Browsing by Author Habibullah, Muzafar Shah

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Showing results 6 to 25 of 61
  • crime_economic_condition_case_united_states_america_baharom_muzafar_jaharudin_yap.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Yap, Shy Yen; Padli, Jaharudin (2009)

  • A normative definition views crime as deviant behavior that violates prevailing norms-cultural standards prescribing how humans ought to behave normally. This approach considers the complex realities surrounding the concept of crime and seeks to understand how changing social, political, psychological, and economic conditions may affect the current definitions of crime and the form of the legal, law enforcement, and penal responses made by society. In the United States since 1930, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has tabulated Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) annually from crime data submitted by law enforcement agencies across the United States. Officials compile this data at the...

  • crime_economic_conditions_Malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2009)

  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of economic conditions on various categories of criminal activities in Malaysia for the period 1973‐2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool. Dynamic ordinary least squares was also used to check the robustness of the results. The results indicate that murder, armed robbery, rape, assault, daylight burglary, and motorcycle theft exhibit long‐run relationships with economic conditions, and the causal effect in all cases runs from economic conditions to crime rates and not vice versa. In the long‐run, strong economic performances have a positive impact on murder, rape, assault, dayl...

  • crime _socio-macroeconomics_determinants_panel-error-correction_cointegration_analysis_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Noor, Zaleha (2013)

  • This study investigates the relationship between crime and socio and macro economic variables such as income, unemployment, inflation, interest rate, and also the political violence, both domestic and regional. The main motivation of the study is to have a better understanding of crime as well as finding and suggesting alternative ways of approaching crime. We analyzed 21 countries, with data spanning from 1960 to 2001.We adopted the model and framework introduced by Viren (2001) based on Becker (1968), Block and Heineke (1975). However, we slightly modified by rephrasing it in order not to only capture the long run relationship but also the short run adjustment. We employed the panel...

  • crime_police_personnel_Malaysia_empirical_investigation_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Muhamad, Suriyani (2014)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis.

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Muhamad, Suriyani (2013)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis

  • crime_unemployment_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Din, Badariah H.; Muhamad, Suriyani; Ishak, Suryati (2014)

  • The purpose of the present study is to determine whether there is long-run relationship between crime rates and unemployment rate in Malaysia for the period 1973 to 2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool to infer cointegration or the long-run relationship between unemployment and the crime rates. The results indicate that the unemployment rate, and crime rates: total crime rate, violent crime (murder, robbery, and assault), and property crime (daylight burglary, night burglary, and motorcycle theft) are cointegrated. The estimated long-run coeffi cients suggest that unemployment rate has negative effect on violent crime, murder,...

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2014)

  • This study wishes to examine and validate the ‘broken window’ hypothesis among the fifty one states in the United States. The chosen method for this analysis is Johansen cointegration test to test for cointegration, and if any cointegrating vector is found, we proceed to test for Granger causality based on VECM. We test whether property crime (proxy for minor crime) leads to violent crime (proxy for major crime) in the fifty one states with respect to the period 1960 to 2007. Result of the study indicates that violent crime and property crime are cointegrated in forty eight states out of fifty one states. Further analysis to test for the validity of the broken window hypothesis provid...

  • defense_spending_economic_growth_nexus_selected_OIC_countries_long-run_causality_analysis_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Tahir, Hirnissa; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2013)

  • This paper investigates the long run Granger causality between defense spending and economic growth for 20 selected Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) by employing the Error-Correction Model (ECM) framework using annual data for the period 1960 to 2005. defense spending (milex) is measured using the ratio of defense spending to gross domestic product (GDP); while economic growth (rgdpc) is proxy by the real GDP per capita. The results of our study indicated that one way long run Granger causality was found running from economic growth to defense spending for Burkina Faso, Indonesia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Togo and Turkey. On the other hand, one way long run Granger causalit...

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Tahir, Hirnissa; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2011)

  • This paper investigates the long run Granger causality between defense spending and economic growth for 20 selected Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) by employing the Error-Correction Model (ECM) framework using annual data for the period 1960 to 2005. defense spending (milex) is measured using the ratio of defense spending to gross domestic product (GDP); while economic growth (rgdpc) is proxy by the real GDP per capita. The results of our study indicated that one way long run Granger causality was found running from economic growth to defense spending for Burkina Faso, Indonesia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Togo and Turkey. On the other hand, one way long run Granger causalit...

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Makmur, Muhd Iqbal; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2014)

  • The paper "Demographic transition and economic growth nexus: the case of Malaysia" presented at 6th International Borneo Business Conference (IBBC) 2014, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.

