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  • Waqf_shares_a_fundraising_scheme_for_community_development_projects_and_humanitarian_magda.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2018)

  • The waqf-share scheme is a 21st century Islamic social finance tool that has been used successfully in Muslim and Muslim-minority countries (Cizakca, 2000). It is a fundraising scheme organized by a charitable institution that issues "waqf-shares" for sale to different contributors for various projects. Since a waqf-share is a movable waqf, it has to follow the strict conditions of waqf in terms of its irrevocability, its inalienability, and its perpetuity. This means that contributors cannot sell or transfer their waqf shares; they can only receive and hold a waqf-share certificate as evidence of theircontributions to the project if the created waqf is public waqf.

  • risky_forward_interest_rates_and_swaptions_Belal_Miao_Jitendra.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Baaquie, Belal E.; Miao, Yu; Bhanap, Jitendra (2018)

  • Risk free forward interest rates (Diebold and Li, 2006 [1]; Jamshidian, 1991 [2]) and their realization by US Treasury bonds as the leading exemplar have been studied extensively. In Baaquie (2010), models of risk free bonds and their forward interest rates based on the quantum field theoretic formulation of the risk free forward interest rates have been discussed, including the empirical evidence supporting these models. The quantum finance formulation of risk free forward interest rates is extended to the case of risky forward interest rates. The examples of the Singapore and Malaysian forward interest rates are used as specific cases. The main feature of the quantum finance model i...

  • statistical_field_theory_of_futures_commodity_prices_Belal_Miao.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Baaquie, Belal E.; Miao, Yu (2018)

  • The statistical theory of commodity prices has been formulated by Baaquie (2013). Further empirical studies of single (Baaquie et al., 2015) and multiple commodity prices (Baaquie et al., 2016) have provided strong evidence in support the primary assumptions of the statistical formulation. In this paper, the model for spot prices (Baaquie, 2013) is extended to model futures commodity prices using a statistical field theory of futures commodity prices. The futures prices are modeled as a two dimensional statistical field and a nonlinear Lagrangian is postulated. Empirical studies provide clear evidence in support of the model, with many nontrivial features of the model finding unexpec...

  • Maldives_hub_Islamic_finance_south_Asia_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Maldives is a hundred percent Muslim country with a population of less than four hundred thousand. The country has a unique geography as it consists of 1,190 islands scattered in the Indian ocean. According to Article 2 of the Constitution of Maldives, Maldives is a sovereign, independent, democratic Republic based on the principles of Islam, and is a unitary State, to be known as the Republic of Maldives. According to Article 9 (d) of the Constitution of Maldives, a non-Muslim will not become a citizen of Maldives even if the person fulfills all the conditions to become a citizen of Maldives as prescribed in the Constitution. Article 10 of the Constitution states that the religion of...

  • seeking_specific_relies_in_cases_of_Islamic_banking_in_Malaysia_an_analysis _aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Islamic Banking is a concept that has a universal meaning to it in the world today. However, though the meaning of it is uniform and the lex loci applicable to it is same, the substantive and the procedural laws operating in the respective jurisdictions where it works is still applicable to it. As such, though in the product offering stage and the documentation signing stage, Shari'ah compliance certainty can be easily assured, in the dispute resolution stage especially in the case of litigation, it is impossible to restrict the courts applying only Shar??ah which is often unwritten laws of the countries.

  • Islamic_economics_and_Islamic_finance_in_the_world_economy_mansor_nafis.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Alam, Nafis (2018)

  • This paper places the articles in this special issue in the contexts of Islamic economics and finance research. It highlights the foundations of Islamic economics, which are in practice manifested in Islamic finance. Then, the paper brings up three key issues in Islamic finance today: the Islamicity of Islamic banking, real contributions of Islamic finance, and Islamic finance in the present monetary framework. While there are some promising theoretical and empirical findings pointing to positive contributions of Islamic finance, there is still a need for Islamic finance to distinguish itself from the conventional finance and to further demonstrate its real effect

  • Issues_in_Islamic_equities_mansur_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Mustaffa Kamil, Nazrol Kamil; Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath (2018)

  • This article reviews the current literature on Islamic equities. Our survey indicates that the bulk of articles is quantitative or empirical in nature, with a notable dearth of theoretical works. Among the common research themes explored by these articles are comparative performances of Islamic equities visa-vis their conventional counterparts, comparisons of Islamic portfolios with SRI funds, and empirically articulating portfolio diversification benefits associated with Islamic equities. In addition, numerous articles discuss idiosyncrasies of Shari'ah compliant stocks and portfolios under subthemes such as volatility, risk factors, and performance attributes. This survey also inclu...

