Prof. Dr. Zulkarnain Muhamad Sori
Qualification:PhD, Corporate Governance and Auditing, Cardiff University, UK (2005).
Fields/Area of Specialization:Accounting, Auditing, Corporate Governance, Entrepreneurship, Finance and Takaful
Prof. Dr. Zulkarnain Muhammad Sori begin his academic career in 1999 after serving the industry for almost 5 years (i.e. in local and international organizations). He earned his PhD degree in Corporate Governance and Auditing from Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University, United Kingdom in 2005. His research and academic duties focus on Accounting and Finance disciplines with concentration on the following areas: Corporate Governance, Auditing, Financial Accounting, Ethics, Applied Finance, Financial Reporting, Entrepreneurship and Takaful. He currently serves as Deputy Director for BNP-Paribas-INCEIF Centre for Islamic Asset and Wealth Management.

Content Distribution

ABSTRACTS VIEWS

3595

VIEWS & DOWNLOAD

478

Top Country : Malaysia

Showing results 1 to 20 of 83
  • accounting_for_Islamic_financial_transactions_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This hypothetical case study was developed based on the financial statements of Bahrain Islamic Bank and Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad. The banks were registered in two different countries namely Bahrain and Malaysia that adopted Financial Accounting Standards (FAS) issued by the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) (the standards are locally adopted and named as Malaysian Financial Reporting Standards (MFRS)) issued by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) respectively. The key issues explored in this case are: the motivation for recording and reporting Islamic financial transact...

  • accounting_for_leasing_zulkarnain_shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience dealing with an Islamic car financing contract (i.e. Al-ljarah Thumma Al-Bay |AITAB] contract - Sale and Leaseback) between a Malaysian Islamic Financial Institution and their customer. It is well recognised that AITAB is governed by the Malaysian Hire Purchase Act 1967, that oversees conventional (nor Islamic) car financing, yet it is used for both financing modes. The contract requires clarification on the following: understanding of the nature of the contract used and the relevant transactions involved; revenue recognition (current and future); capitalisation of relevant costs in the asset's value; fair value of leased asset; ...

  • chapter 7_accounting_musharakah_mutanaqisah_home_financing_Mahmoud et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Al Homsi, Mahmoud; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Asadov, Alam (2019)

  • This chapter provides the discussion on accounting issues for Musharakah Mutanaqisah (MM) home financing in the case of Malaysia. Though the MM mode of financing has addressed the 'ambiguities and risk issues in conventional mortgage financing and the controversy that surrounds other financing packages like al Bai Bithaman Ajiland Bay al Inah (Mydin-Meera & Abdul-Razak, 2009), there are some practical issues in operating this mode of financing, as Islamic banks operate this type of contract more closely to conventional practice, thereby lacking the spirit of the contract itself ...

  • accounting_for_the_property acquisition_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience related to an lslamic equity home financing contract (ie. Musharakah Mutanaqisah) between a Malaysian Islamic Bank and their customer. The Musharakah Mutanaqisah (MM) Financing mode has gained popularity in house financing in Malaysia, where the bank and customer enter into a contract of joint property ownership and the customer's ownership of the asset gradually increases throughout the financing period and fully owns the asset after the last financial settlement. This case aims to: illustrate the process of property acquisition using the MM financing mode; account the various transactions involved in MM financing; account capit...

  • accounting_information_system_knowledge_management_case_study_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2009)

  • This study seeks to examine the use of Accounting Information Systems (AIS) by ZBMS Sdn. Bhd., and it's contribution to the knowledge management and strategic role of the organisation. ZBMS is a company that registered in Kuala Lumpur and operate in construction industry. The company used automated AIS known as Contract Plus Financial & Project Accounting package commercially developed by a private company (ZYXW). Wide variety of people that involve in the company's operation within and outside the organisation uses accounting information generated by this system for decision-making. Based on input provided by operational level managers, the Contract Plus software produces monthly pro...

