Browsing by Issue Date

Jump to a point in the index:
Showing results 1 to 20 of 1226
  • a_proposal_designed_calibrating_liquidity_coverage_ratio_Islamic_banks_adam et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Dolgun, Muhammed Habib; Mirakhor, Abbas; Ng, Adam Boon Ka (2019)

  • This paper aims to critically investigate the liquidity risk management of Islamic banks and develop an alternative regulatory framework appropriate for liquidity management of these banks. The specific risk profile of an Islamic bank requires developing a new and more efficient regulatory framework, which relies on risk-sharing and symmetric information among parties. The paper makes a differentiation between small local banks and internationally active Islamic banks and proposes to apply liquidity requirements only for internationally active Islamic banks. A new proposal for the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) of Islamic banks is developed in this paper towards mitigating risks and c...

  • a_statistical_model_of_the_firm_Belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • A model of the firm is proposed that considers the firm to be a stochastic and random entity described by an action functional and the Feynman path integral. The action functional is postulated based on the profit maximization principle. The Cobb-Douglas production function and the Solow-Swan model for capital input are employed to define a specific model for the firm's action functional. An option is defined on the profit of a firm in the framework of the statistical model. The option's price can be studied empirically. A profit and loss sharing system of wages is defined as an extension of fixed wages.

  • the_maldives’s_vision_to_be_an_islamic_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Outstanding employees for 2018 were honored during the Capital Market Development Authority (CMDA)'s 13th anniversary event held on the 10th February 2019 at Champa Central Hotel, Male. The chief guest of the ceremony, Minister of Finance and Treasury Ibrahim Ameer, emphasized in his speech the vision of the government to sustain Islamic finance in the country and to strategize the Maldives as a hub of Islamic finance.

  • maldives_islamic_bank_to_go_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives Islamic Bank (MIB) plans to go for an IPO this year. The current shareholdings in MIB are 70% by the Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector, 25% by the government of the Maldives and 5% by Amana Takaful Maldives, the only Islamic equity listed on the Maldives Stock Exchange since 2011.

  • amana_takaful_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Amana Takaful Maldives (Amana Takaful) held its eighth annual general meeting (AGM) on the 28th April 2019 in the Republic of Maldives. During the meeting, the minutes of the 2018 AGM were adopted and the annual report of the board of directors on the affairs of the company for the year ended the 31st December 2018 and the report of the auditors were passed, among other things.

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Richmond, Peter; Roehner, Bertrand M.; Qing-hai, Wang (2019)

  • In earlier centuries kings and governments employed astrologists to help them take the best decisions. Present-day governments no longer employ astrologists but still have no clear analytical tool to replace them. Over the past two decades we have developed a methodology for the scientific investigation of recurrent historical events. It consists in two steps. (i) Identification and comparison of historical episodes driven by a common mechanism. (ii) Under the reasonable assumption that what has happened several times in the past is likely to happen again, one then derives testable predictions. This of course is nothing other than the protocol used in experimental science when explori...

  • islamic_finance_withstands_the_winds_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives is a small island nation with a 100% Muslim population that is exemplary in its attempt to develop a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry. From only one Takaful company operating in the Maldives in 2003 under a conventional license, now in 2018, there are 13 institutions dealing with Islamic financial services, proving the ever-growing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • the_impact_social_enviromental_sustainability_financial_performance_adam.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdulrahman (2019)

  • Despite the promising evidence of the corporate social and environmental performance-corporate financial performance relations across various business sectors, the findings from banking sector remain limited and inconclusive. This article examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regression and non-linear threshold regression of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period of 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most of the estimation models controlling for both bank specific and macroeconomic ...

  • too_small_succeed_versus_too_big_fail_marjan_obiya_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naseri, Marjan; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2019)

  • Even though large banks could imply large risks and heightened vulnerability for a country's macroeconomy, the presence of many small banks with similar behavior such as Islamic banks could also cause systemic risks. This article makes an initial attempt to investigate the impact of bank size on banking performance. Our study spans 12 emerging countries with dual banking systems and applies two-step dynamic system GMM estimator. The results show that size really does matter in the banking industry, and its impact on performance tends to be non-linear with a trade-off between profitability and efficiency. Comparing conventional with Islamic banks, we find that bank size has almost the ...

