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Showing results 288 to 307 of 1181
  • economic_crime_blown_out_proportion_real_threat_baharom_2015.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2015-07-01)

  • There is ambiguity in defining economic crime or sometimes referred to as white collar crime or finance crime. The general notion refers to economic crimes as illegal acts in which offenders' principal motivation appears to be economic gain. However, is it possible to conclude on the offenders' motivation merely by observing the criminal act? Another school of thought claims that economic crimes are illegal acts that successfully provide offenders with an economic return or for which victims incur an economic cost.

  • economic_development_islamic_finance_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Iqbal, Zamir; Mirakhor, Abbas (2013)

  • Islamic finance has been practiced in some form since the inception of Islam, its practice in modern financial markets became recognized only in the 1980s, and began to represent a meaningful share of global financial activity only around the beginning of this century. In recent years, significant interest in Islamic finance has emerged in the world's leading conventional financial centers, including London, New York, and Hong Kong, and Western investors are increasingly considering investment in Islamic financial products. The organizing principle of Islamic finance in an Islamic economy is transaction based on exchange, where real asset is exchanged for real asset. By focusing on tr...

  • economic_development_middle_east_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Wilson, Rodney (2013)

  • By examining economic development in the aftermath of the Arab Spring, this textbook introduces undergraduate and postgraduate students to the most pressing and topical economic issues in the contemporary Middle East. Although development failures contributed to the popular discontent in much of the Arab World, this comparative study also highlights development success, especially in Turkey and the Gulf.

  • economic_impact_natural_disasters_fatalities_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2010)

  • The purpose of this paper is to find the meaningful relationship between the economic impact of the natural disaster and economic condition. The paper employed cross‐sectional analysis to investigate the relationship between economic condition namely, gross domestic product per capita (GDPpc); gross domestic product per capita squared (GDPpc2); government consumption ratio to GDP (gc); ratio of M2 over GDP(M2); years of schooling attainment (sc); land area and finally; population and the economic impact of natural disasters, whereby ten types of natural disasters were chosen. The degree to which the human and economic losses due to these ten natural disasters were measured by, the var...

  • economic_principles_islam_some_methodological_issues_saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (1995)

  • This paper examines the nature of economic principles in Islam. Two types of economic principles are identified. The first type refers to the economic laws derived from revelation-based sources namely the Quran, Sunnah, Ijtihad and Ijma. The second type refers to economic lwas derived from reasoning and experience. The former is the economic system and the latter is economic theory. Both forms of economic laws are in harmony and have no basis for compartmentalization as there is no conflict between revelation and science in Islam. in theory building, it is shown that Quran based assumptions act as the linking mechanism in harmonizing revelation and science. As revelation is superior t...

  • The economic system of the early Islamic period.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Sadr, Seyed Kazem (2016)

  • This book provides an economic analysis of the earliest Islamic society, focusing on the policies of the Messenger of Islam (Sawa) and his successors during the first four formative decades of Islam. The author uses historical economic data, facts, and evidences that are reported from the period, both prior to and after establishment of the Islamic State, to explore the economic relations, policies, and models that were in practice and applied at that time.

  • economic_theory_Islamic_finance_regulation_mabid.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mahmoud Al-Jarhi, Mabid Ali Mohamed (2016)

  • We argue that regulation can improve the performance of conventional banks up to a limit, but cannot eliminate the inefficiencies resulting from the use of the conventional loan contract. Islamic finance requires complicated and costly procedures compared to conventional finance. Yet, it has significant macroeconomic benefits, which cannot be internalized by individual banks. Therefore, Islamic bankers tend to mimic conventional finance in order to cut costs and maximize short-term profits. Regulation can modify bankers' incentives in order to capture the benefits of Islamic finance.

  • Economics_and_morality_from_an_Islamic_perspective.PDF.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Wilson, Rodney (2014)

  • Economics is often viewed as amoral but not immoral. It is concerned with an important question: how households, businesses and countries and even the entire planet should be managed to live within their resources. Economic theory treats this as a problem of constrained maximization, which is subject to technical solutions focused on the optimal use of scarce resources.

