Browsing by Issue Date

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Showing results 1 to 20 of 1235
  • islamic_finance_withstands_the_winds_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives is a small island nation with a 100% Muslim population that is exemplary in its attempt to develop a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry. From only one Takaful company operating in the Maldives in 2003 under a conventional license, now in 2018, there are 13 institutions dealing with Islamic financial services, proving the ever-growing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Guedira, Souhaila (2019)

  • This study is an initial attempt investigating the extent to which portfolio diversification benefits are available at different investment horizons to Turkish conventional and Shari'ah compliant investors in Southeast Asian conventional and Islamic stock markets. We apply multivariate-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (MGARCH-DCC) and Wavelet techniques on daily data spanning from 2007 to 2018. The findings tend to suggest that Turkish investors would likely not invest in Singapore stock markets. At the same time, investing in stock indices of Indonesia and Thailand present moderate diversification benefits overall. The results highly recommend that Turkish conve...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Khan, Shabeer (2019)

  • Although literature on shadow economy has been growing, the examination is scarce in the case of developing countries, especially the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) economies. In this study, we develop various testable hypotheses related to shadow economy. We investigate the determinants of shadow economy across a large sample of 141 countries and examine whether it varies across OIC (42) and non-OIC (99) countries. The average size of the shadow economy in OIC countries is 34.36% of gross domestic product (GDP) while it is 30.57% of GDP in non-OlC economies. The approach of exploring various definitions, historical development, types, Islamic viewpoint and the determining ...

  • the_impact_social_enviromental_sustainability_financial_performance_adam.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdulrahman (2019)

  • Despite the promising evidence of the corporate social and environmental performance-corporate financial performance relations across various business sectors, the findings from banking sector remain limited and inconclusive. This article examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regression and non-linear threshold regression of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period of 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most of the estimation models controlling for both bank specific and macroeconomic ...

  • ethical_investments_financial_performance_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This paper examines the financial performance of ethical funds in different regions and concludes that there is a cost attached to ethical investing. An analysis of 964 mutual funds comprising of Socially responsible funds (SRFs) and the Shariah-compliant equity funds (SCFs) suggests that: a) except for global funds, both types of funds underperform in the market, b) both types of funds are preferred for investment in growth and momentum stocks, c) SRFs are preferred for small capitalized stocks whereas SCFs do not follow any specific style or investment strategy, d) unlike SRFs, SCFs do not provide a safe haven for investors during crises. These findings are probably due to the lack ...

  • the_substitution_hypothesis_agency_conflicts_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Anwer, Zaher; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • According to the substitution hypothesis and recent evidence, firms that are better governed carry less debt and experience fewer agency problems. This may also imply that firms with lower debt are better governed and experience lower agency costs. We test this hypothesis by comparing the agency costs of Shariah compliant (SC, and therefore low debt) and Shariah noncompliant (SNC) firms, using a proprietary dataset comprising constituents of the Dow Jones Islamic index for the period 2006-2015. The findings support the hypothesis but are contingent on the firm's idiosyncratic risk; SC firms with low idiosyncratic risk have higher agency costs.

  • view_practice_stock_market_reaction_sukuk_credit_rating_changes_Malaysia_zulkarnain_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; AlHomsi, Mahmoud (2019)

  • Documented evidence on conventional bond markets shows negative market reaction to bond credit rating downgrade and no reaction to credit rating upgrade. Despite the fact that sukuk issuances make up more than 58.8% of the value of outstanding bonds in the country and Malaysia issues at least half of the world's sukuk and is widely recognized as a leader in the sukuk space, there is no documented evidence on the stock market reaction to sukuk credit rating changes. This study analyzed the wealth effect of sukuk credit rating changes in Malaysia using 16 sukuk upgrades and 20 sukuk downgrades for the period 2000-2014. The evidence shows negative market reaction to downgrades and positi...

  • developing_regional_healthcare_facilities_in_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Badeeu, Fathimath Nashwa; Nafiz, Aminath Reesha; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The purpose of this paper is to identify the underlying issues of healthcare system in Maldives in order to provide an understanding of the challenges facing healthcare providers in islands and atolls in a wider context. The paper scrutinizes the financial burden faced by the current healthcare system in Maldives. It also proposes shariah compliant mechanism that can be utilized to minimize financial burden in a long-term basis. It is hoped that the outcome of the research will assist the policymakers of Maldives to devise a shariah compliant mechanism to finance the development of atoll and island health facilities in a sustainable manner.