  • An_overview_of_corporate_governance_some_essentials.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2012)

  • The Oxford Dictionary define 'corporate' is an adjective belonging to a corporation, while 'governance'derives from the Latin gubernare, meaning 'to steer', which implies that corporate governance involves the function of direction rather than control. Therefore, corporate governance is a function of governing a corporation.

  • chapter 3_analysis_accounting_Islamic_perspectives_Zulkarnain_Nurazleena.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ismail, Nurazleena (2019)

  • This chapter provides a discussion of a study that examines accounting in Islamic perspectives. The discussion includes an overview of the development of Islamic finance, accounting in Islamic perspectives, decision usefulness, stewardship, accountability, financial measurement, disclosure and presentation and four key accounting assumptions, namely 'substance over form', 'time value of money', 'fair value' measurement and 'recognition based on probability', which serve as important guides to preparers of financial information ...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Aden Abdi, Aisha (2017)

  • The internal control system is designed as comprising technical practices to prevent or detect accounting errors or loss of assets. However, the scandals and collapse of the financial institutions in recent years has asserted the importance of the internal control system. This study aims to develop an internal control framework that can be applied to the Islamic financial transactions. COSO framework is a regular internal control designed for the financial organisations commonly to realise their objectives about the effectiveness and efficiency, reliable financial reporting and compliance with the laws and regulation ...

  • chapter 8_application_Shariah_governance_framework_Islamic_financial_institutions_Zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This chapter provides discussion on a study that investigates the perceptions on shariah governance practices among Malaysian Islamic financial institutions. The chapter explores the effectiveness of implementation of Shariah Governance Framework among Malaysian IFIs with the focus on their level of commitment, the challenges and suggestions to further improve the effectiveness of implementation of this framework. The system of corporate control, effective and efficient governance that is consistent with shariah guidance has been an important agenda for Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) since the existence ofIslamic Finance in Malaysia. This is especially important in light of rap...

  • audit_committee_auditor_independence_bankers_perception_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Karbhari, Yusuf (2009)

  • This paper examines the perception of bankers on contribution of audit committees towards external auditor independence in public listed companies. All Malaysian public listed companies are required to establish an audit committee as a measure to improve on the internal control mechanism that can help improve the corporate governance practices of firms. Postal questionnaires and interview surveys were used to solicit the perception and views of loan officers. The majority of the respondents believe that auditor independence is preserved with the presence of an actively functioning audit committee. This implies favourably on the corporate governance

  • audit_committee_and_auditor_independence.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Abdul Wahab, Sazali (2012)

  • The efforts towards better corporate governance practices of firms in the Malaysian capital market were started by the Securities Commission (SC) as early as 1996 in three-phased shift disclosure-based regulations (DBR). During Phase 1 (1996-1999: Flexible/Hybrid Merit Based Regime), the emphasis was to regulate on disclosure, due diligence and corporate governance. Phase 2 (January 2000: Partial DBR) still focused on corporate disclosure, due diligence and corporate governance, but included focus on promotion of accountability and self-regulation. In Phase 3 (2001 onwards: Full DBR) the SC enforced high standards of disclosure, due diligence and corporate governance as well as exerci...

  • audit_committee_reporting_current_practices_companies_listed_KLSE_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2007)

  • This study examines the disclosures contained in Audit Committee Reports (ACRs) and the level of compliance of current practices with the amended Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange listing requirements after the adoption of various recommendations made by the High-Level of Finance Committee on Corporate Governance and the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG) in 1999 and 2000 respectively. All firms listed on the KLSE's main and second board, and MESDAQ counters were sampled. Consistent with the literature in developed markets, the findings reveal that very few companies provide more than what is expected by the ACRs in their listing requirements. Further, companies in finance, techn...

  • audit_committee_some_evidence_from_Malaysia_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Abdul Hamid, Mohamad Ali; Mohd Saad, Siti Shaharatulfazzah; Evans, Jonathan Gerard; Md Nassir, Annuar (2006)

  • This study aimed to investigate the perceptions of senior managers of Malaysian publicly listed companies on issues relating to audit committee authority and effectiveness. Questionnaire survey technique was employed to seek the respondents perceptions on five issues, namely audit committee appoints the auditor, audit committee determines and reviews audit fees, audit committee determines and reviews the auditor’s scope and duties, and audit committee’s reports and meetings. The majority of respondents agreed that auditor would be more effective and independent if audit committee assumed the responsibility to appoint the auditor, determine and review the audit fees, and determine and ...

