Assoc. Prof. Dr. Baharom Abdul Hamid
Qualification:Ph.D.in Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia. (2012)
Fields/Area of Specialization:Applied Macroeconomics, with strong interest in Economics of Crime;Natural Disaster;Military Expenditure;
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Baharom Abdul Hamid graduated with a PhD (Economics) from Universiti Putra Malaysia in 2012. He is an active researcher focusing on applied macro studies on non-niche economic areas and new horizons of research in applied economics, with strong interest in Economics of Crime, Natural Disaster and Military Expenditure. He is currently the Director for Research Management Centre (RMC).

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Top Country : Malaysia

Showing results 1 to 20 of 123
  • Competition_diversification_stability_the_Indonesia_banking_system_Baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mudeer Ahmed Khattak; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Muhammad Umar Islam; Mohsin Ali (2021)

  • We examine the impact of competition and portfolio diversification on banking stability for conventional and Islamic banks in Indonesia. We find that the Islamic banking sector is less stable, when compared to the conventional banking sector. Competition in the banking sector reduces stability, while diversification enhances it. We find that competition negatively impacts the Islamic banks, but diversification has no impact on these banks. An interesting finding is that competition and diversification complement each other in enhancing the stability of the Indonesian banking sector. These findings carry an important policy implication for the banking sector of Indonesia.

  • bank_risk_financial_development_evidence_form_dual_banking_countries_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Choudhary Wajahat Naeem Azmi; Mohsin Ali (2020)

  • This study examines the impact of financial development on bank risk-taking, measured as bank capitalization and bank income diversification. We observe the relationship using annual bank-level data from countries with dual-banking systems. The dataset spans from 2000 to 2014. Our results suggest that the impact of financial development on bank capitalization is heterogeneous across Islamic and conventional commercial banks. Moreover, the effect is different across listed and unlisted banks. However, on average, the response of income diversification to financial development is similar across most specifications. Additionally, bank risk is found to be countercyclical, suggesting that ...

  • damage_assessment_Kelantan_flooding_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Jaharudin Padli; Kamarul Md. Shah; Haslina Musa; Abu Talib Jasmi; Jusuh Ahmad; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2020)

  • This study will focus on assessing the total amount of damage and losses that has occurred during the 2014 flood disaster in Kelantan. The phenomenon of heavy rainfall during monsoon season is normal in Malaysia especially for the east coastal state areas between November to March every year. With the rainfall rate of 794mm which is 1.6 times higher than the average rainfall from the previous year, it has destroyed dwelling houses, animals, crops and also agricultural land. By using cross-sectional data analysis with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method on 686 respondents in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, the results showed that early warning indicators such as Short Message Services (SMS) and o...

  • Determinants_contributing_primary_market_spread_securitization_Malaysia_Baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ngau Duo Seng; Mohammed Hariri Bakri; Samer Ali Al Shami; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Nurazilah Zainal (2020)

  • During the year 1997, the Asian financial crisis disclosed the inherent weaknesses of the financial market in Asia. Organisations had an over-dependence to the banks as the primary sources of fund is one of the reasons why companies faced difficulty during the financial crisis. One of the factors that contributed to the financial crisis was that organizations failed to diversify their financing structure. It is to be noted that when organisations want to source for funds, they can either issue stocks, bonds or finance from banks locally or globally. Source capital from equity and borrowing through debt is considered difficult, expensive and will distort the financial leverage of the c...

  • Trade_off_between_health_and_wealth_Kinan et al.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Kinan Salim; Ziyaad Mahomed; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Noor Haini Akmal Abu Bakar; Wiaam Hassan; Shinaj Valangattil Shamsudheen (2020)

  • Recent statistics released by the IMF (Figure 1) provide a comparative on the significant impact that COVID-19, and the lockdown in fighting and containing the pandemic has on global economies. The IMF forecasts that the impact is expected to be more devastating than the growth experienced in the aftermath of the Global financial crisis in 2009. The Euro area is where the most severe impact is envisaged, with estimates of economic contraction at almost 8%. This is followed by the United States with an estimated contraction of 6% and Japan contracting slightly more than 5%. China and India are expected to post positive growth at 2% and 1% respectively.

