Assoc. Prof. Dr. Baharom Abdul Hamid
Qualification:Ph.D.in Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia. (2012)
Fields/Area of Specialization:Applied Macroeconomics, with strong interest in Economics of Crime;Natural Disaster;Military Expenditure;
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Baharom Abdul Hamid graduated with a PhD (Economics) from Universiti Putra Malaysia in 2012. He is an active researcher focusing on applied macro studies on non-niche economic areas and new horizons of research in applied economics, with strong interest in Economics of Crime, Natural Disaster and Military Expenditure. He is currently the Director for Research Management Centre (RMC).

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587

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Top Country : Malaysia

Showing results 1 to 20 of 123
  • An exploratory study of the impact of income, health expenditure and pollution on happiness_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: R. Ratneswary V. Rasiah; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2012)

  • There has been a tremendous growth in the number of empirical research on happiness by economists in the past decade. The present study is in the right direction as it explores a relatively intriguing area of research on the 'economics of happiness'. The purpose of this study is to find the existence of linkages between happiness and several economic variables. A cross-sectional econometric analysis is employed to examine the impact of the economic variables of income (Gross Domestic Product per capita), health care expenditure and pollution (proxies by CO2 emissions) on happiness across 42 countries in 2006. The findings indicate that a significantly positive relationship exists betw...

  • overview_Malaysian_economy_intercultural_diversity_business_environment_baharom_abdul_hamid.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid (2014)

  • Malaysia has witnessed strong sustained growth over the last three decades, growing at an average annual rate of 5.8%. This sustained growth performance has been accompanied by significant structural shifts in the economy, reflecting the transformation of the Malaysian economy amid the changing global and domestic environment.

  • overview_Malaysian_economy_past_present_future_baharom_abdul_hamid.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid (2014)

  • Malaysia has a long history of internationally valued exports, being known from the early centuries A.D. as a source of gold, tin and exotics such as birds’ feathers, edible birds’ nests, aromatic woods, tree resins etc. The commercial importance of the area was enhanced by its strategic position athwart the seaborne trade routes from the Indian Ocean to East Asia.

  • are_shadow_economy_matter_tourism_International_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Badariah H. Din; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; M. D. Saari (2016)

  • The present study attempts to investigate whether shadow economy and the tourism sector are related. In the European countries, Schneider reported that 20 to 25 per cent of the shadow economy is represented in the tourism-related industries – wholesale and retail, automotive and motorcycle sales and maintenance; transportation, storage and communications; and hotels and restaurants. For the tourism sector, the services given by operators (unregistered and/or underreporting) operate in the shadow economy will ultimately wiped off the map of high quality tourist destinations and destroyed the development of the tourism industry itself. This study examines the short-run and long-run rela...

  • bank_risk_financial_development_evidence_form_dual_banking_countries_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Choudhary Wajahat Naeem Azmi; Mohsin Ali (2020)

  • This study examines the impact of financial development on bank risk-taking, measured as bank capitalization and bank income diversification. We observe the relationship using annual bank-level data from countries with dual-banking systems. The dataset spans from 2000 to 2014. Our results suggest that the impact of financial development on bank capitalization is heterogeneous across Islamic and conventional commercial banks. Moreover, the effect is different across listed and unlisted banks. However, on average, the response of income diversification to financial development is similar across most specifications. Additionally, bank risk is found to be countercyclical, suggesting that ...

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: R. Ratneswary V. Rasiah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Ow Wilson Chee Seong; Muzafar Shah Habibullah (2012)

  • This study uses time-series analysis to investigate the long-run relationships and short-run dynamic interactions between beer consumption and the independent variables of income level (Gross Domestic Product per capita), wealth (proxied by money supply, M2) and total exports in Malaysia over the period 1961 to 2009. The study applies the multivariate cointegration methodology to establish the possible causal relations between these variables. The cointegration test and the vector error correction model demonstrate the evidence of a positive long-run relationship between beer consumption and the income level while wealth and exports have a negative impact on beer consumption in Malays...

  • budget_deficits_Inflation_thirteen_asian_developing_countries_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Chee Kok Cheah; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2011)

  • In this study we attempt to determine the long-run relationship between budget deficit and inflation in thirteen Asian developing countries, namely; Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, India, South Korea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Nepal and Bangladesh. Using annual data for the period 1950-1999 our Granger causality within the error-correction model (ECM) framework suggest that all variables involved (budget deficits, money supply and inflation) are integrated of order one. Our ECM model estimates indicate the existence of a long-run relationship between inflation and budget deficits. Thus, we conclude that budget deficits are inflationary in Asian d...

