Emeritus Prof. Datuk Dr. Mohamed Ariff Abdul Kareem
Qualification:Ph.D.in Economics, Lancaster University (1970); M.Ec., University of Malaya (1968); B.A. Hons. in Economics (Class 1), University of Malaya (1966);
Fields/Area of Specialization:Economics and Governance
Emeritus Prof. Datuk Dr. Mohamed Ariff obtained his B.A. in Economics First Class Honours and M.Ec. from the University of Malaya. He completed his Ph.D. programme (Economics) at the University of Lancaster, England, in 1970, as Commonwealth Scholar. Most of his works deals with international trade, foreign direct investments and regional economic integration. In addition, he has also made some pioneering contributions to the theoretical and empirical literature in the field of Islamic Economics.

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Top Country : Malaysia

Showing results 1 to 20 of 38
  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Bai, Chen (2017)

  • With the development of Islamic banking and finance in most Muslim countries, money market became necessary for financial institution to solve the liquidity problems. However, there is much criticism of Islamic banks and financial products for their pegging to the interest rate. Islamic money market is based on the same PLS principle with other Islamic financial products, if such products are pegged to their rate of interest, then they are not PLS. More correctly, they are based on well-and sometimes not so well-hidden conventional or interest-based contracts ...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Adekunle, Salami Saheed (2016)

  • Theoretically, a monetary policy intervention of a central bank in form of exchange rate devaluation will make exports of such a country cheaper with a resultant increased competitiveness. However, should developing country such as Nigeria that is mostly import-dependent adopt the same approach? Will a greater focus on the structural and developmental changes be a better option? In a long-run, what is the lead-lag relationship between exchange rate and the Balance of Payment (BOP)? These are issues this project paper sets out to empirically investigate through a multivariate vector error correction framework ... Kindly email to kmc@inceif.org to access the item.

  • comment_on_china_foreign_aid_at_a_transitional_stage_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2014)

  • Understandably, Naohiro Kitano's work experience at the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has given him a comparative advantage in writing a paper on China's foreign aid. China's foray into international economic cooperation as a donor is admirably documented in his paper (Kitano, 2014). The paper provides valuable insights into the network of Chinese aid programs. It is amazing that China, a major recipient of external aid in the past (largely from Soviet sources), could emerge as a major donor in its own right with visible signs, but it is unclear if that experience has influenced its own aid programs.

  • comment_on_international_and_regional_cooperation_Asia’s_role_and_responsibilities_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2010)

  • Asia's role and responsibilities in international and regional cooperation, depicted by Drysdale and Armstrong (2010), can be understood best in the context of the postcrisis trans-Pacific rebalancing. Asia has been in the thick of the global economic crisis, given its extensive financial and trade exposure to the West. Asia is an integral part of not only the problem but also the solution, for it can play a pivotal role in the postcrisis rebalancing exercise, just as it had contributed to the global imbalances in the first place.

  • Comment_on_labour_regulations_employment_Mohamed Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2017)

  • Based on solid research, Hasan et al. (2017) has an interesting insight to share about India's apparel sector. Notwithstanding the fact that India is among the largest producers and exporters of apparel products, the study suggests that the main reason why the sector has not been up to its potential lies in the firm size distribution which is heavily dominated by small firms. Hasan et al. argue that small firms suffer from a serious lack of scale economies which deprives them of access to modern production and management technologies, and attribute it largely to India's labor regulations and enforcement regime.

  • comment_on_Modinomics_design_implementation_outcomes_and_prospect_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • The term "Modinomics" embodies the essence of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's economic policies. Jha (2018) explains how Modinomics is reshaping the Indian economy through a slew of economic reforms and a series of bold measures aimed at "participatory development." All this sounds like music to the ears. Jha (2018) paints an overtly rosy picture of the Indian economy under Modi's leadership and administration. The narration is quite informative and fairly persuasive. However, it reads more like an official document than a scholarly piece, which gives the impression that it is not unbiased.