  • audit_market_competition_causes_consequences_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2009)

  • The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of competition in audit market and client importance to perceived auditor independence from the perspective of Malaysian auditors, loan officers and senior managers of public listed companies. It is found that auditor independence would be threatened if auditors were to receive significant fees from a single client. The dependence on a single client would cause auditor to face a 'self-threat' risk, where they were economically and financially reliant on a single customer. The interview survey disclosed that regulatory authorities should closely monitor the profession by persistently scrutinising each audit firm's revenue and expenses.

  • auditor in dilemma.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Karbhari, Yusuf; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Abdul Wahab, Sazali (2013)

  • Evidence of audit failures documented worldwide have led to major criticism of the auditing professions' independence and exposed its implication on shareholders and stakeholders' interests. External auditors are expected not only be independent but more importantly must be seen to be independent when examining and attesting clients' financial statements. Auditors are expected to decide on reporting strategies without any influence from their clients' management.

  • auditor_independence_corporate_governance_zulkarnain_shamser_2015.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2015-09-29)

  • Failures of major financial institutions globally that have supposedly audited has led to major criticism of the auditing profession. The collapse of many large companies and the demise of one of the major auditing firm, Arthur Andersen, have damaged the credibility of financial statements and undermined the reputation of audit profession. Among the many explanations for these failures (like investors’ irrational exuberance, infectious greed, and foolishness; the bursting of the bubble; the impoverished morality of CEOs), the tendency of management to cook the books; the failure of the gatekeepers; and the ambiguities in application of financial reporting standards, which have encour...

  • auditor_independence_where_is_it.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Osman, Mohammad Noor Hisham; Turmin, Siti Zaidah; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2013)

  • We are in doubt on whether the book editors will ever publish this article that questioning the degree of auditor independence. We have repeatedly heard from colleagues (and foes) that papers that touched this issues has been sidelined by unseen upper hands from being accepted in academic publications. However, we choose to remain steadfast to express our concern about auditor indepence. In this article attempt to, albeit in a small scale, discuss and report an objective assessment of this pertinent concept.

  • autopoiesis_business_organisation_case_study_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2009)

  • This paper discusses the literature on the concept of autopoiesis and its application to business organisations from a brand management perspective, which is claimed to be able to develop customer confidence. Autopoiesis is a psuedo-Ancient Greek word that was constructed from the two words 'auto' and 'poiesis', which denote 'self' and 'production' respectively. An autopoietic business organization is an independent and self-maintaining unity that includes component-producing processes, where the interaction between components recursively produces the same system of processes that produced them, and as a consequence, adapts spontaneously to competition. Analysis of the literature reve...

  • board characteristics and firms financial reporting quality.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Nahar, Hairul Suhaimi; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Hassan, Taufiq (2013)

  • Post millennium period could be considered as a rejuvenation period for both issues of corporate governance and firm's financial reporting quality (FRQ) in the Asian region. Series of corporate and economic events pre and post millennium period had effectively led these intermingling issues to gain prominence in the academic and public policy debate. Primarily, academic debate has suggested that governance is an effective tool through which FRQ could be ensured (Imhoff, 2003; Rezaee, 2003).

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hussain, Siti Noorbaini (2018)

  • Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia or history of AIM is closely linked to the establishment of Grameen Bank. It all began when Prof. Dr Muhammad Yunus, Economic lecturer at Chittagong University of Bangladesh conducted a study in 1976 with a sample of poor community that rarely engage in the banking world. From his study, these poor people are not able to improve their standard of living due to lack of capital. Therefore, Prof. Yunus suggests that capital injection is a basic human right and shall be given to the poor people in helping them to improve their social and economic welfares ...

