Browsing by Issue Date

Jump to a point in the index:
Showing results 1 to 20 of 1212
  • Waqf_shares_a_fundraising_scheme_for_community_development_projects_and_humanitarian_magda.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2018)

  • The waqf-share scheme is a 21st century Islamic social finance tool that has been used successfully in Muslim and Muslim-minority countries (Cizakca, 2000). It is a fundraising scheme organized by a charitable institution that issues "waqf-shares" for sale to different contributors for various projects. Since a waqf-share is a movable waqf, it has to follow the strict conditions of waqf in terms of its irrevocability, its inalienability, and its perpetuity. This means that contributors cannot sell or transfer their waqf shares; they can only receive and hold a waqf-share certificate as evidence of theircontributions to the project if the created waqf is public waqf.

  • establishment_of_Islamic_capital_market_in_jurisdictions_with_limited_Islamic_financial_services_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • It is said that to establish an Islamic Capital Market, the first step would be to have a strong Islamic finance industry with numerous institutions offering Islamic financial services. This way it is easy to know that the demand for Islamic capital market would be there and that market will be sophisticated enough to comprehensive the nature of shariah compliant products. Generally, in most of the jurisdictions this is how the Islamic capital market is created. This paper will look at the establishment of Islamic capital market in Maldives, small island nation where the establishment of Islamic capital market happened when at a time there was only one takaful company and one Islamic ...

  • Enhancing_application_of_musharakah_through_blockchain_Aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Jin, Zichu; Abdul Razak, Iman Najwa (2018)

  • Islamic banks are still relying on debt-like modes of financing since most equity based finances need long term commitment. The basic principle of Islamic banking is the sharing of profit and loss and the prohibition of riba (interest).Additionally, PLS arrangements have been specifically acknowledged as ideal modes of financing in Islamic finance. But to date, the actual practice of Islamic banking has been far removed from these models. Nearly all Islamic banks, investment companies, and investment funds offer trade and project finance based on mark-up, commissioned manufacturing, or on leasing bases. There is not much difference in substance between IFIs and conventional financial ...

  • Waqfcoin_an_innovation_to_serve_humanity_magda_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda; Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Serving humanity must be an objective of all human beings. There are many ways in which humanity can be served. One of the most convenient ways to do this is via donation. The most critical challenge facing the donors is uncertainty in knowing whether the donation is spent on the intended purpose. The lack of transparency by trustees managing donation funds have created lack of trust among the donors when it comes to donating for humanity. The Islamic concept of Waqf in which donations are made for noble causes faces the same issue as well. This is the main reason why Waqf is declining in today's era, where finding donors is a challenge. According to reports, Singapore-based fintech f...

  • An_introduction_to_cash_waqf_Aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Fikry, Mohammad Aly; Mohamed Hadary, Mohamed Serilkhetim; Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Cash waqf is a type of waqf categorized as movable waqf. Like other waqf, cash waqf aims to promote service to mankind by establishing waqf using money. Historically, cash waqf was widely used by the Ottoman Empire since the end of 16th century. At that time, cash waqf was used to finance entrepreneurs for their business, and then the return was used for public service such as hospitalization, education, water channelling, bridges, roads, etc. Cash waqf played an important role in the economy of the empire.

  • Chinese_dynasties_and_modern_China_unification_and_fragmentation_belal_qing.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Qing-hai, Wang (2018)

  • The history of China is briefly reviewed to ascertain the features that are common to the various dynasties. Our study shows that China has repeatedly gone through a historical phase of fragmentation and a historical phase of unification. In our view, the single most important factor in the unity, stability and longevity of a dynasty is the system for determining the succession of the emperor. Given the vastly changed circumstances of the present era, we discuss the relevance of China's historical pattern of fragmentation and unification. The contemporary rise of China is shown to follow a pattern that is similar to the case of many previous dynasties. A few tentative predictions are ...

  • Nonfinancial_traits_and_financial_smartness_wajahat_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2018)

  • This paper examines the flow-performance relationship and the presence of "Smart money effect" in Socially responsible funds (SRFs) and Shariah compliant funds (SCFs). A survivorship bias free sample of 686 funds comprising of 212 SCFs and 474 SRFs were analysed with investment focus in the Asia pacific, Emerging markets, Europe, Global (with no focus to any specific country or region), Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and North America. The findings show that flow-performance relationship is asymmetric for both the funds as the response to positive returns is more as compare to the negative returns for the last/current year as well as the last/current month. There is also a signif...

