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Showing results 1 to 10 of 999
  • statistical_field_theory_of_futures_commodity_prices_Belal_Miao.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Baaquie, Belal E.; Miao, Yu (2018)

  • The statistical theory of commodity prices has been formulated by Baaquie (2013). Further empirical studies of single (Baaquie et al., 2015) and multiple commodity prices (Baaquie et al., 2016) have provided strong evidence in support the primary assumptions of the statistical formulation. In this paper, the model for spot prices (Baaquie, 2013) is extended to model futures commodity prices using a statistical field theory of futures commodity prices. The futures prices are modeled as a two dimensional statistical field and a nonlinear Lagrangian is postulated. Empirical studies provide clear evidence in support of the model, with many nontrivial features of the model finding unexpected support from market data.

  • risky_forward_interest_rates_and_swaptions_Belal_Miao_Jitendra.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Baaquie, Belal E.; Miao, Yu; Bhanap, Jitendra (2018)

  • Risk free forward interest rates (Diebold and Li, 2006 [1]; Jamshidian, 1991 [2]) and their realization by US Treasury bonds as the leading exemplar have been studied extensively. In Baaquie (2010), models of risk free bonds and their forward interest rates based on the quantum field theoretic formulation of the risk free forward interest rates have been discussed, including the empirical evidence supporting these models. The quantum finance formulation of risk free forward interest rates is extended to the case of risky forward interest rates. The examples of the Singapore and Malaysian forward interest rates are used as specific cases. The main feature of the quantum finance model is that the risky forward interest rates are modeled both a) as a stand-alone case as well as b) being dr...

  • 270317 - ISLAMIC FINANCE, DEVELOPMENT & GROWTH.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Alhabshi, Syed Othman (2017-03-27)

  • The slides "Islamic finance in Malaysia: development and growth" presented by Prof. Datuk Dr. Syed Othman Alhabshi to the Delegates from Ministry of Finance, Ghana, at INCEIF.

  • PhD_oil_revenue_financial_development_role_institutions_Ruslan_Nagayev.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Nagayev, Ruslan (2017)

  • Almost every second barrel of oil is produced in the OIC region. It is expected that the influx of oil revenue will help in developing the financial markets and the economies of these countries. So, the accelerated growth of Islamic financial industry at a double-digit rate annually has been attributed to the liquidity generated from the oil production. However, the recent adverse shocks emanating from the international oil market (quadruple drop in oil price) have cast scepticism about the sustainability of financial sectors in OIC oil-producing countries in general and the growth of Islamic banking industry, in particular. Slumping oil prices are expected to reduce the liquidity ... Available in downloadable format.

  • administration_zakat_wealth_Maldives_muneeza.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Muneeza, Aishath (2017)

  • For Muslims zakat is obligatory and different jurisdictions in the world have different mechanisms to administer it. Maldives is a hundred percent Muslim country and zakat administration in the country is unique. As such the objective of the paper is to discuss the zakat administration in Maldives with special reference to zakat al mal and to discuss the challenges facing the existing way of zakat administration. The paper also includes ways to overcome the challenges. No literature on this area in Maldives could be found and as such reference to primary materials such as unpublished statistics, reports, brochures have been made. It is hoped that this paper will encourage further research on this area in Maldives.

  • poverty_alleviation_via_microfinance_using_concept_mudharabah_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Abdul Manap, Sarah Hanna; Siththi, Fareeda; Long, She; Muneeza, Aishath (2017)

  • Poverty has been a long outstanding crisis at global scale and poverty alleviation has become one of the primary national developmental agendas. Conventional microfinance programmes have received growing attentions due to its capability to improve standard of living and social inclusiveness. Arguably, however, these conventional microcredit programmes do not effectively alleviate poverty as the borrowers remain into an interest-base debt cycle which may worsen the financial burdens. Meanwhile, Islamic microfinance by way of Mudharabah financing is equity based financing structure which is perceived to have a fair borrower-lender agreement. It promotes an effective wealth redistributive mechanism to reach the poor, to encourage their participation in productive real economic sectors. Thi...