  • determinants_flood_fatalities_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2013)

  • There is available evidence from different parts of the world that floods and storm account for about 67 percent of the natural disasters. While, earthquake, landslides, drought, extreme temperature, wildfire and volcano eruptions contribute to the remaining 23 percent. In many developing countries, the frequent occurrences of natural disasters, particularly floods are not uncommon. Yearly recurrence of floods bring devastate economies. The objective of the present study is to investigate factors that can mitigate the impact of floods on human fatalities and damages. We use a panel of 79 countries for the period of 1981-2005 and employ the two-step system GMM estimator to show...

  • does_shadow_economy_matter_tourism_International_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Din, Badariah H.; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2015)

  • Tourism is an important sector that contributes to government revenues, national income, foreign exchange earnings as well as provides job and business opportunities for many nations. In 2013, international tourist arrivals reached a record 1.1 billion worldwide, with USD1.2 billion in international tourism receipts. At the same time, the shadow economy in the tourism sector also flourished. In the European countries, Schneider reported that 20% to 25% of the shadow economy is represented by tourism-related industries, wholesale and retail, automotive and motorcycle sales and maintenance; transportation, storage and communications; and hotels and restaurants. Services given by these o...

  • dynamic_analysis_output_energy_consumption_co2_emissions_Malaysia_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2016)

  • Present paper analyzes the interrelations between output, energy consumption, and carbon emissions in light of Malaysia's development experience from a commodity-based economy to an industrial-based economy by means of a vector autoregression (VAR) framework. The results suggest substantial interactions among the three variables. Moreover, manufacturing output tends to exert persistent influences on carbon emissions, energy consumption, and non-manufacturing output. Meanwhile, the significant causal relations from non-manufacturing output to energy variables are found for first few years. These results are robust to the inclusion of additional variables, namely, trade openness, invest...

  • dynamic_heterogeneous_panel_estimation_impact_income_inflation_happiness_stock_returns_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Rasiah, Ratneswary (2016-03)

  • This study examines the long-run relationships and short-run dynamic interactions between stock returns and its determinants comprising of GDP per capita, inflation and happiness, over the period 1973 to 2012. The study applies the dynamic heterogenous panel estimation techniques of Mean Group (MG), Pooled Mean Group (PMG) and Dynamic Fixed Effects (DFE) to analyse a set of macro panel data on selected OECD countries to establish the possible causal relations between these variables. The theoretical framework of this study is based on the stock returns theories of Present Value Model/Discounted Cash Flows and “Risk-as-feelings” Theory. The results of this study show evidence that inco...

  • economic_impact_natural_disasters_fatalities_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2010)

  • The purpose of this paper is to find the meaningful relationship between the economic impact of the natural disaster and economic condition. The paper employed cross‐sectional analysis to investigate the relationship between economic condition namely, gross domestic product per capita (GDPpc); gross domestic product per capita squared (GDPpc2); government consumption ratio to GDP (gc); ratio of M2 over GDP(M2); years of schooling attainment (sc); land area and finally; population and the economic impact of natural disasters, whereby ten types of natural disasters were chosen. The degree to which the human and economic losses due to these ten natural disasters were measured by, the var...

  • finance_other_services_sectors_peninsular_malaysia_sabah_sarawak_testing_stochastic_convergence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Tahir, Hirnissa; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2012)

  • In the last four decades, the financial services sector has becoming more important for the Malaysian economy. Despite gaining importance for enhancing economic growth, the contribution of the finance sector to the total services real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has been ranked second in Peninsular Malaysia, third in Sabah and fourth in Sarawak. The purpose of the present paper is to determine whether the contribution of the financial services sector in the three regions in Malaysia, namely Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak show any distinct pattern. In the jargon of economic development literature, we seek to determine whether there is “convergence” or similarity in the pattern...

  • financial_development_islamic_finance_shadow_economy.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Din, Badariah H. (2017)

  • The slides highlight the research questions on: 1) would the presence of Islamic finance be associated with lower shadow economy; 2) are Islamic finance and the financial development complementary in reducing the shadow economy sector?

  • financial_integration_international_capital_mobility_muzafar_sarinder_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Kumari, Sarinder; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2012)

  • This study was conducted to explore the linkages between savings and investment and to further test whether there is any evidence of relationship between financial integration and international capital mobility. The empirical model to test the capital mobility hypothesis applied here employs the panel data approach to the basic regression model used by Feldstein & Horioka (1980). The study covers ASEAN5 and ASEAN+3 (with China, Korea and Japan included). The findings of this study corroborate with other studies that savings and investment are cointegrated and this can be interpreted as a manifestation of the inter-temporal budget constraint rather than evidence of low capital mobility...