  • waqf_development_in_marawi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd Shukri, Nur Diyanah Syakirah; Ahmad Zamri, Siti Nuralina; Muneeza, Aishath; Ghulam, Hanif (2019)

  • Since 2017, the city of Marawi was left in ruins after five months of aerial bombardments and close-quarter fighting between Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and government forces. Many buildings were destroyed; mosques and schools are no exceptions. While rebuilding efforts have begun in the city, the government has limited resources to fund city reconstruction and Waqf properties (e.g. mosques and schools) are not constitutionally considered as part of the government assets. Fortunately, the government seeks to channel funding for city reconstruction, including Islamic finance schemes. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the opportunities and challenges to rebuild Waqf prop...

  • waqfintech_sustainable_socio-economic_development_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • This paper aims to discuss the use of financial technology in waqf (Islamic endowment) for funding religious and social causes. It is believed that waqfintech could reach a wider audience and benefit more people in need through the use of innovative financial technology like crowdfunding and blockchain. The main objective of this paper is to introduce the concept of waqfcrowd and waqfcoin as a means of collecting and managing waqf in the digital age. Waqf institutions can thus take advantage of technological innovation to utilise the convenience and efficiency offered by financial technology. This is a conceptual paper which reviews the relevant literature regarding waqf and financial...

  • mertons_equation_quantum_oscillator_II_belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • Merton has proposed a model for contingent claims on a firm as an option on the firms value, and is based on a generalization of the Black-Scholes stochastic equation (Merton, 1974). A special case of Merton's model is proposed - based on the quantum oscillator - for pricing options. Two cases of the option price are obtained: both these cases yield possible candidates for the generalization of the Black-Scholes option pricing formula. However, one of the proposed option prices does not obey the martingale condition and the other does not yield the correct discounting of future cash flows. For these reasons, the option prices do not obey put-call parity. The options can, however, be u...

  • the_pricing_of_maldives_islamic_bank_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • In a news conference held by Maldives Islamic Bank (MIB) on the 30th June 2019, it was announced that MIB is going public and its IPO will begin on the 28th July 2019 and close on the 18th September 2019. The price per share will be MVR35 (US$2.21). The main aim of this IPO, according to the new managing director of MIB, is to increase the participation of locals (Maldivians) in the ownership of MIB. The total targeted amount to be raised via the IPO is MVR244 million (US$15.41 million). MIB is selling 31% of its shares equivalent to 6.98 million shares.

  • structural changes_competition_and_bank_stability_Mansor et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Salim, Kinan; Abojeib, Moutaz; Lau, Wee Yeap (2019)

  • This paper assesses Malaysia's competition landscape and its risk implications subsequent to conventional banking consolidation and Islamic banking penetration in the aftermath of the 1997/1998 Asian financial crisis. Employing a panel sample of conventional and Islamic commercial banks, it arrives at the following conclusions. First, the consolidation exercise, which has led to a significant reduction in the number of domestic commercial banks, has not stifled banking competition. Second, the paper provides empirical support for the competition-stability relationship, particularly for the conventional banking sector. Islamic banking sector risk appears to be neutral to market competi...

  • impact_social_environmental_sustainability_esma et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdul Rahman (2019)

  • While there is ample evidence that non-financial firms' financial performance and social and environmental performance are related, evidence for the banking sector remains limited and inconclusive. This paper examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regressions and non-linear threshold regressions of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most estimation models controlling for both bank-specific and macroeconomic variables. The positive impact on fina...

  • a_proposal_designed_calibrating_liquidity_coverage_ratio_Islamic_banks_adam et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Dolgun, Muhammed Habib; Mirakhor, Abbas; Ng, Adam Boon Ka (2019)

  • This paper aims to critically investigate the liquidity risk management of Islamic banks and develop an alternative regulatory framework appropriate for liquidity management of these banks. The specific risk profile of an Islamic bank requires developing a new and more efficient regulatory framework, which relies on risk-sharing and symmetric information among parties. The paper makes a differentiation between small local banks and internationally active Islamic banks and proposes to apply liquidity requirements only for internationally active Islamic banks. A new proposal for the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) of Islamic banks is developed in this paper towards mitigating risks and c...