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Eaw Hooi Cheng; Kok Wei Khong; Usha Rajagopalan; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2014)

  • The Insolvency department (MdI) statistical releases indicate total bankruptcy cases as at September 2013 is 251,209 bankrupt filed (The Star, 2013) and recent bankruptcy record exhibits that the declared bankrupt cases are getting younger as comparing to past years record which worries by Bank Negara. The increase in personal bankruptcy case reflects erosion in credit evaluation process and this has lead the banks to be cautious and to tighten their lending process and loan approval. The purpose of this research study is to examine the causality factors towards personal bankruptcy in Malaysia. The concept of financial numeracy has emerged recently in personal financial management to ...

  • clean development mechanism in malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid (2009)

  • The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is an arrangement under the Kyoto Protocol (an international and legally binding agreement to reduce greenhouse gases, emissions worldwide) allowing industrialised countries with a greenhouse gas reduction commitment (called Annex 1 countries) to invest in projects that reduce emissions in developing countries as an alternative to more expensive emission reductions in their own countries. The most important factor of a carbon project is that it establishes that it would not have occurred without the additional incentive provided by emission reductions credits.

  • Competition_diversification_stability_the_Indonesia_banking_system_Baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mudeer Ahmed Khattak; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Muhammad Umar Islam; Mohsin Ali (2021)

  • We examine the impact of competition and portfolio diversification on banking stability for conventional and Islamic banks in Indonesia. We find that the Islamic banking sector is less stable, when compared to the conventional banking sector. Competition in the banking sector reduces stability, while diversification enhances it. We find that competition negatively impacts the Islamic banks, but diversification has no impact on these banks. An interesting finding is that competition and diversification complement each other in enhancing the stability of the Indonesian banking sector. These findings carry an important policy implication for the banking sector of Indonesia.

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Muhammad Umar Islam (2019)

  • Globally, the awareness about sustainability has increased due to the lingering environment, social and governance-related issues. In this perspective, the role of social media and consumer awareness are important since they influence the corporate sector to care for sustainable development. Banks, being very important to the economy, contribute to sustainability through their internal (through governance, data security, etc.) and external (through environment-friendly loans , financial inclusion, etc.) practices. These practices are collectively called as environment, society, and governance (ESG) sustainability. ESG practices by banks are important since they operate on public funds...

  • crime_economic_condition_case_united_states_america_baharom_muzafar_jaharudin_yap.pdf.jpg
  • Journal article


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Yap Shy Yen; Jaharudin Padli (2009)

  • A normative definition views crime as deviant behavior that violates prevailing norms-cultural standards prescribing how humans ought to behave normally. This approach considers the complex realities surrounding the concept of crime and seeks to understand how changing social, political, psychological, and economic conditions may affect the current definitions of crime and the form of the legal, law enforcement, and penal responses made by society. In the United States since 1930, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has tabulated Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) annually from crime data submitted by law enforcement agencies across the United States. Officials compile this data at the...

  • Crime_economic_conditions_Malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2009)

  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of economic conditions on various categories of criminal activities in Malaysia for the period 1973‐2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool. Dynamic ordinary least squares was also used to check the robustness of the results. The results indicate that murder, armed robbery, rape, assault, daylight burglary, and motorcycle theft exhibit long‐run relationships with economic conditions, and the causal effect in all cases runs from economic conditions to crime rates and not vice versa. In the long‐run, strong economic performances have a positive impact on murder, rape, assault, dayl...

  • crime _socio-macroeconomics_determinants_panel-error-correction_cointegration_analysis_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Zaleha Mohd Noor (2013)

  • This study investigates the relationship between crime and socio and macro economic variables such as income, unemployment, inflation, interest rate, and also the political violence, both domestic and regional. The main motivation of the study is to have a better understanding of crime as well as finding and suggesting alternative ways of approaching crime. We analyzed 21 countries, with data spanning from 1960 to 2001.We adopted the model and framework introduced by Viren (2001) based on Becker (1968), Block and Heineke (1975). However, we slightly modified by rephrasing it in order not to only capture the long run relationship but also the short run adjustment. We employed the panel...

  • crime_police_personnel_Malaysia_empirical_investigation_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Suriyani Muhamad (2014)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis.

