Browsing by Issue Date

Jump to a point in the index:
Showing results 1 to 20 of 1178
  • Waqf_shares_a_fundraising_scheme_for_community_development_projects_and_humanitarian_magda.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2018)

  • The waqf-share scheme is a 21st century Islamic social finance tool that has been used successfully in Muslim and Muslim-minority countries (Cizakca, 2000). It is a fundraising scheme organized by a charitable institution that issues "waqf-shares" for sale to different contributors for various projects. Since a waqf-share is a movable waqf, it has to follow the strict conditions of waqf in terms of its irrevocability, its inalienability, and its perpetuity. This means that contributors cannot sell or transfer their waqf shares; they can only receive and hold a waqf-share certificate as evidence of theircontributions to the project if the created waqf is public waqf.

  • risky_forward_interest_rates_and_swaptions_Belal_Miao_Jitendra.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Miao, Yu; Bhanap, Jitendra (2018)

  • Risk free forward interest rates (Diebold and Li, 2006 [1]; Jamshidian, 1991 [2]) and their realization by US Treasury bonds as the leading exemplar have been studied extensively. In Baaquie (2010), models of risk free bonds and their forward interest rates based on the quantum field theoretic formulation of the risk free forward interest rates have been discussed, including the empirical evidence supporting these models. The quantum finance formulation of risk free forward interest rates is extended to the case of risky forward interest rates. The examples of the Singapore and Malaysian forward interest rates are used as specific cases. The main feature of the quantum finance model i...

  • statistical_field_theory_of_futures_commodity_prices_Belal_Miao.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Miao, Yu (2018)

  • The statistical theory of commodity prices has been formulated by Baaquie (2013). Further empirical studies of single (Baaquie et al., 2015) and multiple commodity prices (Baaquie et al., 2016) have provided strong evidence in support the primary assumptions of the statistical formulation. In this paper, the model for spot prices (Baaquie, 2013) is extended to model futures commodity prices using a statistical field theory of futures commodity prices. The futures prices are modeled as a two dimensional statistical field and a nonlinear Lagrangian is postulated. Empirical studies provide clear evidence in support of the model, with many nontrivial features of the model finding unexpec...

  • Maldives_hub_Islamic_finance_south_Asia_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Maldives is a hundred percent Muslim country with a population of less than four hundred thousand. The country has a unique geography as it consists of 1,190 islands scattered in the Indian ocean. According to Article 2 of the Constitution of Maldives, Maldives is a sovereign, independent, democratic Republic based on the principles of Islam, and is a unitary State, to be known as the Republic of Maldives. According to Article 9 (d) of the Constitution of Maldives, a non-Muslim will not become a citizen of Maldives even if the person fulfills all the conditions to become a citizen of Maldives as prescribed in the Constitution. Article 10 of the Constitution states that the religion of...

  • Bonds_with_index_linked_stochastic_coupons_in_quantum_finance_belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2018)

  • An index-linked coupon bond is defined that pays coupons whose values are stochastic, depending on a market defined index. This is an asset class distinct from the existing coupon bonds. The index-linked coupon bond is an example of a sukuk, which is an instrument that implements one of the cornerstones of Islamic finance (Askari et al., 2012): that an investor must share in the risk of the issuer in order to earn profits from the investment. The index-linked coupon bond is defined using the mathematical framework of quantum finance (Baaquie, 2004, 2010). The coupons are stochastic, with the quantum of coupon payments depending on a publicly traded index that is chosen to reflect the ...

  • Weapon_to_end_poverty_closing_the_gender_wealth_gap_with_Islamic_wealth_management_aishath.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Women represent more than half of the world's population, and make 40% of the world's labour force. Yet, according to the World Bank, they hold just 1% of the world's wealth. The sizable gender wealth gap is even more stark for women in developing countries, where they are more likely than men to do unpaid work, or be out of the workforce, more likely to work in industries with lower average pay, and less likely to be in high-paid senior positions, according to the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Index 2017.

  • Women_empowerment_in_Islamic_finance_industry_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Women empowerment is often associated with feminism. The moment a woman voices out issues on gender equality, there is a general perception that she is talking about compromising of quality and competency and arguing for undue career development and its progression in favour of women. This is indeed not the case and this is not what women are advocating for.