  • 2013_jan_16_contemporary_role_of_waqf_in_higher_education_alhabshi.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Alhabshi, Syed Othman (2013-01-16)

  • Islam has encouraged the early Muslims to spend out of whatever they have for charity. When the verse 92 of Surah Ali Imran was revealed, there was not a single Muslim who did not part with whatever they have so as to belong to the category of "birr" or good. The fact that all wealth belongs to Allah means that whatever we give away in His cause is nothing compared to what He has given us. The most important implication is that waqf allows accumulation of capital infinitely as long as more and more capital are being made waqf.

  • economics_islamic_orientation_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Hasan, Zubair (2015)

  • This book, spread over 24 chapters, covers Economics with a greater orientation towards Islamic viewpoints. It is also suitable for students studying the subject in developing economies. The book combines the material of two earlier texts of the author—Macroeconomics (2009) and Fundamentals of Microeconomics (2011). The material has been refined and updated; new explanatory diagrams and illustrations have been included. Available in physical copy only (Call Number: BP 173.75 H344)

  • economy_rodney.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Wilson, Rodney (2010)

  • Being Muslim implies concern with the ethics of social justice. This extends as fully to economic relations as to all other aspects of one's life. Ethical concern here springd from the very basic principles of Islam, such as the giving of alms (zakat) and the prohibition of usury (riba), as essentials of a just economic order...

  • item.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Wilson, Rodney (2011)

  • The events of the Arab Spring have not only profound political implications but also have significance for the economies of the Middle East and their trading partners. In the short run the political uncertainty and lack of law and order has damaged economic activity, but in the long term the Arab Spring could prove beneficial for the region which has seriously underperformed other emerging markets. How can partners such as the United Kingdom help ensure a positive economic outcome from the Arab Spring rather than continuing economic meltdown if domestic turbulence continues?

  • ecosystem_halal_industry_role_islamic_finance.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2017)

  • The slides highlight: 1) overview of Islamic world on Islamic economic; 2) Halal industry and ecosystem; 3) key issues and challenges; 4) opportunities of halal industry.

  • IFHubEd7_education_propel_takaful_industry_next_decade_salim.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Zain, Salim Majid (2017)

  • Takaful, a subset of the Islamic finance industry, has seen strong growth in the last decade due to the rising demand for Shariah compliant financial products globally. Increasing awareness in the global arena especially the Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC) and the predominant Islamic countries have helped fuel the growth of Islamic finance across the banking and insurance sectors. This is brought by the push of the respective Islamic countries to promote Islamic finance as an alternative to conventional finance.

  • 2009_july_8_education_traning_and_qualification_alhabshi.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Alhabshi, Syed Othman (2009-07-08)

  • Finance used to be widely treated as part of economics which also encompasses personal, public and corporate finance. It is also considered as the science of fund management, spending, saving and budgeting. Hence it includes stocks, capital and money markets, unit trusts, asset management, etc. However, Islamic finance as is widely used today encompasses all of the above plus banking, takaful, wealth planning, capital and money markets and all activities related to them as well.

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Radam, Alias; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Awang Marikan, Dayang Affizzah; Ismail, Farhana (2008-06-04)

  • This study is undertaken to investigate the extent to which mergers lead to efficiency by which services are provided to the public and the productivity of Malaysia’s banking institutions sector. The data cover the period 1993 to 2004, which includes the pre-merger years and the post-merger years. This study attempts to evaluate technical efficiency, efficiency change, technical change and productivity of commercial banks, finance companies and merchant banks using a non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist Index approach as the framework for the analyses. It is found that: (1) that on average, productivity across banking institutions increased at annual rate of 5....

