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Showing results 1 to 20 of 1213
  • impact_social_environmental_sustainability_esma et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdul Rahman (2019)

  • While there is ample evidence that non-financial firms' financial performance and social and environmental performance are related, evidence for the banking sector remains limited and inconclusive. This paper examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regressions and non-linear threshold regressions of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most estimation models controlling for both bank-specific and macroeconomic variables. The positive impact on fina...

  • structural changes_competition_and_bank_stability_Mansor et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Salim, Kinan; Abojeib, Moutaz; Lau, Wee Yeap (2019)

  • This paper assesses Malaysia's competition landscape and its risk implications subsequent to conventional banking consolidation and Islamic banking penetration in the aftermath of the 1997/1998 Asian financial crisis. Employing a panel sample of conventional and Islamic commercial banks, it arrives at the following conclusions. First, the consolidation exercise, which has led to a significant reduction in the number of domestic commercial banks, has not stifled banking competition. Second, the paper provides empirical support for the competition-stability relationship, particularly for the conventional banking sector. Islamic banking sector risk appears to be neutral to market competi...

  • belt_and_road_initiative_and_Islamic_financing_jinzi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: JinZi, Chu; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • China's One Belt and One Road (OBOR) is a global trade network across Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania. Also known as Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), OBOR is an attempt to redraw ancient Silk Road to foster global trade and economic development. Nearly 30 Muslims-majority countries are part of China's vision of BRI. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how public private partnership (PPP) has been applied in BRI projects; and second, to explore how Islamic finance can fit within a PPP context. This paper proposes a framework for using Islamic finance in infrastructure PPP projects. This paper also analyses two PPP projects where Islamic finance was deployed as p...

  • sukuk_shehama_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • Sukuk shehama is a financial instrument that has only recently emerged. It is a form of government-issued Islamic bond (sukuk) based on musharakah which is found in Sudan but can be easily replicated in any other country. Each certificate carries a nominal value that is calculated in dinars and represents a share of the net investment allocated by the government for this purpose from the selected investment units. Shehama certificates are issued at different times from 6 months to one year. These certificates are issued in multiple categories 50 thousand dinars - 100 thousand dinars - 200 thousand dinars - 500 thousand dinars so that different categories of investors can buy any numb...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • a_proposal_designed_calibrating_liquidity_coverage_ratio_Islamic_banks_adam et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Dolgun, Muhammed Habib; Mirakhor, Abbas; Ng, Adam Boon Ka (2019)

  • This paper aims to critically investigate the liquidity risk management of Islamic banks and develop an alternative regulatory framework appropriate for liquidity management of these banks. The specific risk profile of an Islamic bank requires developing a new and more efficient regulatory framework, which relies on risk-sharing and symmetric information among parties. The paper makes a differentiation between small local banks and internationally active Islamic banks and proposes to apply liquidity requirements only for internationally active Islamic banks. A new proposal for the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) of Islamic banks is developed in this paper towards mitigating risks and c...

  • a_statistical_model_of_the_firm_Belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • A model of the firm is proposed that considers the firm to be a stochastic and random entity described by an action functional and the Feynman path integral. The action functional is postulated based on the profit maximization principle. The Cobb-Douglas production function and the Solow-Swan model for capital input are employed to define a specific model for the firm's action functional. An option is defined on the profit of a firm in the framework of the statistical model. The option's price can be studied empirically. A profit and loss sharing system of wages is defined as an extension of fixed wages.

  • the_maldives’s_vision_to_be_an_islamic_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Outstanding employees for 2018 were honored during the Capital Market Development Authority (CMDA)'s 13th anniversary event held on the 10th February 2019 at Champa Central Hotel, Male. The chief guest of the ceremony, Minister of Finance and Treasury Ibrahim Ameer, emphasized in his speech the vision of the government to sustain Islamic finance in the country and to strategize the Maldives as a hub of Islamic finance.

  • maldives_islamic_bank_to_go_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives Islamic Bank (MIB) plans to go for an IPO this year. The current shareholdings in MIB are 70% by the Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector, 25% by the government of the Maldives and 5% by Amana Takaful Maldives, the only Islamic equity listed on the Maldives Stock Exchange since 2011.

  • amana_takaful_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Amana Takaful Maldives (Amana Takaful) held its eighth annual general meeting (AGM) on the 28th April 2019 in the Republic of Maldives. During the meeting, the minutes of the 2018 AGM were adopted and the annual report of the board of directors on the affairs of the company for the year ended the 31st December 2018 and the report of the auditors were passed, among other things.