  • ethical_investments_financial_performance_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This paper examines the financial performance of ethical funds in different regions and concludes that there is a cost attached to ethical investing. An analysis of 964 mutual funds comprising of Socially responsible funds (SRFs) and the Shariah-compliant equity funds (SCFs) suggests that: a) except for global funds, both types of funds underperform in the market, b) both types of funds are preferred for investment in growth and momentum stocks, c) SRFs are preferred for small capitalized stocks whereas SCFs do not follow any specific style or investment strategy, d) unlike SRFs, SCFs do not provide a safe haven for investors during crises. These findings are probably due to the lack ...

  • the_substitution_hypothesis_agency_conflicts_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Anwer, Zaher; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • According to the substitution hypothesis and recent evidence, firms that are better governed carry less debt and experience fewer agency problems. This may also imply that firms with lower debt are better governed and experience lower agency costs. We test this hypothesis by comparing the agency costs of Shariah compliant (SC, and therefore low debt) and Shariah noncompliant (SNC) firms, using a proprietary dataset comprising constituents of the Dow Jones Islamic index for the period 2006-2015. The findings support the hypothesis but are contingent on the firm's idiosyncratic risk; SC firms with low idiosyncratic risk have higher agency costs.

  • view_practice_stock_market_reaction_sukuk_credit_rating_changes_Malaysia_zulkarnain_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; AlHomsi, Mahmoud (2019)

  • Documented evidence on conventional bond markets shows negative market reaction to bond credit rating downgrade and no reaction to credit rating upgrade. Despite the fact that sukuk issuances make up more than 58.8% of the value of outstanding bonds in the country and Malaysia issues at least half of the world's sukuk and is widely recognized as a leader in the sukuk space, there is no documented evidence on the stock market reaction to sukuk credit rating changes. This study analyzed the wealth effect of sukuk credit rating changes in Malaysia using 16 sukuk upgrades and 20 sukuk downgrades for the period 2000-2014. The evidence shows negative market reaction to downgrades and positi...

  • developing_regional_healthcare_facilities_in_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Badeeu, Fathimath Nashwa; Nafiz, Aminath Reesha; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The purpose of this paper is to identify the underlying issues of healthcare system in Maldives in order to provide an understanding of the challenges facing healthcare providers in islands and atolls in a wider context. The paper scrutinizes the financial burden faced by the current healthcare system in Maldives. It also proposes shariah compliant mechanism that can be utilized to minimize financial burden in a long-term basis. It is hoped that the outcome of the research will assist the policymakers of Maldives to devise a shariah compliant mechanism to finance the development of atoll and island health facilities in a sustainable manner.

  • waqf_development_in_marawi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd Shukri, Nur Diyanah Syakirah; Ahmad Zamri, Siti Nuralina; Muneeza, Aishath; Ghulam, Hanif (2019)

  • Since 2017, the city of Marawi was left in ruins after five months of aerial bombardments and close-quarter fighting between Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and government forces. Many buildings were destroyed; mosques and schools are no exceptions. While rebuilding efforts have begun in the city, the government has limited resources to fund city reconstruction and Waqf properties (e.g. mosques and schools) are not constitutionally considered as part of the government assets. Fortunately, the government seeks to channel funding for city reconstruction, including Islamic finance schemes. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the opportunities and challenges to rebuild Waqf prop...

  • waqfintech_sustainable_socio-economic_development_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • This paper aims to discuss the use of financial technology in waqf (Islamic endowment) for funding religious and social causes. It is believed that waqfintech could reach a wider audience and benefit more people in need through the use of innovative financial technology like crowdfunding and blockchain. The main objective of this paper is to introduce the concept of waqfcrowd and waqfcoin as a means of collecting and managing waqf in the digital age. Waqf institutions can thus take advantage of technological innovation to utilise the convenience and efficiency offered by financial technology. This is a conceptual paper which reviews the relevant literature regarding waqf and financial...

  • mertons_equation_quantum_oscillator_II_belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • Merton has proposed a model for contingent claims on a firm as an option on the firms value, and is based on a generalization of the Black-Scholes stochastic equation (Merton, 1974). A special case of Merton's model is proposed - based on the quantum oscillator - for pricing options. Two cases of the option price are obtained: both these cases yield possible candidates for the generalization of the Black-Scholes option pricing formula. However, one of the proposed option prices does not obey the martingale condition and the other does not yield the correct discounting of future cash flows. For these reasons, the option prices do not obey put-call parity. The options can, however, be u...