  • PhD_leverage_decision_firms_comparative_analysis_Shariah_compliant_Shariah_non_compliant_firms_Ramazan_Yildirim.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Yildirim, Ramazan (2017)

  • Capital structure which is the mixture of debt and equity capital of a company is very important since it is related to the ability of the company to fulfil the needs of its stakeholders. The main competing theories, which attempts to understand how financing decisions are made, that have emerged and developed over the last decades are the Trade-Off Theory and the Pecking Order Theory. Trade-Off Theory predicts that firms should balance the tax benefits of debt against the cost of debt, therefore firms should have an optimal capital structure. In contrast, Pecking Order Theory does not imply that firms capital structure decision is driven by the notion of optimal ... Available in downloadable format.

  • PhD_competition_stability_relationship_dual_banking_systems_Mhd_Moutaz.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Abojeib, Mhd Moutaz (2017)

  • Numerous attempts have been made to study the impact of competition on banking-stability before and after the recent global financial crisis. In the rich theoretical and empirical literature on the topic, two contradictory views have surfaced, i.e. the competition-fragility view and the competition-stability view. This thesis provides empirical evidence of a nonlinear relationship between competition and stability that explains, at least partially, the conflicting results of previous theoretical and empirical studies. Furthermore, while the existing literature focuses on conventional banking, this thesis investigates both Islamic and conventional banks in dual banking systems and explores whether or not bank types affect ... Available in downloadable format.

  • is_the_regime_of_risk_transfer_sustainable_abbas_adam_ginanjar_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Mirakhor, Abbas; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2017)

  • In a risk transfer and shifting financial systems, an interest rate based debt contract is an "impossible contract," since, under the axioms of conventional economics, the borrower has an incentive not to repay the loan. Such impossible contract is made possible by creating a virtual world of certainty through mechanisms such as collateral requirements and an edifice of legal, administrative, policy incentive mechanisms that include positive and negative enforcements that protect the creditor. The society has to bear huge costs to make them possible. Risk sharing has the potential to enhance efficiency as each party to contracts has "skin-in-the-game", thus eliminating or minimizing the principal-agent problem. Participants in a contract of an economic undertaking ca...

  • development_of_the_takaful_industry_in_malaysia.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Ismail, Ezamshah (2017)

  • Although the takaful industry in Malaysia, as seen today, may be deemed to have attained its major features only from 1984 onwards, the industry has a longer history which dates back to the 1970s (excluding the time insurance was already distinguishable in the country). Over this period, certain important political, economic, and social developments that took place must be taken into account ...

Browsing by Dates

Showing results 1 to 10 of 999
  • statistical_field_theory_of_futures_commodity_prices_Belal_Miao.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Baaquie, Belal E.; Miao, Yu (2018)

  • The statistical theory of commodity prices has been formulated by Baaquie (2013). Further empirical studies of single (Baaquie et al., 2015) and multiple commodity prices (Baaquie et al., 2016) have provided strong evidence in support the primary assumptions of the statistical formulation. In this paper, the model for spot prices (Baaquie, 2013) is extended to model futures commodity prices using a statistical field theory of futures commodity prices. The futures prices are modeled as a two dimensional statistical field and a nonlinear Lagrangian is postulated. Empirical studies provide clear evidence in support of the model, with many nontrivial features of the model finding unexpected support from market data.

  • risky_forward_interest_rates_and_swaptions_Belal_Miao_Jitendra.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Baaquie, Belal E.; Miao, Yu; Bhanap, Jitendra (2018)

  • Risk free forward interest rates (Diebold and Li, 2006 [1]; Jamshidian, 1991 [2]) and their realization by US Treasury bonds as the leading exemplar have been studied extensively. In Baaquie (2010), models of risk free bonds and their forward interest rates based on the quantum field theoretic formulation of the risk free forward interest rates have been discussed, including the empirical evidence supporting these models. The quantum finance formulation of risk free forward interest rates is extended to the case of risky forward interest rates. The examples of the Singapore and Malaysian forward interest rates are used as specific cases. The main feature of the quantum finance model is that the risky forward interest rates are modeled both a) as a stand-alone case as well as b) being dr...

  • 270317 - ISLAMIC FINANCE, DEVELOPMENT & GROWTH.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Alhabshi, Syed Othman (2017-03-27)

  • The slides "Islamic finance in Malaysia: development and growth" presented by Prof. Datuk Dr. Syed Othman Alhabshi to the Delegates from Ministry of Finance, Ghana, at INCEIF.