  • High_time_for_Islamic_banks_to_show_they_are_indeed_value_based_intermediaries_Kinan et al.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Shinaj Valangattil Shamsudheen; Kinan Salim; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Ziyaad Mahomed; Noor Haini Akmal Abu Bakar; Wiaam Hassan (2020)

  • The novel COVID-19 pandemic has caused an unprecedented human crisis around the globe. The necessary actions implemented to contain the virus have sparked both economic and social downturn. It shows the fragility and unpreparedness of the economy to face such a pandemic. Significant weakening of economic conditions has escalated the pressure on households, businesses and financial markets. Governments all over the globe are in the process of formulating and implementing appropriate policies to continue economic activities amidst this turmoil. Financial institutions are obligated to respond towards the policies adopted by respective governments.

  • what_drives_financial_performance_general_takaful_companies_baharom_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mazhar Hallak Kantakji; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Syed Othman Alhabshi (2020)

  • This study aims to identify the internal and external factors affecting the financial performance of general takaful companies operating in Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, UAE, Qatar and Pakistan, using an unbalanced panel data set consisting of 53 companies. Data were hand-collected from the official financial reports of takaful companies. Two performance measures, namely, net investment income and investment yield, are used to capture the different aspects of the takaful investment operations. Based on relevant theory and literature, these measures are related to three economic variables, namely, GDP per capita, equity returns and interest rate, and four company-specific variables, namely, ...

  • nexus_between_oil_price_islamic_stock_markets_Africa_wavelet_multivariate-GARCH_approach_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Fatima Muhammad Abdulkarim; Is'haq Muhammad Mustapha; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Hamisu Sadi Ali (2020)

  • The goal of this paper is to address the relationship between crude oil-price changes on some selected African Islamic indices, using daily data from May 4, 2011, to January 25, 2018. We employed three main techniques: MODWT, CWT, and multivariate-GARCH-DCC, to analyze whether these markets have any diversification opportunities. Our findings reveal that, first, the results of MODWT shows Egyptian Islamic index leading all indices. Second, CWT results show that investors would gain diversification benefits in almost all markets (except South Africa) and enjoy the benefit that comes with long-term investments. Third, we observed low correlations between the Egyptian and Tunisian Islami...

  • Occupational_risk_the_urgency_for_frontliner_protection_Baharom_Ziyaad.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Ziyaad Mahomed; Shinaj Valangattil Shamsudheen; Wiaam Hassan (2020)

  • The Department of Labour in the US recently released their Covid-19 Occupational Risk Score. The statistics are based on their Purchasing Power Parity, the homogeneity of the job description and the risk of exposure to COVID-19. The figure above may be used to depict a more generic occupational risk correlated with salary grades, that are experienced internationally, including Malaysia. The Occupational Risk Score can be divided into four quadrants: i. high income-low risk, ii. high income-high risk, iii. low income-high risk, and iv. low income-low risk. Those with the highest exposure to infection include what is now termed as the 'frontliners'. These include doctors, nurses, and ot...

  • does_competition_make_banks_riskier_nafis_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nafis Alam; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Dyi Ting Tan (2019)

  • This paper investigates competition and risk-taking behaviour of Islamic banks taking a sample of 59 Islamic banks and 149 conventional banks from 10 highly developed Islamic banking countries between 2006 and 2016. The level of competitiveness between the two types of banks is determined using Lerner index and estimations show that Islamic banks have lower market power than conventional banks. After controlling all the bank and country-specific variables, the results show that competition and risk are positively related for the overall banking system and inversely related for Islamic banks which undoubtedly emphasize that inherent difference between risk-competition relationships amo...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Shabeer Khan (2019)

  • Although literature on shadow economy has been growing, the examination is scarce in the case of developing countries, especially the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) economies. In this study, we develop various testable hypotheses related to shadow economy. We investigate the determinants of shadow economy across a large sample of 141 countries and examine whether it varies across OIC (42) and non-OIC (99) countries. The average size of the shadow economy in OIC countries is 34.36% of gross domestic product (GDP) while it is 30.57% of GDP in non-OlC economies. The approach of exploring various definitions, historical development, types, Islamic viewpoint and the determining ...