  • impact_social_environmental_sustainability_esma et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdul Rahman (2019)

  • While there is ample evidence that non-financial firms' financial performance and social and environmental performance are related, evidence for the banking sector remains limited and inconclusive. This paper examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regressions and non-linear threshold regressions of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most estimation models controlling for both bank-specific and macroeconomic variables. The positive impact on fina...

  • structural changes_competition_and_bank_stability_Mansor et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Salim, Kinan; Abojeib, Moutaz; Lau, Wee Yeap (2019)

  • This paper assesses Malaysia's competition landscape and its risk implications subsequent to conventional banking consolidation and Islamic banking penetration in the aftermath of the 1997/1998 Asian financial crisis. Employing a panel sample of conventional and Islamic commercial banks, it arrives at the following conclusions. First, the consolidation exercise, which has led to a significant reduction in the number of domestic commercial banks, has not stifled banking competition. Second, the paper provides empirical support for the competition-stability relationship, particularly for the conventional banking sector. Islamic banking sector risk appears to be neutral to market competi...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Mohd Affendi, Nur Diyana Najwa (2019)

  • The sharing economy is a new uprising economic system that is built upon the sharing of assets via digital platforms to create economic value through maximizing utilisation of resources between individuals, businesses and government. Perceived as a strong advocate for sustainability, the sharing economy has contributed to a profound shift in global consumer consumption behaviour. Positive to its potential to be utilised as driver for sustainable development, this paper aims to uncover the role of sharing economy towards sustainable development of Malaysia. The study employed three qualitative research methods, namely phenomenography, semi-structured interview and content analysis. The...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Guedira, Souhaila (2019)

  • This study is an initial attempt investigating the extent to which portfolio diversification benefits are available at different investment horizons to Turkish conventional and Shari'ah compliant investors in Southeast Asian conventional and Islamic stock markets. We apply multivariate-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (MGARCH-DCC) and Wavelet techniques on daily data spanning from 2007 to 2018. The findings tend to suggest that Turkish investors would likely not invest in Singapore stock markets. At the same time, investing in stock indices of Indonesia and Thailand present moderate diversification benefits overall. The results highly recommend that Turkish conve...

Browsing by Issue Date

Jump to a point in the index:
Showing results 1 to 20 of 1226
  • a_proposal_designed_calibrating_liquidity_coverage_ratio_Islamic_banks_adam et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Dolgun, Muhammed Habib; Mirakhor, Abbas; Ng, Adam Boon Ka (2019)

  • This paper aims to critically investigate the liquidity risk management of Islamic banks and develop an alternative regulatory framework appropriate for liquidity management of these banks. The specific risk profile of an Islamic bank requires developing a new and more efficient regulatory framework, which relies on risk-sharing and symmetric information among parties. The paper makes a differentiation between small local banks and internationally active Islamic banks and proposes to apply liquidity requirements only for internationally active Islamic banks. A new proposal for the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) of Islamic banks is developed in this paper towards mitigating risks and c...

  • a_statistical_model_of_the_firm_Belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • A model of the firm is proposed that considers the firm to be a stochastic and random entity described by an action functional and the Feynman path integral. The action functional is postulated based on the profit maximization principle. The Cobb-Douglas production function and the Solow-Swan model for capital input are employed to define a specific model for the firm's action functional. An option is defined on the profit of a firm in the framework of the statistical model. The option's price can be studied empirically. A profit and loss sharing system of wages is defined as an extension of fixed wages.

  • the_maldives’s_vision_to_be_an_islamic_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Outstanding employees for 2018 were honored during the Capital Market Development Authority (CMDA)'s 13th anniversary event held on the 10th February 2019 at Champa Central Hotel, Male. The chief guest of the ceremony, Minister of Finance and Treasury Ibrahim Ameer, emphasized in his speech the vision of the government to sustain Islamic finance in the country and to strategize the Maldives as a hub of Islamic finance.

  • maldives_islamic_bank_to_go_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives Islamic Bank (MIB) plans to go for an IPO this year. The current shareholdings in MIB are 70% by the Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector, 25% by the government of the Maldives and 5% by Amana Takaful Maldives, the only Islamic equity listed on the Maldives Stock Exchange since 2011.