  • Comment_on_US_trade_policy_in_the_Trump_administration_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • Noland (2018) has done a remarkable service, not only putting the subject matter in perspective, but also pin-pointing some of the risks and pitfalls, and what these mean for the USA and the rest of the world, notably Asia. For starters, the US policy changes will affect all its trading partners, even if these are purely domestic, given the size of the US economy and its extensive connectivity, what more if it involves trade policy. For one thing, it is most unfortunate that the policy changes are premised on flimsy grounds, and for another, it is also questionable that such policy responses represent solutions.

  • Maldives_hub_Islamic_finance_south_Asia_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Maldives is a hundred percent Muslim country with a population of less than four hundred thousand. The country has a unique geography as it consists of 1,190 islands scattered in the Indian ocean. According to Article 2 of the Constitution of Maldives, Maldives is a sovereign, independent, democratic Republic based on the principles of Islam, and is a unitary State, to be known as the Republic of Maldives. According to Article 9 (d) of the Constitution of Maldives, a non-Muslim will not become a citizen of Maldives even if the person fulfills all the conditions to become a citizen of Maldives as prescribed in the Constitution. Article 10 of the Constitution states that the religion of...

  • Determinants_of_capital_structure_ramazan_mansur_obiyathulla.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Yildirim, Ramazan; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2018)

  • Many Muslim individual and institutional investors seek to invest only in stocks that are compliant with the Shari'ah (i.e. Islamic law). Among others, Dow Jones addressed this demand and has developed their proprietary screening methodologies to identify Shari'ah compliant firms (SC). One key factor that distinguishes SC firms from their non-compliant peers (SNC) is that the former is not allowed to cross the leverage threshold of 33%. Due to the restrictions imposed on them, it is expected that SC firms exhibit different capital structure compared to the SNC firms. The purpose of this initial comparative study is to analyze the most reliable debt determinants identified in the liter...

  • Unveiling_the_diversification_benefits_of_Islamic_equities_and_commodities_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Prima Sakti, Muhammad Rizky; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Saiti, Buerhan; Tareq, Mohammad Ali (2018)

  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent to which the Indonesian Shariah compliant investors can benefit from the portfolio diversification with the Islamic indices of its trading partners and selected commodities such as gold, crude oil, and cocoa. The findings tend to indicate that investors with exposure in Shariah compliant indices of Indonesia and wanting to gain more diversification benefits should invest either in the USA or India Islamic equity. Instead, the greater benefits will be obtained by Shariah compliant investors if they invest in the USA Islamic indices during long-term investment horizons. If investors want to invest in medium investment horizons, investin...

  • Does_prospectus_information_matter_in_IPO_pricing_mansur_etal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd-Rashid, Rasidah; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Abdul-Rahim, Ruzita; Che-Yahya, Norliza (2018)

  • The purpose of this study is to identify selected information from the prospectus that might signal the initial public offering (IPO) offer price. The results tend to provide support for the argument that firms with Shariah-compliant status reflect lower uncertainty and project better signalling of quality due to greater scrutiny by the government and thus are able to offer IPOs at higher prices. Similarly, firms with a higher proportion of shareholder retention indicate lower risks as insiders forego their options to diversify their portfolio, and hence could price their IPOs higher. Finally, the involvement of institutional investors and higher underwriter ranking could be used by f...

  • Islamic_conception_of_psychological_nature_of_man_shinaj_saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shamsudheen, Shinaj Valangattil; Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • This paper aims to develop and validate a scale for Islamic conception of psychological nature of man. Al-Ghazali's model of psychological nature of man considered as the theoretical background of the study. Content validity test and factor analysis are used to refine measurement items and define and validate the scale. In total, 362 samples were collected from Islamic banking practitioners in UAE. Item statements are refined through content validation test. Three dimensions are extracted, i.e. 'Intellect,' 'Satanic element' 'Divine Knowledge,' through exploratory factor analysis and evidence of validation of scale/construct is reported through confirmatory factor analysis.

