Critical appraisal of rahn-based Islamic microcredit facility from Shari'ah perspective
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The rahn-based Islamic microcredit facility is currently popular among Islamic financial institutions in Malaysia, essentially because of its commercial features, which make it attractive and competitive with conventional pawnbroking. However, the substance of this product triggers some Shari`ah issues, which are mainly centred on the safekeeping fee the bank charges the customer under the principle of ijarah al-hifz (safekeeping fee) and wadi`ah yad al-damanah (guaranteed safe custody). This paper is primarily intended to examine the key Shari`ah issues associated with the structure that is widely accepted at present. It undertakes a case study of two selected Islamic banks that offer a rahn-based Islamic microcredit facility to their clients. The product manual of each bank has been examined to understand the structure flow of the product, payment of the safekeeping fee and other relevant operational aspects of the product. Interviews have also been conducted to gather data related to the operation of this product that was not available in the product manuals of the two selected Islamic banks. It is proposed that the alternative structure must comply with the Shari`ah and meets most of the distinctive commercial features of the rahn-based Islamic microcredit facility to maintain its commercial viability in the industry.
Wadi'ah yad al-damanah , Safekeeping fee , Microcredit facility
Abdul Khir, M. F., Badri, M. B., & Hussain, L. (2013). Critical appraisal of rahn-based Islamic microcredit facility from Shari'ah perspective. Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, 7(3), pp. 221-231.