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Showing results 601 to 620 of 1487
  • IB1006_islamic capital markets.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2011)

  • This guide provides an overview of capital markets. It describes the many roles played by the capital market in modern economies. A description of the main components and instruments traded within are described.

  • IE1002_reporting of islamic financial transactions.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Mohamed Ibrahim, Shahul Hameed (2012)

  • This study guide is to develop an understanding of the accounting issues in Islamic finance in the framework of Islamic accounting concepts. This guide covers the view od practices and issues in shariah review, and auditing in Islamic financial institutions and performance of analysis of Islamic banks.

  • impact_account_receivable_management_profitability_shariah_non_shariah_compliant_firms_malaysian_market_eskandar_2015.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Albdwy, Feras Fathi; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah; Syed Salman (2015-03-25)

  • Working capital is important for any firm and its administration is acknowledged as an essential of corporate administration. The main objective of working capital management is to choose the appropriate levels of the working capital components in order to ensure that the firm is able to meet its operating expenses and mitigate risks of default on payment of short-term obligations. In addition, working capital management is important for a firm’s survival because of its effects on a firm’s profitability and risk, and consequently its value (Gimeno, Folta et al. 1997) (Gunay and Kesimli 2011) and (Deloof 2003). Failure to manage working capital in prudent manner may lead to liquidity ...

  • Impact_of_bank_concentration_and_financial_development_on_growth_volatility_Mansor et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Edib Smolo; Mansor H. Ibrahim; Ginanjar Dewandaru (2021)

  • This study investigates the impact of bank concentration and financial development on economic volatility for the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) member countries. Employing dynamic panel models, we find no evidence that bank concentration is significantly related to economic volatility when it is entered independently in the models. Meanwhile, financial development lowers economic volatility. Extending the models to include market structure - financial development interaction, we note that the impact of bank concentration on volatility depends on the level of financial development within OIC countries. More specifically, the volatility-increasing effect of bank concentratio...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Chowdhury, Mohammad Ashraful Ferdous (2015)

  • Studies of Islamic banks' profitability are an important tool towards improving performance, evaluating bank operations and determining management plan to help in increasing the chance for the banks to survive in competitive markets. The robust growth in financing and investment activities across most jurisdictions in various real sectors has helped Islamic banks to record generous asset growth rates in their balance sheets. However, the returns become subdued during the financial crisis of years of 2008-2009, reaching lows of ROA 0.74% and ROE 6.16% in 2009 (IFSB, 2014). Over the last twenty years, market conditions in banking sector have undergone extensive changes on both demand an...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Musa, Muhammad Muhaizam (2012)

  • This study investigates the impact of capital regulation to the risk-taking behaviour of Islamic banks by examining the impact of bank-specific variables, regulatory pressure and relationship between capital ratios and bank riskiness; using two simultaneous equations namely the changes in capital ratios equation and the changes in bank riskiness equation over the sample of 70 Islamic banks extracted from BankScope database for the period 2004 to 2010 ...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohd Jaapar, Asmah (2018)

  • The changes in equity index composition have a dual impact, first, to the constituent stocks that make up the index and second, to the index funds that track the index. This study investigates the index effect at constituent stocks level and index funds level using Shari'ah blue-chip indices and their corresponding i-ETFs. The findings of this study provide a new evidence on price discovery contrary to index effect reported in conventional index studies. Specifically, the study discovers the index effect in an opposite direction, i.e., additions suffered negative abnormal returns while deletions gained positive abnormal returns around index revision period.

  • The_impact_of_charter_values_on_bank_capital_in_Asia_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Daher, Hassan; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • Recent theories suggest the relation between banks' charter values and capital buffers is nonlinear and a function of the value of the charter. Using novel threshold estimation techniques, we investigate this for a cross section of 239 commercial banks in 24 Asian economies during the 2008 crisis and post crisis periods. For the latter period, a negative relation seems to dominate for high charter value banks in Asia (excluding Middle East region). During crises, our results for advanced Asian economies are consistent with capital buffer theory. Our findings raise distinct policy implications for the regulation and supervision of Asian banks.