  • Demystifying_small_and_medium_enterprises_adam_ndieye_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ndiaye, Ndeye Djiba; Abdul Razak, Lutfi; Nagayev, Ruslan; Ng, Adam Boon Ka (2018)

  • Applying the General-to-Specific modelling on World Bank Enterprise Survey data for 266 economies, this paper models five performance indicators based on 80 potential factors derived from firm characteristics, finance, informality, infrastructure, innovation, technology, regulation, taxes, trade and workforce concerning small and medium enterprises (SMEs). We find that the factors vary regarding statistical significance and magnitude between small and medium enterprises. For example, the percent of firms using e-mail to interact with clients/suppliers has a positive effect on the annual employment growth of medium enterprises, but not the case of small enterprises. The proportion of i...

  • The_impact_of_delisting_Shariah_compliant_stocks_on_Islamic_investments_Saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • Islamic investments as a critical component of the Halal supply chain received considerable attention in the global financial market when the Dow Jones Islamic market Index (DJIM) was established in 1999, followed by Financial Times Stock Exchange (FTSE), Standard and Poor (S&P) and others. Malaysia took global leadership in the construction of Shariah Indices in 1999 and launched the FTSE Bursa Malaysia Emas Shariah Index in 2007. One fundamental feature of the Shariah Indices is the screening process before the stock can be identified as Shariah compliant. The screening methodology differs to some degree among the major Shariah stock indices but essentially settle to affirm consensu...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam I. (2018)

  • Following the U.S. Subprime Crises of 2007-08, many developed countries went into deep recession. In the literature, there are many reasons provided as probable causes of the crisis. However, it is undeniable that the flaws of the conventional financial system and home financing methods are among the important sources of the crisis. In this thesis, we argue that the damage caused by the Subprime crisis may have been avoided to a considerable extent if true profit and loss sharing (PLS) based method of financing has been applied. In that regards, we suggest an improved version of Islamic home financing called the Enhanced Musharakah Mutanaqisah (EMM). Available in physical copy on...

  • Islamic_finance_grasping_with_price_and_profit_theory_saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • The Halal industry comprising of bank and non-banking firms is hardly visible in theoretical rigor except for the Shariah rules it promotes to exert religious labelling. While Islamic banks pay greater attention the elimination of riba, gambling and ambiguities in financing contracts to claim Shariah legitimacy, non-banking companies are more concerned about halal slaughtering, avoidance of pork in the production process, prevention of food adulteration, promoting hygiene in food preparation and many more.

  • how_to_expand_role_islamic_banking_trading_saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • Ever since the establishment of Islamic banks in the 1970s, the difficulty in executing actual buy and sell transactions as the Quran commanded in the verse "Allah has permitted al-bay but prohibits riba" (Al-Baqarah 275) has spurred the industry into using questionable products that resemble interest-bearing loans as evident now in tawaruq munazzam and earlier in bay al-enah. Much of this unfortunate development in Islamic banking has to do with its deposit-taking function. Doing so requires the bank to follow stringent Basel Accord capital requirement against any risky positions it took in the business such as equity, leasing and trading positions. The trading business, namely buy a...

  • chapter 13_managing the Malaysian economy after GE 2008_Ariff.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Lopez, Greg; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • On 8 March 2008 (GE 2008) Malaysians unexpectedly delivered a stunning blow to Malaysia's long-standing ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional (BN), at the twelfth general election. Although it won the election, BN lost its psychologically important two-thirds majority in parliament which allows it to change the Federal Constitution at will. The blow was all the more devastating as the Anwar Ibrahim-led informal coalition of Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR/People's Iustice Party), Democratic Action Party (DAP) and Parti Se-Islam Malaysia (PAS/Pan Islamic Party of Malaysia) managed to form state governments in almost all states in the developed western parts of Peninsular Malaysia with citizens...

