Browsing by Issue Date

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Showing results 1 to 20 of 1349
  • the_application_of ju’alah_Islamic_finance_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohamed, Ismail Mohd; Mohd Rafede; Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • Ju'alah is one of the least researched types of Shariah contracts used in Islamic finance. The objective of this paper is to explore the current and potential applications of Ju'alah with specific reference to Malaysian Islamic banking, takaful and the Islamic capital market. This paper establishes that there is potential for using Ju'alah in Islamic finance as a primary and/or secondary contract. It also establishes that Ju'alah can be used in takaful, though it is not being currently used for this in Islamic banking and the Islamic capital market in Malaysia. It is anticipated that the findings of this paper will improve understanding of the practice of Ju'alah in the Malaysian Isla...

  • comment_on_protectionism_under Trump_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2020)

  • The USA under Trump has departed from its long-cherished tradition of being a leading proponent of liberal trade policies to a new norm that seeks comfort in protection-ism. Noland (2020) provides a deep insight into the political economy that explains the sudden reversal of US trade policies since 2016. In addition to furnishing an excel-lent literature survey which sheds considerable light on the issues at hand, Noland delves into an econometric analysis of the voter preferences, in which the explanatory variables are economic, demographic and cultural factors, with interaction terms.

  • bank_risk_financial_development_evidence_form_dual_banking_countries_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ali, Mohsin (2020)

  • This study examines the impact of financial development on bank risk-taking, measured as bank capitalization and bank income diversification. We observe the relationship using annual bank-level data from countries with dual-banking systems. The dataset spans from 2000 to 2014. Our results suggest that the impact of financial development on bank capitalization is heterogeneous across Islamic and conventional commercial banks. Moreover, the effect is different across listed and unlisted banks. However, on average, the response of income diversification to financial development is similar across most specifications. Additionally, bank risk is found to be countercyclical, suggesting that ...

  • a_fresh_view_on_zakah_as_socio-financial_tool_to_promote_ethics_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2020)

  • Current statistical data shows that almost all Muslim countries are facing economic and social problems such as the spread of poverty, mounting outstanding external debt due to compound interest and widespread unethical behaviour. Some contemporary scholars relate these problems to the oppression and the crippling policies of former colonial administrations, while others point to the governmental incompetence and corruption that triggered the last Arab spring. However, this paper contends that although the above mentioned issues may have served as catalysts that led to the worsening of socio-economic situation in many countries, the main reason for the overwhelming problems plaguing M...

  • damage_assessment_Kelantan_flooding_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Md. Shah, Kamarul; Musa, Haslina; Jasmi, Abu Talib; Ahmad, Jusuh; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2020)

  • This study will focus on assessing the total amount of damage and losses that has occurred during the 2014 flood disaster in Kelantan. The phenomenon of heavy rainfall during monsoon season is normal in Malaysia especially for the east coastal state areas between November to March every year. With the rainfall rate of 794mm which is 1.6 times higher than the average rainfall from the previous year, it has destroyed dwelling houses, animals, crops and also agricultural land. By using cross-sectional data analysis with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method on 686 respondents in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, the results showed that early warning indicators such as Short Message Services (SMS) and o...

  • short-term_Shariah-compliant_Islamic_liquidity_management_instruments_sustain_Islamic_banking_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • The purpose of this paper is to describe the structure of the Islamic treasury bills issued by the Central Bank of Maldives, Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA) for the benefit of those jurisdictions that aspire to introduce short term Islamic liquidity management instruments. This is exploratory research where the experience of the author in structuring the Islamic liquidity management instruments discussed in the paper. It is evident from the discussions of this paper that innovation is the key to structure Shari'ah compliant short term liquidity management instruments. The example of Maldives has proved that there is a need to amend the laws of the country to facilitate Central banks...

  • house_financing_contracts_used_Islamic_banks_finished_properties_Malaysia_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Fauzi, Muhammad Fahmi; Mat Nor, Muhammad Faisal; Abideen, Mohamed; Ajroudi, Muhammed Maher (2020)

  • The purpose of this paper is to find out the existing practices of the Islamic banks in providing financing to the customers who have a requirement to purchase a finished property and to examine the existing products used by the Islamic banks in this regard by providing an insight into the modus operandi of these products. In doing this, attempt is made to find out the most famous product offered by the Islamic banks in this regard and to find out whether in reality, Malaysian Islamic banking industry has moved away from Bai Bithaman Ajil (BBA) or not. This is a qualitative research, largely library-based, and it will consist of secondary sources such as books, journals, articles and ...

