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Challenges of institutionalising and administering the zakat institution in Tashkent, Uzbekistan and the way forward

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Date
2020
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Abstract
Zakat is an Islamic mechanism that helps to establish social welfare and more equitable distribution of wealth among Muslim communities. Tashkent is the largest city in Uzbekistan and the largest capital city in Central Asia. Notwithstanding the importance of zakat as a poverty eradication tool, it has lost its importance in Uzbekistan under the colonization of the Soviet Union. However, at, the behavior of people towards zakat has changed significantly and the inclination of Muslim communities towards the collection and distribution of zakat has increased. The above-mentioned factors motivated the study of the importance of institutionalization of zakat management in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. The research is explorative in nature and adopts a qualitative research approach. Qualitative data was collected through an online survey and semi-structured interviews with zakat payers and Islamic Scholars. Furthermore, an in-depth review of various literature regarding zakat management and existing zakat models in some Muslim countries assisted to analyze the findings and provide recommendations. The findings of this study indicate that the absence of the zakat institution has limited the circulation of zakat funds, selection of recipient categories, location of distribution, prioritize channeling of zakat funds, and identifying the needs for zakat distribution. These determinants prove that the importance of the institutionalization of zakat in Tashkent should be considered. However, since Uzbekistan is a secular country, Islamic Scholars have concerns about the excessive intervention of the government on such funds. Therefore, it is a vital task to create a robust framework and harmonize the secular laws of the state with the Shari ah principles to achieve sustainable and effective zakat management.
Keywords
Zakat , Zakat management , Tashkent , Uzbekistan , Project paper (MSc)
Citation
Sadullakhonov, M. (2020). Challenges of institutionalising and administering the zakat institution in Tashkent, Uzbekistan and the way forward (Master dissertation). INCEIF, Kuala Lumpur. Retrieved from https://ikr.inceif.org/handle/INCEIF/3979
Publisher
INCEIF

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