  • IFHubEd5_the_impact_of_competition_on_banks_efficiency_Kinan_Mansor_Baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Kinan Salim,; Mansor H. Ibrahim; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2017)

  • Islamic banking industry has unprecedentedly witnessed a rapid growth since its inception four decades back in the late 1970s. However, the prospect of this flourishing industry is fast becoming gloomy in recent years. The growth of Islamic banking almost matches the conventional banking, and their products are hardly distinguishable. Although the market growth slows down in the aftermath of the global financial crises in 2008, the Islamic banking market has witnessed increasing competition. Islamic banks become more competitive and they managed to increase their market share meanwhile, conventional banks have successfully responded to the challenge by launching Islamic windows and su...

  • PhD_Impact_of_competition_concentration_on_efficiency_kinan.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Salim, Kinan (2017)

  • Islamic banks have proliferated and emerged as important players in the global banking industry especially in the Muslim-majority countries. The recent increase in the number and market share of Islamic banks has intensified the competition in this new industry. Despite its importance, the increasing competition in Islamic banking market not only from its own Islamic peers, but also from commercial banks has not been adequately addressed nor its consequences have been investigated. This thesis aims to shed the light on this important issue by investigating the effect of competition on the efficiency of both Islamic and conventional banks ...

  • Impact_of_COVID-19_on_Islamic_social_finance_Aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Hassan, M. Kabir; Muneeza, Aishath; Sarea, Adel M. (2021)

  • COVID-19 is considered by some as a 'black swan event', which is a pandemic that is unpredictable, unprepared for, and totally spontaneous (Gubler, 2020). This pandemic is different from four other recent pandemics the world has witnessed within the last 25 years (Gubler, 2020) as its impact has created not only a health crisis, but has led to an economic as well as human crisis brought due to a halt in all major economic activities in the world. The impact of COVID-19 on the sudden increase of poverty is uncontainable. By 12 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic, as, since December 2019, the disease had been spreading worldwide, putting the worl...

  • impact_of_crude_oil_price_on_Islamic_stock_indices_monir_buerhan_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdullah, Ahmad Monir; Saiti, Buerhan; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2016)

  • This paper is the first attempt at testing the "time-varying" and "time-scale dependent" volatilities of and correlations between the selected Islamic stock indices of South East Asian countries and selected commodities for enhancing portfolio diversification benefits. Consistent with the results of our VECM, our analysis based on the application of the recent wavelet technique MODWT, indicates that the Singapore Islamic index is leading the other Islamic indices and the commodities. From the point of view of portfolio diversification benefits, based on the extent of dynamic correlations between variables, our results suggest that an investor should be aware that the Philippine Islami...

  • The_impact_of_delisting_Shariah_compliant_stocks_on_Islamic_investments_Saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • Islamic investments as a critical component of the Halal supply chain received considerable attention in the global financial market when the Dow Jones Islamic market Index (DJIM) was established in 1999, followed by Financial Times Stock Exchange (FTSE), Standard and Poor (S&P) and others. Malaysia took global leadership in the construction of Shariah Indices in 1999 and launched the FTSE Bursa Malaysia Emas Shariah Index in 2007. One fundamental feature of the Shariah Indices is the screening process before the stock can be identified as Shariah compliant. The screening methodology differs to some degree among the major Shariah stock indices but essentially settle to affirm consensu...

  • IF_Hub_Issue_2_ Impact_efficiency_on_discretionary_finance_loss_provision_Fakri_Buerhan_ShaikhHamzah_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Fekri Ali Shawtari; Buerhan Saiti; Shaikh Hamzah Shaikh Abdul Razak; Mohamed Ariff Abdul Kareem (2016)

  • The issues of earning management has received attention from practitioners and academicians since the last couple of decades in banking sector. It is evident that bank managers practice the discretion in estimating loan/finance loss provisions for various motives such as reducing earnings variability (Agarwal, Chomsisengphet, Liu & Rhee, 2007; Kanagaretnam, 2004). Majority of the studies have been focusing on conventional banks, and only a few studies have focussed on Islamic banks, for instance, Zoubi and Al-Khazali (2007) and Othman and Mersni (2014). The significance of examining the issues in the context of Islamic banks stems from the fact that Islamic banks should not manage the...