  • effectiveness_shariah_committees_Malaysian_Islamic_financial_institutions_practical_perspective_shamsher_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Muhammad Sori, Zulkarnain (2016-07-13)

  • An effective system of rules, practices and processes by which Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) are directed and controlled to ensure their business operations are Shariah-compliant has important implications on their reputation and their future growth. The Shariah Committee is a mandated requirement by the central bank on every Islamic Financial Institution (IFI) to ensure the expected level of Shariah-compliance in their business operations. Unlike their conventional counterparts that focus only on maximizing the wealth of shareholders, IFIs has an extra responsibility to protect the interests of all stakeholders (including shareholders) and ensure that no injustice of any kind...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Javaid, Muhammad Usman (2016)

  • Income inequality isn't new thing, but recently it has made it presence in news, political discussions etc. It has now become the key and defining challenge of our time. Both the developed and developing countries have reported massive amount of income disparities within their respected countries. In this paper we study the links and effects of the macroeconomic variables especially economic development and financial development on income inequality. We restrict our study to OIC countries. Simon Kuznet hypothesis is taken as the theoretical basis for this study ... Kindly email to kmc@inceif.org to access the item.

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Seho, Mirzet (2018)

  • The issue of whether banks should diversify or focus their portfolios is theoretically and empirically open to debate. Traditional wisdom in banking argues that diversification can reduce risk and improve retums. The theory of corporate finance, however, contends that diversification increases earnings volatility, write-downs and write-offs, agency problems and inefficiency. While the former suggests that banks should be as diversified as possible, the latter recommends that banks should focus their activities. In an attempt to test these arguments, numerous empirical studies have been conducted - primarily on conventional banks in single-banking systems from developed economies and l...

  • Efficiency_and_bank_margins_a_comparative_analysis_of_Islamic_and_conventional_banks_in_Yemen_fekri_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shawtari, Fekri Ali; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah (2018)

  • This paper examines the determinants of bank margins' in the Yemeni banking sector for Islamic and conventional banks. The first objective is to investigate whether there is a significant difference between the margins of conventional and Islamic banks. The second objective is to examine whether efficiency represents an influential factor in determining bank margins for Islamic and conventional banks controlling for other micro and macro variables. The study finds that the overall bank margin in Yemen has steadily decreased during the observation period with the exception of the year 2011. The parametric and non parametric results show that the bank margins are significantly higher fo...

Browsing by Title

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 288 to 307 of 1181
  • economic_crime_blown_out_proportion_real_threat_baharom_2015.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2015-07-01)

  • There is ambiguity in defining economic crime or sometimes referred to as white collar crime or finance crime. The general notion refers to economic crimes as illegal acts in which offenders' principal motivation appears to be economic gain. However, is it possible to conclude on the offenders' motivation merely by observing the criminal act? Another school of thought claims that economic crimes are illegal acts that successfully provide offenders with an economic return or for which victims incur an economic cost.

  • economic_development_islamic_finance_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Iqbal, Zamir; Mirakhor, Abbas (2013)

  • Islamic finance has been practiced in some form since the inception of Islam, its practice in modern financial markets became recognized only in the 1980s, and began to represent a meaningful share of global financial activity only around the beginning of this century. In recent years, significant interest in Islamic finance has emerged in the world's leading conventional financial centers, including London, New York, and Hong Kong, and Western investors are increasingly considering investment in Islamic financial products. The organizing principle of Islamic finance in an Islamic economy is transaction based on exchange, where real asset is exchanged for real asset. By focusing on tr...

  • economic_development_middle_east_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Wilson, Rodney (2013)

  • By examining economic development in the aftermath of the Arab Spring, this textbook introduces undergraduate and postgraduate students to the most pressing and topical economic issues in the contemporary Middle East. Although development failures contributed to the popular discontent in much of the Arab World, this comparative study also highlights development success, especially in Turkey and the Gulf.

  • economic_impact_natural_disasters_fatalities_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2010)

  • The purpose of this paper is to find the meaningful relationship between the economic impact of the natural disaster and economic condition. The paper employed cross‐sectional analysis to investigate the relationship between economic condition namely, gross domestic product per capita (GDPpc); gross domestic product per capita squared (GDPpc2); government consumption ratio to GDP (gc); ratio of M2 over GDP(M2); years of schooling attainment (sc); land area and finally; population and the economic impact of natural disasters, whereby ten types of natural disasters were chosen. The degree to which the human and economic losses due to these ten natural disasters were measured by, the var...