  • comment_politics_association_southeast_asian_nations_economic_cooperation_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2011)

  • The attempt by Severino (2011) to cover the width and depth of the intriguing integration process in Southeast Asia over four decades merits serious attention. One can hardly disagree with the comprehensive description and crispy analysis by Severino, a former Secretary General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Nevertheless, it will be useful to revisit some of the highlights and issues.

  • Comment_on_US_trade_policy_in_the_Trump_administration_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • Noland (2018) has done a remarkable service, not only putting the subject matter in perspective, but also pin-pointing some of the risks and pitfalls, and what these mean for the USA and the rest of the world, notably Asia. For starters, the US policy changes will affect all its trading partners, even if these are purely domestic, given the size of the US economy and its extensive connectivity, what more if it involves trade policy. For one thing, it is most unfortunate that the policy changes are premised on flimsy grounds, and for another, it is also questionable that such policy responses represent solutions.

  • comment_on_different_impacts_scientific_technological_knowledge_on_economic_growth_contrasting_Science_technology_policy_east_asia_latin_america_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2015)

  • The Kim and Lee (2015) paper on the innovation experiences of East Asia and Latin America represents a refreshing attempt at relating the economic impact of science and technology (S&T) in the two regions to the S&T policies pursued, using econometric techniques. The authors show that East Asia has been more successful than Latin America in the application of S&T knowledge to grow economically. They conclude that the differences in the contributions of S&T to economic growth in the two regions are largely due to the adoption of what appears to be diametrically opposite policy approaches toward S&T. While the S&T policy impact could help explain the differences in the pace of economic ...

  • comment_industry-specific_real_effective_exchange_rates_export_price_competitiveness_cases_japan_china_korea_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2013)

  • Sato et al. (2013) represents a significant contribution to the literature. The novelty of their paper lies in the construction of a new dataset on industry-specific real effective exchange rates (REER) on a monthly basis from January 2005 to the present. The authors have convincingly demonstrated that REER differs not only between countries, but also across industries, a finding that would have slipped through the net of aggregate data analysis. The authors have used the industry-wise producer price index (PPI), instead of consumer price index (CPI), not only because the latter includes nontradables, but also because the former tends to vary across industries, reflecting interindustr...

  • comment_koreans_growth_performance_past_future_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2012)

  • Korea’s growth track record is truly extraordinary by any measure. It is not easy to explore Korea’s astounding development trajectory amidst the many obstacles that stood in its way or to gaze into the crystal ball for a glimpse of its future, given the numerous challenges and uncertainties that stare in its face. Noland (2012) has skilfully carried out this task. His excellent analysis bears testimony to his deep understanding of Korea’s history, psyche, and growth strategy.

  • comment_politics_trade_usa_obama_administration_implications_asian_regionalism_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2009)

  • The Barfield paper (2009) is fascinating as it provides deep insights into the political processes that shape the US position on matters relating to trade policies.What makes it all the more interesting is the current context, now that the USA has a new president with high expectations staked on and that the USA and its trading partners are stuck in a serious recession. The paper confirms free traders’ worst fears that the USA will likely turn up the heat on its trading partners, with the Democratic Party at the helm and the domestic economy in the doldrums. The Democrats, who control both the presidency and Congress known to be tough on trade policies, are likely to succumb more read...

  • comment_toward_myanmars_new_stage_development_transition_military_rule_market_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2013)

  • It is not easy to write a scholarly paper on Myanmar economy given the scarcity of reliable statistics. The paper by Fumiharu Mieno (2013) represents a commendable effort to shed some light on the dark chapters of the traumatized Myanmar economy. The problems of Myanmar are primarily homegrown. The military regime overthrew the civilian government in 1962, drove out the foreigners, and went into self-imposed isolation. It is pertinent to underscore that Burma (now Myanmar) was a thriving economy in the 1950s, and Rangoon was the commercial capital of Southeast Asia, way ahead of Bangkok, Saigon, and Singapore. Myanmar has huge potentials that remain untapped. Again, Myanmar has only i...