  • Analysis_of_commodity_reserve_currency_system_yusuf.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ahmed, Jameel; Mydin Meera, Ahamed Kameel; Saleem, Muhammad Yusuf; Collins, Patrick (2018)

  • This paper aims to apply the doctrine of siyasah shariyyah to a policy proposal in the area of monetary economics, namely, the Grondona system of conditional currency convertibility, which has been proposed as a practical means of resisting the economic instability caused by the present-day fiat money system. The paper uses library research to review the literature relevant to the Grondona system, and examines the extent to which its operations conform to the principle of siyasah shariyyah, thereby encouraging Maslahah, i.e. the public interest. The paper includes important implications for the policymakers in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation countries for the possible implemen...

  • The_impact_of_human_development_on_natural_disaster_fatalities_and_damage_panel_data_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Countries with high levels of human development should be able to reduce the impact of natural disasters in terms of the total numbers of people killed and affected, and damage. In this study we investigate the impact of human development indicators such as income per capita and human capital (education level) on natural disaster fatalities (total deaths, total affected and total economic losses) in 79 selected countries. Using dynamic panel data analysis, we found that the level of economic development plays an important role in mitigating the impact of natural disasters such as droughts, earthquakes, extreme temperatures, floods, storms, volcanoes, landslides and wildfires. Other fa...

  • the_application_of_blockchain_technology_in_crowdfunding_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Tajul Arifin, Asma'; Arshad, Nur Aishah; Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The emergence of innovative digital financial technologies, namely blockchain and crowdfunding, indicates new ways to reach the poor and economically vulnerable groups. This paper contributes to the emerging literature on financial technology by presenting the case of crowdfunding in financial inclusion. The rationale behind this inquiry is to demonstrate the relevance of crowdfunding to financial inclusion, and how might blockchain technology fuel the development of crowdfunding. This paper also constitutes one of the first attempts to analyse crowdfunding in Malaysia and Shariah-compliant crowdfunding. In this paper, a desk research is conducted where journal articles, books, magazi...

  • Finance_and_inequality_in_eight_Asian_countries_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • The present paper seeks to assess the implications of increasing financial sector size on income inequality in eight Asian countries - Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea. Adopting a panel data approach, it document a non-linear relation between income inequality and financial sector size in these countries. More precisely, the increasing financial sector size is favourable to equal income distribution only up until a size threshold, beyond which further expansion of the financial sector can worsen income distribution. The analysis further highlights the income-equalizing effect of economic growth and infrastructure development and...

  • Tax_evasion_tax_burden_and_economic_development_in_Asean_5_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Din, Badariah H.; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Tax evasion is a crime. Recent estimates registered the loss of tax revenue amounting to USD3.1 trillion or 5.1% of world's GDP. Tax revenue losses have negative consequences to the government ability to fuelled economic growth by providing enough public infrastructure and other services. In this study we have estimated the share of shadow economy to the official economy for five ASEAN economies, namely; Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand for the period 1980-2013 using the MIMIC model. The indexes of the shadow economy from the MIMIC model were then used to calculate the loss in tax revenue as a result of the presence of the shadow economy. We then test the h...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohamed Hassan, W Fatimatul Akmar (2018)

  • Islamic banking has been developing and expanding all around the world for the past decades and it continues to develop at an accelerated pace in some countries in recent years. However, the development of Islamic banking is unevenly distributed across the countries. Most of the Islamic banks are located in the Middle East and North African regions. Despite of the huge Muslim populations, some countries like Indonesia and Pakistan are still having a small share of Islamic bank asset as compared to those of the MENA region. This situation raises a question of what actually contributes to the development of Islamic banking. A vast number of literatures with regards to the financial deve...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohd Jaapar, Asmah (2018)

  • The changes in equity index composition have a dual impact, first, to the constituent stocks that make up the index and second, to the index funds that track the index. This study investigates the index effect at constituent stocks level and index funds level using Shari'ah blue-chip indices and their corresponding i-ETFs. The findings of this study provide a new evidence on price discovery contrary to index effect reported in conventional index studies. Specifically, the study discovers the index effect in an opposite direction, i.e., additions suffered negative abnormal returns while deletions gained positive abnormal returns around index revision period. Available in physical copy ...

