Prof. Dr. Mansor H. Ibrahim
Qualification:Ph.D.in Economics, Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, USA . (1996)
Fields/Area of Specialization:Macro/Monetary Economics
Prior to joining INCEIF, Prof. Dr. Mansor H. Ibrahim served the Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) for three years (2009- 2011) and the Department of Economics, International Islamic University Malaysia for 12 years (1996-2008). He studied at Washington University where he received his A. B. (Economics) in 1990, A.M. (Economics) in 1991 and PhD in Economics in 1996. His research interest includes monetary economics, money and banking, analysis of financial markets and applied econometrics. He currently serves as Deputy President Academic (DPA) of INCEIF and as Dean for School of Graduate and Professional Studies (SGPS).

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Top Country : Malaysia

Showing results 1 to 20 of 101
  • Competition_diversification_and_performance_in_dual_banking_a_panel_VAR_analysis_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Sahul Hamid, Fazelina; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2021)

  • This article investigates the dynamic relationship among competition, diversification and bank performance using data for 18 countries with a dual banking system over the period 2000 to 2016. Analyses using panel vector autoregression (P.V.A.R.) model, impulse response function (I.R.F.) and variance decomposition (V.D.C.) methods confirm that market power increases the profitability and the stability of banks the dual banking system while revenue diversification reduces them. Market power increases revenue diversification of banks. Segregating the sample of banks into emerging and developing countries, we find that positive impact of market power on profitability is stronger for emerg...

  • Islamic_banks_history,_stability_lessons_from_cooperative_banking_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Gulzar, Rosana; Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2021)

  • Islamic banking's profit-maximising fervour, building upon the use of interest-resembling products, has raised concerns about its Shariah authenticity and financial stability. While early Islamic economists envisioned an industry built on values of mutuality and participation, architects of Islamic banking have chosen to replicate interest-based conventional banking for the purpose of fast growth. This study has two objectives. First, to narrate the history of Islamic banking, from the theories postulated to the beginnings of the industry. This builds an understanding of why 'Islamic' banking operates as it does currently, which has implications for Shariah compliance and financial st...

  • Are_Islamic_banks_suffering_from_a_model_misfit_comparison_with_cooperative_banks_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Gulzar, Rosana; Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2020)

  • For the first time, this study investigates whether, in mimicking conventional banks, Islamic banks have become less stable than their theoretical equivalent: cooperative banks in Europe. Theoretically, the prohibition of interest should have pushed Islamic banks towards mutuality and profit-sharing, which have been argued as stabilising. In practice, however, banks are pushed for growth under a debt-driven commercial banking model, which is not only antithetical to the Shariah but is also destabilising. This may explain why empirical findings are still divergent in Islamic banking stability studies. Our study employs the generalised method of moments (GMM) system to compare the stabi...

  • Islamic_banking_and_bank_performance_in_Malaysia_an_empirical_analysis_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2020)

  • This paper examines the performance of Malaysia's banking sector and its relationship to the presence of Islamic banking in the country. More specifically, by controlling for the theoretically relevant determinants of bank performance we compare the efficiency, profitability and risk of Islamic banks to conventional banks and examine the spillover effects of Islamic banking penetration on bank performance. To these ends, we adopt a panel modelling approach. Taking note that our focal variables comprise the timeinvariant Islamic banking dummy and potentially endogenous Islamic banking share, we apply the Hausman-Taylor (HT) instrumental-variable estimator in the analysis. Our results i...

  • Phd_Role_multinational_banks_international_transmission_financial_shocks_dual_banking_system_Naseem.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Bukhari, Naseem (2020)

  • In the last two decades, financial integration and financial liberalization has resulted into proliferation of multinational banks across the globe. This augmenting growth in multinational banking is proclaimed to enhance financial stability in host countries as they bring about competitiveness and efficiency, introduce best governance practices, superior risk management techniques, product innovation,and above all have parental support at their disposal in times of financial distress. However, at the same time these multinational banks with significant market share can destabilize host economies as they may not only intensify their domestic crises but may also become a source of tran...