  • accounting_for_leasing_zulkarnain_shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience dealing with an Islamic car financing contract (i.e. Al-ljarah Thumma Al-Bay |AITAB] contract - Sale and Leaseback) between a Malaysian Islamic Financial Institution and their customer. It is well recognised that AITAB is governed by the Malaysian Hire Purchase Act 1967, that oversees conventional (nor Islamic) car financing, yet it is used for both financing modes. The contract requires clarification on the following: understanding of the nature of the contract used and the relevant transactions involved; revenue recognition (current and future); capitalisation of relevant costs in the asset's value; fair value of leased asset; ...

  • accounting_for_the_property acquisition_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience related to an lslamic equity home financing contract (ie. Musharakah Mutanaqisah) between a Malaysian Islamic Bank and their customer. The Musharakah Mutanaqisah (MM) Financing mode has gained popularity in house financing in Malaysia, where the bank and customer enter into a contract of joint property ownership and the customer's ownership of the asset gradually increases throughout the financing period and fully owns the asset after the last financial settlement. This case aims to: illustrate the process of property acquisition using the MM financing mode; account the various transactions involved in MM financing; account capit...

  • accounting_for_Islamic_financial_transactions_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This hypothetical case study was developed based on the financial statements of Bahrain Islamic Bank and Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad. The banks were registered in two different countries namely Bahrain and Malaysia that adopted Financial Accounting Standards (FAS) issued by the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) (the standards are locally adopted and named as Malaysian Financial Reporting Standards (MFRS)) issued by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) respectively. The key issues explored in this case are: the motivation for recording and reporting Islamic financial transact...

  • Determinants_of_capital_structure_ramazan_mansur_obiyathulla.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Yildirim, Ramazan; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2018)

  • Many Muslim individual and institutional investors seek to invest only in stocks that are compliant with the Shari'ah (i.e. Islamic law). Among others, Dow Jones addressed this demand and has developed their proprietary screening methodologies to identify Shari'ah compliant firms (SC). One key factor that distinguishes SC firms from their non-compliant peers (SNC) is that the former is not allowed to cross the leverage threshold of 33%. Due to the restrictions imposed on them, it is expected that SC firms exhibit different capital structure compared to the SNC firms. The purpose of this initial comparative study is to analyze the most reliable debt determinants identified in the liter...

  • Unveiling_the_diversification_benefits_of_Islamic_equities_and_commodities_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Prima Sakti, Muhammad Rizky; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Saiti, Buerhan; Tareq, Mohammad Ali (2018)

  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent to which the Indonesian Shariah compliant investors can benefit from the portfolio diversification with the Islamic indices of its trading partners and selected commodities such as gold, crude oil, and cocoa. The findings tend to indicate that investors with exposure in Shariah compliant indices of Indonesia and wanting to gain more diversification benefits should invest either in the USA or India Islamic equity. Instead, the greater benefits will be obtained by Shariah compliant investors if they invest in the USA Islamic indices during long-term investment horizons. If investors want to invest in medium investment horizons, investin...

  • Does_prospectus_information_matter_in_IPO_pricing_mansur_etal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd-Rashid, Rasidah; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Abdul-Rahim, Ruzita; Che-Yahya, Norliza (2018)

  • The purpose of this study is to identify selected information from the prospectus that might signal the initial public offering (IPO) offer price. The results tend to provide support for the argument that firms with Shariah-compliant status reflect lower uncertainty and project better signalling of quality due to greater scrutiny by the government and thus are able to offer IPOs at higher prices. Similarly, firms with a higher proportion of shareholder retention indicate lower risks as insiders forego their options to diversify their portfolio, and hence could price their IPOs higher. Finally, the involvement of institutional investors and higher underwriter ranking could be used by f...

  • Islamic_conception_of_psychological_nature_of_man_shinaj_saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shamsudheen, Shinaj Valangattil; Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • This paper aims to develop and validate a scale for Islamic conception of psychological nature of man. Al-Ghazali's model of psychological nature of man considered as the theoretical background of the study. Content validity test and factor analysis are used to refine measurement items and define and validate the scale. In total, 362 samples were collected from Islamic banking practitioners in UAE. Item statements are refined through content validation test. Three dimensions are extracted, i.e. 'Intellect,' 'Satanic element' 'Divine Knowledge,' through exploratory factor analysis and evidence of validation of scale/construct is reported through confirmatory factor analysis.