Browsing by Issue Date

Jump to a point in the index:
Showing results 1 to 20 of 1212
  • Waqf_shares_a_fundraising_scheme_for_community_development_projects_and_humanitarian_magda.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2018)

  • The waqf-share scheme is a 21st century Islamic social finance tool that has been used successfully in Muslim and Muslim-minority countries (Cizakca, 2000). It is a fundraising scheme organized by a charitable institution that issues "waqf-shares" for sale to different contributors for various projects. Since a waqf-share is a movable waqf, it has to follow the strict conditions of waqf in terms of its irrevocability, its inalienability, and its perpetuity. This means that contributors cannot sell or transfer their waqf shares; they can only receive and hold a waqf-share certificate as evidence of theircontributions to the project if the created waqf is public waqf.

  • establishment_of_Islamic_capital_market_in_jurisdictions_with_limited_Islamic_financial_services_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • It is said that to establish an Islamic Capital Market, the first step would be to have a strong Islamic finance industry with numerous institutions offering Islamic financial services. This way it is easy to know that the demand for Islamic capital market would be there and that market will be sophisticated enough to comprehensive the nature of shariah compliant products. Generally, in most of the jurisdictions this is how the Islamic capital market is created. This paper will look at the establishment of Islamic capital market in Maldives, small island nation where the establishment of Islamic capital market happened when at a time there was only one takaful company and one Islamic ...

  • Enhancing_application_of_musharakah_through_blockchain_Aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Jin, Zichu; Abdul Razak, Iman Najwa (2018)

  • Islamic banks are still relying on debt-like modes of financing since most equity based finances need long term commitment. The basic principle of Islamic banking is the sharing of profit and loss and the prohibition of riba (interest).Additionally, PLS arrangements have been specifically acknowledged as ideal modes of financing in Islamic finance. But to date, the actual practice of Islamic banking has been far removed from these models. Nearly all Islamic banks, investment companies, and investment funds offer trade and project finance based on mark-up, commissioned manufacturing, or on leasing bases. There is not much difference in substance between IFIs and conventional financial ...

  • Waqfcoin_an_innovation_to_serve_humanity_magda_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda; Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Serving humanity must be an objective of all human beings. There are many ways in which humanity can be served. One of the most convenient ways to do this is via donation. The most critical challenge facing the donors is uncertainty in knowing whether the donation is spent on the intended purpose. The lack of transparency by trustees managing donation funds have created lack of trust among the donors when it comes to donating for humanity. The Islamic concept of Waqf in which donations are made for noble causes faces the same issue as well. This is the main reason why Waqf is declining in today's era, where finding donors is a challenge. According to reports, Singapore-based fintech f...

  • An_introduction_to_cash_waqf_Aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Fikry, Mohammad Aly; Mohamed Hadary, Mohamed Serilkhetim; Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Cash waqf is a type of waqf categorized as movable waqf. Like other waqf, cash waqf aims to promote service to mankind by establishing waqf using money. Historically, cash waqf was widely used by the Ottoman Empire since the end of 16th century. At that time, cash waqf was used to finance entrepreneurs for their business, and then the return was used for public service such as hospitalization, education, water channelling, bridges, roads, etc. Cash waqf played an important role in the economy of the empire.

  • Chinese_dynasties_and_modern_China_unification_and_fragmentation_belal_qing.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Qing-hai, Wang (2018)

  • The history of China is briefly reviewed to ascertain the features that are common to the various dynasties. Our study shows that China has repeatedly gone through a historical phase of fragmentation and a historical phase of unification. In our view, the single most important factor in the unity, stability and longevity of a dynasty is the system for determining the succession of the emperor. Given the vastly changed circumstances of the present era, we discuss the relevance of China's historical pattern of fragmentation and unification. The contemporary rise of China is shown to follow a pattern that is similar to the case of many previous dynasties. A few tentative predictions are ...

  • Nonfinancial_traits_and_financial_smartness_wajahat_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2018)

  • This paper examines the flow-performance relationship and the presence of "Smart money effect" in Socially responsible funds (SRFs) and Shariah compliant funds (SCFs). A survivorship bias free sample of 686 funds comprising of 212 SCFs and 474 SRFs were analysed with investment focus in the Asia pacific, Emerging markets, Europe, Global (with no focus to any specific country or region), Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and North America. The findings show that flow-performance relationship is asymmetric for both the funds as the response to positive returns is more as compare to the negative returns for the last/current year as well as the last/current month. There is also a signif...