  • PhD_competition_stability_relationship_dual_banking_systems_Mhd_Moutaz.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Abojeib, Mhd Moutaz (2017)

  • Numerous attempts have been made to study the impact of competition on banking-stability before and after the recent global financial crisis. In the rich theoretical and empirical literature on the topic, two contradictory views have surfaced, i.e. the competition-fragility view and the competition-stability view. This thesis provides empirical evidence of a nonlinear relationship between competition and stability that explains, at least partially, the conflicting results of previous theoretical and empirical studies. Furthermore, while the existing literature focuses on conventional banking, this thesis investigates both Islamic and conventional banks in dual banking systems and expl...

  • deciphering_political_economy_Malaysia_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Newspaper Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • What is really "new" about New Malaysia? The term "New Malaysia" connotes new thinking, new ideas and new solutions based on a new paradigm. New Malaysia warrants a new mindset, but some pronouncements by politicians, on both sides of the divide, show that they are still unable to delink themselves from the past.

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Rasul, Rosnani (2017)

  • Understanding the determinants of portfolio investment inflows is imperative in a region highly susceptible to large amount of capital inflows like ASEAN. And to formulate the right policy, intervention and upgrade, ASEAN needs to have a good grasp on these determinants before it can manage volatile capital flows and the accompanying disruptive potential. Although a number of studies focusing on the drivers of gross capital inflows into EMEs has been established, one on ASEAN's has been largerly left out. The need for studying gross inflows is simple, as its movement has direct implication on financial stability and the vulnerability of the overall financial system. Available in p...

  • PhD_Determinants_of_wellbeing_Maznita_Mokhtar.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mokhtar, Maznita (2017)

  • GDP, often the proxy to measure progress in policy implementations, does not fully reflect the wellbeing of a nation, although it may be one of the contributing factors. Applying an estimation model based on panel data of 22 sample countries, we illustrate that wellbeing in general can be improved with intrinsic growth, influenced by economic stability, demand composition and sectoral composition. Additionally, key economic and quality of life factors - such as, broader income distribution, lower housing prices, lower infant mortality, effective health expenditure, higher education attainment and broadband access - are significant to households ... Available in physical copy and do...

  • Efficiency_and_bank_margins_a_comparative_analysis_of_Islamic_and_conventional_banks_in_Yemen_fekri_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shawtari, Fekri Ali; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah (2018)

  • This paper examines the determinants of bank margins' in the Yemeni banking sector for Islamic and conventional banks. The first objective is to investigate whether there is a significant difference between the margins of conventional and Islamic banks. The second objective is to examine whether efficiency represents an influential factor in determining bank margins for Islamic and conventional banks controlling for other micro and macro variables. The study finds that the overall bank margin in Yemen has steadily decreased during the observation period with the exception of the year 2011. The parametric and non parametric results show that the bank margins are significantly higher fo...

  • efficiency_assessment_ banking_sector_Yemen_using_data_envelopment_window_analysis_shaikhhamzah.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shawtari, Fekri Ali; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah (2015)

  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the banking industry’s efficiency using the case of Yemen. The paper utilises two-stage analysis to evaluate the efficiency adopting Data Envelopment Window Analysis (DEWA) in the first stage for the period 1996-2011. Furthermore, the paper addresses, in two-dimensional matrix, the stability and efficiency of the banking sector in order to assess their ability for survival. In the second stage, panel data analysis is applied to regress a set of bank-specific and macro-economic variables on the efficiency of the banking sector in Yemen in a comparative fashion between Islamic and conventional banks. The findings of the investigation indicate that...

  • enhancing_real_economy_what_role_social_cohesion.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Tengku Zainal Abidin, Tengku Roziana; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2017)

  • The slides highlight 1) finance growth theory used in the study; 2) social cohesion and growth nexus.