Browsing by Issue Date

Jump to a point in the index:
Showing results 1 to 20 of 1178
  • Waqf_shares_a_fundraising_scheme_for_community_development_projects_and_humanitarian_magda.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2018)

  • The waqf-share scheme is a 21st century Islamic social finance tool that has been used successfully in Muslim and Muslim-minority countries (Cizakca, 2000). It is a fundraising scheme organized by a charitable institution that issues "waqf-shares" for sale to different contributors for various projects. Since a waqf-share is a movable waqf, it has to follow the strict conditions of waqf in terms of its irrevocability, its inalienability, and its perpetuity. This means that contributors cannot sell or transfer their waqf shares; they can only receive and hold a waqf-share certificate as evidence of theircontributions to the project if the created waqf is public waqf.

  • risky_forward_interest_rates_and_swaptions_Belal_Miao_Jitendra.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Miao, Yu; Bhanap, Jitendra (2018)

  • Risk free forward interest rates (Diebold and Li, 2006 [1]; Jamshidian, 1991 [2]) and their realization by US Treasury bonds as the leading exemplar have been studied extensively. In Baaquie (2010), models of risk free bonds and their forward interest rates based on the quantum field theoretic formulation of the risk free forward interest rates have been discussed, including the empirical evidence supporting these models. The quantum finance formulation of risk free forward interest rates is extended to the case of risky forward interest rates. The examples of the Singapore and Malaysian forward interest rates are used as specific cases. The main feature of the quantum finance model i...

  • statistical_field_theory_of_futures_commodity_prices_Belal_Miao.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Miao, Yu (2018)

  • The statistical theory of commodity prices has been formulated by Baaquie (2013). Further empirical studies of single (Baaquie et al., 2015) and multiple commodity prices (Baaquie et al., 2016) have provided strong evidence in support the primary assumptions of the statistical formulation. In this paper, the model for spot prices (Baaquie, 2013) is extended to model futures commodity prices using a statistical field theory of futures commodity prices. The futures prices are modeled as a two dimensional statistical field and a nonlinear Lagrangian is postulated. Empirical studies provide clear evidence in support of the model, with many nontrivial features of the model finding unexpec...

  • Maldives_hub_Islamic_finance_south_Asia_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Maldives is a hundred percent Muslim country with a population of less than four hundred thousand. The country has a unique geography as it consists of 1,190 islands scattered in the Indian ocean. According to Article 2 of the Constitution of Maldives, Maldives is a sovereign, independent, democratic Republic based on the principles of Islam, and is a unitary State, to be known as the Republic of Maldives. According to Article 9 (d) of the Constitution of Maldives, a non-Muslim will not become a citizen of Maldives even if the person fulfills all the conditions to become a citizen of Maldives as prescribed in the Constitution. Article 10 of the Constitution states that the religion of...

  • Bonds_with_index_linked_stochastic_coupons_in_quantum_finance_belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2018)

  • An index-linked coupon bond is defined that pays coupons whose values are stochastic, depending on a market defined index. This is an asset class distinct from the existing coupon bonds. The index-linked coupon bond is an example of a sukuk, which is an instrument that implements one of the cornerstones of Islamic finance (Askari et al., 2012): that an investor must share in the risk of the issuer in order to earn profits from the investment. The index-linked coupon bond is defined using the mathematical framework of quantum finance (Baaquie, 2004, 2010). The coupons are stochastic, with the quantum of coupon payments depending on a publicly traded index that is chosen to reflect the ...

  • Weapon_to_end_poverty_closing_the_gender_wealth_gap_with_Islamic_wealth_management_aishath.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Women represent more than half of the world's population, and make 40% of the world's labour force. Yet, according to the World Bank, they hold just 1% of the world's wealth. The sizable gender wealth gap is even more stark for women in developing countries, where they are more likely than men to do unpaid work, or be out of the workforce, more likely to work in industries with lower average pay, and less likely to be in high-paid senior positions, according to the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Index 2017.

  • Women_empowerment_in_Islamic_finance_industry_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Women empowerment is often associated with feminism. The moment a woman voices out issues on gender equality, there is a general perception that she is talking about compromising of quality and competency and arguing for undue career development and its progression in favour of women. This is indeed not the case and this is not what women are advocating for.

