; Abela et al., 2014; Holzmann & Munter, 2014 (Sutton et al., 2015; Gebhardt et aI., 2014; Norby, 1977; Gore & Zimmerman, 2007). In this context, more than 120 countries (including major players in Islamic fin...

  • chapter 8_application_Shariah_governance_framework_Islamic_financial_institutions_Zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This chapter provides discussion on a study that investigates the perceptions on shariah governance practices among Malaysian Islamic financial institutions. The chapter explores the effectiveness of implementation of Shariah Governance Framework among Malaysian IFIs with the focus on their level of commitment, the challenges and suggestions to further improve the effectiveness of implementation of this framework. The system of corporate control, effective and efficient governance that is consistent with shariah guidance has been an important agenda for Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) since the existence ofIslamic Finance in Malaysia. This is especially important in light of rap...

  • firms_credit ratings_corporate_governance_malaysia_ng et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Ng, Yan Ling; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2012)

  • In the first two-thirds of the 1990s, Malaysia experienced rapid economic growth at an average annual Gross Domestic Product (GOP) growth of 8.5%; due to its financial liberalization policy that encourage greater participation of foreign direct investment and strengthening condition of exports. This rapid growth came to a halt with the onset of Asian financial crisis in mid-1997. During that time, the combination of sudden reversals in the net capital flow, exchange rate depreciation/devaluation, crash in stock market, fire sales on asset, corporate distress, and credit contraction lead the economy into recession.

  • an_empirical_study_audit_committee_practices_Shaharatulfazzah et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mohd Saad, Siti Shaharatulfazzah; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Abdul Hamid, Mohamad Ali; Evans, Jonathan Gerard; Abdul Wahab, Sazali (2012)

  • An audit committee would effectively deliver their duties if there were adequate resources. In the US, the National Association of Corporate Directors (NACD) (2000) pointed out that 'sufficient resources' is one of the three keys to an effective oversight process of an audit committee. Consistently, Treadway Report stressed the importance for an audit eommittee to have adequate resources and authority to effectively discharge their duties (Treadway, 1987) ...

  • integrating waqf crowfunding into the blockchain_magda_aishath.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Looking at current global reports, it seems that half of the world's population is suffering economically and socially. According to the most recent estimates, in 2013, 10.7 per cent of the world's population (767 million people) lived on less than US$1.90 a day (World Bank|Poverty Overview 2018). Moreover, millions of people lack adequate shelter and access to portable water, health services and education and suffer from extreme hunger (Shah 2013). Muslim countries are not exceptional, even though many anti-poverty programmes have been implemented, yet the Islamic Development Bank reported that 351.2 million people are living on less than $1.25 a day (SESRIC - Statistical, Economic a...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • accounting_for_the_property acquisition_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience related to an lslamic equity home financing contract (ie. Musharakah Mutanaqisah) between a Malaysian Islamic Bank and their customer. The Musharakah Mutanaqisah (MM) Financing mode has gained popularity in house financing in Malaysia, where the bank and customer enter into a contract of joint property ownership and the customer's ownership of the asset gradually increases throughout the financing period and fully owns the asset after the last financial settlement. This case aims to: illustrate the process of property acquisition using the MM financing mode; account the various transactions involved in MM financing; account capit...

  • chapter 13_managing the Malaysian economy after GE 2008_Ariff.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Lopez, Greg; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • On 8 March 2008 (GE 2008) Malaysians unexpectedly delivered a stunning blow to Malaysia's long-standing ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional (BN), at the twelfth general election. Although it won the election, BN lost its psychologically important two-thirds majority in parliament which allows it to change the Federal Constitution at will. The blow was all the more devastating as the Anwar Ibrahim-led informal coalition of Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR/People's Iustice Party), Democratic Action Party (DAP) and Parti Se-Islam Malaysia (PAS/Pan Islamic Party of Malaysia) managed to form state governments in almost all states in the developed western parts of Peninsular Malaysia with citizens...

  • accounting_for_Islamic_financial_transactions_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This hypothetical case study was developed based on the financial statements of Bahrain Islamic Bank and Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad. The banks were registered in two different countries namely Bahrain and Malaysia that adopted Financial Accounting Standards (FAS) issued by the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) (the standards are locally adopted and named as Malaysian Financial Reporting Standards (MFRS)) issued by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) respectively. The key issues explored in this case are: the motivation for recording and reporting Islamic financial transact...

  • accounting_for_leasing_zulkarnain_shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience dealing with an Islamic car financing contract (i.e. Al-ljarah Thumma Al-Bay |AITAB] contract - Sale and Leaseback) between a Malaysian Islamic Financial Institution and their customer. It is well recognised that AITAB is governed by the Malaysian Hire Purchase Act 1967, that oversees conventional (nor Islamic) car financing, yet it is used for both financing modes. The contract requires clarification on the following: understanding of the nature of the contract used and the relevant transactions involved; revenue recognition (current and future); capitalisation of relevant costs in the asset's value; fair value of leased asset; ...

  • Zakat_in_Islamic_wealth_management_ziyaad.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Mahomed, Ziyaad (2017)

  • The common understanding of investments is to manage wealth such that there is wealth increase with rare losses of the starting value to compensate wealth holders (i) against inflation via risk-free return and (ii) plus a risk premium for the risk of the investment. It thus has the twin objectives of growth in wealth and preservation of wealth. This is achieved by means of a planned strategy that defines the goals of the investor. Wealth management includes the following: to achieve maximum growth with minimal risk (or maximum growth for a target level of risk); to manage risk as far as is possible to minimise taxation and other costs to receive a consistent income; to have a consiste...

  • Property_rights_and_shariah_non-compliance_risk_saiful.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2017)

  • This chapter attempts to argue that an organized effort to avoid such risks due to the financial infrastructure rigidities may invite non-compliance with shariah rules. This is due to the fact that the shariah requires Islamic financial institutions to take ownership of the goods it intends to sell as a fundamental principle in contract law and to move the title to the buying party once the sale is executed. Hence this chapter critically examines the concept of al-bay and property rights in Islam in relation to the constraints posed by the existing financial infrastructure, namely capital requirement and taxation, on the taking of risks by Islamic banks.

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 167