  • Comment_on_US_trade_policy_in_the_Trump_administration_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • Noland (2018) has done a remarkable service, not only putting the subject matter in perspective, but also pin-pointing some of the risks and pitfalls, and what these mean for the USA and the rest of the world, notably Asia. For starters, the US policy changes will affect all its trading partners, even if these are purely domestic, given the size of the US economy and its extensive connectivity, what more if it involves trade policy. For one thing, it is most unfortunate that the policy changes are premised on flimsy grounds, and for another, it is also questionable that such policy responses represent solutions.

  • Maldives_hub_Islamic_finance_south_Asia_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Maldives is a hundred percent Muslim country with a population of less than four hundred thousand. The country has a unique geography as it consists of 1,190 islands scattered in the Indian ocean. According to Article 2 of the Constitution of Maldives, Maldives is a sovereign, independent, democratic Republic based on the principles of Islam, and is a unitary State, to be known as the Republic of Maldives. According to Article 9 (d) of the Constitution of Maldives, a non-Muslim will not become a citizen of Maldives even if the person fulfills all the conditions to become a citizen of Maldives as prescribed in the Constitution. Article 10 of the Constitution states that the religion of...

  • Determinants_of_capital_structure_ramazan_mansur_obiyathulla.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Yildirim, Ramazan; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2018)

  • Many Muslim individual and institutional investors seek to invest only in stocks that are compliant with the Shari'ah (i.e. Islamic law). Among others, Dow Jones addressed this demand and has developed their proprietary screening methodologies to identify Shari'ah compliant firms (SC). One key factor that distinguishes SC firms from their non-compliant peers (SNC) is that the former is not allowed to cross the leverage threshold of 33%. Due to the restrictions imposed on them, it is expected that SC firms exhibit different capital structure compared to the SNC firms. The purpose of this initial comparative study is to analyze the most reliable debt determinants identified in the liter...

  • Unveiling_the_diversification_benefits_of_Islamic_equities_and_commodities_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Prima Sakti, Muhammad Rizky; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Saiti, Buerhan; Tareq, Mohammad Ali (2018)

  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent to which the Indonesian Shariah compliant investors can benefit from the portfolio diversification with the Islamic indices of its trading partners and selected commodities such as gold, crude oil, and cocoa. The findings tend to indicate that investors with exposure in Shariah compliant indices of Indonesia and wanting to gain more diversification benefits should invest either in the USA or India Islamic equity. Instead, the greater benefits will be obtained by Shariah compliant investors if they invest in the USA Islamic indices during long-term investment horizons. If investors want to invest in medium investment horizons, investin...

  • Does_prospectus_information_matter_in_IPO_pricing_mansur_etal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd-Rashid, Rasidah; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Abdul-Rahim, Ruzita; Che-Yahya, Norliza (2018)

  • The purpose of this study is to identify selected information from the prospectus that might signal the initial public offering (IPO) offer price. The results tend to provide support for the argument that firms with Shariah-compliant status reflect lower uncertainty and project better signalling of quality due to greater scrutiny by the government and thus are able to offer IPOs at higher prices. Similarly, firms with a higher proportion of shareholder retention indicate lower risks as insiders forego their options to diversify their portfolio, and hence could price their IPOs higher. Finally, the involvement of institutional investors and higher underwriter ranking could be used by f...

  • Islamic_conception_of_psychological_nature_of_man_shinaj_saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shamsudheen, Shinaj Valangattil; Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • This paper aims to develop and validate a scale for Islamic conception of psychological nature of man. Al-Ghazali's model of psychological nature of man considered as the theoretical background of the study. Content validity test and factor analysis are used to refine measurement items and define and validate the scale. In total, 362 samples were collected from Islamic banking practitioners in UAE. Item statements are refined through content validation test. Three dimensions are extracted, i.e. 'Intellect,' 'Satanic element' 'Divine Knowledge,' through exploratory factor analysis and evidence of validation of scale/construct is reported through confirmatory factor analysis.