  • amana_takaful_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Amana Takaful Maldives (Amana Takaful) held its eighth annual general meeting (AGM) on the 28th April 2019 in the Republic of Maldives. During the meeting, the minutes of the 2018 AGM were adopted and the annual report of the board of directors on the affairs of the company for the year ended the 31st December 2018 and the report of the auditors were passed, among other things.

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Richmond, Peter; Roehner, Bertrand M.; Qing-hai, Wang (2019)

  • In earlier centuries kings and governments employed astrologists to help them take the best decisions. Present-day governments no longer employ astrologists but still have no clear analytical tool to replace them. Over the past two decades we have developed a methodology for the scientific investigation of recurrent historical events. It consists in two steps. (i) Identification and comparison of historical episodes driven by a common mechanism. (ii) Under the reasonable assumption that what has happened several times in the past is likely to happen again, one then derives testable predictions. This of course is nothing other than the protocol used in experimental science when explori...

  • islamic_finance_withstands_the_winds_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives is a small island nation with a 100% Muslim population that is exemplary in its attempt to develop a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry. From only one Takaful company operating in the Maldives in 2003 under a conventional license, now in 2018, there are 13 institutions dealing with Islamic financial services, proving the ever-growing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • the_impact_social_enviromental_sustainability_financial_performance_adam.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdulrahman (2019)

  • Despite the promising evidence of the corporate social and environmental performance-corporate financial performance relations across various business sectors, the findings from banking sector remain limited and inconclusive. This article examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regression and non-linear threshold regression of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period of 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most of the estimation models controlling for both bank specific and macroeconomic ...

  • too_small_succeed_versus_too_big_fail_marjan_obiya_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naseri, Marjan; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2019)

  • Even though large banks could imply large risks and heightened vulnerability for a country's macroeconomy, the presence of many small banks with similar behavior such as Islamic banks could also cause systemic risks. This article makes an initial attempt to investigate the impact of bank size on banking performance. Our study spans 12 emerging countries with dual banking systems and applies two-step dynamic system GMM estimator. The results show that size really does matter in the banking industry, and its impact on performance tends to be non-linear with a trade-off between profitability and efficiency. Comparing conventional with Islamic banks, we find that bank size has almost the ...

  • ethical_investments_financial_performance_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This paper examines the financial performance of ethical funds in different regions and concludes that there is a cost attached to ethical investing. An analysis of 964 mutual funds comprising of Socially responsible funds (SRFs) and the Shariah-compliant equity funds (SCFs) suggests that: a) except for global funds, both types of funds underperform in the market, b) both types of funds are preferred for investment in growth and momentum stocks, c) SRFs are preferred for small capitalized stocks whereas SCFs do not follow any specific style or investment strategy, d) unlike SRFs, SCFs do not provide a safe haven for investors during crises. These findings are probably due to the lack ...

  • the_substitution_hypothesis_agency_conflicts_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Anwer, Zaher; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • According to the substitution hypothesis and recent evidence, firms that are better governed carry less debt and experience fewer agency problems. This may also imply that firms with lower debt are better governed and experience lower agency costs. We test this hypothesis by comparing the agency costs of Shariah compliant (SC, and therefore low debt) and Shariah noncompliant (SNC) firms, using a proprietary dataset comprising constituents of the Dow Jones Islamic index for the period 2006-2015. The findings support the hypothesis but are contingent on the firm's idiosyncratic risk; SC firms with low idiosyncratic risk have higher agency costs.

  • view_practice_stock_market_reaction_sukuk_credit_rating_changes_Malaysia_zulkarnain_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; AlHomsi, Mahmoud (2019)

  • Documented evidence on conventional bond markets shows negative market reaction to bond credit rating downgrade and no reaction to credit rating upgrade. Despite the fact that sukuk issuances make up more than 58.8% of the value of outstanding bonds in the country and Malaysia issues at least half of the world's sukuk and is widely recognized as a leader in the sukuk space, there is no documented evidence on the stock market reaction to sukuk credit rating changes. This study analyzed the wealth effect of sukuk credit rating changes in Malaysia using 16 sukuk upgrades and 20 sukuk downgrades for the period 2000-2014. The evidence shows negative market reaction to downgrades and positi...