  • impact_efficiency_discretionary_loans_finance_loss_provision_comparative_study_Islamic_conventional_banks_shaikh_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shawtari, Fekri Ali; Saiti, Buerhan; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2015)

  • The paper investigates whether there is a significance difference between the practices of discretionary loan/finance loss provisions between Islamic and conventional banks. Same time, the paper tests whether the efficiency may influence the behaviour of discretionary loans/finance loss provisions, taken into consideration other micro and macro variables. The study utilizes panel data runs over 1996-2011 with unbalanced observations for 16 banks, of which 4 Islamic banks. In order to achieve research objectives, the two-stage approach is adopted to examine the factors that may influence the behaviour of discretionary loan/finance loss provisions with specific emphasize on the efficien...

  • Phd_The_Impact_of_financial_development_on_income_inequality_Resul_Sapar.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Sapar, Resul (2017)

  • Income inequality, or the widening income gap between the rich and the poor, is the most discussed universal and controversial issue. It is an issue of great concern as history has shown that it can create costly, bloody, social and political instability as evidenced by French and Russian Revolutions and Arab Spring events. Many causes have been cited for the widening income gap between the rich and the poor including economic development, technological change, trade openness, financial development, and changes in labor market institutions, redistributive policies and education attainment. This thesis focuses ...

  • The_impact_of_human_development_on_natural_disaster_fatalities_and_damage_panel_data_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Countries with high levels of human development should be able to reduce the impact of natural disasters in terms of the total numbers of people killed and affected, and damage. In this study we investigate the impact of human development indicators such as income per capita and human capital (education level) on natural disaster fatalities (total deaths, total affected and total economic losses) in 79 selected countries. Using dynamic panel data analysis, we found that the level of economic development plays an important role in mitigating the impact of natural disasters such as droughts, earthquakes, extreme temperatures, floods, storms, volcanoes, landslides and wildfires. Other fa...

  • the_impact_of_Islamic_microfinance_in_enhancing_the_well_being_and_quality_of_life_shaikh.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Quraisy, Muhammad; Alhabshi, Syed Othman; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah (2017)

  • All human beings in this world deserve a better physical and social well-being particularly the quality of life. By having proper well-being and quality of life, the advancement of individual's physical and mental aspect can be assured. This balanced individual will form a stable family unit and later on contribute to a dynamic community in a bigger social entity. However, in order to enhance both physical well-being (PWB) and social well-being (SWB) as well as to attain a good quality of life (QoL), a social disease called poverty must be eliminated. In Indonesia, Islamic Financial Cooperative which is known as Baitul Maal wat Tamwil (BMT) has been influential in enhancing the partic...

  • the_impact_management_family_institution_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Osman, Mohammad Noor Hisham; Abdul Latiff, Ahmed Razman; Mat Daud, Zaidi; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • Incidents where external auditors do not issue a going concern audit opinion (GC opinion) to companies having severe financial problems have been reported globally. This issue motivated this study : (i) to investigate the effect of selected auditor characteristics in terms of specialization, tenure, and fee on GC opinion issuance and (ii) to examine the moderating effect of management's, family's, and institution's influence on the relationship between auditor characteristics and GC opinion issuance. The study involves 644 Malaysian financially distressed listed companies in the period 2006 to 2012. The results of a panel logistic regression analysis show that auditor characteristics ...

  • impact_of_political _connections_irum_ariff_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Saba, Irum; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2016)

  • Connections between politicians and business houses are not uncommon. Literature shows that firms tends to connect with politicians/political parties to get easy access to credit, to have lax regulatory oversight, to have preferential treatment for the government contracts and for having access to insider information. On the other hand a Shari'ah compliant firm is considered to perform ethically and justly due to adherence to the rules and regulations prescribed by Shari'ah. In recent years the research on political connections of Malaysian listed firms is increased. But the comparison of politically connected listed firms and Shari'ah compliant listed firms in Malaysia is lacking. Ma...