  • PhD_Developing_and_examining_sustainability_business_model_for_Omani_MSMEs_Fatin.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Fatin Said Juma Al Zadjali (2019)

  • Sustainability has become an emerging topic that shapes how firms strategize to secure better business opportunities and financial performance. The recent increase in the number and market share of Environmental Social and Governance (ESG) and sustainable oriented firms whether large or small has intensified competition in this new industry. However, whether it pays to be sustainable in all market types is yet to be determined. The term 'one size fits all' does not apply to sustainability, since there are complexities that require addressing. The complexity of developing a model that is suitable enough to be called sustainable and legitimate enough to matter still requires intense del...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Syaryanti Hussin (2019)

  • One of important non-financial information to be disclosed by IFIs is the information related to environment, social and governance (ESG) matters. Solid ESG practices result in lower risk and better operational performance of firm. The increasing cases of corporate collapse over non-financial issues during the last decades have highlighted the importance of ESG disclosure. IFIs have been seen left behind in term of providing their stakeholders with enough information to the stakeholders' attached surrounding from environmental aspect. In addition of that , the study examines SC characteristics from SC size, SC meeting and international member on the linkages between governance mechani...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Muhammad Umar Islam (2019)

  • Globally, the awareness about sustainability has increased due to the lingering environment, social and governance-related issues. In this perspective, the role of social media and consumer awareness are important since they influence the corporate sector to care for sustainable development. Banks, being very important to the economy, contribute to sustainability through their internal (through governance, data security, etc.) and external (through environment-friendly loans , financial inclusion, etc.) practices. These practices are collectively called as environment, society, and governance (ESG) sustainability. ESG practices by banks are important since they operate on public funds...

  • mitigating_fatalities_damages_due_natural_disasters_baharom_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Jaharudin Padli; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Haslina Musa (2019)

  • Studies have shown that natural disasters could pose a spectrum of challenges to human development, especially in developing countries. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP, 2004) estimates that low human development countries accounted for more than half of reported casualties due to natural disasters for the last two decades. The study also estimates that nearly 85 percent of the people exposed to natural disasters live in either medium or low human development countries. Other related studies have shown that corrupted officials in poor countries would increase the vulnerability of these countries to natural disasters. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to investigate t...

  • re-estimation_modelling_shadow_economy_Malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Badariah H. Din; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2019)

  • The purpose of this study is to re-estimates the size of shadow economy in Malaysia and investigates the role play by the financial sector development in mitigating the size of shadow economy. Our results suggest that individual income tax burden has an impact on shadow economy in Malaysia; indicating that lower personal tax rate discourages people from participating in the shadow economy in Malaysia. On the other hand, increase in national income and government consumption also reduce shadow economy; while increase in misery increases shadow economy in Malaysia. One policy implication from this study is that the Malaysian government should embark on programs that can reduce the size ...

  • effects_shadow_economy_on_poverty_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Hesam Nikopour; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Badariah H. Din; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2019)

  • Poverty alleviation is at the top of the Millennium Development Goals' (MDGs) list of eight goals. In the year 2000, nearly all heads of states and governments met and reaffirmed their faith in the United Nations (UN) as necessary foundations of a more peaceful, prosperous and just world. At this meeting, the MDGs were adopted which the first goal is eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The question of how to finance poverty reduction measures has been a major concern for policy makers and international organizations for many years. Although it is useful to focus on the quantity and quality of foreign aid and development assistance of donor communities, it is not the solution. In the...

  • item.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Fatima Muhammad Abdulkarim; Abbas Mirakhor; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2019)

  • Income inequality is a serious problem confronting not only the developed world but also developing countries. Recently, financialization has been one of the culprits identified in literature as one of the cause of income inequality. This book offers the only detailed presentation of the how financialization aided the spread of income inequality in Organization of Islamic Cooperation, OIC countries. Finance has taking a center stage in the affairs of most developing economies, surpassing the real sector of the economy. The result is the creation of an indebted society in which people are comfortable with financing their financial needs through credit. This creates a debt laden society...

  • Does_the_tax_undermine_the_effect_of_remittances_on_shadow_economy_Friedrich_Shabeer_Baharom_Abidullah.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Friedrich Schneider; Shabeer Khan; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Abidullah Khan (2019)

  • There are considerable studies regarding the contribution of international migrants' remittances to economic growth while there is a lack of studies which investigate the effect of remittances on shadow economy. The authors explore empirically the effect of remittances and its interaction effect with tax on shadow economy by using panel data covering the period 2004-2015 and applying the GMM method for 141 countries. Their empirical model, in which a remittance-recipient government, operating in tax environment of some regimes (imposition of different levels and kinds of taxes), predicts a negative effect of remittances on shadow economy, is mitigated by a higher tax regime. In other ...

