Browsing by Topic Conventional finance::Economics

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Showing results 31 to 40 of 95
  • dynamic_capital_structure_financial_crisis_eskandar_2015.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Syed Quadri, Syed Adnan; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2015-06-26)

  • In presence of the market frictions, firms aim to attain target capital structure by making strategic choices towards re-engineering the leverage. These choices influence not only firm’s investment patterns, capital costs and expected returns but also lead to conflict of interest among the stakeholders. The dynamic market forces make targeting a continuous exercise for the firm, as it strives to make optimal financing decisions to raise its value and reduce the risk of bankruptcy. An occurrence of acute financial crisis disturbs the capital structure and firms may foresee this and try to adjust. If adjustment is seen prior to a crisis in favour of higher leverage and moving away from ...

  • dynamic_capital_structure_political_patronage_case_Malaysia_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ebrahim, Muhammed-Shahid; Girmab, Sourafel; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah; William, Jonathan (2014)

  • This paper investigates the effect of political patronage on firms' capital structure. The evidence is from Malaysia, a country characterised by relationship-capitalism, and covers 1988 to 2009. Using a system GMM estimator we find firms set leverage targets and adjust towards them following deviations at the rate of 28% per annum. Next, we construct a natural experiment and use a difference-in-differences model to investigate if the strategic financing decisions of politically patronised firms differ from non-connected firms after an exogenous shock caused by the 1997 Asian crisis. Our results unambiguously demonstrate a significant difference in the capital structure of patronised f...

  • dynamic_heterogeneous_panel_estimation_impact_income_inflation_happiness_stock_returns_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Rasiah, Ratneswary (2016-03)

  • This study examines the long-run relationships and short-run dynamic interactions between stock returns and its determinants comprising of GDP per capita, inflation and happiness, over the period 1973 to 2012. The study applies the dynamic heterogenous panel estimation techniques of Mean Group (MG), Pooled Mean Group (PMG) and Dynamic Fixed Effects (DFE) to analyse a set of macro panel data on selected OECD countries to establish the possible causal relations between these variables. The theoretical framework of this study is based on the stock returns theories of Present Value Model/Discounted Cash Flows and “Risk-as-feelings” Theory. The results of this study show evidence that inco...

  • economic_impact_natural_disasters_fatalities_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2010)

  • The purpose of this paper is to find the meaningful relationship between the economic impact of the natural disaster and economic condition. The paper employed cross‐sectional analysis to investigate the relationship between economic condition namely, gross domestic product per capita (GDPpc); gross domestic product per capita squared (GDPpc2); government consumption ratio to GDP (gc); ratio of M2 over GDP(M2); years of schooling attainment (sc); land area and finally; population and the economic impact of natural disasters, whereby ten types of natural disasters were chosen. The degree to which the human and economic losses due to these ten natural disasters were measured by, the var...

  • emissions_trade_southeast_east_asian_countries_panel_co-integration_analysis_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Rizvi, Syed Aun Raza (2015)

  • The purpose of this paper is to analyse the implication of trade on carbon emissions in a panel of eight highly trading Southeast and East Asian countries, namely, China, Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, Hong Kong, The Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. The analysis relies on the standard quadratic environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) extended to include energy consumption and international trade. A battery of panel unit root and co-integration tests is applied to establish the variables’ stochastic properties and their long-run relations. Then, the specified EKC is estimated using the panel dynamic ordinary least square (OLS) estimation technique. The panel co-integration statistics ...

  • figure_massaging_practices_malaysian_firms_fraudulent_bello.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Sulaiman, Saliza; Danbatta, Bello Lawal; Abdul Rahman, Rashidah (2014)

  • This empirical paper was aimed at exploring and analyzing the earnings management practices which is often refers to as “Figure Massaging”. The aim of this study is to gather further evidences as to whether these practices constituted an act of misconduct or fraud while taking into consideration the modern business environment's challenges. The analysis provided us with an appropriate evidence that on average, the listed alleged fraud firms in Malaysia had aggressively managed their reported earnings prior to the alleged fraud year and continue to smoothen their earnings subsequent to alleged fraud year through both accruals and real earnings management.