  • PhD_The_effect_bank_concentration_financial_development_on_economic_growth_income_volatility_Edib_Smolo.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Smolo, Edib (2019)

  • Although the well-functioning financial structure is, in general, a key to long-term sustainable economic growth and overall stability, the debate on the relationship between financial development and economic growth remains non-fading. The theoretical literature provides startlingly different and sometimes conflicting views on the finance growth nexus. In addition to this non-fading debate on finance - growth nexus, the degree of banking competition attracted increasing attention in recent years. Banking consolidations, merger and acquisitions, fuelled by overall banking deregulations and the lowering of economic barriers led to structural changes within the banking and financial env...

  • Financial_intermediation_costs_in_a_dual_banking_system_the_role_of_Islamic_banking_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Siong, Hook Law (2019)

  • This paper empirically analyses the role of Islamic banking in financial intermediation costs as measured by net interest margins for a leading dual banking country, Malaysia. Controlling for theoretically motivated determinants of the margins, the paper compares the interest/financing margins of conventional and Islamic banks and examines the impacts of Islamic banking presence on bank margins. The analysis provides evidence of the higher margins of Islamic banks compared to those of conventional banks. Further, the difference in bank margins between the two types of banks can be attributed to differences in market power, operating costs, and diversification. Finally, Islamic banking...

  • The_impact_of_charter_values_on_bank_capital_in_Asia_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Daher, Hassan; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • Recent theories suggest the relation between banks' charter values and capital buffers is nonlinear and a function of the value of the charter. Using novel threshold estimation techniques, we investigate this for a cross section of 239 commercial banks in 24 Asian economies during the 2008 crisis and post crisis periods. For the latter period, a negative relation seems to dominate for high charter value banks in Asia (excluding Middle East region). During crises, our results for advanced Asian economies are consistent with capital buffer theory. Our findings raise distinct policy implications for the regulation and supervision of Asian banks.

  • Capital_regulation_and_Islamic_banking_performance_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • This paper empirically assesses the relation between bank performance and capital regulation for Islamic banks from 13 countries and evaluates whether the relation varies with bank size, capital, and liquidity. We find small Islamic banks to be less stable and less profitable; they also cut lending growth as capital regulation becomes more stringent. The stability and lending growth of big Islamic banks are, however, directly related to capital regulation. Further, capital regulation adversely affects the profitability of Islamic banks with low liquidity and high capital holdings. While capital regulation is needed, it should not be adopted in a blanket manner for all Islamic banks.

  • Rethinking_Islamic_economics_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • The emergence of Islamic viewpoints on economic issues under the umbrella of Islamic economics has captivated much interest especially in its practical manifestation in Islamic banking and finance. In light of the failure of mainstream economics to address many pressing issues, and hence the need for alternative views, this paper offers assessments of Islamic economics whether (i) it is relevant to this need, (ii) it has progressed to the extent that it has been made to become relevant, and (iii) it is also in need of reform. While I argue that Islamic economics is relevant, it falls short of expectations on the second issue. The major reasons being: (a) the lack of progress in Islami...

  • PhD_The_effects_of_corporate_social_performance_on_credit_risk_Lutfi.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Abdul Razak, Ahmad Lutfi (2019)

  • In the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-2009 , there has been increased scrutiny in the way that credit rating agencies (CRAs) have conducted credit risk analysis. Through the UN-supported Principles for Responsible Investments (PRJ), a growing number of investors and CRAs have collaborated to enhance the systematic and transparent consideration of environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors in the assessment of corporate creditworthiness. While there exists a burgeoning literature that examines the relationship between corporate social performance (CSP) and credit risk, there are several prevailing issues. Firstly, previous studies of CSP have relied on measure...

  • Oil_macro_financial_linkages_evidence_from_the_GCC_countries_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • We assess potential roles of recent oil price swings in macro-financial linkages for the case of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries using bank-level panel data from 2000-2016. Employing both dynamic panel and panel VAR modelling, we document evidence indicating significant implications of oil price changes on the GCC financial and real sectors and significant macro-financial linkages. The results are robust in suggesting favourable effects of positive oil price changes on bank profitability, credit growth and output growth. Likewise, we document robust evidence indicating immediate contraction in credit growth, deterioration in credit quality and decline in economic growth f...

  • Theoretical_impact_of_enhanced_musharakah_mutanaqisah_home_financing_Alam_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • This paper theoretically analyzes two alternative modes of home financing. The first mode is the conventional housing loan and the other is Enhanced Musharakah Mutanaqisah (EMM) home financing. Our results reveal the EMM based setting is superior to the conventional housing loans in at least two aspects. These are the prevention of house price inflation in all phases of economic business cycle and the smoothening of real estate cycles. This means that, under the EMM, the risk of real estate bubble formation is subdued, which should prove to be welfare improving.