  • item.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Ali, Mohsin; Oravampurath, Hasanul Banna; Ziyaad, Mahomed (2020)

  • This chapter examines the economic impact of the migrants' return to Kerala, India during the Gulf oil crisis 2014-2016. Many migrants returned to their homeland during the crisis because they could not find work in the Middle East. The Kerala economy confronted this as one of the biggest threats which directly affected the economy. Almost USD 900 million had been brought to the homeland as remittance from Non-Residential Keralites (NRKs) working in Gulf countries. But the return of a large number of NRKs decreased the remittances to 10-15%. This chapter proposes Social Impact Sukuk to support the migrants who are back to their homelands from GCC countries. Data and information are co...

  • item.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • COVID-19 began as a health crisis and now has led to an economic crisis. There is a sudden surge in the number of poor and needy who has become unemployed over night without any prior warning and who has no way to find an alternative work as the whole country is locked down to protect from widespread of the disease in the local communities. This is the situation in the whole world today and India is no exception to this. As Purohit in this April 2020 has reported in Aljazeera: millions in underdeveloped regions face penury and deprivation as economic activity grinds to a halt due to lockdown. An example to further describe this issue at an individual is described by Purohit as follows...

  • regulating_fintech_businesses_Malaysian_experience_aishath_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Kunhibava, Sherin; Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • The Malaysian finance industry is governed by Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) and Securities Commission Malaysia (SC). BNM governs the banking and insurance industries and the SC regulates and develops its capital market. Both authorities have issued regulations to cater for the proliferation of fintech businesses. For example, BNM issued regulations on digital currency exchanges, electronic-know your customer requirements for fintech companies facilitating remittances, and a regulatory sandbox framework for fintech businesses. Similarly, the SC issued a digital investment management framework, another to facilitate equity crowdfunding, peer-to-peer lending, and digital asset exchanges, an...

  • prosperous_year_Islamic_capital_market_Maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • The Maldives is a small island nation with a 100% Muslim population. The country witnessed the first form of Islamic finance with the incorporation of Amana Takaful Maldives in 2003 and the first fully-fledged Islamic bank was established in 2011. As the Maldives marked the 15th anniversary of Islamic finance in the country, it gave the opportunity for the citizens of the country to appreciate the industry and widen its scope to tap into the halal industry via Islamic tourism and halal certification.

  • Maldives_Islamic_bank_performs_well_financially_last_quarter_2019_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • Maldives Islamic Bank (MIB) has achieved strong and healthy financial results for the final quarter of 2019 with a net profit of MVR25.6 million (US$1.63 million) which is an increase in profit of 13.8% from the third quarter of 2019, according to its press release on the 30th January 2020.

  • zakat_funds_moratorium_Maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • On the 22nd April 2020, the Ministry of Islamic Affairs of the Republic of Maldives announced that MVR1 million (US$63,895.8) will be allocated from Zakat funds to be given to the needy and poor aff ected by COVID-19. According to the World Bank, the Maldives is a middle-income country with GDP per capita of US$10,331 (2018). The Ministry of Gender and Family will receive the MVR1 million to help those affected. Before this, about MVR3 million (US$191,687) was spent by the Ministry of Islamic Affairs for Maldivians stranded in other countries due to lockdowns.

  • impact_social_environmental_sustainability_esma et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdul Rahman (2019)

  • While there is ample evidence that non-financial firms' financial performance and social and environmental performance are related, evidence for the banking sector remains limited and inconclusive. This paper examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regressions and non-linear threshold regressions of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most estimation models controlling for both bank-specific and macroeconomic variables. The positive impact on fina...

  • belt_and_road_initiative_and_Islamic_financing_jinzi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: JinZi, Chu; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • China's One Belt and One Road (OBOR) is a global trade network across Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania. Also known as Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), OBOR is an attempt to redraw ancient Silk Road to foster global trade and economic development. Nearly 30 Muslims-majority countries are part of China's vision of BRI. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how public private partnership (PPP) has been applied in BRI projects; and second, to explore how Islamic finance can fit within a PPP context. This paper proposes a framework for using Islamic finance in infrastructure PPP projects. This paper also analyses two PPP projects where Islamic finance was deployed as p...