  • Demystifying_small_and_medium_enterprises_adam_ndieye_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ndiaye, Ndeye Djiba; Abdul Razak, Lutfi; Nagayev, Ruslan; Ng, Adam Boon Ka (2018)

  • Applying the General-to-Specific modelling on World Bank Enterprise Survey data for 266 economies, this paper models five performance indicators based on 80 potential factors derived from firm characteristics, finance, informality, infrastructure, innovation, technology, regulation, taxes, trade and workforce concerning small and medium enterprises (SMEs). We find that the factors vary regarding statistical significance and magnitude between small and medium enterprises. For example, the percent of firms using e-mail to interact with clients/suppliers has a positive effect on the annual employment growth of medium enterprises, but not the case of small enterprises. The proportion of i...

  • The_impact_of_delisting_Shariah_compliant_stocks_on_Islamic_investments_Saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • Islamic investments as a critical component of the Halal supply chain received considerable attention in the global financial market when the Dow Jones Islamic market Index (DJIM) was established in 1999, followed by Financial Times Stock Exchange (FTSE), Standard and Poor (S&P) and others. Malaysia took global leadership in the construction of Shariah Indices in 1999 and launched the FTSE Bursa Malaysia Emas Shariah Index in 2007. One fundamental feature of the Shariah Indices is the screening process before the stock can be identified as Shariah compliant. The screening methodology differs to some degree among the major Shariah stock indices but essentially settle to affirm consensu...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam I. (2018)

  • Following the U.S. Subprime Crises of 2007-08, many developed countries went into deep recession. In the literature, there are many reasons provided as probable causes of the crisis. However, it is undeniable that the flaws of the conventional financial system and home financing methods are among the important sources of the crisis. In this thesis, we argue that the damage caused by the Subprime crisis may have been avoided to a considerable extent if true profit and loss sharing (PLS) based method of financing has been applied. In that regards, we suggest an improved version of Islamic home financing called the Enhanced Musharakah Mutanaqisah (EMM). Available in physical copy on...

  • Islamic_finance_grasping_with_price_and_profit_theory_saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • The Halal industry comprising of bank and non-banking firms is hardly visible in theoretical rigor except for the Shariah rules it promotes to exert religious labelling. While Islamic banks pay greater attention the elimination of riba, gambling and ambiguities in financing contracts to claim Shariah legitimacy, non-banking companies are more concerned about halal slaughtering, avoidance of pork in the production process, prevention of food adulteration, promoting hygiene in food preparation and many more.

  • how_to_expand_role_islamic_banking_trading_saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • Ever since the establishment of Islamic banks in the 1970s, the difficulty in executing actual buy and sell transactions as the Quran commanded in the verse "Allah has permitted al-bay but prohibits riba" (Al-Baqarah 275) has spurred the industry into using questionable products that resemble interest-bearing loans as evident now in tawaruq munazzam and earlier in bay al-enah. Much of this unfortunate development in Islamic banking has to do with its deposit-taking function. Doing so requires the bank to follow stringent Basel Accord capital requirement against any risky positions it took in the business such as equity, leasing and trading positions. The trading business, namely buy a...

  • chapter 13_managing the Malaysian economy after GE 2008_Ariff.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Lopez, Greg; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • On 8 March 2008 (GE 2008) Malaysians unexpectedly delivered a stunning blow to Malaysia's long-standing ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional (BN), at the twelfth general election. Although it won the election, BN lost its psychologically important two-thirds majority in parliament which allows it to change the Federal Constitution at will. The blow was all the more devastating as the Anwar Ibrahim-led informal coalition of Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR/People's Iustice Party), Democratic Action Party (DAP) and Parti Se-Islam Malaysia (PAS/Pan Islamic Party of Malaysia) managed to form state governments in almost all states in the developed western parts of Peninsular Malaysia with citizens...