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam (2018)

  • Following the U.S. Subprime Crises of 2007-08, many developed countries went into deep recession. In the literature, there are many reasons provided as probable causes of the crisis. However, it is undeniable that the flaws of the conventional financial system and home financing methods are among the important sources of the crisis. In this thesis, we argue that the damage caused by the Subprime crisis may have been avoided to a considerable extent if true profit and loss sharing (PLS) based method of financing has been applied. In that regards, we suggest an improved version of Islamic home financing called the Enhanced Musharakah Mutanaqisah (EMM).

  • Islamic_economics_and_Islamic_finance_in_the_world_economy_mansor_nafis.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Alam, Nafis (2018)

  • This paper places the articles in this special issue in the contexts of Islamic economics and finance research. It highlights the foundations of Islamic economics, which are in practice manifested in Islamic finance. Then, the paper brings up three key issues in Islamic finance today: the Islamicity of Islamic banking, real contributions of Islamic finance, and Islamic finance in the present monetary framework. While there are some promising theoretical and empirical findings pointing to positive contributions of Islamic finance, there is still a need for Islamic finance to distinguish itself from the conventional finance and to further demonstrate its real effect

  • Bank_lending_deposits_and_risk_taking_in_times_of_crisis_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Rizvi, Syed Aun Raza (2018)

  • In this study, we conduct a panel analysis of Islamic and conventional banks to ascertain whether Islamic banks are able to sustain financing supply and whether its growth is higher than conventional bank lending growth in times of stress. For concreteness, we also assess whether the sustained financing supply of Islamic banks is justified by a concomitant increase in Islamic deposit growth and is not linked to excessive risk taking. Utilizing a panel sample of 25 Islamic banks and 114 conventional banks from 10 dual-banking countries, we observe sustained financing supply by Islamic banks but significant reduction in the lending growth by conventional banks during the crisis period. ...

  • Finance_and_inequality_in_eight_Asian_countries_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • The present paper seeks to assess the implications of increasing financial sector size on income inequality in eight Asian countries - Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea. Adopting a panel data approach, it document a non-linear relation between income inequality and financial sector size in these countries. More precisely, the increasing financial sector size is favourable to equal income distribution only up until a size threshold, beyond which further expansion of the financial sector can worsen income distribution. The analysis further highlights the income-equalizing effect of economic growth and infrastructure development and...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohamed Hassan, W Fatimatul Akmar (2018)

  • Islamic banking has been developing and expanding all around the world for the past decades and it continues to develop at an accelerated pace in some countries in recent years. However, the development of Islamic banking is unevenly distributed across the countries. Most of the Islamic banks are located in the Middle East and North African regions. Despite of the huge Muslim populations, some countries like Indonesia and Pakistan are still having a small share of Islamic bank asset as compared to those of the MENA region. This situation raises a question of what actually contributes to the development of Islamic banking. A vast number of literatures with regards to the financial deve...

  • trade_finance_complementarity_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • This paper examines the complementarity/substitutability of international trade and financial development in the mitigation of carbon emissions for a panel sample of 62 middle-income countries from 1991 to 2010. Applying the bias-corrected LSDV estimator, the paper yields interesting results. For the full sample, international trade and financial development play an interactive and complementary role in reducing CO2 intensity of energy use. That is, the environmental benefit of international trade is materialized only if a country has a well-developed financial market. Likewise, financial development is beneficial to the environment only in a highly open economy. Having stated these, ...

  • Islamic_banking_finance_beyond_comparison_investment_opportunities_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Ebrahim, Muhammed-Shahid (2018)

  • Islamic finance as a field of research continues to be exciting and has been evolving with coverage that goes beyond mere comparison with conventional finance. With rapid development in Islamic banking to reach the status of being systematically important in many jurisdictions, the following questions seem pertinent: Should Islamic banking diversify to non-intermediation activities such that it can rival and become a truly alternative to conventional banking in the provision of banking services? How should Islamic banks structure their financing? And what are the financial and real impacts of Islamic banking? As for the Islamic stock markets, in light of on-going research and still in...