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Richmond, Peter; Roehner, Bertrand M.; Qing-hai, Wang (2019)

  • In earlier centuries kings and governments employed astrologists to help them take the best decisions. Present-day governments no longer employ astrologists but still have no clear analytical tool to replace them. Over the past two decades we have developed a methodology for the scientific investigation of recurrent historical events. It consists in two steps. (i) Identification and comparison of historical episodes driven by a common mechanism. (ii) Under the reasonable assumption that what has happened several times in the past is likely to happen again, one then derives testable predictions. This of course is nothing other than the protocol used in experimental science when explori...

  • islamic_finance_withstands_the_winds_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives is a small island nation with a 100% Muslim population that is exemplary in its attempt to develop a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry. From only one Takaful company operating in the Maldives in 2003 under a conventional license, now in 2018, there are 13 institutions dealing with Islamic financial services, proving the ever-growing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Mohd Affendi, Nur Diyana Najwa (2019)

  • The sharing economy is a new uprising economic system that is built upon the sharing of assets via digital platforms to create economic value through maximizing utilisation of resources between individuals, businesses and government. Perceived as a strong advocate for sustainability, the sharing economy has contributed to a profound shift in global consumer consumption behaviour. Positive to its potential to be utilised as driver for sustainable development, this paper aims to uncover the role of sharing economy towards sustainable development of Malaysia. The study employed three qualitative research methods, namely phenomenography, semi-structured interview and content analysis. The...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Khan, Shabeer (2019)

  • Although literature on shadow economy has been growing, the examination is scarce in the case of developing countries, especially the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) economies. In this study, we develop various testable hypotheses related to shadow economy. We investigate the determinants of shadow economy across a large sample of 141 countries and examine whether it varies across OIC (42) and non-OIC (99) countries. The average size ofthe shadow economy in OIC countries is 34.36% of gross domestic product (GDP) while it is 30.57% of GDP in non-OlC economies. The approach of exploring various definitions, historical development, types, Islamic viewpoint and the determining f...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Guedira, Souhaila (2019)

  • This study is an initial attempt investigating the extent to which portfolio diversification benefits are available at different investment horizons to Tuskish conventional and Shari'ah compliant investors in Southeast Asian conventional and Islamic stock markets. We apply multivariate-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (MGARCH-DCC) and Wavelet techniques on daily data spanning from 2007 to 2018. The findings tend to suggest that Turkish investors would likely not invest in Singapore stock markets. At the same time, investing in stock indices of Indonesia and Thailand present moderate diversification benefits overall. The results highly recommend that Turkish conve...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Chowdhury, Mohammad Ashraful Ferdous (2019)

  • In spite of the expanding number of studies investigating the effect of institutional quality on capital flows, a very few attempts has been made to investigate the impact of capital flows on the institutional quality of host countries.This study investigates the role of capital flows on the institutional infrastructure of the OIC countries, which are divided into three separate essays. The first essay investigates the impact of the official development assistance (ODA) on the institutional development of the OIC counties. The research uses system GMM, and the data for this study is obtained from 40 OIC countries for the three-year average period from 1991 to 2016. Empirical findings ...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Ludeen, Abdullah (2019)

  • The first objective of this study aims to investigate the current status of financial inclusion and the second research objective aims to study the determinants of populations' refusal or inability to participate in banking system. The qualitative approach is used for the first research objective whereas quantitative technique is used to address the second objective. For the purpose of quantitative approach, primary data was collected through survey questionnaires from financially excluded population (individuals without a bank account or having only salary account) in Kabul province to answer the hypotheses outlined for this study. The data was analyzed using Structural Equation Mode...

  • Waqf_shares_a_fundraising_scheme_for_community_development_projects_and_humanitarian_magda.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2018)

  • The waqf-share scheme is a 21st century Islamic social finance tool that has been used successfully in Muslim and Muslim-minority countries (Cizakca, 2000). It is a fundraising scheme organized by a charitable institution that issues "waqf-shares" for sale to different contributors for various projects. Since a waqf-share is a movable waqf, it has to follow the strict conditions of waqf in terms of its irrevocability, its inalienability, and its perpetuity. This means that contributors cannot sell or transfer their waqf shares; they can only receive and hold a waqf-share certificate as evidence of theircontributions to the project if the created waqf is public waqf.

  • Musharakah Mutanaqisah home financing_alam_zulkarnain_zaher_shinaj_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Anwer, Zaher; Shamsudheen, Shinaj Valangattil; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2018)

  • Musharakah mutanaqisah (MM) mode of Islamic financing purchase of an asset, where the bank and customer enter into a contract of joint property ownership and the customer's ownership of the asset gradually increases throughout the financing period and fully own the asset after the last financial settlement. This mode of financing was introduced to mitigate the issue of unequal risk burden of conventional mortgage financing, where the bank just provide the financing and the customer bears all risk. MM financing reflects a true partnership contract through sharing of risk and reward between both parties. Though the MM mode of financing has the salient features to address the flaws of co...