Browsing by Title

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 601 to 620 of 1487
  • IB1006_islamic capital markets.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2011)

  • This guide provides an overview of capital markets. It describes the many roles played by the capital market in modern economies. A description of the main components and instruments traded within are described.

  • IE1002_reporting of islamic financial transactions.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Mohamed Ibrahim, Shahul Hameed (2012)

  • This study guide is to develop an understanding of the accounting issues in Islamic finance in the framework of Islamic accounting concepts. This guide covers the view od practices and issues in shariah review, and auditing in Islamic financial institutions and performance of analysis of Islamic banks.

  • impact_account_receivable_management_profitability_shariah_non_shariah_compliant_firms_malaysian_market_eskandar_2015.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Albdwy, Feras Fathi; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah; Syed Salman (2015-03-25)

  • Working capital is important for any firm and its administration is acknowledged as an essential of corporate administration. The main objective of working capital management is to choose the appropriate levels of the working capital components in order to ensure that the firm is able to meet its operating expenses and mitigate risks of default on payment of short-term obligations. In addition, working capital management is important for a firm’s survival because of its effects on a firm’s profitability and risk, and consequently its value (Gimeno, Folta et al. 1997) (Gunay and Kesimli 2011) and (Deloof 2003). Failure to manage working capital in prudent manner may lead to liquidity ...

  • Impact_of_bank_concentration_and_financial_development_on_growth_volatility_Mansor et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Edib Smolo; Mansor H. Ibrahim; Ginanjar Dewandaru (2021)

  • This study investigates the impact of bank concentration and financial development on economic volatility for the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) member countries. Employing dynamic panel models, we find no evidence that bank concentration is significantly related to economic volatility when it is entered independently in the models. Meanwhile, financial development lowers economic volatility. Extending the models to include market structure - financial development interaction, we note that the impact of bank concentration on volatility depends on the level of financial development within OIC countries. More specifically, the volatility-increasing effect of bank concentratio...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Chowdhury, Mohammad Ashraful Ferdous (2015)

  • Studies of Islamic banks' profitability are an important tool towards improving performance, evaluating bank operations and determining management plan to help in increasing the chance for the banks to survive in competitive markets. The robust growth in financing and investment activities across most jurisdictions in various real sectors has helped Islamic banks to record generous asset growth rates in their balance sheets. However, the returns become subdued during the financial crisis of years of 2008-2009, reaching lows of ROA 0.74% and ROE 6.16% in 2009 (IFSB, 2014). Over the last twenty years, market conditions in banking sector have undergone extensive changes on both demand an...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Musa, Muhammad Muhaizam (2012)

  • This study investigates the impact of capital regulation to the risk-taking behaviour of Islamic banks by examining the impact of bank-specific variables, regulatory pressure and relationship between capital ratios and bank riskiness; using two simultaneous equations namely the changes in capital ratios equation and the changes in bank riskiness equation over the sample of 70 Islamic banks extracted from BankScope database for the period 2004 to 2010 ...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohd Jaapar, Asmah (2018)

  • The changes in equity index composition have a dual impact, first, to the constituent stocks that make up the index and second, to the index funds that track the index. This study investigates the index effect at constituent stocks level and index funds level using Shari'ah blue-chip indices and their corresponding i-ETFs. The findings of this study provide a new evidence on price discovery contrary to index effect reported in conventional index studies. Specifically, the study discovers the index effect in an opposite direction, i.e., additions suffered negative abnormal returns while deletions gained positive abnormal returns around index revision period.

  • The_impact_of_charter_values_on_bank_capital_in_Asia_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Daher, Hassan; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • Recent theories suggest the relation between banks' charter values and capital buffers is nonlinear and a function of the value of the charter. Using novel threshold estimation techniques, we investigate this for a cross section of 239 commercial banks in 24 Asian economies during the 2008 crisis and post crisis periods. For the latter period, a negative relation seems to dominate for high charter value banks in Asia (excluding Middle East region). During crises, our results for advanced Asian economies are consistent with capital buffer theory. Our findings raise distinct policy implications for the regulation and supervision of Asian banks.