  • does_securitization_government_staff_personal_loan_perform_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Hariri Bakri; Nurayati Dabas; Shafinar Shafinar Ismail; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2018)

  • Malaysian firms have been reported to involve in Asset-Backed Securities since 1986s where Cagamas is a pioneer. The objective of this study to determine the primary market spread and analyze on firm financial performance. The methodology for this paper using regression analysis for the study period 2007-2012. They are three determinants that contribute and statistically significant for this research paper. The measurement of financial performance does not have any impact during subprime mortgage crisis. The firm results shows increasing profitability, reducing debt, stronger company value and shareholders earning better dividend.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Baharom Abdul Hamid
author picture
Qualification: Ph.D.in Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia. (2012)
Fields/Area of Specialization: Applied Macroeconomics, with strong interest in Economics of Crime;Natural Disaster;Military Expenditure;
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Baharom Abdul Hamid graduated with a PhD (Economics) from Universiti Putra Malaysia in 2012. He is an active researcher focusing on applied macro studies on non-niche economic areas and new horizons of research in applied economics, with strong interest in Economics of Crime, Natural Disaster and Military Expenditure. He is currently the Director for Research Management Centre (RMC).
Showing results 1 to 20 of 123
  • Competition_diversification_stability_the_Indonesia_banking_system_Baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mudeer Ahmed Khattak; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Muhammad Umar Islam; Mohsin Ali (2021)

  • We examine the impact of competition and portfolio diversification on banking stability for conventional and Islamic banks in Indonesia. We find that the Islamic banking sector is less stable, when compared to the conventional banking sector. Competition in the banking sector reduces stability, while diversification enhances it. We find that competition negatively impacts the Islamic banks, but diversification has no impact on these banks. An interesting finding is that competition and diversification complement each other in enhancing the stability of the Indonesian banking sector. These findings carry an important policy implication for the banking sector of Indonesia.

  • bank_risk_financial_development_evidence_form_dual_banking_countries_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Choudhary Wajahat Naeem Azmi; Mohsin Ali (2020)

  • This study examines the impact of financial development on bank risk-taking, measured as bank capitalization and bank income diversification. We observe the relationship using annual bank-level data from countries with dual-banking systems. The dataset spans from 2000 to 2014. Our results suggest that the impact of financial development on bank capitalization is heterogeneous across Islamic and conventional commercial banks. Moreover, the effect is different across listed and unlisted banks. However, on average, the response of income diversification to financial development is similar across most specifications. Additionally, bank risk is found to be countercyclical, suggesting that ...

  • damage_assessment_Kelantan_flooding_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Jaharudin Padli; Kamarul Md. Shah; Haslina Musa; Abu Talib Jasmi; Jusuh Ahmad; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2020)

  • This study will focus on assessing the total amount of damage and losses that has occurred during the 2014 flood disaster in Kelantan. The phenomenon of heavy rainfall during monsoon season is normal in Malaysia especially for the east coastal state areas between November to March every year. With the rainfall rate of 794mm which is 1.6 times higher than the average rainfall from the previous year, it has destroyed dwelling houses, animals, crops and also agricultural land. By using cross-sectional data analysis with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method on 686 respondents in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, the results showed that early warning indicators such as Short Message Services (SMS) and o...

  • Determinants_contributing_primary_market_spread_securitization_Malaysia_Baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Ngau Duo Seng; Mohammed Hariri Bakri; Samer Ali Al Shami; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Nurazilah Zainal (2020)

  • During the year 1997, the Asian financial crisis disclosed the inherent weaknesses of the financial market in Asia. Organisations had an over-dependence to the banks as the primary sources of fund is one of the reasons why companies faced difficulty during the financial crisis. One of the factors that contributed to the financial crisis was that organizations failed to diversify their financing structure. It is to be noted that when organisations want to source for funds, they can either issue stocks, bonds or finance from banks locally or globally. Source capital from equity and borrowing through debt is considered difficult, expensive and will distort the financial leverage of the c...

  • Trade_off_between_health_and_wealth_Kinan et al.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Kinan Salim; Ziyaad Mahomed; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Noor Haini Akmal Abu Bakar; Wiaam Hassan; Shinaj Valangattil Shamsudheen (2020)

  • Recent statistics released by the IMF (Figure 1) provide a comparative on the significant impact that COVID-19, and the lockdown in fighting and containing the pandemic has on global economies. The IMF forecasts that the impact is expected to be more devastating than the growth experienced in the aftermath of the Global financial crisis in 2009. The Euro area is where the most severe impact is envisaged, with estimates of economic contraction at almost 8%. This is followed by the United States with an estimated contraction of 6% and Japan contracting slightly more than 5%. China and India are expected to post positive growth at 2% and 1% respectively.