Browsing by Issue Date

Jump to a point in the index:
Showing results 1 to 20 of 1213
  • impact_social_environmental_sustainability_esma et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdul Rahman (2019)

  • While there is ample evidence that non-financial firms' financial performance and social and environmental performance are related, evidence for the banking sector remains limited and inconclusive. This paper examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regressions and non-linear threshold regressions of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most estimation models controlling for both bank-specific and macroeconomic variables. The positive impact on fina...

  • structural changes_competition_and_bank_stability_Mansor et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Salim, Kinan; Abojeib, Moutaz; Lau, Wee Yeap (2019)

  • This paper assesses Malaysia's competition landscape and its risk implications subsequent to conventional banking consolidation and Islamic banking penetration in the aftermath of the 1997/1998 Asian financial crisis. Employing a panel sample of conventional and Islamic commercial banks, it arrives at the following conclusions. First, the consolidation exercise, which has led to a significant reduction in the number of domestic commercial banks, has not stifled banking competition. Second, the paper provides empirical support for the competition-stability relationship, particularly for the conventional banking sector. Islamic banking sector risk appears to be neutral to market competi...

  • belt_and_road_initiative_and_Islamic_financing_jinzi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: JinZi, Chu; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • China's One Belt and One Road (OBOR) is a global trade network across Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania. Also known as Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), OBOR is an attempt to redraw ancient Silk Road to foster global trade and economic development. Nearly 30 Muslims-majority countries are part of China's vision of BRI. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how public private partnership (PPP) has been applied in BRI projects; and second, to explore how Islamic finance can fit within a PPP context. This paper proposes a framework for using Islamic finance in infrastructure PPP projects. This paper also analyses two PPP projects where Islamic finance was deployed as p...

  • sukuk_shehama_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • Sukuk shehama is a financial instrument that has only recently emerged. It is a form of government-issued Islamic bond (sukuk) based on musharakah which is found in Sudan but can be easily replicated in any other country. Each certificate carries a nominal value that is calculated in dinars and represents a share of the net investment allocated by the government for this purpose from the selected investment units. Shehama certificates are issued at different times from 6 months to one year. These certificates are issued in multiple categories 50 thousand dinars - 100 thousand dinars - 200 thousand dinars - 500 thousand dinars so that different categories of investors can buy any numb...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • a_proposal_designed_calibrating_liquidity_coverage_ratio_Islamic_banks_adam et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Dolgun, Muhammed Habib; Mirakhor, Abbas; Ng, Adam Boon Ka (2019)

  • This paper aims to critically investigate the liquidity risk management of Islamic banks and develop an alternative regulatory framework appropriate for liquidity management of these banks. The specific risk profile of an Islamic bank requires developing a new and more efficient regulatory framework, which relies on risk-sharing and symmetric information among parties. The paper makes a differentiation between small local banks and internationally active Islamic banks and proposes to apply liquidity requirements only for internationally active Islamic banks. A new proposal for the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) of Islamic banks is developed in this paper towards mitigating risks and c...

  • a_statistical_model_of_the_firm_Belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • A model of the firm is proposed that considers the firm to be a stochastic and random entity described by an action functional and the Feynman path integral. The action functional is postulated based on the profit maximization principle. The Cobb-Douglas production function and the Solow-Swan model for capital input are employed to define a specific model for the firm's action functional. An option is defined on the profit of a firm in the framework of the statistical model. The option's price can be studied empirically. A profit and loss sharing system of wages is defined as an extension of fixed wages.

  • the_maldives’s_vision_to_be_an_islamic_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Outstanding employees for 2018 were honored during the Capital Market Development Authority (CMDA)'s 13th anniversary event held on the 10th February 2019 at Champa Central Hotel, Male. The chief guest of the ceremony, Minister of Finance and Treasury Ibrahim Ameer, emphasized in his speech the vision of the government to sustain Islamic finance in the country and to strategize the Maldives as a hub of Islamic finance.

  • maldives_islamic_bank_to_go_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives Islamic Bank (MIB) plans to go for an IPO this year. The current shareholdings in MIB are 70% by the Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector, 25% by the government of the Maldives and 5% by Amana Takaful Maldives, the only Islamic equity listed on the Maldives Stock Exchange since 2011.

  • amana_takaful_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Amana Takaful Maldives (Amana Takaful) held its eighth annual general meeting (AGM) on the 28th April 2019 in the Republic of Maldives. During the meeting, the minutes of the 2018 AGM were adopted and the annual report of the board of directors on the affairs of the company for the year ended the 31st December 2018 and the report of the auditors were passed, among other things.