Browsing by Author Habibullah, Muzafar Shah

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 6 to 25 of 61
  • crime_economic_condition_case_united_states_america_baharom_muzafar_jaharudin_yap.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Yap, Shy Yen; Padli, Jaharudin (2009)

  • A normative definition views crime as deviant behavior that violates prevailing norms-cultural standards prescribing how humans ought to behave normally. This approach considers the complex realities surrounding the concept of crime and seeks to understand how changing social, political, psychological, and economic conditions may affect the current definitions of crime and the form of the legal, law enforcement, and penal responses made by society. In the United States since 1930, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has tabulated Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) annually from crime data submitted by law enforcement agencies across the United States. Officials compile this data at the...

  • crime_economic_conditions_Malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2009)

  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of economic conditions on various categories of criminal activities in Malaysia for the period 1973‐2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool. Dynamic ordinary least squares was also used to check the robustness of the results. The results indicate that murder, armed robbery, rape, assault, daylight burglary, and motorcycle theft exhibit long‐run relationships with economic conditions, and the causal effect in all cases runs from economic conditions to crime rates and not vice versa. In the long‐run, strong economic performances have a positive impact on murder, rape, assault, dayl...

  • crime _socio-macroeconomics_determinants_panel-error-correction_cointegration_analysis_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Noor, Zaleha (2013)

  • This study investigates the relationship between crime and socio and macro economic variables such as income, unemployment, inflation, interest rate, and also the political violence, both domestic and regional. The main motivation of the study is to have a better understanding of crime as well as finding and suggesting alternative ways of approaching crime. We analyzed 21 countries, with data spanning from 1960 to 2001.We adopted the model and framework introduced by Viren (2001) based on Becker (1968), Block and Heineke (1975). However, we slightly modified by rephrasing it in order not to only capture the long run relationship but also the short run adjustment. We employed the panel...

  • crime_police_personnel_Malaysia_empirical_investigation_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Muhamad, Suriyani (2014)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis.

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Muhamad, Suriyani (2013)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis

  • crime_unemployment_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Din, Badariah H.; Muhamad, Suriyani; Ishak, Suryati (2014)

  • The purpose of the present study is to determine whether there is long-run relationship between crime rates and unemployment rate in Malaysia for the period 1973 to 2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool to infer cointegration or the long-run relationship between unemployment and the crime rates. The results indicate that the unemployment rate, and crime rates: total crime rate, violent crime (murder, robbery, and assault), and property crime (daylight burglary, night burglary, and motorcycle theft) are cointegrated. The estimated long-run coeffi cients suggest that unemployment rate has negative effect on violent crime, murder,...

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2014)

  • This study wishes to examine and validate the ‘broken window’ hypothesis among the fifty one states in the United States. The chosen method for this analysis is Johansen cointegration test to test for cointegration, and if any cointegrating vector is found, we proceed to test for Granger causality based on VECM. We test whether property crime (proxy for minor crime) leads to violent crime (proxy for major crime) in the fifty one states with respect to the period 1960 to 2007. Result of the study indicates that violent crime and property crime are cointegrated in forty eight states out of fifty one states. Further analysis to test for the validity of the broken window hypothesis provid...

  • defense_spending_economic_growth_nexus_selected_OIC_countries_long-run_causality_analysis_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Tahir, Hirnissa; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2013)

  • This paper investigates the long run Granger causality between defense spending and economic growth for 20 selected Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) by employing the Error-Correction Model (ECM) framework using annual data for the period 1960 to 2005. defense spending (milex) is measured using the ratio of defense spending to gross domestic product (GDP); while economic growth (rgdpc) is proxy by the real GDP per capita. The results of our study indicated that one way long run Granger causality was found running from economic growth to defense spending for Burkina Faso, Indonesia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Togo and Turkey. On the other hand, one way long run Granger causalit...

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Tahir, Hirnissa; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2011)

  • This paper investigates the long run Granger causality between defense spending and economic growth for 20 selected Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) by employing the Error-Correction Model (ECM) framework using annual data for the period 1960 to 2005. defense spending (milex) is measured using the ratio of defense spending to gross domestic product (GDP); while economic growth (rgdpc) is proxy by the real GDP per capita. The results of our study indicated that one way long run Granger causality was found running from economic growth to defense spending for Burkina Faso, Indonesia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Togo and Turkey. On the other hand, one way long run Granger causalit...

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Makmur, Muhd Iqbal; Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2014)

  • The paper "Demographic transition and economic growth nexus: the case of Malaysia" presented at 6th International Borneo Business Conference (IBBC) 2014, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.