  • sukuk_shehama_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • Sukuk shehama is a financial instrument that has only recently emerged. It is a form of government-issued Islamic bond (sukuk) based on musharakah which is found in Sudan but can be easily replicated in any other country. Each certificate carries a nominal value that is calculated in dinars and represents a share of the net investment allocated by the government for this purpose from the selected investment units. Shehama certificates are issued at different times from 6 months to one year. These certificates are issued in multiple categories 50 thousand dinars - 100 thousand dinars - 200 thousand dinars - 500 thousand dinars so that different categories of investors can buy any numb...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • islamic_finance_withstands_the_winds_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives is a small island nation with a 100% Muslim population that is exemplary in its attempt to develop a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry. From only one Takaful company operating in the Maldives in 2003 under a conventional license, now in 2018, there are 13 institutions dealing with Islamic financial services, proving the ever-growing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • rice_atms_technology_based_innovations_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • In this February, it was announced that The Federal Territories Islamic Religious Department (JAWI) hopes to install "Rice ATM machines" at 85 mosques in the Federal Territory to facilitate its 23,000 asnaf or tithe recipients (Bernama, 2019). It is reported by Bernama (2019) that the cost of this machine is RM19,000 and is the first in the country and it has two functions, namely to give out rice supply in desired quantity and has a donation box to receive funds from the public. On February 15th, first rice ATM machine was installed at Al-Akram Mosque in Kampung Datuk Keramat.

  • the_maldives_celebrates_that_crystal_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Amana Takaful Maldives celebrated its 15th anniversary of Islamic finance by honoring key institutional and individual stakeholders who assisted in the development of Islamic finance with awards of appreciation on the 11th July. The governor of the Central Bank of Maldives was the chief guest. Apart from myself, the other individual award recipient was Fathimath Shafeega, former CEO of Capital Market Development Authority, who is currently a board director of the Maldives Islamic Bank (MIB).

Browsing by Issue Date

Jump to a point in the index:
Showing results 1 to 20 of 1349
  • the_application_of ju’alah_Islamic_finance_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohamed, Ismail Mohd; Mohd Rafede; Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • Ju'alah is one of the least researched types of Shariah contracts used in Islamic finance. The objective of this paper is to explore the current and potential applications of Ju'alah with specific reference to Malaysian Islamic banking, takaful and the Islamic capital market. This paper establishes that there is potential for using Ju'alah in Islamic finance as a primary and/or secondary contract. It also establishes that Ju'alah can be used in takaful, though it is not being currently used for this in Islamic banking and the Islamic capital market in Malaysia. It is anticipated that the findings of this paper will improve understanding of the practice of Ju'alah in the Malaysian Isla...

  • comment_on_protectionism_under Trump_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2020)

  • The USA under Trump has departed from its long-cherished tradition of being a leading proponent of liberal trade policies to a new norm that seeks comfort in protection-ism. Noland (2020) provides a deep insight into the political economy that explains the sudden reversal of US trade policies since 2016. In addition to furnishing an excel-lent literature survey which sheds considerable light on the issues at hand, Noland delves into an econometric analysis of the voter preferences, in which the explanatory variables are economic, demographic and cultural factors, with interaction terms.

  • bank_risk_financial_development_evidence_form_dual_banking_countries_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ali, Mohsin (2020)

  • This study examines the impact of financial development on bank risk-taking, measured as bank capitalization and bank income diversification. We observe the relationship using annual bank-level data from countries with dual-banking systems. The dataset spans from 2000 to 2014. Our results suggest that the impact of financial development on bank capitalization is heterogeneous across Islamic and conventional commercial banks. Moreover, the effect is different across listed and unlisted banks. However, on average, the response of income diversification to financial development is similar across most specifications. Additionally, bank risk is found to be countercyclical, suggesting that ...