  • economic_principles_islam_some_methodological_issues_saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (1995)

  • This paper examines the nature of economic principles in Islam. Two types of economic principles are identified. The first type refers to the economic laws derived from revelation-based sources namely the Quran, Sunnah, Ijtihad and Ijma. The second type refers to economic lwas derived from reasoning and experience. The former is the economic system and the latter is economic theory. Both forms of economic laws are in harmony and have no basis for compartmentalization as there is no conflict between revelation and science in Islam. in theory building, it is shown that Quran based assumptions act as the linking mechanism in harmonizing revelation and science. As revelation is superior t...

  • The economic system of the early Islamic period.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Sadr, Seyed Kazem (2016)

  • This book provides an economic analysis of the earliest Islamic society, focusing on the policies of the Messenger of Islam (Sawa) and his successors during the first four formative decades of Islam. The author uses historical economic data, facts, and evidences that are reported from the period, both prior to and after establishment of the Islamic State, to explore the economic relations, policies, and models that were in practice and applied at that time.

  • economic_theory_Islamic_finance_regulation_mabid.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mahmoud Al-Jarhi, Mabid Ali Mohamed (2016)

  • We argue that regulation can improve the performance of conventional banks up to a limit, but cannot eliminate the inefficiencies resulting from the use of the conventional loan contract. Islamic finance requires complicated and costly procedures compared to conventional finance. Yet, it has significant macroeconomic benefits, which cannot be internalized by individual banks. Therefore, Islamic bankers tend to mimic conventional finance in order to cut costs and maximize short-term profits. Regulation can modify bankers' incentives in order to capture the benefits of Islamic finance.

  • Economics_and_morality_from_an_Islamic_perspective.PDF.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Wilson, Rodney (2014)

  • Economics is often viewed as amoral but not immoral. It is concerned with an important question: how households, businesses and countries and even the entire planet should be managed to live within their resources. Economic theory treats this as a problem of constrained maximization, which is subject to technical solutions focused on the optimal use of scarce resources.

  • 2013_jan_16_contemporary_role_of_waqf_in_higher_education_alhabshi.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Alhabshi, Syed Othman (2013-01-16)

  • Islam has encouraged the early Muslims to spend out of whatever they have for charity. When the verse 92 of Surah Ali Imran was revealed, there was not a single Muslim who did not part with whatever they have so as to belong to the category of "birr" or good. The fact that all wealth belongs to Allah means that whatever we give away in His cause is nothing compared to what He has given us. The most important implication is that waqf allows accumulation of capital infinitely as long as more and more capital are being made waqf.

  • economics_islamic_orientation_cover.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Hasan, Zubair (2015)

  • This book, spread over 24 chapters, covers Economics with a greater orientation towards Islamic viewpoints. It is also suitable for students studying the subject in developing economies. The book combines the material of two earlier texts of the author—Macroeconomics (2009) and Fundamentals of Microeconomics (2011). The material has been refined and updated; new explanatory diagrams and illustrations have been included. Available in physical copy only (Call Number: BP 173.75 H344)

  • economy_rodney.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Wilson, Rodney (2010)

  • Being Muslim implies concern with the ethics of social justice. This extends as fully to economic relations as to all other aspects of one's life. Ethical concern here springd from the very basic principles of Islam, such as the giving of alms (zakat) and the prohibition of usury (riba), as essentials of a just economic order...

  • item.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Wilson, Rodney (2011)

  • The events of the Arab Spring have not only profound political implications but also have significance for the economies of the Middle East and their trading partners. In the short run the political uncertainty and lack of law and order has damaged economic activity, but in the long term the Arab Spring could prove beneficial for the region which has seriously underperformed other emerging markets. How can partners such as the United Kingdom help ensure a positive economic outcome from the Arab Spring rather than continuing economic meltdown if domestic turbulence continues?

  • ecosystem_halal_industry_role_islamic_finance.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2017)

  • The slides highlight: 1) overview of Islamic world on Islamic economic; 2) Halal industry and ecosystem; 3) key issues and challenges; 4) opportunities of halal industry.