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E.; Richmond, Peter; Roehner, Bertrand M.; Qing-hai, Wang (2019)

  • In earlier centuries kings and governments employed astrologists to help them take the best decisions. Present-day governments no longer employ astrologists but still have no clear analytical tool to replace them. Over the past two decades we have developed a methodology for the scientific investigation of recurrent historical events. It consists in two steps. (i) Identification and comparison of historical episodes driven by a common mechanism. (ii) Under the reasonable assumption that what has happened several times in the past is likely to happen again, one then derives testable predictions. This of course is nothing other than the protocol used in experimental science when explori...

  • islamic_finance_withstands_the_winds_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives is a small island nation with a 100% Muslim population that is exemplary in its attempt to develop a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry. From only one Takaful company operating in the Maldives in 2003 under a conventional license, now in 2018, there are 13 institutions dealing with Islamic financial services, proving the ever-growing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Mohd Affendi, Nur Diyana Najwa (2019)

  • The sharing economy is a new uprising economic system that is built upon the sharing of assets via digital platforms to create economic value through maximizing utilisation of resources between individuals, businesses and government. Perceived as a strong advocate for sustainability, the sharing economy has contributed to a profound shift in global consumer consumption behaviour. Positive to its potential to be utilised as driver for sustainable development, this paper aims to uncover the role of sharing economy towards sustainable development of Malaysia. The study employed three qualitative research methods, namely phenomenography, semi-structured interview and content analysis. The...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Khan, Shabeer (2019)

  • Although literature on shadow economy has been growing, the examination is scarce in the case of developing countries, especially the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) economies. In this study, we develop various testable hypotheses related to shadow economy. We investigate the determinants of shadow economy across a large sample of 141 countries and examine whether it varies across OIC (42) and non-OIC (99) countries. The average size ofthe shadow economy in OIC countries is 34.36% of gross domestic product (GDP) while it is 30.57% of GDP in non-OlC economies. The approach of exploring various definitions, historical development, types, Islamic viewpoint and the determining f...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Guedira, Souhaila (2019)

  • This study is an initial attempt investigating the extent to which portfolio diversification benefits are available at different investment horizons to Tuskish conventional and Shari'ah compliant investors in Southeast Asian conventional and Islamic stock markets. We apply multivariate-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (MGARCH-DCC) and Wavelet techniques on daily data spanning from 2007 to 2018. The findings tend to suggest that Turkish investors would likely not invest in Singapore stock markets. At the same time, investing in stock indices of Indonesia and Thailand present moderate diversification benefits overall. The results highly recommend that Turkish conve...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Chowdhury, Mohammad Ashraful Ferdous (2019)

  • In spite of the expanding number of studies investigating the effect of institutional quality on capital flows, a very few attempts has been made to investigate the impact of capital flows on the institutional quality of host countries.This study investigates the role of capital flows on the institutional infrastructure of the OIC countries, which are divided into three separate essays. The first essay investigates the impact of the official development assistance (ODA) on the institutional development of the OIC counties. The research uses system GMM, and the data for this study is obtained from 40 OIC countries for the three-year average period from 1991 to 2016. Empirical findings ...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Ludeen, Abdullah (2019)

  • The first objective of this study aims to investigate the current status of financial inclusion and the second research objective aims to study the determinants of populations' refusal or inability to participate in banking system. The qualitative approach is used for the first research objective whereas quantitative technique is used to address the second objective. For the purpose of quantitative approach, primary data was collected through survey questionnaires from financially excluded population (individuals without a bank account or having only salary account) in Kabul province to answer the hypotheses outlined for this study. The data was analyzed using Structural Equation Mode...

  • Waqf_shares_a_fundraising_scheme_for_community_development_projects_and_humanitarian_magda.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2018)

  • The waqf-share scheme is a 21st century Islamic social finance tool that has been used successfully in Muslim and Muslim-minority countries (Cizakca, 2000). It is a fundraising scheme organized by a charitable institution that issues "waqf-shares" for sale to different contributors for various projects. Since a waqf-share is a movable waqf, it has to follow the strict conditions of waqf in terms of its irrevocability, its inalienability, and its perpetuity. This means that contributors cannot sell or transfer their waqf shares; they can only receive and hold a waqf-share certificate as evidence of theircontributions to the project if the created waqf is public waqf.

  • Musharakah Mutanaqisah home financing_alam_zulkarnain_zaher_shinaj_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Anwer, Zaher; Shamsudheen, Shinaj Valangattil; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2018)

  • Musharakah mutanaqisah (MM) mode of Islamic financing purchase of an asset, where the bank and customer enter into a contract of joint property ownership and the customer's ownership of the asset gradually increases throughout the financing period and fully own the asset after the last financial settlement. This mode of financing was introduced to mitigate the issue of unequal risk burden of conventional mortgage financing, where the bank just provide the financing and the customer bears all risk. MM financing reflects a true partnership contract through sharing of risk and reward between both parties. Though the MM mode of financing has the salient features to address the flaws of co...