  • a_fresh_view_on_zakah_as_socio-financial_tool_to_promote_ethics_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2020)

  • Current statistical data shows that almost all Muslim countries are facing economic and social problems such as the spread of poverty, mounting outstanding external debt due to compound interest and widespread unethical behaviour. Some contemporary scholars relate these problems to the oppression and the crippling policies of former colonial administrations, while others point to the governmental incompetence and corruption that triggered the last Arab spring. However, this paper contends that although the above mentioned issues may have served as catalysts that led to the worsening of socio-economic situation in many countries, the main reason for the overwhelming problems plaguing M...

  • damage_assessment_Kelantan_flooding_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Md. Shah, Kamarul; Musa, Haslina; Jasmi, Abu Talib; Ahmad, Jusuh; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2020)

  • This study will focus on assessing the total amount of damage and losses that has occurred during the 2014 flood disaster in Kelantan. The phenomenon of heavy rainfall during monsoon season is normal in Malaysia especially for the east coastal state areas between November to March every year. With the rainfall rate of 794mm which is 1.6 times higher than the average rainfall from the previous year, it has destroyed dwelling houses, animals, crops and also agricultural land. By using cross-sectional data analysis with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method on 686 respondents in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, the results showed that early warning indicators such as Short Message Services (SMS) and o...

  • short-term_Shariah-compliant_Islamic_liquidity_management_instruments_sustain_Islamic_banking_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • The purpose of this paper is to describe the structure of the Islamic treasury bills issued by the Central Bank of Maldives, Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA) for the benefit of those jurisdictions that aspire to introduce short term Islamic liquidity management instruments. This is exploratory research where the experience of the author in structuring the Islamic liquidity management instruments discussed in the paper. It is evident from the discussions of this paper that innovation is the key to structure Shari'ah compliant short term liquidity management instruments. The example of Maldives has proved that there is a need to amend the laws of the country to facilitate Central banks...

  • house_financing_contracts_used_Islamic_banks_finished_properties_Malaysia_aishath et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath; Fauzi, Muhammad Fahmi; Mat Nor, Muhammad Faisal; Abideen, Mohamed; Ajroudi, Muhammed Maher (2020)

  • The purpose of this paper is to find out the existing practices of the Islamic banks in providing financing to the customers who have a requirement to purchase a finished property and to examine the existing products used by the Islamic banks in this regard by providing an insight into the modus operandi of these products. In doing this, attempt is made to find out the most famous product offered by the Islamic banks in this regard and to find out whether in reality, Malaysian Islamic banking industry has moved away from Bai Bithaman Ajil (BBA) or not. This is a qualitative research, largely library-based, and it will consist of secondary sources such as books, journals, articles and ...

  • item.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Ali, Mohsin; Oravampurath, Hasanul Banna; Ziyaad, Mahomed (2020)

  • This chapter examines the economic impact of the migrants' return to Kerala, India during the Gulf oil crisis 2014-2016. Many migrants returned to their homeland during the crisis because they could not find work in the Middle East. The Kerala economy confronted this as one of the biggest threats which directly affected the economy. Almost USD 900 million had been brought to the homeland as remittance from Non-Residential Keralites (NRKs) working in Gulf countries. But the return of a large number of NRKs decreased the remittances to 10-15%. This chapter proposes Social Impact Sukuk to support the migrants who are back to their homelands from GCC countries. Data and information are co...

  • item.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • COVID-19 began as a health crisis and now has led to an economic crisis. There is a sudden surge in the number of poor and needy who has become unemployed over night without any prior warning and who has no way to find an alternative work as the whole country is locked down to protect from widespread of the disease in the local communities. This is the situation in the whole world today and India is no exception to this. As Purohit in this April 2020 has reported in Aljazeera: millions in underdeveloped regions face penury and deprivation as economic activity grinds to a halt due to lockdown. An example to further describe this issue at an individual is described by Purohit as follows...

  • regulating_fintech_businesses_Malaysian_experience_aishath_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Kunhibava, Sherin; Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • The Malaysian finance industry is governed by Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) and Securities Commission Malaysia (SC). BNM governs the banking and insurance industries and the SC regulates and develops its capital market. Both authorities have issued regulations to cater for the proliferation of fintech businesses. For example, BNM issued regulations on digital currency exchanges, electronic-know your customer requirements for fintech companies facilitating remittances, and a regulatory sandbox framework for fintech businesses. Similarly, the SC issued a digital investment management framework, another to facilitate equity crowdfunding, peer-to-peer lending, and digital asset exchanges, an...