  • belt_and_road_initiative_and_Islamic_financing_jinzi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: JinZi, Chu; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • China's One Belt and One Road (OBOR) is a global trade network across Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania. Also known as Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), OBOR is an attempt to redraw ancient Silk Road to foster global trade and economic development. Nearly 30 Muslims-majority countries are part of China's vision of BRI. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how public private partnership (PPP) has been applied in BRI projects; and second, to explore how Islamic finance can fit within a PPP context. This paper proposes a framework for using Islamic finance in infrastructure PPP projects. This paper also analyses two PPP projects where Islamic finance was deployed as p...

  • sukuk_shehama_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • Sukuk shehama is a financial instrument that has only recently emerged. It is a form of government-issued Islamic bond (sukuk) based on musharakah which is found in Sudan but can be easily replicated in any other country. Each certificate carries a nominal value that is calculated in dinars and represents a share of the net investment allocated by the government for this purpose from the selected investment units. Shehama certificates are issued at different times from 6 months to one year. These certificates are issued in multiple categories 50 thousand dinars - 100 thousand dinars - 200 thousand dinars - 500 thousand dinars so that different categories of investors can buy any numb...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • rice_atms_technology_based_innovations_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • In this February, it was announced that The Federal Territories Islamic Religious Department (JAWI) hopes to install "Rice ATM machines" at 85 mosques in the Federal Territory to facilitate its 23,000 asnaf or tithe recipients (Bernama, 2019). It is reported by Bernama (2019) that the cost of this machine is RM19,000 and is the first in the country and it has two functions, namely to give out rice supply in desired quantity and has a donation box to receive funds from the public. On February 15th, first rice ATM machine was installed at Al-Akram Mosque in Kampung Datuk Keramat.

Browsing by Issue Date

Jump to a point in the index:
Showing results 1 to 20 of 1235
  • islamic_finance_withstands_the_winds_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The Maldives is a small island nation with a 100% Muslim population that is exemplary in its attempt to develop a fully-fledged Islamic finance industry. From only one Takaful company operating in the Maldives in 2003 under a conventional license, now in 2018, there are 13 institutions dealing with Islamic financial services, proving the ever-growing demand for Islamic finance in the Maldives.

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Guedira, Souhaila (2019)

  • This study is an initial attempt investigating the extent to which portfolio diversification benefits are available at different investment horizons to Turkish conventional and Shari'ah compliant investors in Southeast Asian conventional and Islamic stock markets. We apply multivariate-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (MGARCH-DCC) and Wavelet techniques on daily data spanning from 2007 to 2018. The findings tend to suggest that Turkish investors would likely not invest in Singapore stock markets. At the same time, investing in stock indices of Indonesia and Thailand present moderate diversification benefits overall. The results highly recommend that Turkish conve...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Khan, Shabeer (2019)

  • Although literature on shadow economy has been growing, the examination is scarce in the case of developing countries, especially the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) economies. In this study, we develop various testable hypotheses related to shadow economy. We investigate the determinants of shadow economy across a large sample of 141 countries and examine whether it varies across OIC (42) and non-OIC (99) countries. The average size of the shadow economy in OIC countries is 34.36% of gross domestic product (GDP) while it is 30.57% of GDP in non-OlC economies. The approach of exploring various definitions, historical development, types, Islamic viewpoint and the determining ...

  • the_impact_social_enviromental_sustainability_financial_performance_adam.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdulrahman (2019)

  • Despite the promising evidence of the corporate social and environmental performance-corporate financial performance relations across various business sectors, the findings from banking sector remain limited and inconclusive. This article examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regression and non-linear threshold regression of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period of 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most of the estimation models controlling for both bank specific and macroeconomic ...

  • ethical_investments_financial_performance_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This paper examines the financial performance of ethical funds in different regions and concludes that there is a cost attached to ethical investing. An analysis of 964 mutual funds comprising of Socially responsible funds (SRFs) and the Shariah-compliant equity funds (SCFs) suggests that: a) except for global funds, both types of funds underperform in the market, b) both types of funds are preferred for investment in growth and momentum stocks, c) SRFs are preferred for small capitalized stocks whereas SCFs do not follow any specific style or investment strategy, d) unlike SRFs, SCFs do not provide a safe haven for investors during crises. These findings are probably due to the lack ...