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Suriyani Muhamad (2013)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis

  • crime_unemployment_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Badariah H. Din; Suriyani Muhamad; Suryati Ishak (2014)

  • The purpose of the present study is to determine whether there is long-run relationship between crime rates and unemployment rate in Malaysia for the period 1973 to 2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool to infer cointegration or the long-run relationship between unemployment and the crime rates. The results indicate that the unemployment rate, and crime rates: total crime rate, violent crime (murder, robbery, and assault), and property crime (daylight burglary, night burglary, and motorcycle theft) are cointegrated. The estimated long-run coeffi cients suggest that unemployment rate has negative effect on violent crime, murder,...

  • Crime_United_States_America_testing_Broken_Window_hypothesis_Baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Muzafar Shah Habibullah (2014)

  • This study wishes to examine and validate the ‘broken window’ hypothesis among the fifty one states in the United States. The chosen method for this analysis is Johansen cointegration test to test for cointegration, and if any cointegrating vector is found, we proceed to test for Granger causality based on VECM. We test whether property crime (proxy for minor crime) leads to violent crime (proxy for major crime) in the fifty one states with respect to the period 1960 to 2007. Result of the study indicates that violent crime and property crime are cointegrated in forty eight states out of fifty one states. Further analysis to test for the validity of the broken window hypothesis provid...

  • damage_assessment_Kelantan_flooding_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Jaharudin Padli; Kamarul Md. Shah; Haslina Musa; Abu Talib Jasmi; Jusuh Ahmad; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2020)

  • This study will focus on assessing the total amount of damage and losses that has occurred during the 2014 flood disaster in Kelantan. The phenomenon of heavy rainfall during monsoon season is normal in Malaysia especially for the east coastal state areas between November to March every year. With the rainfall rate of 794mm which is 1.6 times higher than the average rainfall from the previous year, it has destroyed dwelling houses, animals, crops and also agricultural land. By using cross-sectional data analysis with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method on 686 respondents in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, the results showed that early warning indicators such as Short Message Services (SMS) and o...

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Baharom Abdul Hamid
author picture
Qualification: Ph.D.in Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia. (2012)
Fields/Area of Specialization: Applied Macroeconomics, with strong interest in Economics of Crime;Natural Disaster;Military Expenditure;
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Baharom Abdul Hamid graduated with a PhD (Economics) from Universiti Putra Malaysia in 2012. He is an active researcher focusing on applied macro studies on non-niche economic areas and new horizons of research in applied economics, with strong interest in Economics of Crime, Natural Disaster and Military Expenditure. He is currently the Director for Research Management Centre (RMC).
Showing results 1 to 20 of 123
  • An exploratory study of the impact of income, health expenditure and pollution on happiness_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: R. Ratneswary V. Rasiah; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2012)

  • There has been a tremendous growth in the number of empirical research on happiness by economists in the past decade. The present study is in the right direction as it explores a relatively intriguing area of research on the 'economics of happiness'. The purpose of this study is to find the existence of linkages between happiness and several economic variables. A cross-sectional econometric analysis is employed to examine the impact of the economic variables of income (Gross Domestic Product per capita), health care expenditure and pollution (proxies by CO2 emissions) on happiness across 42 countries in 2006. The findings indicate that a significantly positive relationship exists betw...

  • overview_Malaysian_economy_intercultural_diversity_business_environment_baharom_abdul_hamid.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid (2014)

  • Malaysia has witnessed strong sustained growth over the last three decades, growing at an average annual rate of 5.8%. This sustained growth performance has been accompanied by significant structural shifts in the economy, reflecting the transformation of the Malaysian economy amid the changing global and domestic environment.

  • overview_Malaysian_economy_past_present_future_baharom_abdul_hamid.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid (2014)

  • Malaysia has a long history of internationally valued exports, being known from the early centuries A.D. as a source of gold, tin and exotics such as birds’ feathers, edible birds’ nests, aromatic woods, tree resins etc. The commercial importance of the area was enhanced by its strategic position athwart the seaborne trade routes from the Indian Ocean to East Asia.

  • are_shadow_economy_matter_tourism_International_evidence_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Badariah H. Din; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; M. D. Saari (2016)

  • The present study attempts to investigate whether shadow economy and the tourism sector are related. In the European countries, Schneider reported that 20 to 25 per cent of the shadow economy is represented in the tourism-related industries – wholesale and retail, automotive and motorcycle sales and maintenance; transportation, storage and communications; and hotels and restaurants. For the tourism sector, the services given by operators (unregistered and/or underreporting) operate in the shadow economy will ultimately wiped off the map of high quality tourist destinations and destroyed the development of the tourism industry itself. This study examines the short-run and long-run rela...