Emeritus Prof. Datuk Dr. Mohamed Ariff Abdul Kareem
author picture
Qualification: Ph.D.in Economics, Lancaster University (1970); M.Ec., University of Malaya (1968); B.A. Hons. in Economics (Class 1), University of Malaya (1966);
Fields/Area of Specialization: Economics and Governance
Emeritus Prof. Datuk Dr. Mohamed Ariff obtained his B.A. in Economics First Class Honours and M.Ec. from the University of Malaya. He completed his Ph.D. programme (Economics) at the University of Lancaster, England, in 1970, as Commonwealth Scholar. Most of his works deals with international trade, foreign direct investments and regional economic integration. In addition, he has also made some pioneering contributions to the theoretical and empirical literature in the field of Islamic Economics.
Showing results 1 to 20 of 38
  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Bai, Chen (2017)

  • With the development of Islamic banking and finance in most Muslim countries, money market became necessary for financial institution to solve the liquidity problems. However, there is much criticism of Islamic banks and financial products for their pegging to the interest rate. Islamic money market is based on the same PLS principle with other Islamic financial products, if such products are pegged to their rate of interest, then they are not PLS. More correctly, they are based on well-and sometimes not so well-hidden conventional or interest-based contracts ...

  • item.jpg
  • Master


  • Authors: Adekunle, Salami Saheed (2016)

  • Theoretically, a monetary policy intervention of a central bank in form of exchange rate devaluation will make exports of such a country cheaper with a resultant increased competitiveness. However, should developing country such as Nigeria that is mostly import-dependent adopt the same approach? Will a greater focus on the structural and developmental changes be a better option? In a long-run, what is the lead-lag relationship between exchange rate and the Balance of Payment (BOP)? These are issues this project paper sets out to empirically investigate through a multivariate vector error correction framework ... Kindly email to kmc@inceif.org to access the item.

  • comment_on_china_foreign_aid_at_a_transitional_stage_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2014)

  • Understandably, Naohiro Kitano's work experience at the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has given him a comparative advantage in writing a paper on China's foreign aid. China's foray into international economic cooperation as a donor is admirably documented in his paper (Kitano, 2014). The paper provides valuable insights into the network of Chinese aid programs. It is amazing that China, a major recipient of external aid in the past (largely from Soviet sources), could emerge as a major donor in its own right with visible signs, but it is unclear if that experience has influenced its own aid programs.

  • comment_on_international_and_regional_cooperation_Asia’s_role_and_responsibilities_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2010)

  • Asia's role and responsibilities in international and regional cooperation, depicted by Drysdale and Armstrong (2010), can be understood best in the context of the postcrisis trans-Pacific rebalancing. Asia has been in the thick of the global economic crisis, given its extensive financial and trade exposure to the West. Asia is an integral part of not only the problem but also the solution, for it can play a pivotal role in the postcrisis rebalancing exercise, just as it had contributed to the global imbalances in the first place.

  • Comment_on_labour_regulations_employment_Mohamed Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2017)

  • Based on solid research, Hasan et al. (2017) has an interesting insight to share about India's apparel sector. Notwithstanding the fact that India is among the largest producers and exporters of apparel products, the study suggests that the main reason why the sector has not been up to its potential lies in the firm size distribution which is heavily dominated by small firms. Hasan et al. argue that small firms suffer from a serious lack of scale economies which deprives them of access to modern production and management technologies, and attribute it largely to India's labor regulations and enforcement regime.

  • comment_on_Modinomics_design_implementation_outcomes_and_prospect_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • The term "Modinomics" embodies the essence of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's economic policies. Jha (2018) explains how Modinomics is reshaping the Indian economy through a slew of economic reforms and a series of bold measures aimed at "participatory development." All this sounds like music to the ears. Jha (2018) paints an overtly rosy picture of the Indian economy under Modi's leadership and administration. The narration is quite informative and fairly persuasive. However, it reads more like an official document than a scholarly piece, which gives the impression that it is not unbiased.