Prof. Dr. Mansor H. Ibrahim
author picture
Qualification: Ph.D.in Economics, Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, USA . (1996)
Fields/Area of Specialization: Macro/Monetary Economics
Prior to joining INCEIF, Prof. Dr. Mansor H. Ibrahim served the Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) for three years (2009- 2011) and the Department of Economics, International Islamic University Malaysia for 12 years (1996-2008). He studied at Washington University where he received his A. B. (Economics) in 1990, A.M. (Economics) in 1991 and PhD in Economics in 1996. His research interest includes monetary economics, money and banking, analysis of financial markets and applied econometrics. He currently serves as Deputy President Academic (DPA) of INCEIF and as Dean for School of Graduate and Professional Studies (SGPS).
Showing results 1 to 20 of 101
  • Competition_diversification_and_performance_in_dual_banking_a_panel_VAR_analysis_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Sahul Hamid, Fazelina; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2021)

  • This article investigates the dynamic relationship among competition, diversification and bank performance using data for 18 countries with a dual banking system over the period 2000 to 2016. Analyses using panel vector autoregression (P.V.A.R.) model, impulse response function (I.R.F.) and variance decomposition (V.D.C.) methods confirm that market power increases the profitability and the stability of banks the dual banking system while revenue diversification reduces them. Market power increases revenue diversification of banks. Segregating the sample of banks into emerging and developing countries, we find that positive impact of market power on profitability is stronger for emerg...

  • Islamic_banks_history,_stability_lessons_from_cooperative_banking_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Gulzar, Rosana; Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2021)

  • Islamic banking's profit-maximising fervour, building upon the use of interest-resembling products, has raised concerns about its Shariah authenticity and financial stability. While early Islamic economists envisioned an industry built on values of mutuality and participation, architects of Islamic banking have chosen to replicate interest-based conventional banking for the purpose of fast growth. This study has two objectives. First, to narrate the history of Islamic banking, from the theories postulated to the beginnings of the industry. This builds an understanding of why 'Islamic' banking operates as it does currently, which has implications for Shariah compliance and financial st...

  • Are_Islamic_banks_suffering_from_a_model_misfit_comparison_with_cooperative_banks_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Gulzar, Rosana; Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Abdul Kareem, Mohamed Ariff (2020)

  • For the first time, this study investigates whether, in mimicking conventional banks, Islamic banks have become less stable than their theoretical equivalent: cooperative banks in Europe. Theoretically, the prohibition of interest should have pushed Islamic banks towards mutuality and profit-sharing, which have been argued as stabilising. In practice, however, banks are pushed for growth under a debt-driven commercial banking model, which is not only antithetical to the Shariah but is also destabilising. This may explain why empirical findings are still divergent in Islamic banking stability studies. Our study employs the generalised method of moments (GMM) system to compare the stabi...

  • Islamic_banking_and_bank_performance_in_Malaysia_an_empirical_analysis_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2020)

  • This paper examines the performance of Malaysia's banking sector and its relationship to the presence of Islamic banking in the country. More specifically, by controlling for the theoretically relevant determinants of bank performance we compare the efficiency, profitability and risk of Islamic banks to conventional banks and examine the spillover effects of Islamic banking penetration on bank performance. To these ends, we adopt a panel modelling approach. Taking note that our focal variables comprise the timeinvariant Islamic banking dummy and potentially endogenous Islamic banking share, we apply the Hausman-Taylor (HT) instrumental-variable estimator in the analysis. Our results i...

  • Phd_Role_multinational_banks_international_transmission_financial_shocks_dual_banking_system_Naseem.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Bukhari, Naseem (2020)

  • In the last two decades, financial integration and financial liberalization has resulted into proliferation of multinational banks across the globe. This augmenting growth in multinational banking is proclaimed to enhance financial stability in host countries as they bring about competitiveness and efficiency, introduce best governance practices, superior risk management techniques, product innovation,and above all have parental support at their disposal in times of financial distress. However, at the same time these multinational banks with significant market share can destabilize host economies as they may not only intensify their domestic crises but may also become a source of tran...

  • PhD_The_effect_bank_concentration_financial_development_on_economic_growth_income_volatility_Edib_Smolo.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Smolo, Edib (2019)

  • Although the well-functioning financial structure is, in general, a key to long-term sustainable economic growth and overall stability, the debate on the relationship between financial development and economic growth remains non-fading. The theoretical literature provides startlingly different and sometimes conflicting views on the finance growth nexus. In addition to this non-fading debate on finance - growth nexus, the degree of banking competition attracted increasing attention in recent years. Banking consolidations, merger and acquisitions, fuelled by overall banking deregulations and the lowering of economic barriers led to structural changes within the banking and financial env...