  • Bank_lending_deposits_and_risk_taking_in_times_of_crisis_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Rizvi, Syed Aun Raza (2018)

  • In this study, we conduct a panel analysis of Islamic and conventional banks to ascertain whether Islamic banks are able to sustain financing supply and whether its growth is higher than conventional bank lending growth in times of stress. For concreteness, we also assess whether the sustained financing supply of Islamic banks is justified by a concomitant increase in Islamic deposit growth and is not linked to excessive risk taking. Utilizing a panel sample of 25 Islamic banks and 114 conventional banks from 10 dual-banking countries, we observe sustained financing supply by Islamic banks but significant reduction in the lending growth by conventional banks during the crisis period. ...

  • Unraveling_the_financial_contagion_in_European_stock_markets_during_financial_crisis_dewandaru_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Masih, Rumi; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2018)

  • The article investigates the evidence of financial contagion and market integration in selected European equity markets during nine major crises across regions. The focus is to identify whether (i) contagion evidence is pure or fundamental and (ii) dynamic evolution of integration is in the short run or long run. Wavelet decomposition in both its discrete and continuous forms is used. The findings reveal the following: (i) prior to the subprime crisis, contagion effects generated short-term shocks. The most recent US subprime crisis, however, reveals the evidence of fundamental based contagion. (ii) We find increasing short-run and long-run stock market integration, driven by several ...

  • Exploring_portfolio_diversification_opportunities_through_venture_capital_financing_yusuf_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Jaffar, Yusuf; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2018)

  • Islamic financial institutions are being pressured by critics to offer profit and loss sharing (PLS) financing such as, venture capital financing, for the purpose of entrepreneurial development aligned to the principle of equity risk sharing. Our study aims to link PLS investments with portfolio optimization opportunities for the Islamic asset managers. Using portfolio analysis with dynamic conditional correlation, Markov switching, and maximal overlap discrete wavelet transformation, our findings tend to indicate that there is indeed a portfolio optimization opportunity in investment universe for the fund managers who invested in PLS investments in the context of venture capital asse...

  • establishment_of_Islamic_capital_market_in_jurisdictions_with_limited_Islamic_financial_services_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • It is said that to establish an Islamic Capital Market, the first step would be to have a strong Islamic finance industry with numerous institutions offering Islamic financial services. This way it is easy to know that the demand for Islamic capital market would be there and that market will be sophisticated enough to comprehensive the nature of shariah compliant products. Generally, in most of the jurisdictions this is how the Islamic capital market is created. This paper will look at the establishment of Islamic capital market in Maldives, small island nation where the establishment of Islamic capital market happened when at a time there was only one takaful company and one Islamic ...

  • Bonds_with_index_linked_stochastic_coupons_in_quantum_finance_belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Baaquie, Belal E. (2018)

  • An index-linked coupon bond is defined that pays coupons whose values are stochastic, depending on a market defined index. This is an asset class distinct from the existing coupon bonds. The index-linked coupon bond is an example of a sukuk, which is an instrument that implements one of the cornerstones of Islamic finance (Askari et al., 2012): that an investor must share in the risk of the issuer in order to earn profits from the investment. The index-linked coupon bond is defined using the mathematical framework of quantum finance (Baaquie, 2004, 2010). The coupons are stochastic, with the quantum of coupon payments depending on a publicly traded index that is chosen to reflect the ...

  • Weapon_to_end_poverty_closing_the_gender_wealth_gap_with_Islamic_wealth_management_aishath.PDF.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Women represent more than half of the world's population, and make 40% of the world's labour force. Yet, according to the World Bank, they hold just 1% of the world's wealth. The sizable gender wealth gap is even more stark for women in developing countries, where they are more likely than men to do unpaid work, or be out of the workforce, more likely to work in industries with lower average pay, and less likely to be in high-paid senior positions, according to the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Index 2017.