  • finance_other_services_sectors_peninsular_malaysia_sabah_sarawak_testing_stochastic_convergence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Tahir, Hirnissa; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2012)

  • In the last four decades, the financial services sector has becoming more important for the Malaysian economy. Despite gaining importance for enhancing economic growth, the contribution of the finance sector to the total services real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has been ranked second in Peninsular Malaysia, third in Sabah and fourth in Sarawak. The purpose of the present paper is to determine whether the contribution of the financial services sector in the three regions in Malaysia, namely Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak show any distinct pattern. In the jargon of economic development literature, we seek to determine whether there is “convergence” or similarity in the pattern...

  • financial_constraint_firm_investment_malaysia_investigation_investment_cash_flow_relationship_mansor_pisal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail, Mohd Adib; Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Yusoff, Mohammed; Zainal, Mohd-Pisal (2010)

  • This paper investigates the presence of financial constraints among firms in Malaysia using firm level panel data analysis. The empirical results based on panel GMM demonstrate that financial constraints are present in the market, which indicate that the firms are unable to access to external forms of financing. In addition, the presence also signifies the presence of asymmetric information problem between the firm and its financer. Thus, the neoclassical investment theory which based on assumption of complete information such that only factor prices and technology determine firm’s desired capital stock is simply rejected. Eventually, their investments are much affected by fluctuation...

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baharumshah, Ahmad Zubaidi; Chan, Tze Haw; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Lau, Evan (2011)

  • In this article, we investigate the financial linkages between the East Asian economies with Japan and the United States. We test for long-run Real Interest-rate Parity (RIP) using an array of panel-data techniques, including recent techniques developed by Breuer et al. (2002) and Carrion-i-Silvestre et al. (2005). This study offers two important results: first, the failure to account for structural breaks in the industrialized countries and Asian emerging economies is likely to provide evidence of nonstationary series that are stationary. Second, we found strong evidence that the parity condition holds in all the Asian countries. The failure of earlier studies to confirm mean reversi...

Browsing by Topic Conventional finance::Economics

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 31 to 40 of 95
  • dynamic_capital_structure_financial_crisis_eskandar_2015.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Syed Quadri, Syed Adnan; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2015-06-26)

  • In presence of the market frictions, firms aim to attain target capital structure by making strategic choices towards re-engineering the leverage. These choices influence not only firm’s investment patterns, capital costs and expected returns but also lead to conflict of interest among the stakeholders. The dynamic market forces make targeting a continuous exercise for the firm, as it strives to make optimal financing decisions to raise its value and reduce the risk of bankruptcy. An occurrence of acute financial crisis disturbs the capital structure and firms may foresee this and try to adjust. If adjustment is seen prior to a crisis in favour of higher leverage and moving away from ...

  • dynamic_capital_structure_political_patronage_case_Malaysia_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ebrahim, Muhammed-Shahid; Girmab, Sourafel; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah; William, Jonathan (2014)

  • This paper investigates the effect of political patronage on firms' capital structure. The evidence is from Malaysia, a country characterised by relationship-capitalism, and covers 1988 to 2009. Using a system GMM estimator we find firms set leverage targets and adjust towards them following deviations at the rate of 28% per annum. Next, we construct a natural experiment and use a difference-in-differences model to investigate if the strategic financing decisions of politically patronised firms differ from non-connected firms after an exogenous shock caused by the 1997 Asian crisis. Our results unambiguously demonstrate a significant difference in the capital structure of patronised f...

  • dynamic_heterogeneous_panel_estimation_impact_income_inflation_happiness_stock_returns_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Rasiah, Ratneswary (2016-03)

  • This study examines the long-run relationships and short-run dynamic interactions between stock returns and its determinants comprising of GDP per capita, inflation and happiness, over the period 1973 to 2012. The study applies the dynamic heterogenous panel estimation techniques of Mean Group (MG), Pooled Mean Group (PMG) and Dynamic Fixed Effects (DFE) to analyse a set of macro panel data on selected OECD countries to establish the possible causal relations between these variables. The theoretical framework of this study is based on the stock returns theories of Present Value Model/Discounted Cash Flows and “Risk-as-feelings” Theory. The results of this study show evidence that inco...