  • PhD_oil_revenue_financial_development_role_institutions_Ruslan_Nagayev.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Nagayev, Ruslan (2017)

  • Almost every second barrel of oil is produced in the OIC region. It is expected that the influx of oil revenue will help in developing the financial markets and the economies of these countries. So, the accelerated growth of Islamic financial industry at a double-digit rate annually has been attributed to the liquidity generated from the oil production. However, the recent adverse shocks emanating from the international oil market (quadruple drop in oil price) have cast scepticism about the sustainability of financial sectors in OIC oil-producing countries in general and the growth of Islamic banking industry, in particular. Slumping oil prices are expected to reduce the liquidity ... Available in downloadable format.

  • administration_zakat_wealth_Maldives_muneeza.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Muneeza, Aishath (2017)

  • For Muslims zakat is obligatory and different jurisdictions in the world have different mechanisms to administer it. Maldives is a hundred percent Muslim country and zakat administration in the country is unique. As such the objective of the paper is to discuss the zakat administration in Maldives with special reference to zakat al mal and to discuss the challenges facing the existing way of zakat administration. The paper also includes ways to overcome the challenges. No literature on this area in Maldives could be found and as such reference to primary materials such as unpublished statistics, reports, brochures have been made. It is hoped that this paper will encourage further research on this area in Maldives.

  • poverty_alleviation_via_microfinance_using_concept_mudharabah_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Abdul Manap, Sarah Hanna; Siththi, Fareeda; Long, She; Muneeza, Aishath (2017)

  • Poverty has been a long outstanding crisis at global scale and poverty alleviation has become one of the primary national developmental agendas. Conventional microfinance programmes have received growing attentions due to its capability to improve standard of living and social inclusiveness. Arguably, however, these conventional microcredit programmes do not effectively alleviate poverty as the borrowers remain into an interest-base debt cycle which may worsen the financial burdens. Meanwhile, Islamic microfinance by way of Mudharabah financing is equity based financing structure which is perceived to have a fair borrower-lender agreement. It promotes an effective wealth redistributive mechanism to reach the poor, to encourage their participation in productive real economic sectors. Thi...

  • PhD_leverage_decision_firms_comparative_analysis_Shariah_compliant_Shariah_non_compliant_firms_Ramazan_Yildirim.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Yildirim, Ramazan (2017)

  • Capital structure which is the mixture of debt and equity capital of a company is very important since it is related to the ability of the company to fulfil the needs of its stakeholders. The main competing theories, which attempts to understand how financing decisions are made, that have emerged and developed over the last decades are the Trade-Off Theory and the Pecking Order Theory. Trade-Off Theory predicts that firms should balance the tax benefits of debt against the cost of debt, therefore firms should have an optimal capital structure. In contrast, Pecking Order Theory does not imply that firms capital structure decision is driven by the notion of optimal ... Available in downloadable format.

  • PhD_competition_stability_relationship_dual_banking_systems_Mhd_Moutaz.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Abojeib, Mhd Moutaz (2017)

  • Numerous attempts have been made to study the impact of competition on banking-stability before and after the recent global financial crisis. In the rich theoretical and empirical literature on the topic, two contradictory views have surfaced, i.e. the competition-fragility view and the competition-stability view. This thesis provides empirical evidence of a nonlinear relationship between competition and stability that explains, at least partially, the conflicting results of previous theoretical and empirical studies. Furthermore, while the existing literature focuses on conventional banking, this thesis investigates both Islamic and conventional banks in dual banking systems and explores whether or not bank types affect ... Available in downloadable format.

  • is_the_regime_of_risk_transfer_sustainable_abbas_adam_ginanjar_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Mirakhor, Abbas; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2017)

  • In a risk transfer and shifting financial systems, an interest rate based debt contract is an "impossible contract," since, under the axioms of conventional economics, the borrower has an incentive not to repay the loan. Such impossible contract is made possible by creating a virtual world of certainty through mechanisms such as collateral requirements and an edifice of legal, administrative, policy incentive mechanisms that include positive and negative enforcements that protect the creditor. The society has to bear huge costs to make them possible. Risk sharing has the potential to enhance efficiency as each party to contracts has "skin-in-the-game", thus eliminating or minimizing the principal-agent problem. Participants in a contract of an economic undertaking ca...

  • development_of_the_takaful_industry_in_malaysia.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Ismail, Ezamshah (2017)

  • Although the takaful industry in Malaysia, as seen today, may be deemed to have attained its major features only from 1984 onwards, the industry has a longer history which dates back to the 1970s (excluding the time insurance was already distinguishable in the country). Over this period, certain important political, economic, and social developments that took place must be taken into account ...