Prof. Dr. Zulkarnain Muhamad Sori
author picture
Qualification: PhD, Corporate Governance and Auditing, Cardiff University, UK (2005).
Fields/Area of Specialization: Accounting, Auditing, Corporate Governance, Entrepreneurship, Finance and Takaful
Prof. Dr. Zulkarnain Muhammad Sori begin his academic career in 1999 after serving the industry for almost 5 years (i.e. in local and international organizations). He earned his PhD degree in Corporate Governance and Auditing from Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University, United Kingdom in 2005. His research and academic duties focus on Accounting and Finance disciplines with concentration on the following areas: Corporate Governance, Auditing, Financial Accounting, Ethics, Applied Finance, Financial Reporting, Entrepreneurship and Takaful. He currently serves as Deputy Director for BNP-Paribas-INCEIF Centre for Islamic Asset and Wealth Management.
Showing results 1 to 20 of 83
  • accounting_for_Islamic_financial_transactions_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This hypothetical case study was developed based on the financial statements of Bahrain Islamic Bank and Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad. The banks were registered in two different countries namely Bahrain and Malaysia that adopted Financial Accounting Standards (FAS) issued by the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) (the standards are locally adopted and named as Malaysian Financial Reporting Standards (MFRS)) issued by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) respectively. The key issues explored in this case are: the motivation for recording and reporting Islamic financial transact...

  • accounting_for_leasing_zulkarnain_shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience dealing with an Islamic car financing contract (i.e. Al-ljarah Thumma Al-Bay |AITAB] contract - Sale and Leaseback) between a Malaysian Islamic Financial Institution and their customer. It is well recognised that AITAB is governed by the Malaysian Hire Purchase Act 1967, that oversees conventional (nor Islamic) car financing, yet it is used for both financing modes. The contract requires clarification on the following: understanding of the nature of the contract used and the relevant transactions involved; revenue recognition (current and future); capitalisation of relevant costs in the asset's value; fair value of leased asset; ...

  • chapter 7_accounting_musharakah_mutanaqisah_home_financing_Mahmoud et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Al Homsi, Mahmoud; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Asadov, Alam (2019)

  • This chapter provides the discussion on accounting issues for Musharakah Mutanaqisah (MM) home financing in the case of Malaysia. Though the MM mode of financing has addressed the 'ambiguities and risk issues in conventional mortgage financing and the controversy that surrounds other financing packages like al Bai Bithaman Ajiland Bay al Inah (Mydin-Meera & Abdul-Razak, 2009), there are some practical issues in operating this mode of financing, as Islamic banks operate this type of contract more closely to conventional practice, thereby lacking the spirit of the contract itself ...

  • accounting_for_the_property acquisition_zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2018)

  • This case was developed based on a real-life experience related to an lslamic equity home financing contract (ie. Musharakah Mutanaqisah) between a Malaysian Islamic Bank and their customer. The Musharakah Mutanaqisah (MM) Financing mode has gained popularity in house financing in Malaysia, where the bank and customer enter into a contract of joint property ownership and the customer's ownership of the asset gradually increases throughout the financing period and fully owns the asset after the last financial settlement. This case aims to: illustrate the process of property acquisition using the MM financing mode; account the various transactions involved in MM financing; account capit...

  • accounting_information_system_knowledge_management_case_study_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2009)

  • This study seeks to examine the use of Accounting Information Systems (AIS) by ZBMS Sdn. Bhd., and it's contribution to the knowledge management and strategic role of the organisation. ZBMS is a company that registered in Kuala Lumpur and operate in construction industry. The company used automated AIS known as Contract Plus Financial & Project Accounting package commercially developed by a private company (ZYXW). Wide variety of people that involve in the company's operation within and outside the organisation uses accounting information generated by this system for decision-making. Based on input provided by operational level managers, the Contract Plus software produces monthly pro...

  • An_overview_of_corporate_governance_some_essentials.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2012)

  • The Oxford Dictionary define 'corporate' is an adjective belonging to a corporation, while 'governance'derives from the Latin gubernare, meaning 'to steer', which implies that corporate governance involves the function of direction rather than control. Therefore, corporate governance is a function of governing a corporation.