  • High_time_for_Islamic_banks_to_show_they_are_indeed_value_based_intermediaries_Kinan et al.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Shinaj Valangattil Shamsudheen; Kinan Salim; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Ziyaad Mahomed; Noor Haini Akmal Abu Bakar; Wiaam Hassan (2020)

  • The novel COVID-19 pandemic has caused an unprecedented human crisis around the globe. The necessary actions implemented to contain the virus have sparked both economic and social downturn. It shows the fragility and unpreparedness of the economy to face such a pandemic. Significant weakening of economic conditions has escalated the pressure on households, businesses and financial markets. Governments all over the globe are in the process of formulating and implementing appropriate policies to continue economic activities amidst this turmoil. Financial institutions are obligated to respond towards the policies adopted by respective governments.

  • what_drives_financial_performance_general_takaful_companies_baharom_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mazhar Hallak Kantakji; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Syed Othman Alhabshi (2020)

  • This study aims to identify the internal and external factors affecting the financial performance of general takaful companies operating in Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, UAE, Qatar and Pakistan, using an unbalanced panel data set consisting of 53 companies. Data were hand-collected from the official financial reports of takaful companies. Two performance measures, namely, net investment income and investment yield, are used to capture the different aspects of the takaful investment operations. Based on relevant theory and literature, these measures are related to three economic variables, namely, GDP per capita, equity returns and interest rate, and four company-specific variables, namely, ...

  • nexus_between_oil_price_islamic_stock_markets_Africa_wavelet_multivariate-GARCH_approach_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Fatima Muhammad Abdulkarim; Is'haq Muhammad Mustapha; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Hamisu Sadi Ali (2020)

  • The goal of this paper is to address the relationship between crude oil-price changes on some selected African Islamic indices, using daily data from May 4, 2011, to January 25, 2018. We employed three main techniques: MODWT, CWT, and multivariate-GARCH-DCC, to analyze whether these markets have any diversification opportunities. Our findings reveal that, first, the results of MODWT shows Egyptian Islamic index leading all indices. Second, CWT results show that investors would gain diversification benefits in almost all markets (except South Africa) and enjoy the benefit that comes with long-term investments. Third, we observed low correlations between the Egyptian and Tunisian Islami...

  • Occupational_risk_the_urgency_for_frontliner_protection_Baharom_Ziyaad.pdf.jpg
  • Newsletter & Bulletin


  • Authors: Baharom Abdul Hamid; Ziyaad Mahomed; Shinaj Valangattil Shamsudheen; Wiaam Hassan (2020)

  • The Department of Labour in the US recently released their Covid-19 Occupational Risk Score. The statistics are based on their Purchasing Power Parity, the homogeneity of the job description and the risk of exposure to COVID-19. The figure above may be used to depict a more generic occupational risk correlated with salary grades, that are experienced internationally, including Malaysia. The Occupational Risk Score can be divided into four quadrants: i. high income-low risk, ii. high income-high risk, iii. low income-high risk, and iv. low income-low risk. Those with the highest exposure to infection include what is now termed as the 'frontliners'. These include doctors, nurses, and ot...

  • does_competition_make_banks_riskier_nafis_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Nafis Alam; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Dyi Ting Tan (2019)

  • This paper investigates competition and risk-taking behaviour of Islamic banks taking a sample of 59 Islamic banks and 149 conventional banks from 10 highly developed Islamic banking countries between 2006 and 2016. The level of competitiveness between the two types of banks is determined using Lerner index and estimations show that Islamic banks have lower market power than conventional banks. After controlling all the bank and country-specific variables, the results show that competition and risk are positively related for the overall banking system and inversely related for Islamic banks which undoubtedly emphasize that inherent difference between risk-competition relationships amo...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Shabeer Khan (2019)

  • Although literature on shadow economy has been growing, the examination is scarce in the case of developing countries, especially the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) economies. In this study, we develop various testable hypotheses related to shadow economy. We investigate the determinants of shadow economy across a large sample of 141 countries and examine whether it varies across OIC (42) and non-OIC (99) countries. The average size of the shadow economy in OIC countries is 34.36% of gross domestic product (GDP) while it is 30.57% of GDP in non-OlC economies. The approach of exploring various definitions, historical development, types, Islamic viewpoint and the determining ...