  • developing_regional_healthcare_facilities_in_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Badeeu, Fathimath Nashwa; Nafiz, Aminath Reesha; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The purpose of this paper is to identify the underlying issues of healthcare system in Maldives in order to provide an understanding of the challenges facing healthcare providers in islands and atolls in a wider context. The paper scrutinizes the financial burden faced by the current healthcare system in Maldives. It also proposes shariah compliant mechanism that can be utilized to minimize financial burden in a long-term basis. It is hoped that the outcome of the research will assist the policymakers of Maldives to devise a shariah compliant mechanism to finance the development of atoll and island health facilities in a sustainable manner.

  • waqf_development_in_marawi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd Shukri, Nur Diyanah Syakirah; Ahmad Zamri, Siti Nuralina; Muneeza, Aishath; Ghulam, Hanif (2019)

  • Since 2017, the city of Marawi was left in ruins after five months of aerial bombardments and close-quarter fighting between Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and government forces. Many buildings were destroyed; mosques and schools are no exceptions. While rebuilding efforts have begun in the city, the government has limited resources to fund city reconstruction and Waqf properties (e.g. mosques and schools) are not constitutionally considered as part of the government assets. Fortunately, the government seeks to channel funding for city reconstruction, including Islamic finance schemes. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the opportunities and challenges to rebuild Waqf prop...

  • waqfintech_sustainable_socio-economic_development_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • This paper aims to discuss the use of financial technology in waqf (Islamic endowment) for funding religious and social causes. It is believed that waqfintech could reach a wider audience and benefit more people in need through the use of innovative financial technology like crowdfunding and blockchain. The main objective of this paper is to introduce the concept of waqfcrowd and waqfcoin as a means of collecting and managing waqf in the digital age. Waqf institutions can thus take advantage of technological innovation to utilise the convenience and efficiency offered by financial technology. This is a conceptual paper which reviews the relevant literature regarding waqf and financial...

  • mertons_equation_quantum_oscillator_II_belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • Merton has proposed a model for contingent claims on a firm as an option on the firms value, and is based on a generalization of the Black-Scholes stochastic equation (Merton, 1974). A special case of Merton's model is proposed - based on the quantum oscillator - for pricing options. Two cases of the option price are obtained: both these cases yield possible candidates for the generalization of the Black-Scholes option pricing formula. However, one of the proposed option prices does not obey the martingale condition and the other does not yield the correct discounting of future cash flows. For these reasons, the option prices do not obey put-call parity. The options can, however, be u...

  • impact_social_environmental_sustainability_esma et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdul Rahman (2019)

  • While there is ample evidence that non-financial firms' financial performance and social and environmental performance are related, evidence for the banking sector remains limited and inconclusive. This paper examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regressions and non-linear threshold regressions of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most estimation models controlling for both bank-specific and macroeconomic variables. The positive impact on fina...

  • structural changes_competition_and_bank_stability_Mansor et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Salim, Kinan; Abojeib, Moutaz; Lau, Wee Yeap (2019)

  • This paper assesses Malaysia's competition landscape and its risk implications subsequent to conventional banking consolidation and Islamic banking penetration in the aftermath of the 1997/1998 Asian financial crisis. Employing a panel sample of conventional and Islamic commercial banks, it arrives at the following conclusions. First, the consolidation exercise, which has led to a significant reduction in the number of domestic commercial banks, has not stifled banking competition. Second, the paper provides empirical support for the competition-stability relationship, particularly for the conventional banking sector. Islamic banking sector risk appears to be neutral to market competi...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Mohd Affendi, Nur Diyana Najwa (2019)

  • The sharing economy is a new uprising economic system that is built upon the sharing of assets via digital platforms to create economic value through maximizing utilisation of resources between individuals, businesses and government. Perceived as a strong advocate for sustainability, the sharing economy has contributed to a profound shift in global consumer consumption behaviour. Positive to its potential to be utilised as driver for sustainable development, this paper aims to uncover the role of sharing economy towards sustainable development of Malaysia. The study employed three qualitative research methods, namely phenomenography, semi-structured interview and content analysis. The...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Guedira, Souhaila (2019)

  • This study is an initial attempt investigating the extent to which portfolio diversification benefits are available at different investment horizons to Turkish conventional and Shari'ah compliant investors in Southeast Asian conventional and Islamic stock markets. We apply multivariate-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (MGARCH-DCC) and Wavelet techniques on daily data spanning from 2007 to 2018. The findings tend to suggest that Turkish investors would likely not invest in Singapore stock markets. At the same time, investing in stock indices of Indonesia and Thailand present moderate diversification benefits overall. The results highly recommend that Turkish conve...