  • chapter 3_analysis_accounting_Islamic_perspectives_Zulkarnain_Nurazleena.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ismail, Nurazleena (2019)

  • This chapter provides a discussion of a study that examines accounting in Islamic perspectives. The discussion includes an overview of the development of Islamic finance, accounting in Islamic perspectives, decision usefulness, stewardship, accountability, financial measurement, disclosure and presentation and four key accounting assumptions, namely 'substance over form', 'time value of money', 'fair value' measurement and 'recognition based on probability', which serve as important guides to preparers of financial information ...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Aden Abdi, Aisha (2017)

  • The internal control system is designed as comprising technical practices to prevent or detect accounting errors or loss of assets. However, the scandals and collapse of the financial institutions in recent years has asserted the importance of the internal control system. This study aims to develop an internal control framework that can be applied to the Islamic financial transactions. COSO framework is a regular internal control designed for the financial organisations commonly to realise their objectives about the effectiveness and efficiency, reliable financial reporting and compliance with the laws and regulation ...

  • chapter 8_application_Shariah_governance_framework_Islamic_financial_institutions_Zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This chapter provides discussion on a study that investigates the perceptions on shariah governance practices among Malaysian Islamic financial institutions. The chapter explores the effectiveness of implementation of Shariah Governance Framework among Malaysian IFIs with the focus on their level of commitment, the challenges and suggestions to further improve the effectiveness of implementation of this framework. The system of corporate control, effective and efficient governance that is consistent with shariah guidance has been an important agenda for Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) since the existence ofIslamic Finance in Malaysia. This is especially important in light of rap...

  • audit_committee_auditor_independence_bankers_perception_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Karbhari, Yusuf (2009)

  • This paper examines the perception of bankers on contribution of audit committees towards external auditor independence in public listed companies. All Malaysian public listed companies are required to establish an audit committee as a measure to improve on the internal control mechanism that can help improve the corporate governance practices of firms. Postal questionnaires and interview surveys were used to solicit the perception and views of loan officers. The majority of the respondents believe that auditor independence is preserved with the presence of an actively functioning audit committee. This implies favourably on the corporate governance

  • audit_committee_and_auditor_independence.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Abdul Wahab, Sazali (2012)

  • The efforts towards better corporate governance practices of firms in the Malaysian capital market were started by the Securities Commission (SC) as early as 1996 in three-phased shift disclosure-based regulations (DBR). During Phase 1 (1996-1999: Flexible/Hybrid Merit Based Regime), the emphasis was to regulate on disclosure, due diligence and corporate governance. Phase 2 (January 2000: Partial DBR) still focused on corporate disclosure, due diligence and corporate governance, but included focus on promotion of accountability and self-regulation. In Phase 3 (2001 onwards: Full DBR) the SC enforced high standards of disclosure, due diligence and corporate governance as well as exerci...

  • audit_committee_reporting_current_practices_companies_listed_KLSE_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2007)

  • This study examines the disclosures contained in Audit Committee Reports (ACRs) and the level of compliance of current practices with the amended Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange listing requirements after the adoption of various recommendations made by the High-Level of Finance Committee on Corporate Governance and the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG) in 1999 and 2000 respectively. All firms listed on the KLSE's main and second board, and MESDAQ counters were sampled. Consistent with the literature in developed markets, the findings reveal that very few companies provide more than what is expected by the ACRs in their listing requirements. Further, companies in finance, techn...

  • audit_committee_some_evidence_from_Malaysia_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Abdul Hamid, Mohamad Ali; Mohd Saad, Siti Shaharatulfazzah; Evans, Jonathan Gerard; Md Nassir, Annuar (2006)

  • This study aimed to investigate the perceptions of senior managers of Malaysian publicly listed companies on issues relating to audit committee authority and effectiveness. Questionnaire survey technique was employed to seek the respondents perceptions on five issues, namely audit committee appoints the auditor, audit committee determines and reviews audit fees, audit committee determines and reviews the auditor’s scope and duties, and audit committee’s reports and meetings. The majority of respondents agreed that auditor would be more effective and independent if audit committee assumed the responsibility to appoint the auditor, determine and review the audit fees, and determine and ...