  • comment_politics_association_southeast_asian_nations_economic_cooperation_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2011)

  • The attempt by Severino (2011) to cover the width and depth of the intriguing integration process in Southeast Asia over four decades merits serious attention. One can hardly disagree with the comprehensive description and crispy analysis by Severino, a former Secretary General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Nevertheless, it will be useful to revisit some of the highlights and issues.

  • Comment_on_US_trade_policy_in_the_Trump_administration_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • Noland (2018) has done a remarkable service, not only putting the subject matter in perspective, but also pin-pointing some of the risks and pitfalls, and what these mean for the USA and the rest of the world, notably Asia. For starters, the US policy changes will affect all its trading partners, even if these are purely domestic, given the size of the US economy and its extensive connectivity, what more if it involves trade policy. For one thing, it is most unfortunate that the policy changes are premised on flimsy grounds, and for another, it is also questionable that such policy responses represent solutions.

  • comment_on_different_impacts_scientific_technological_knowledge_on_economic_growth_contrasting_Science_technology_policy_east_asia_latin_america_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2015)

  • The Kim and Lee (2015) paper on the innovation experiences of East Asia and Latin America represents a refreshing attempt at relating the economic impact of science and technology (S&T) in the two regions to the S&T policies pursued, using econometric techniques. The authors show that East Asia has been more successful than Latin America in the application of S&T knowledge to grow economically. They conclude that the differences in the contributions of S&T to economic growth in the two regions are largely due to the adoption of what appears to be diametrically opposite policy approaches toward S&T. While the S&T policy impact could help explain the differences in the pace of economic ...

  • comment_industry-specific_real_effective_exchange_rates_export_price_competitiveness_cases_japan_china_korea_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2013)

  • Sato et al. (2013) represents a significant contribution to the literature. The novelty of their paper lies in the construction of a new dataset on industry-specific real effective exchange rates (REER) on a monthly basis from January 2005 to the present. The authors have convincingly demonstrated that REER differs not only between countries, but also across industries, a finding that would have slipped through the net of aggregate data analysis. The authors have used the industry-wise producer price index (PPI), instead of consumer price index (CPI), not only because the latter includes nontradables, but also because the former tends to vary across industries, reflecting interindustr...

  • comment_koreans_growth_performance_past_future_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2012)

  • Korea’s growth track record is truly extraordinary by any measure. It is not easy to explore Korea’s astounding development trajectory amidst the many obstacles that stood in its way or to gaze into the crystal ball for a glimpse of its future, given the numerous challenges and uncertainties that stare in its face. Noland (2012) has skilfully carried out this task. His excellent analysis bears testimony to his deep understanding of Korea’s history, psyche, and growth strategy.

  • comment_politics_trade_usa_obama_administration_implications_asian_regionalism_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2009)

  • The Barfield paper (2009) is fascinating as it provides deep insights into the political processes that shape the US position on matters relating to trade policies.What makes it all the more interesting is the current context, now that the USA has a new president with high expectations staked on and that the USA and its trading partners are stuck in a serious recession. The paper confirms free traders’ worst fears that the USA will likely turn up the heat on its trading partners, with the Democratic Party at the helm and the domestic economy in the doldrums. The Democrats, who control both the presidency and Congress known to be tough on trade policies, are likely to succumb more read...

  • comment_toward_myanmars_new_stage_development_transition_military_rule_market_ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2013)

  • It is not easy to write a scholarly paper on Myanmar economy given the scarcity of reliable statistics. The paper by Fumiharu Mieno (2013) represents a commendable effort to shed some light on the dark chapters of the traumatized Myanmar economy. The problems of Myanmar are primarily homegrown. The military regime overthrew the civilian government in 1962, drove out the foreigners, and went into self-imposed isolation. It is pertinent to underscore that Burma (now Myanmar) was a thriving economy in the 1950s, and Rangoon was the commercial capital of Southeast Asia, way ahead of Bangkok, Saigon, and Singapore. Myanmar has huge potentials that remain untapped. Again, Myanmar has only i...