  • bank_risk_financial_development_evidence_form_dual_banking_countries_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Choudhary Wajahat Naeem Azmi; Mohsin Ali (2020)

  • This study examines the impact of financial development on bank risk-taking, measured as bank capitalization and bank income diversification. We observe the relationship using annual bank-level data from countries with dual-banking systems. The dataset spans from 2000 to 2014. Our results suggest that the impact of financial development on bank capitalization is heterogeneous across Islamic and conventional commercial banks. Moreover, the effect is different across listed and unlisted banks. However, on average, the response of income diversification to financial development is similar across most specifications. Additionally, bank risk is found to be countercyclical, suggesting that ...

  • item.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: R. Ratneswary V. Rasiah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Ow Wilson Chee Seong; Muzafar Shah Habibullah (2012)

  • This study uses time-series analysis to investigate the long-run relationships and short-run dynamic interactions between beer consumption and the independent variables of income level (Gross Domestic Product per capita), wealth (proxied by money supply, M2) and total exports in Malaysia over the period 1961 to 2009. The study applies the multivariate cointegration methodology to establish the possible causal relations between these variables. The cointegration test and the vector error correction model demonstrate the evidence of a positive long-run relationship between beer consumption and the income level while wealth and exports have a negative impact on beer consumption in Malays...

  • budget_deficits_Inflation_thirteen_asian_developing_countries_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Chee Kok Cheah; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2011)

  • In this study we attempt to determine the long-run relationship between budget deficit and inflation in thirteen Asian developing countries, namely; Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, India, South Korea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Nepal and Bangladesh. Using annual data for the period 1950-1999 our Granger causality within the error-correction model (ECM) framework suggest that all variables involved (budget deficits, money supply and inflation) are integrated of order one. Our ECM model estimates indicate the existence of a long-run relationship between inflation and budget deficits. Thus, we conclude that budget deficits are inflationary in Asian d...

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Eaw Hooi Cheng; Kok Wei Khong; Usha Rajagopalan; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2014)

  • The Insolvency department (MdI) statistical releases indicate total bankruptcy cases as at September 2013 is 251,209 bankrupt filed (The Star, 2013) and recent bankruptcy record exhibits that the declared bankrupt cases are getting younger as comparing to past years record which worries by Bank Negara. The increase in personal bankruptcy case reflects erosion in credit evaluation process and this has lead the banks to be cautious and to tighten their lending process and loan approval. The purpose of this research study is to examine the causality factors towards personal bankruptcy in Malaysia. The concept of financial numeracy has emerged recently in personal financial management to ...

  • clean development mechanism in malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid (2009)

  • The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is an arrangement under the Kyoto Protocol (an international and legally binding agreement to reduce greenhouse gases, emissions worldwide) allowing industrialised countries with a greenhouse gas reduction commitment (called Annex 1 countries) to invest in projects that reduce emissions in developing countries as an alternative to more expensive emission reductions in their own countries. The most important factor of a carbon project is that it establishes that it would not have occurred without the additional incentive provided by emission reductions credits.

  • Competition_diversification_stability_the_Indonesia_banking_system_Baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mudeer Ahmed Khattak; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Muhammad Umar Islam; Mohsin Ali (2021)

  • We examine the impact of competition and portfolio diversification on banking stability for conventional and Islamic banks in Indonesia. We find that the Islamic banking sector is less stable, when compared to the conventional banking sector. Competition in the banking sector reduces stability, while diversification enhances it. We find that competition negatively impacts the Islamic banks, but diversification has no impact on these banks. An interesting finding is that competition and diversification complement each other in enhancing the stability of the Indonesian banking sector. These findings carry an important policy implication for the banking sector of Indonesia.

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Muhammad Umar Islam (2019)

  • Globally, the awareness about sustainability has increased due to the lingering environment, social and governance-related issues. In this perspective, the role of social media and consumer awareness are important since they influence the corporate sector to care for sustainable development. Banks, being very important to the economy, contribute to sustainability through their internal (through governance, data security, etc.) and external (through environment-friendly loans , financial inclusion, etc.) practices. These practices are collectively called as environment, society, and governance (ESG) sustainability. ESG practices by banks are important since they operate on public funds...