  • the_substitution_hypothesis_agency_conflicts_shamsher_eskandar.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Anwer, Zaher; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • According to the substitution hypothesis and recent evidence, firms that are better governed carry less debt and experience fewer agency problems. This may also imply that firms with lower debt are better governed and experience lower agency costs. We test this hypothesis by comparing the agency costs of Shariah compliant (SC, and therefore low debt) and Shariah noncompliant (SNC) firms, using a proprietary dataset comprising constituents of the Dow Jones Islamic index for the period 2006-2015. The findings support the hypothesis but are contingent on the firm's idiosyncratic risk; SC firms with low idiosyncratic risk have higher agency costs.

  • view_practice_stock_market_reaction_sukuk_credit_rating_changes_Malaysia_zulkarnain_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; AlHomsi, Mahmoud (2019)

  • Documented evidence on conventional bond markets shows negative market reaction to bond credit rating downgrade and no reaction to credit rating upgrade. Despite the fact that sukuk issuances make up more than 58.8% of the value of outstanding bonds in the country and Malaysia issues at least half of the world's sukuk and is widely recognized as a leader in the sukuk space, there is no documented evidence on the stock market reaction to sukuk credit rating changes. This study analyzed the wealth effect of sukuk credit rating changes in Malaysia using 16 sukuk upgrades and 20 sukuk downgrades for the period 2000-2014. The evidence shows negative market reaction to downgrades and positi...

  • developing_regional_healthcare_facilities_in_maldives_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Badeeu, Fathimath Nashwa; Nafiz, Aminath Reesha; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • The purpose of this paper is to identify the underlying issues of healthcare system in Maldives in order to provide an understanding of the challenges facing healthcare providers in islands and atolls in a wider context. The paper scrutinizes the financial burden faced by the current healthcare system in Maldives. It also proposes shariah compliant mechanism that can be utilized to minimize financial burden in a long-term basis. It is hoped that the outcome of the research will assist the policymakers of Maldives to devise a shariah compliant mechanism to finance the development of atoll and island health facilities in a sustainable manner.

  • waqf_development_in_marawi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohd Shukri, Nur Diyanah Syakirah; Ahmad Zamri, Siti Nuralina; Muneeza, Aishath; Ghulam, Hanif (2019)

  • Since 2017, the city of Marawi was left in ruins after five months of aerial bombardments and close-quarter fighting between Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and government forces. Many buildings were destroyed; mosques and schools are no exceptions. While rebuilding efforts have begun in the city, the government has limited resources to fund city reconstruction and Waqf properties (e.g. mosques and schools) are not constitutionally considered as part of the government assets. Fortunately, the government seeks to channel funding for city reconstruction, including Islamic finance schemes. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the opportunities and challenges to rebuild Waqf prop...

  • waqfintech_sustainable_socio-economic_development_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • This paper aims to discuss the use of financial technology in waqf (Islamic endowment) for funding religious and social causes. It is believed that waqfintech could reach a wider audience and benefit more people in need through the use of innovative financial technology like crowdfunding and blockchain. The main objective of this paper is to introduce the concept of waqfcrowd and waqfcoin as a means of collecting and managing waqf in the digital age. Waqf institutions can thus take advantage of technological innovation to utilise the convenience and efficiency offered by financial technology. This is a conceptual paper which reviews the relevant literature regarding waqf and financial...

  • mertons_equation_quantum_oscillator_II_belal.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baaquie, Belal E. (2019)

  • Merton has proposed a model for contingent claims on a firm as an option on the firms value, and is based on a generalization of the Black-Scholes stochastic equation (Merton, 1974). A special case of Merton's model is proposed - based on the quantum oscillator - for pricing options. Two cases of the option price are obtained: both these cases yield possible candidates for the generalization of the Black-Scholes option pricing formula. However, one of the proposed option prices does not obey the martingale condition and the other does not yield the correct discounting of future cash flows. For these reasons, the option prices do not obey put-call parity. The options can, however, be u...

  • the_pricing_of_maldives_islamic_bank_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • In a news conference held by Maldives Islamic Bank (MIB) on the 30th June 2019, it was announced that MIB is going public and its IPO will begin on the 28th July 2019 and close on the 18th September 2019. The price per share will be MVR35 (US$2.21). The main aim of this IPO, according to the new managing director of MIB, is to increase the participation of locals (Maldivians) in the ownership of MIB. The total targeted amount to be raised via the IPO is MVR244 million (US$15.41 million). MIB is selling 31% of its shares equivalent to 6.98 million shares.