  • IFHubEd5_the_impact_of_competition_on_banks_efficiency_Kinan_Mansor_Baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Kinan Salim,; Mansor H. Ibrahim; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2017)

  • Islamic banking industry has unprecedentedly witnessed a rapid growth since its inception four decades back in the late 1970s. However, the prospect of this flourishing industry is fast becoming gloomy in recent years. The growth of Islamic banking almost matches the conventional banking, and their products are hardly distinguishable. Although the market growth slows down in the aftermath of the global financial crises in 2008, the Islamic banking market has witnessed increasing competition. Islamic banks become more competitive and they managed to increase their market share meanwhile, conventional banks have successfully responded to the challenge by launching Islamic windows and su...

  • PhD_Impact_of_competition_concentration_on_efficiency_kinan.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Salim, Kinan (2017)

  • Islamic banks have proliferated and emerged as important players in the global banking industry especially in the Muslim-majority countries. The recent increase in the number and market share of Islamic banks has intensified the competition in this new industry. Despite its importance, the increasing competition in Islamic banking market not only from its own Islamic peers, but also from commercial banks has not been adequately addressed nor its consequences have been investigated. This thesis aims to shed the light on this important issue by investigating the effect of competition on the efficiency of both Islamic and conventional banks ...

  • Impact_of_COVID-19_on_Islamic_social_finance_Aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Hassan, M. Kabir; Muneeza, Aishath; Sarea, Adel M. (2021)

  • COVID-19 is considered by some as a 'black swan event', which is a pandemic that is unpredictable, unprepared for, and totally spontaneous (Gubler, 2020). This pandemic is different from four other recent pandemics the world has witnessed within the last 25 years (Gubler, 2020) as its impact has created not only a health crisis, but has led to an economic as well as human crisis brought due to a halt in all major economic activities in the world. The impact of COVID-19 on the sudden increase of poverty is uncontainable. By 12 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic, as, since December 2019, the disease had been spreading worldwide, putting the worl...

  • impact_of_crude_oil_price_on_Islamic_stock_indices_monir_buerhan_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdullah, Ahmad Monir; Saiti, Buerhan; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2016)

  • This paper is the first attempt at testing the "time-varying" and "time-scale dependent" volatilities of and correlations between the selected Islamic stock indices of South East Asian countries and selected commodities for enhancing portfolio diversification benefits. Consistent with the results of our VECM, our analysis based on the application of the recent wavelet technique MODWT, indicates that the Singapore Islamic index is leading the other Islamic indices and the commodities. From the point of view of portfolio diversification benefits, based on the extent of dynamic correlations between variables, our results suggest that an investor should be aware that the Philippine Islami...

  • The_impact_of_delisting_Shariah_compliant_stocks_on_Islamic_investments_Saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • Islamic investments as a critical component of the Halal supply chain received considerable attention in the global financial market when the Dow Jones Islamic market Index (DJIM) was established in 1999, followed by Financial Times Stock Exchange (FTSE), Standard and Poor (S&P) and others. Malaysia took global leadership in the construction of Shariah Indices in 1999 and launched the FTSE Bursa Malaysia Emas Shariah Index in 2007. One fundamental feature of the Shariah Indices is the screening process before the stock can be identified as Shariah compliant. The screening methodology differs to some degree among the major Shariah stock indices but essentially settle to affirm consensu...

  • IF_Hub_Issue_2_ Impact_efficiency_on_discretionary_finance_loss_provision_Fakri_Buerhan_ShaikhHamzah_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Fekri Ali Shawtari; Buerhan Saiti; Shaikh Hamzah Shaikh Abdul Razak; Mohamed Ariff Abdul Kareem (2016)

  • The issues of earning management has received attention from practitioners and academicians since the last couple of decades in banking sector. It is evident that bank managers practice the discretion in estimating loan/finance loss provisions for various motives such as reducing earnings variability (Agarwal, Chomsisengphet, Liu & Rhee, 2007; Kanagaretnam, 2004). Majority of the studies have been focusing on conventional banks, and only a few studies have focussed on Islamic banks, for instance, Zoubi and Al-Khazali (2007) and Othman and Mersni (2014). The significance of examining the issues in the context of Islamic banks stems from the fact that Islamic banks should not manage the...