  • Financial_intermediation_costs_in_a_dual_banking_system_the_role_of_Islamic_banking_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Siong, Hook Law (2019)

  • This paper empirically analyses the role of Islamic banking in financial intermediation costs as measured by net interest margins for a leading dual banking country, Malaysia. Controlling for theoretically motivated determinants of the margins, the paper compares the interest/financing margins of conventional and Islamic banks and examines the impacts of Islamic banking presence on bank margins. The analysis provides evidence of the higher margins of Islamic banks compared to those of conventional banks. Further, the difference in bank margins between the two types of banks can be attributed to differences in market power, operating costs, and diversification. Finally, Islamic banking...

  • The_impact_of_charter_values_on_bank_capital_in_Asia_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Daher, Hassan; Mohammed Masih, Abul Mansur; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • Recent theories suggest the relation between banks' charter values and capital buffers is nonlinear and a function of the value of the charter. Using novel threshold estimation techniques, we investigate this for a cross section of 239 commercial banks in 24 Asian economies during the 2008 crisis and post crisis periods. For the latter period, a negative relation seems to dominate for high charter value banks in Asia (excluding Middle East region). During crises, our results for advanced Asian economies are consistent with capital buffer theory. Our findings raise distinct policy implications for the regulation and supervision of Asian banks.

  • Capital_regulation_and_Islamic_banking_performance_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • This paper empirically assesses the relation between bank performance and capital regulation for Islamic banks from 13 countries and evaluates whether the relation varies with bank size, capital, and liquidity. We find small Islamic banks to be less stable and less profitable; they also cut lending growth as capital regulation becomes more stringent. The stability and lending growth of big Islamic banks are, however, directly related to capital regulation. Further, capital regulation adversely affects the profitability of Islamic banks with low liquidity and high capital holdings. While capital regulation is needed, it should not be adopted in a blanket manner for all Islamic banks.

  • Rethinking_Islamic_economics_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • The emergence of Islamic viewpoints on economic issues under the umbrella of Islamic economics has captivated much interest especially in its practical manifestation in Islamic banking and finance. In light of the failure of mainstream economics to address many pressing issues, and hence the need for alternative views, this paper offers assessments of Islamic economics whether (i) it is relevant to this need, (ii) it has progressed to the extent that it has been made to become relevant, and (iii) it is also in need of reform. While I argue that Islamic economics is relevant, it falls short of expectations on the second issue. The major reasons being: (a) the lack of progress in Islami...

  • PhD_The_effects_of_corporate_social_performance_on_credit_risk_Lutfi.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Abdul Razak, Ahmad Lutfi (2019)

  • In the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-2009 , there has been increased scrutiny in the way that credit rating agencies (CRAs) have conducted credit risk analysis. Through the UN-supported Principles for Responsible Investments (PRJ), a growing number of investors and CRAs have collaborated to enhance the systematic and transparent consideration of environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors in the assessment of corporate creditworthiness. While there exists a burgeoning literature that examines the relationship between corporate social performance (CSP) and credit risk, there are several prevailing issues. Firstly, previous studies of CSP have relied on measure...

  • Oil_macro_financial_linkages_evidence_from_the_GCC_countries_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2019)

  • We assess potential roles of recent oil price swings in macro-financial linkages for the case of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries using bank-level panel data from 2000-2016. Employing both dynamic panel and panel VAR modelling, we document evidence indicating significant implications of oil price changes on the GCC financial and real sectors and significant macro-financial linkages. The results are robust in suggesting favourable effects of positive oil price changes on bank profitability, credit growth and output growth. Likewise, we document robust evidence indicating immediate contraction in credit growth, deterioration in credit quality and decline in economic growth f...

  • Theoretical_impact_of_enhanced_musharakah_mutanaqisah_home_financing_Alam_Mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam; Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • This paper theoretically analyzes two alternative modes of home financing. The first mode is the conventional housing loan and the other is Enhanced Musharakah Mutanaqisah (EMM) home financing. Our results reveal the EMM based setting is superior to the conventional housing loans in at least two aspects. These are the prevention of house price inflation in all phases of economic business cycle and the smoothening of real estate cycles. This means that, under the EMM, the risk of real estate bubble formation is subdued, which should prove to be welfare improving.