  • crime_economic_condition_case_united_states_america_baharom_muzafar_jaharudin_yap.pdf.jpg
  • Journal article


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Yap Shy Yen; Jaharudin Padli (2009)

  • A normative definition views crime as deviant behavior that violates prevailing norms-cultural standards prescribing how humans ought to behave normally. This approach considers the complex realities surrounding the concept of crime and seeks to understand how changing social, political, psychological, and economic conditions may affect the current definitions of crime and the form of the legal, law enforcement, and penal responses made by society. In the United States since 1930, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has tabulated Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) annually from crime data submitted by law enforcement agencies across the United States. Officials compile this data at the...

  • Crime_economic_conditions_Malaysia_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2009)

  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of economic conditions on various categories of criminal activities in Malaysia for the period 1973‐2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool. Dynamic ordinary least squares was also used to check the robustness of the results. The results indicate that murder, armed robbery, rape, assault, daylight burglary, and motorcycle theft exhibit long‐run relationships with economic conditions, and the causal effect in all cases runs from economic conditions to crime rates and not vice versa. In the long‐run, strong economic performances have a positive impact on murder, rape, assault, dayl...

  • crime _socio-macroeconomics_determinants_panel-error-correction_cointegration_analysis_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Zaleha Mohd Noor (2013)

  • This study investigates the relationship between crime and socio and macro economic variables such as income, unemployment, inflation, interest rate, and also the political violence, both domestic and regional. The main motivation of the study is to have a better understanding of crime as well as finding and suggesting alternative ways of approaching crime. We analyzed 21 countries, with data spanning from 1960 to 2001.We adopted the model and framework introduced by Viren (2001) based on Becker (1968), Block and Heineke (1975). However, we slightly modified by rephrasing it in order not to only capture the long run relationship but also the short run adjustment. We employed the panel...

  • crime_police_personnel_Malaysia_empirical_investigation_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Suriyani Muhamad (2014)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis.

  • item.jpg
  • Academic Proceeding


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Suriyani Muhamad (2013)

  • The economic theory on crime behavior proposed by Becker (1968) suggests that an increase in the number of policemen can deter crimes. However, recent studies found a positive relationship between police personnel and crime rates. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of police personnel on 15 categories of crime rates in Malaysia for the period of 1973 to 2005 by using the vector error-correction model. Our results suggest that 8 categories of crime rates support Becker’s crime economic theory, while 6 categories of crime support the ‘long-run natural rate of crime’ hypothesis

  • crime_unemployment_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Badariah H. Din; Suriyani Muhamad; Suryati Ishak (2014)

  • The purpose of the present study is to determine whether there is long-run relationship between crime rates and unemployment rate in Malaysia for the period 1973 to 2003. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure was employed as the main tool to infer cointegration or the long-run relationship between unemployment and the crime rates. The results indicate that the unemployment rate, and crime rates: total crime rate, violent crime (murder, robbery, and assault), and property crime (daylight burglary, night burglary, and motorcycle theft) are cointegrated. The estimated long-run coeffi cients suggest that unemployment rate has negative effect on violent crime, murder,...

  • Crime_United_States_America_testing_Broken_Window_hypothesis_Baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Muzafar Shah Habibullah (2014)

  • This study wishes to examine and validate the ‘broken window’ hypothesis among the fifty one states in the United States. The chosen method for this analysis is Johansen cointegration test to test for cointegration, and if any cointegrating vector is found, we proceed to test for Granger causality based on VECM. We test whether property crime (proxy for minor crime) leads to violent crime (proxy for major crime) in the fifty one states with respect to the period 1960 to 2007. Result of the study indicates that violent crime and property crime are cointegrated in forty eight states out of fifty one states. Further analysis to test for the validity of the broken window hypothesis provid...

  • damage_assessment_Kelantan_flooding_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Jaharudin Padli; Kamarul Md. Shah; Haslina Musa; Abu Talib Jasmi; Jusuh Ahmad; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2020)

  • This study will focus on assessing the total amount of damage and losses that has occurred during the 2014 flood disaster in Kelantan. The phenomenon of heavy rainfall during monsoon season is normal in Malaysia especially for the east coastal state areas between November to March every year. With the rainfall rate of 794mm which is 1.6 times higher than the average rainfall from the previous year, it has destroyed dwelling houses, animals, crops and also agricultural land. By using cross-sectional data analysis with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method on 686 respondents in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, the results showed that early warning indicators such as Short Message Services (SMS) and o...