  • determinants_flood_fatalities_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2013)

  • There is available evidence from different parts of the world that floods and storm account for about 67 percent of the natural disasters. While, earthquake, landslides, drought, extreme temperature, wildfire and volcano eruptions contribute to the remaining 23 percent. In many developing countries, the frequent occurrences of natural disasters, particularly floods are not uncommon. Yearly recurrence of floods bring devastate economies. The objective of the present study is to investigate factors that can mitigate the impact of floods on human fatalities and damages. We use a panel of 79 countries for the period of 1981-2005 and employ the two-step system GMM estimator to show...

  • does_shadow_economy_matter_tourism_International_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Din, Badariah H.; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2015)

  • Tourism is an important sector that contributes to government revenues, national income, foreign exchange earnings as well as provides job and business opportunities for many nations. In 2013, international tourist arrivals reached a record 1.1 billion worldwide, with USD1.2 billion in international tourism receipts. At the same time, the shadow economy in the tourism sector also flourished. In the European countries, Schneider reported that 20% to 25% of the shadow economy is represented by tourism-related industries, wholesale and retail, automotive and motorcycle sales and maintenance; transportation, storage and communications; and hotels and restaurants. Services given by these o...

  • dynamic_analysis_output_energy_consumption_co2_emissions_Malaysia_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2016)

  • Present paper analyzes the interrelations between output, energy consumption, and carbon emissions in light of Malaysia's development experience from a commodity-based economy to an industrial-based economy by means of a vector autoregression (VAR) framework. The results suggest substantial interactions among the three variables. Moreover, manufacturing output tends to exert persistent influences on carbon emissions, energy consumption, and non-manufacturing output. Meanwhile, the significant causal relations from non-manufacturing output to energy variables are found for first few years. These results are robust to the inclusion of additional variables, namely, trade openness, invest...

  • dynamic_heterogeneous_panel_estimation_impact_income_inflation_happiness_stock_returns_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Rasiah, Ratneswary (2016-03)

  • This study examines the long-run relationships and short-run dynamic interactions between stock returns and its determinants comprising of GDP per capita, inflation and happiness, over the period 1973 to 2012. The study applies the dynamic heterogenous panel estimation techniques of Mean Group (MG), Pooled Mean Group (PMG) and Dynamic Fixed Effects (DFE) to analyse a set of macro panel data on selected OECD countries to establish the possible causal relations between these variables. The theoretical framework of this study is based on the stock returns theories of Present Value Model/Discounted Cash Flows and “Risk-as-feelings” Theory. The results of this study show evidence that inco...

  • economic_impact_natural_disasters_fatalities_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Padli, Jaharudin; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2010)

  • The purpose of this paper is to find the meaningful relationship between the economic impact of the natural disaster and economic condition. The paper employed cross‐sectional analysis to investigate the relationship between economic condition namely, gross domestic product per capita (GDPpc); gross domestic product per capita squared (GDPpc2); government consumption ratio to GDP (gc); ratio of M2 over GDP(M2); years of schooling attainment (sc); land area and finally; population and the economic impact of natural disasters, whereby ten types of natural disasters were chosen. The degree to which the human and economic losses due to these ten natural disasters were measured by, the var...

  • finance_other_services_sectors_peninsular_malaysia_sabah_sarawak_testing_stochastic_convergence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Mohd Tahir, Hirnissa; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2012)

  • In the last four decades, the financial services sector has becoming more important for the Malaysian economy. Despite gaining importance for enhancing economic growth, the contribution of the finance sector to the total services real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has been ranked second in Peninsular Malaysia, third in Sabah and fourth in Sarawak. The purpose of the present paper is to determine whether the contribution of the financial services sector in the three regions in Malaysia, namely Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak show any distinct pattern. In the jargon of economic development literature, we seek to determine whether there is “convergence” or similarity in the pattern...

  • financial_development_islamic_finance_shadow_economy.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Abdul Hamid, Baharom; Naeem Azmi, Choudhari Wajahat; Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Din, Badariah H. (2017)

  • The slides highlight the research questions on: 1) would the presence of Islamic finance be associated with lower shadow economy; 2) are Islamic finance and the financial development complementary in reducing the shadow economy sector?

  • financial_integration_international_capital_mobility_muzafar_sarinder_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Habibullah, Muzafar Shah; Kumari, Sarinder; Abdul Hamid, Baharom (2012)

  • This study was conducted to explore the linkages between savings and investment and to further test whether there is any evidence of relationship between financial integration and international capital mobility. The empirical model to test the capital mobility hypothesis applied here employs the panel data approach to the basic regression model used by Feldstein & Horioka (1980). The study covers ASEAN5 and ASEAN+3 (with China, Korea and Japan included). The findings of this study corroborate with other studies that savings and investment are cointegrated and this can be interpreted as a manifestation of the inter-temporal budget constraint rather than evidence of low capital mobility...