  • Women_empowerment_in_Islamic_finance_industry_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Muneeza, Aishath (2018)

  • Women empowerment is often associated with feminism. The moment a woman voices out issues on gender equality, there is a general perception that she is talking about compromising of quality and competency and arguing for undue career development and its progression in favour of women. This is indeed not the case and this is not what women are advocating for.

  • Do_Islamic_stock_returns_hedge_against_inflation_norazza_abul_mansur.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • M. Haniff, Norazza; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur (2018)

  • This article makes an initial attempt to study the hedging effectiveness of Islamic stock returns against inflation for different investment horizons. We applied the wavelet analysis to measure the cross-correlations between the time series as a function of time-scales using data ranging from 2007 to early 2015. The main results tend to indicate the following: First, that for investment horizons not exceeding 3 years, the FTSE Bursa Malaysia Emas Shariah Index constituent returns may potentially hedge against inflation. Additionally, the hedging ability of stock returns was absent from 2008 to 2009 following the global financial crisis. Finally, a buy-and-hold strategy exceeding 3 yea...

  • 270317 - ISLAMIC FINANCE, DEVELOPMENT & GROWTH.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Alhabshi, Syed Othman (2017-03-27)

  • The slides "Islamic finance in Malaysia: development and growth" presented by Prof. Datuk Dr. Syed Othman Alhabshi to the Delegates from Ministry of Finance, Ghana, at INCEIF.

  • Islamic_wealth_management_theory_and_practice_ariff_shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Ariff, Mohamed; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2017)

  • The book begins by defining wealth from both a secular perspective and an Islamic perspective. It describes how wealth needs to be earned in lawful ways, preserved and used to benefit the needs of the community, with a small part of the wealth given away to charity, and the remainder managed in accordance with laws and common practices, as established by a majority consensus of scholars of the religion in historical times. Each section of the book has relevant chapters that discuss the theory, as well as the application and the challenges in Islamic wealth management in real and financial markets. This title is on order.

  • PhD_Role_of_Islamic_microfinance_institutions_in_empowering_the_poor_in_Indonesia_Muhammad_Quraisy.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Quraisy, Muhammad (2017)

  • All the human beings in this world deserve to have a better quality of life. In order to achieve the noble notion, the chronic social disease called poverty must be expelled. It is a multidimensional phenomenon that has defied the social, economic and political landscape of every nation and society in various parts of the world. Thus, there is an urgent need to combat poverty and empowering the poor in order to develop both the physical and social well-being as well as to enhance the quality life of the people. One of the effective and powerful tools to combat poverty is by providing microfinance access to the poor ... Available in physical copy and downloadable format (Call Number...

  • Phd_The_Impact_of_financial_development_on_income_inequality_Resul_Sapar.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Sapar, Resul (2017)

  • Income inequality, or the widening income gap between the rich and the poor, is the most discussed universal and controversial issue. It is an issue of great concern as history has shown that it can create costly, bloody, social and political instability as evidenced by French and Russian Revolutions and Arab Spring events. Many causes have been cited for the widening income gap between the rich and the poor including economic development, technological change, trade openness, financial development, and changes in labor market institutions, redistributive policies and education attainment. This thesis focuses ... Available in physical copy and downloadable format (Call Number: t HC...

  • replacing_the_interest_rate_mechanism_in_monetary_policy_norhanim_abbas_khairul.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Mat Sari, Norhanim; Mirakhor, Abbas; Mohd Subky, Khairul Hafidzi (2017)

  • The current macroeconomic policies in Malaysia follow conventional model based on the risk-transfer and/or risk-shifting paradigm, as opposed to risk-sharing principles proposed in Islamic finance. Malaysia‚Äôs monetary policy relies and operates through short-term interest rates which is currently called the overnight policy rate (OPR) to achieve price stability. In order to become a global leader and an indisputable global hub for Islamic finance, there is a need to develop an alternative monetary policy framework for Malaysia that is Shariahbased. One of the key elements in doing so is to come up with an alternative Islamic Pricing Benchmark (IPB) that is free from interest rates. He...