  • impact_efficiency_discretionary_loans_finance_loss_provision_comparative_study_Islamic_conventional_banks_shaikh_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shawtari, Fekri Ali; Saiti, Buerhan; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2015)

  • The paper investigates whether there is a significance difference between the practices of discretionary loan/finance loss provisions between Islamic and conventional banks. Same time, the paper tests whether the efficiency may influence the behaviour of discretionary loans/finance loss provisions, taken into consideration other micro and macro variables. The study utilizes panel data runs over 1996-2011 with unbalanced observations for 16 banks, of which 4 Islamic banks. In order to achieve research objectives, the two-stage approach is adopted to examine the factors that may influence the behaviour of discretionary loan/finance loss provisions with specific emphasize on the efficien...

  • Phd_The_Impact_of_financial_development_on_income_inequality_Resul_Sapar.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Sapar, Resul (2017)

  • Income inequality, or the widening income gap between the rich and the poor, is the most discussed universal and controversial issue. It is an issue of great concern as history has shown that it can create costly, bloody, social and political instability as evidenced by French and Russian Revolutions and Arab Spring events. Many causes have been cited for the widening income gap between the rich and the poor including economic development, technological change, trade openness, financial development, and changes in labor market institutions, redistributive policies and education attainment. This thesis focuses ...

  • The_impact_of_human_development_on_natural_disaster_fatalities_and_damage_panel_data_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Countries with high levels of human development should be able to reduce the impact of natural disasters in terms of the total numbers of people killed and affected, and damage. In this study we investigate the impact of human development indicators such as income per capita and human capital (education level) on natural disaster fatalities (total deaths, total affected and total economic losses) in 79 selected countries. Using dynamic panel data analysis, we found that the level of economic development plays an important role in mitigating the impact of natural disasters such as droughts, earthquakes, extreme temperatures, floods, storms, volcanoes, landslides and wildfires. Other fa...

  • the_impact_of_Islamic_microfinance_in_enhancing_the_well_being_and_quality_of_life_shaikh.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Quraisy, Muhammad; Alhabshi, Syed Othman; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah (2017)

  • All human beings in this world deserve a better physical and social well-being particularly the quality of life. By having proper well-being and quality of life, the advancement of individual's physical and mental aspect can be assured. This balanced individual will form a stable family unit and later on contribute to a dynamic community in a bigger social entity. However, in order to enhance both physical well-being (PWB) and social well-being (SWB) as well as to attain a good quality of life (QoL), a social disease called poverty must be eliminated. In Indonesia, Islamic Financial Cooperative which is known as Baitul Maal wat Tamwil (BMT) has been influential in enhancing the partic...

  • the_impact_management_family_institution_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Osman, Mohammad Noor Hisham; Abdul Latiff, Ahmed Razman; Mat Daud, Zaidi; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • Incidents where external auditors do not issue a going concern audit opinion (GC opinion) to companies having severe financial problems have been reported globally. This issue motivated this study : (i) to investigate the effect of selected auditor characteristics in terms of specialization, tenure, and fee on GC opinion issuance and (ii) to examine the moderating effect of management's, family's, and institution's influence on the relationship between auditor characteristics and GC opinion issuance. The study involves 644 Malaysian financially distressed listed companies in the period 2006 to 2012. The results of a panel logistic regression analysis show that auditor characteristics ...

  • impact_of_political _connections_irum_ariff_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Saba, Irum; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2016)

  • Connections between politicians and business houses are not uncommon. Literature shows that firms tends to connect with politicians/political parties to get easy access to credit, to have lax regulatory oversight, to have preferential treatment for the government contracts and for having access to insider information. On the other hand a Shari'ah compliant firm is considered to perform ethically and justly due to adherence to the rules and regulations prescribed by Shari'ah. In recent years the research on political connections of Malaysian listed firms is increased. But the comparison of politically connected listed firms and Shari'ah compliant listed firms in Malaysia is lacking. Ma...