  • audit_market_competition_causes_consequences_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2009)

  • The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of competition in audit market and client importance to perceived auditor independence from the perspective of Malaysian auditors, loan officers and senior managers of public listed companies. It is found that auditor independence would be threatened if auditors were to receive significant fees from a single client. The dependence on a single client would cause auditor to face a 'self-threat' risk, where they were economically and financially reliant on a single customer. The interview survey disclosed that regulatory authorities should closely monitor the profession by persistently scrutinising each audit firm's revenue and expenses.

  • auditor in dilemma.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Karbhari, Yusuf; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Abdul Wahab, Sazali (2013)

  • Evidence of audit failures documented worldwide have led to major criticism of the auditing professions' independence and exposed its implication on shareholders and stakeholders' interests. External auditors are expected not only be independent but more importantly must be seen to be independent when examining and attesting clients' financial statements. Auditors are expected to decide on reporting strategies without any influence from their clients' management.

  • auditor_independence_corporate_governance_zulkarnain_shamser_2015.pdf.jpg
  • Industry Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2015-09-29)

  • Failures of major financial institutions globally that have supposedly audited has led to major criticism of the auditing profession. The collapse of many large companies and the demise of one of the major auditing firm, Arthur Andersen, have damaged the credibility of financial statements and undermined the reputation of audit profession. Among the many explanations for these failures (like investors’ irrational exuberance, infectious greed, and foolishness; the bursting of the bubble; the impoverished morality of CEOs), the tendency of management to cook the books; the failure of the gatekeepers; and the ambiguities in application of financial reporting standards, which have encour...

  • auditor_independence_where_is_it.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Osman, Mohammad Noor Hisham; Turmin, Siti Zaidah; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2013)

  • We are in doubt on whether the book editors will ever publish this article that questioning the degree of auditor independence. We have repeatedly heard from colleagues (and foes) that papers that touched this issues has been sidelined by unseen upper hands from being accepted in academic publications. However, we choose to remain steadfast to express our concern about auditor indepence. In this article attempt to, albeit in a small scale, discuss and report an objective assessment of this pertinent concept.

  • autopoiesis_business_organisation_case_study_zulkarnain.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2009)

  • This paper discusses the literature on the concept of autopoiesis and its application to business organisations from a brand management perspective, which is claimed to be able to develop customer confidence. Autopoiesis is a psuedo-Ancient Greek word that was constructed from the two words 'auto' and 'poiesis', which denote 'self' and 'production' respectively. An autopoietic business organization is an independent and self-maintaining unity that includes component-producing processes, where the interaction between components recursively produces the same system of processes that produced them, and as a consequence, adapts spontaneously to competition. Analysis of the literature reve...

  • board characteristics and firms financial reporting quality.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Nahar, Hairul Suhaimi; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Hassan, Taufiq (2013)

  • Post millennium period could be considered as a rejuvenation period for both issues of corporate governance and firm's financial reporting quality (FRQ) in the Asian region. Series of corporate and economic events pre and post millennium period had effectively led these intermingling issues to gain prominence in the academic and public policy debate. Primarily, academic debate has suggested that governance is an effective tool through which FRQ could be ensured (Imhoff, 2003; Rezaee, 2003).

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Hussain, Siti Noorbaini (2018)

  • Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia or history of AIM is closely linked to the establishment of Grameen Bank. It all began when Prof. Dr Muhammad Yunus, Economic lecturer at Chittagong University of Bangladesh conducted a study in 1976 with a sample of poor community that rarely engage in the banking world. From his study, these poor people are not able to improve their standard of living due to lack of capital. Therefore, Prof. Yunus suggests that capital injection is a basic human right and shall be given to the poor people in helping them to improve their social and economic welfares ...