  • accounting_for_leasing_zulkarnain_shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience dealing with an Islamic car financing contract (i.e. Al-ljarah Thumma Al-Bay |AITAB] contract - Sale and Leaseback) between a Malaysian Islamic Financial Institution and their customer. It is well recognised that AITAB is governed by the Malaysian Hire Purchase Act 1967, that oversees conventional (nor Islamic) car financing, yet it is used for both financing modes. The contract requires clarification on the following: understanding of the nature of the contract used and the relevant transactions involved; revenue recognition (current and future); capitalisation of relevant costs in the asset's value; fair value of leased asset; ...

  • accounting_for_the_property acquisition_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience related to an lslamic equity home financing contract (ie. Musharakah Mutanaqisah) between a Malaysian Islamic Bank and their customer. The Musharakah Mutanaqisah (MM) Financing mode has gained popularity in house financing in Malaysia, where the bank and customer enter into a contract of joint property ownership and the customer's ownership of the asset gradually increases throughout the financing period and fully owns the asset after the last financial settlement. This case aims to: illustrate the process of property acquisition using the MM financing mode; account the various transactions involved in MM financing; account capit...

  • accounting_for_Islamic_financial_transactions_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This hypothetical case study was developed based on the financial statements of Bahrain Islamic Bank and Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad. The banks were registered in two different countries namely Bahrain and Malaysia that adopted Financial Accounting Standards (FAS) issued by the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) (the standards are locally adopted and named as Malaysian Financial Reporting Standards (MFRS)) issued by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) respectively. The key issues explored in this case are: the motivation for recording and reporting Islamic financial transact...

  • Determinants_of_capital_structure_ramazan_mansur_obiyathulla.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Yildirim, Ramazan; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2018)

  • Many Muslim individual and institutional investors seek to invest only in stocks that are compliant with the Shari'ah (i.e. Islamic law). Among others, Dow Jones addressed this demand and has developed their proprietary screening methodologies to identify Shari'ah compliant firms (SC). One key factor that distinguishes SC firms from their non-compliant peers (SNC) is that the former is not allowed to cross the leverage threshold of 33%. Due to the restrictions imposed on them, it is expected that SC firms exhibit different capital structure compared to the SNC firms. The purpose of this initial comparative study is to analyze the most reliable debt determinants identified in the liter...

  • Unveiling_the_diversification_benefits_of_Islamic_equities_and_commodities_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Prima Sakti, Muhammad Rizky; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Saiti, Buerhan; Tareq, Mohammad Ali (2018)

  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent to which the Indonesian Shariah compliant investors can benefit from the portfolio diversification with the Islamic indices of its trading partners and selected commodities such as gold, crude oil, and cocoa. The findings tend to indicate that investors with exposure in Shariah compliant indices of Indonesia and wanting to gain more diversification benefits should invest either in the USA or India Islamic equity. Instead, the greater benefits will be obtained by Shariah compliant investors if they invest in the USA Islamic indices during long-term investment horizons. If investors want to invest in medium investment horizons, investin...

  • Does_prospectus_information_matter_in_IPO_pricing_mansur_etal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd-Rashid, Rasidah; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Abdul-Rahim, Ruzita; Che-Yahya, Norliza (2018)

  • The purpose of this study is to identify selected information from the prospectus that might signal the initial public offering (IPO) offer price. The results tend to provide support for the argument that firms with Shariah-compliant status reflect lower uncertainty and project better signalling of quality due to greater scrutiny by the government and thus are able to offer IPOs at higher prices. Similarly, firms with a higher proportion of shareholder retention indicate lower risks as insiders forego their options to diversify their portfolio, and hence could price their IPOs higher. Finally, the involvement of institutional investors and higher underwriter ranking could be used by f...

  • Islamic_conception_of_psychological_nature_of_man_shinaj_saiful.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shamsudheen, Shinaj Valangattil; Rosly, Saiful Azhar (2018)

  • This paper aims to develop and validate a scale for Islamic conception of psychological nature of man. Al-Ghazali's model of psychological nature of man considered as the theoretical background of the study. Content validity test and factor analysis are used to refine measurement items and define and validate the scale. In total, 362 samples were collected from Islamic banking practitioners in UAE. Item statements are refined through content validation test. Three dimensions are extracted, i.e. 'Intellect,' 'Satanic element' 'Divine Knowledge,' through exploratory factor analysis and evidence of validation of scale/construct is reported through confirmatory factor analysis.