  • economic_impact_natural_disasters_fatalities_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2010)

  • The purpose of this paper is to find the meaningful relationship between the economic impact of the natural disaster and economic condition. The paper employed cross‐sectional analysis to investigate the relationship between economic condition namely, gross domestic product per capita (GDPpc); gross domestic product per capita squared (GDPpc2); government consumption ratio to GDP (gc); ratio of M2 over GDP(M2); years of schooling attainment (sc); land area and finally; population and the economic impact of natural disasters, whereby ten types of natural disasters were chosen. The degree to which the human and economic losses due to these ten natural disasters were measured by, the var...

  • emissions_trade_southeast_east_asian_countries_panel_co-integration_analysis_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Rizvi, Syed Aun Raza (2015)

  • The purpose of this paper is to analyse the implication of trade on carbon emissions in a panel of eight highly trading Southeast and East Asian countries, namely, China, Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, Hong Kong, The Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. The analysis relies on the standard quadratic environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) extended to include energy consumption and international trade. A battery of panel unit root and co-integration tests is applied to establish the variables’ stochastic properties and their long-run relations. Then, the specified EKC is estimated using the panel dynamic ordinary least square (OLS) estimation technique. The panel co-integration statistics ...

  • figure_massaging_practices_malaysian_firms_fraudulent_bello.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Sulaiman, Saliza; Danbatta, Bello Lawal; Abdul Rahman, Rashidah (2014)

  • This empirical paper was aimed at exploring and analyzing the earnings management practices which is often refers to as “Figure Massaging”. The aim of this study is to gather further evidences as to whether these practices constituted an act of misconduct or fraud while taking into consideration the modern business environment's challenges. The analysis provided us with an appropriate evidence that on average, the listed alleged fraud firms in Malaysia had aggressively managed their reported earnings prior to the alleged fraud year and continue to smoothen their earnings subsequent to alleged fraud year through both accruals and real earnings management.

  • finance_other_services_sectors_peninsular_malaysia_sabah_sarawak_testing_stochastic_convergence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Tahir, Hirnissa; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2012)

  • In the last four decades, the financial services sector has becoming more important for the Malaysian economy. Despite gaining importance for enhancing economic growth, the contribution of the finance sector to the total services real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has been ranked second in Peninsular Malaysia, third in Sabah and fourth in Sarawak. The purpose of the present paper is to determine whether the contribution of the financial services sector in the three regions in Malaysia, namely Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak show any distinct pattern. In the jargon of economic development literature, we seek to determine whether there is “convergence” or similarity in the pattern...

  • financial_constraint_firm_investment_malaysia_investigation_investment_cash_flow_relationship_mansor_pisal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail, Mohd Adib; Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Yusoff, Mohammed; Zainal, Mohd-Pisal (2010)

  • This paper investigates the presence of financial constraints among firms in Malaysia using firm level panel data analysis. The empirical results based on panel GMM demonstrate that financial constraints are present in the market, which indicate that the firms are unable to access to external forms of financing. In addition, the presence also signifies the presence of asymmetric information problem between the firm and its financer. Thus, the neoclassical investment theory which based on assumption of complete information such that only factor prices and technology determine firm’s desired capital stock is simply rejected. Eventually, their investments are much affected by fluctuation...

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baharumshah, Ahmad Zubaidi; Chan, Tze Haw; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Lau, Evan (2011)

  • In this article, we investigate the financial linkages between the East Asian economies with Japan and the United States. We test for long-run Real Interest-rate Parity (RIP) using an array of panel-data techniques, including recent techniques developed by Breuer et al. (2002) and Carrion-i-Silvestre et al. (2005). This study offers two important results: first, the failure to account for structural breaks in the industrialized countries and Asian emerging economies is likely to provide evidence of nonstationary series that are stationary. Second, we found strong evidence that the parity condition holds in all the Asian countries. The failure of earlier studies to confirm mean reversi...