  • PhD_competition_stability_relationship_dual_banking_systems_Mhd_Moutaz.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Abojeib, Mhd Moutaz (2017)

  • Numerous attempts have been made to study the impact of competition on banking-stability before and after the recent global financial crisis. In the rich theoretical and empirical literature on the topic, two contradictory views have surfaced, i.e. the competition-fragility view and the competition-stability view. This thesis provides empirical evidence of a nonlinear relationship between competition and stability that explains, at least partially, the conflicting results of previous theoretical and empirical studies. Furthermore, while the existing literature focuses on conventional banking, this thesis investigates both Islamic and conventional banks in dual banking systems and expl...

  • deciphering_political_economy_Malaysia_Ariff.pdf.jpg
  • Newspaper Article


  • Authors: Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2018)

  • What is really "new" about New Malaysia? The term "New Malaysia" connotes new thinking, new ideas and new solutions based on a new paradigm. New Malaysia warrants a new mindset, but some pronouncements by politicians, on both sides of the divide, show that they are still unable to delink themselves from the past.

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Rasul, Rosnani (2017)

  • Understanding the determinants of portfolio investment inflows is imperative in a region highly susceptible to large amount of capital inflows like ASEAN. And to formulate the right policy, intervention and upgrade, ASEAN needs to have a good grasp on these determinants before it can manage volatile capital flows and the accompanying disruptive potential. Although a number of studies focusing on the drivers of gross capital inflows into EMEs has been established, one on ASEAN's has been largerly left out. The need for studying gross inflows is simple, as its movement has direct implication on financial stability and the vulnerability of the overall financial system. Available in p...

  • PhD_Determinants_of_wellbeing_Maznita_Mokhtar.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mokhtar, Maznita (2017)

  • GDP, often the proxy to measure progress in policy implementations, does not fully reflect the wellbeing of a nation, although it may be one of the contributing factors. Applying an estimation model based on panel data of 22 sample countries, we illustrate that wellbeing in general can be improved with intrinsic growth, influenced by economic stability, demand composition and sectoral composition. Additionally, key economic and quality of life factors - such as, broader income distribution, lower housing prices, lower infant mortality, effective health expenditure, higher education attainment and broadband access - are significant to households ... Available in physical copy and do...

  • Efficiency_and_bank_margins_a_comparative_analysis_of_Islamic_and_conventional_banks_in_Yemen_fekri_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shawtari, Fekri Ali; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah (2018)

  • This paper examines the determinants of bank margins' in the Yemeni banking sector for Islamic and conventional banks. The first objective is to investigate whether there is a significant difference between the margins of conventional and Islamic banks. The second objective is to examine whether efficiency represents an influential factor in determining bank margins for Islamic and conventional banks controlling for other micro and macro variables. The study finds that the overall bank margin in Yemen has steadily decreased during the observation period with the exception of the year 2011. The parametric and non parametric results show that the bank margins are significantly higher fo...

  • efficiency_assessment_ banking_sector_Yemen_using_data_envelopment_window_analysis_shaikhhamzah.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Shawtari, Fekri Ali; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Shaikh Abdul Razak, Shaikh Hamzah (2015)

  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the banking industry’s efficiency using the case of Yemen. The paper utilises two-stage analysis to evaluate the efficiency adopting Data Envelopment Window Analysis (DEWA) in the first stage for the period 1996-2011. Furthermore, the paper addresses, in two-dimensional matrix, the stability and efficiency of the banking sector in order to assess their ability for survival. In the second stage, panel data analysis is applied to regress a set of bank-specific and macro-economic variables on the efficiency of the banking sector in Yemen in a comparative fashion between Islamic and conventional banks. The findings of the investigation indicate that...

  • enhancing_real_economy_what_role_social_cohesion.pdf.jpg
  • Academic Presentation


  • Authors: Tengku Zainal Abidin, Tengku Roziana; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2017)

  • The slides highlight 1) finance growth theory used in the study; 2) social cohesion and growth nexus.