  • IFHubEd7_education_propel_takaful_industry_next_decade_salim.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Zain, Salim Majid (2017)

  • Takaful, a subset of the Islamic finance industry, has seen strong growth in the last decade due to the rising demand for Shariah compliant financial products globally. Increasing awareness in the global arena especially the Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC) and the predominant Islamic countries have helped fuel the growth of Islamic finance across the banking and insurance sectors. This is brought by the push of the respective Islamic countries to promote Islamic finance as an alternative to conventional finance.

  • 2009_july_8_education_traning_and_qualification_alhabshi.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Alhabshi, Syed Othman (2009-07-08)

  • Finance used to be widely treated as part of economics which also encompasses personal, public and corporate finance. It is also considered as the science of fund management, spending, saving and budgeting. Hence it includes stocks, capital and money markets, unit trusts, asset management, etc. However, Islamic finance as is widely used today encompasses all of the above plus banking, takaful, wealth planning, capital and money markets and all activities related to them as well.

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Radam, Alias; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Awang Marikan, Dayang Affizzah; Ismail, Farhana (2008-06-04)

  • This study is undertaken to investigate the extent to which mergers lead to efficiency by which services are provided to the public and the productivity of Malaysia’s banking institutions sector. The data cover the period 1993 to 2004, which includes the pre-merger years and the post-merger years. This study attempts to evaluate technical efficiency, efficiency change, technical change and productivity of commercial banks, finance companies and merchant banks using a non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist Index approach as the framework for the analyses. It is found that: (1) that on average, productivity across banking institutions increased at annual rate of 5....

  • effectiveness_shariah_committees_Malaysian_Islamic_financial_institutions_practical_perspective_shamsher_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Muhammad Sori, Zulkarnain (2016-07-13)

  • An effective system of rules, practices and processes by which Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) are directed and controlled to ensure their business operations are Shariah-compliant has important implications on their reputation and their future growth. The Shariah Committee is a mandated requirement by the central bank on every Islamic Financial Institution (IFI) to ensure the expected level of Shariah-compliance in their business operations. Unlike their conventional counterparts that focus only on maximizing the wealth of shareholders, IFIs has an extra responsibility to protect the interests of all stakeholders (including shareholders) and ensure that no injustice of any kind...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Javaid, Muhammad Usman (2016)

  • Income inequality isn't new thing, but recently it has made it presence in news, political discussions etc. It has now become the key and defining challenge of our time. Both the developed and developing countries have reported massive amount of income disparities within their respected countries. In this paper we study the links and effects of the macroeconomic variables especially economic development and financial development on income inequality. We restrict our study to OIC countries. Simon Kuznet hypothesis is taken as the theoretical basis for this study ... Kindly email to kmc@inceif.org to access the item.

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Seho, Mirzet (2018)

  • The issue of whether banks should diversify or focus their portfolios is theoretically and empirically open to debate. Traditional wisdom in banking argues that diversification can reduce risk and improve retums. The theory of corporate finance, however, contends that diversification increases earnings volatility, write-downs and write-offs, agency problems and inefficiency. While the former suggests that banks should be as diversified as possible, the latter recommends that banks should focus their activities. In an attempt to test these arguments, numerous empirical studies have been conducted - primarily on conventional banks in single-banking systems from developed economies and l...

  • Efficiency_and_bank_margins_a_comparative_analysis_of_Islamic_and_conventional_banks_in_Yemen_fekri_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shawtari, Fekri Ali; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah (2018)

  • This paper examines the determinants of bank margins' in the Yemeni banking sector for Islamic and conventional banks. The first objective is to investigate whether there is a significant difference between the margins of conventional and Islamic banks. The second objective is to examine whether efficiency represents an influential factor in determining bank margins for Islamic and conventional banks controlling for other micro and macro variables. The study finds that the overall bank margin in Yemen has steadily decreased during the observation period with the exception of the year 2011. The parametric and non parametric results show that the bank margins are significantly higher fo...