  • structural changes_competition_and_bank_stability_Mansor et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Salim, Kinan; Abojeib, Moutaz; Lau, Wee Yeap (2019)

  • This paper assesses Malaysia's competition landscape and its risk implications subsequent to conventional banking consolidation and Islamic banking penetration in the aftermath of the 1997/1998 Asian financial crisis. Employing a panel sample of conventional and Islamic commercial banks, it arrives at the following conclusions. First, the consolidation exercise, which has led to a significant reduction in the number of domestic commercial banks, has not stifled banking competition. Second, the paper provides empirical support for the competition-stability relationship, particularly for the conventional banking sector. Islamic banking sector risk appears to be neutral to market competi...

  • impact_social_environmental_sustainability_esma et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nizam, Esma; Ng, Adam Boon Ka; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Nagayev, Ruslan; Nkoba, Malik Abdul Rahman (2019)

  • While there is ample evidence that non-financial firms' financial performance and social and environmental performance are related, evidence for the banking sector remains limited and inconclusive. This paper examines the impact of access to finance and environmental financing on the financial performance of the banking sector globally. Based on cross-sectional linear regressions and non-linear threshold regressions of 713 banks from 75 countries over the period 2013-2015, we find that access to finance has significantly positive effects on banks' financial performance in most estimation models controlling for both bank-specific and macroeconomic variables. The positive impact on fina...

  • a_proposal_designed_calibrating_liquidity_coverage_ratio_Islamic_banks_adam et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Dolgun, Muhammed Habib; Mirakhor, Abbas; Ng, Adam Boon Ka (2019)

  • This paper aims to critically investigate the liquidity risk management of Islamic banks and develop an alternative regulatory framework appropriate for liquidity management of these banks. The specific risk profile of an Islamic bank requires developing a new and more efficient regulatory framework, which relies on risk-sharing and symmetric information among parties. The paper makes a differentiation between small local banks and internationally active Islamic banks and proposes to apply liquidity requirements only for internationally active Islamic banks. A new proposal for the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) of Islamic banks is developed in this paper towards mitigating risks and c...

  • belt_and_road_initiative_and_Islamic_financing_jinzi_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: JinZi, Chu; Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • China's One Belt and One Road (OBOR) is a global trade network across Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania. Also known as Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), OBOR is an attempt to redraw ancient Silk Road to foster global trade and economic development. Nearly 30 Muslims-majority countries are part of China's vision of BRI. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how public private partnership (PPP) has been applied in BRI projects; and second, to explore how Islamic finance can fit within a PPP context. This paper proposes a framework for using Islamic finance in infrastructure PPP projects. This paper also analyses two PPP projects where Islamic finance was deployed as p...

  • sukuk_shehama_magda.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Ismail Abdel Mohsin, Magda (2019)

  • Sukuk shehama is a financial instrument that has only recently emerged. It is a form of government-issued Islamic bond (sukuk) based on musharakah which is found in Sudan but can be easily replicated in any other country. Each certificate carries a nominal value that is calculated in dinars and represents a share of the net investment allocated by the government for this purpose from the selected investment units. Shehama certificates are issued at different times from 6 months to one year. These certificates are issued in multiple categories 50 thousand dinars - 100 thousand dinars - 200 thousand dinars - 500 thousand dinars so that different categories of investors can buy any numb...

  • a_case_study_default_Islamic_financing_facilities_Malaysian_perspective_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • Default can occur in Islamic banking. As the law applicable to Islamic banking is derived from Shariah, it is imperative to check whether the current practice of Islamic banks in default aligns with Shariah. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the rules and procedures Islamic banks in Malaysia follow in case of default. This is a qualitative research where data from primary sources such as laws on the matter are extracted to derive conclusions and secondary sources such as case laws and other published materials in the subject matter are explored. It is anticipated that the outcome of this chapter will assist to comprehend the way in which Islamic banks deal in case of default...

  • rice_atms_technology_based_innovations_aishath.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Muneeza, Aishath (2019)

  • In this February, it was announced that The Federal Territories Islamic Religious Department (JAWI) hopes to install "Rice ATM machines" at 85 mosques in the Federal Territory to facilitate its 23,000 asnaf or tithe recipients (Bernama, 2019). It is reported by Bernama (2019) that the cost of this machine is RM19,000 and is the first in the country and it has two functions, namely to give out rice supply in desired quantity and has a donation box to receive funds from the public. On February 15th, first rice ATM machine was installed at Al-Akram Mosque in Kampung Datuk Keramat.