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Asadov, Alam (2018)

  • Following the U.S. Subprime Crises of 2007-08, many developed countries went into deep recession. In the literature, there are many reasons provided as probable causes of the crisis. However, it is undeniable that the flaws of the conventional financial system and home financing methods are among the important sources of the crisis. In this thesis, we argue that the damage caused by the Subprime crisis may have been avoided to a considerable extent if true profit and loss sharing (PLS) based method of financing has been applied. In that regards, we suggest an improved version of Islamic home financing called the Enhanced Musharakah Mutanaqisah (EMM).

  • Islamic_economics_and_Islamic_finance_in_the_world_economy_mansor_nafis.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Alam, Nafis (2018)

  • This paper places the articles in this special issue in the contexts of Islamic economics and finance research. It highlights the foundations of Islamic economics, which are in practice manifested in Islamic finance. Then, the paper brings up three key issues in Islamic finance today: the Islamicity of Islamic banking, real contributions of Islamic finance, and Islamic finance in the present monetary framework. While there are some promising theoretical and empirical findings pointing to positive contributions of Islamic finance, there is still a need for Islamic finance to distinguish itself from the conventional finance and to further demonstrate its real effect

  • Bank_lending_deposits_and_risk_taking_in_times_of_crisis_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Rizvi, Syed Aun Raza (2018)

  • In this study, we conduct a panel analysis of Islamic and conventional banks to ascertain whether Islamic banks are able to sustain financing supply and whether its growth is higher than conventional bank lending growth in times of stress. For concreteness, we also assess whether the sustained financing supply of Islamic banks is justified by a concomitant increase in Islamic deposit growth and is not linked to excessive risk taking. Utilizing a panel sample of 25 Islamic banks and 114 conventional banks from 10 dual-banking countries, we observe sustained financing supply by Islamic banks but significant reduction in the lending growth by conventional banks during the crisis period. ...

  • Finance_and_inequality_in_eight_Asian_countries_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • The present paper seeks to assess the implications of increasing financial sector size on income inequality in eight Asian countries - Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea. Adopting a panel data approach, it document a non-linear relation between income inequality and financial sector size in these countries. More precisely, the increasing financial sector size is favourable to equal income distribution only up until a size threshold, beyond which further expansion of the financial sector can worsen income distribution. The analysis further highlights the income-equalizing effect of economic growth and infrastructure development and...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohamed Hassan, W Fatimatul Akmar (2018)

  • Islamic banking has been developing and expanding all around the world for the past decades and it continues to develop at an accelerated pace in some countries in recent years. However, the development of Islamic banking is unevenly distributed across the countries. Most of the Islamic banks are located in the Middle East and North African regions. Despite of the huge Muslim populations, some countries like Indonesia and Pakistan are still having a small share of Islamic bank asset as compared to those of the MENA region. This situation raises a question of what actually contributes to the development of Islamic banking. A vast number of literatures with regards to the financial deve...

  • trade_finance_complementarity_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H. (2018)

  • This paper examines the complementarity/substitutability of international trade and financial development in the mitigation of carbon emissions for a panel sample of 62 middle-income countries from 1991 to 2010. Applying the bias-corrected LSDV estimator, the paper yields interesting results. For the full sample, international trade and financial development play an interactive and complementary role in reducing CO2 intensity of energy use. That is, the environmental benefit of international trade is materialized only if a country has a well-developed financial market. Likewise, financial development is beneficial to the environment only in a highly open economy. Having stated these, ...

  • Islamic_banking_finance_beyond_comparison_investment_opportunities_mansor.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ibrahim, Mansor H.; Ebrahim, Muhammed-Shahid (2018)

  • Islamic finance as a field of research continues to be exciting and has been evolving with coverage that goes beyond mere comparison with conventional finance. With rapid development in Islamic banking to reach the status of being systematically important in many jurisdictions, the following questions seem pertinent: Should Islamic banking diversify to non-intermediation activities such that it can rival and become a truly alternative to conventional banking in the provision of banking services? How should Islamic banks structure their financing? And what are the financial and real impacts of Islamic banking? As for the Islamic stock markets, in light of on-going research and still in...