  • Analysis_of_commodity_reserve_currency_system_yusuf.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ahmed, Jameel; Mydin Meera, Ahamed Kameel; Saleem, Muhammad Yusuf; Collins, Patrick (2018)

  • This paper aims to apply the doctrine of siyasah shariyyah to a policy proposal in the area of monetary economics, namely, the Grondona system of conditional currency convertibility, which has been proposed as a practical means of resisting the economic instability caused by the present-day fiat money system. The paper uses library research to review the literature relevant to the Grondona system, and examines the extent to which its operations conform to the principle of siyasah shariyyah, thereby encouraging Maslahah, i.e. the public interest. The paper includes important implications for the policymakers in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation countries for the possible implemen...

  • The_impact_of_human_development_on_natural_disaster_fatalities_and_damage_panel_data_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Countries with high levels of human development should be able to reduce the impact of natural disasters in terms of the total numbers of people killed and affected, and damage. In this study we investigate the impact of human development indicators such as income per capita and human capital (education level) on natural disaster fatalities (total deaths, total affected and total economic losses) in 79 selected countries. Using dynamic panel data analysis, we found that the level of economic development plays an important role in mitigating the impact of natural disasters such as droughts, earthquakes, extreme temperatures, floods, storms, volcanoes, landslides and wildfires. Other fa...

  • the_application_of_blockchain_technology_in_crowdfunding_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Tajul Arifin, Asma'; Arshad, Nur Aishah; Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • The emergence of innovative digital financial technologies, namely blockchain and crowdfunding, indicates new ways to reach the poor and economically vulnerable groups. This paper contributes to the emerging literature on financial technology by presenting the case of crowdfunding in financial inclusion. The rationale behind this inquiry is to demonstrate the relevance of crowdfunding to financial inclusion, and how might blockchain technology fuel the development of crowdfunding. This paper also constitutes one of the first attempts to analyse crowdfunding in Malaysia and Shariah-compliant crowdfunding. In this paper, a desk research is conducted where journal articles, books, magazi...

  • Finance_and_inequality_in_eight_Asian_countries_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • The present paper seeks to assess the implications of increasing financial sector size on income inequality in eight Asian countries - Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea. Adopting a panel data approach, it document a non-linear relation between income inequality and financial sector size in these countries. More precisely, the increasing financial sector size is favourable to equal income distribution only up until a size threshold, beyond which further expansion of the financial sector can worsen income distribution. The analysis further highlights the income-equalizing effect of economic growth and infrastructure development and...

  • Tax_evasion_tax_burden_and_economic_development_in_Asean_5_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Din, Badariah H.; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2018)

  • Tax evasion is a crime. Recent estimates registered the loss of tax revenue amounting to USD3.1 trillion or 5.1% of world's GDP. Tax revenue losses have negative consequences to the government ability to fuelled economic growth by providing enough public infrastructure and other services. In this study we have estimated the share of shadow economy to the official economy for five ASEAN economies, namely; Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand for the period 1980-2013 using the MIMIC model. The indexes of the shadow economy from the MIMIC model were then used to calculate the loss in tax revenue as a result of the presence of the shadow economy. We then test the h...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohamed Hassan, W Fatimatul Akmar (2018)

  • Islamic banking has been developing and expanding all around the world for the past decades and it continues to develop at an accelerated pace in some countries in recent years. However, the development of Islamic banking is unevenly distributed across the countries. Most of the Islamic banks are located in the Middle East and North African regions. Despite of the huge Muslim populations, some countries like Indonesia and Pakistan are still having a small share of Islamic bank asset as compared to those of the MENA region. This situation raises a question of what actually contributes to the development of Islamic banking. A vast number of literatures with regards to the financial deve...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohd Jaapar, Asmah (2018)

  • The changes in equity index composition have a dual impact, first, to the constituent stocks that make up the index and second, to the index funds that track the index. This study investigates the index effect at constituent stocks level and index funds level using Shari'ah blue-chip indices and their corresponding i-ETFs. The findings of this study provide a new evidence on price discovery contrary to index effect reported in conventional index studies. Specifically, the study discovers the index effect in an opposite direction, i.e., additions suffered negative abnormal returns while deletions gained positive abnormal returns around index revision period. Available in physical copy ...