  • prosperous_year_Islamic_capital_market_Maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • The Maldives is a small island nation with a 100% Muslim population. The country witnessed the first form of Islamic finance with the incorporation of Amana Takaful Maldives in 2003 and the first fully-fledged Islamic bank was established in 2011. As the Maldives marked the 15th anniversary of Islamic finance in the country, it gave the opportunity for the citizens of the country to appreciate the industry and widen its scope to tap into the halal industry via Islamic tourism and halal certification.

  • Maldives_Islamic_bank_performs_well_financially_last_quarter_2019_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • Maldives Islamic Bank (MIB) has achieved strong and healthy financial results for the final quarter of 2019 with a net profit of MVR25.6 million (US$1.63 million) which is an increase in profit of 13.8% from the third quarter of 2019, according to its press release on the 30th January 2020.

  • zakat_funds_moratorium_Maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2020)

  • On the 22nd April 2020, the Ministry of Islamic Affairs of the Republic of Maldives announced that MVR1 million (US$63,895.8) will be allocated from Zakat funds to be given to the needy and poor aff ected by COVID-19. According to the World Bank, the Maldives is a middle-income country with GDP per capita of US$10,331 (2018). The Ministry of Gender and Family will receive the MVR1 million to help those affected. Before this, about MVR3 million (US$191,687) was spent by the Ministry of Islamic Affairs for Maldivians stranded in other countries due to lockdowns.

  • impact_social_environmental_sustainability_esma et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdul Rahman (2019)

  • While there is ample evidence that non-financial firms' financial performance and social and environmental performance are related, evidence for the banking sector remains limited and inconclusive. This paper examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regressions and non-linear threshold regressions of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most estimation models controlling for both bank-specific and macroeconomic variables. The positive impact on fina...

  • belt_and_road_initiative_and_Islamic_financing_jinzi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: JinZi, Chu; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • China's One Belt and One Road (OBOR) is a global trade network across Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania. Also known as Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), OBOR is an attempt to redraw ancient Silk Road to foster global trade and economic development. Nearly 30 Muslims-majority countries are part of China's vision of BRI. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how public private partnership (PPP) has been applied in BRI projects; and second, to explore how Islamic finance can fit within a PPP context. This paper proposes a framework for using Islamic finance in infrastructure PPP projects. This paper also analyses two PPP projects where Islamic finance was deployed as p...

  • sukuk_shehama_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • Sukuk shehama is a financial instrument that has only recently emerged. It is a form of government-issued Islamic bond (sukuk) based on musharakah which is found in Sudan but can be easily replicated in any other country. Each certificate carries a nominal value that is calculated in dinars and represents a share of the net investment allocated by the government for this purpose from the selected investment units. Shehama certificates are issued at different times from 6 months to one year. These certificates are issued in multiple categories 50 thousand dinars - 100 thousand dinars - 200 thousand dinars - 500 thousand dinars so that different categories of investors can buy any numb...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • islamic_finance_withstands_the_winds_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives is a small island nation with a 100% Muslim population that is exemplary in its attempt to develop a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry. From only one Takaful company operating in the Maldives in 2003 under a conventional license, now in 2018, there are 13 institutions dealing with Islamic financial services, proving the ever-growing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • rice_atms_technology_based_innovations_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • In this February, it was announced that The Federal Territories Islamic Religious Department (JAWI) hopes to install "Rice ATM machines" at 85 mosques in the Federal Territory to facilitate its 23,000 asnaf or tithe recipients (Bernama, 2019). It is reported by Bernama (2019) that the cost of this machine is RM19,000 and is the first in the country and it has two functions, namely to give out rice supply in desired quantity and has a donation box to receive funds from the public. On February 15th, first rice ATM machine was installed at Al-Akram Mosque in Kampung Datuk Keramat.

  • the_maldives_celebrates_that_crystal_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Amana Takaful Maldives celebrated its 15th anniversary of Islamic finance by honoring key institutional and individual stakeholders who assisted in the development of Islamic finance with awards of appreciation on the 11th July. The governor of the Central Bank of Maldives was the chief guest. Apart from myself, the other individual award recipient was Fathimath Shafeega, former CEO of Capital Market Development Authority, who is currently a board director of the Maldives Islamic Bank (MIB).