  • PhD_Developing_and_examining_sustainability_business_model_for_Omani_MSMEs_Fatin.pdf.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Fatin Said Juma Al Zadjali (2019)

  • Sustainability has become an emerging topic that shapes how firms strategize to secure better business opportunities and financial performance. The recent increase in the number and market share of Environmental Social and Governance (ESG) and sustainable oriented firms whether large or small has intensified competition in this new industry. However, whether it pays to be sustainable in all market types is yet to be determined. The term 'one size fits all' does not apply to sustainability, since there are complexities that require addressing. The complexity of developing a model that is suitable enough to be called sustainable and legitimate enough to matter still requires intense del...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Syaryanti Hussin (2019)

  • One of important non-financial information to be disclosed by IFIs is the information related to environment, social and governance (ESG) matters. Solid ESG practices result in lower risk and better operational performance of firm. The increasing cases of corporate collapse over non-financial issues during the last decades have highlighted the importance of ESG disclosure. IFIs have been seen left behind in term of providing their stakeholders with enough information to the stakeholders' attached surrounding from environmental aspect. In addition of that , the study examines SC characteristics from SC size, SC meeting and international member on the linkages between governance mechani...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Muhammad Umar Islam (2019)

  • Globally, the awareness about sustainability has increased due to the lingering environment, social and governance-related issues. In this perspective, the role of social media and consumer awareness are important since they influence the corporate sector to care for sustainable development. Banks, being very important to the economy, contribute to sustainability through their internal (through governance, data security, etc.) and external (through environment-friendly loans , financial inclusion, etc.) practices. These practices are collectively called as environment, society, and governance (ESG) sustainability. ESG practices by banks are important since they operate on public funds...

  • mitigating_fatalities_damages_due_natural_disasters_baharom_et_al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Jaharudin Padli; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Haslina Musa (2019)

  • Studies have shown that natural disasters could pose a spectrum of challenges to human development, especially in developing countries. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP, 2004) estimates that low human development countries accounted for more than half of reported casualties due to natural disasters for the last two decades. The study also estimates that nearly 85 percent of the people exposed to natural disasters live in either medium or low human development countries. Other related studies have shown that corrupted officials in poor countries would increase the vulnerability of these countries to natural disasters. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to investigate t...

  • re-estimation_modelling_shadow_economy_Malaysia_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Badariah H. Din; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2019)

  • The purpose of this study is to re-estimates the size of shadow economy in Malaysia and investigates the role play by the financial sector development in mitigating the size of shadow economy. Our results suggest that individual income tax burden has an impact on shadow economy in Malaysia; indicating that lower personal tax rate discourages people from participating in the shadow economy in Malaysia. On the other hand, increase in national income and government consumption also reduce shadow economy; while increase in misery increases shadow economy in Malaysia. One policy implication from this study is that the Malaysian government should embark on programs that can reduce the size ...

  • effects_shadow_economy_on_poverty_baharom et al.pdf.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Hesam Nikopour; Muzafar Shah Habibullah; Badariah H. Din; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2019)

  • Poverty alleviation is at the top of the Millennium Development Goals' (MDGs) list of eight goals. In the year 2000, nearly all heads of states and governments met and reaffirmed their faith in the United Nations (UN) as necessary foundations of a more peaceful, prosperous and just world. At this meeting, the MDGs were adopted which the first goal is eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The question of how to finance poverty reduction measures has been a major concern for policy makers and international organizations for many years. Although it is useful to focus on the quantity and quality of foreign aid and development assistance of donor communities, it is not the solution. In the...

  • item.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Fatima Muhammad Abdulkarim; Abbas Mirakhor; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2019)

  • Income inequality is a serious problem confronting not only the developed world but also developing countries. Recently, financialization has been one of the culprits identified in literature as one of the cause of income inequality. This book offers the only detailed presentation of the how financialization aided the spread of income inequality in Organization of Islamic Cooperation, OIC countries. Finance has taking a center stage in the affairs of most developing economies, surpassing the real sector of the economy. The result is the creation of an indebted society in which people are comfortable with financing their financial needs through credit. This creates a debt laden society...

  • Does_the_tax_undermine_the_effect_of_remittances_on_shadow_economy_Friedrich_Shabeer_Baharom_Abidullah.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Friedrich Schneider; Shabeer Khan; Baharom Abdul Hamid; Abidullah Khan (2019)

  • There are considerable studies regarding the contribution of international migrants' remittances to economic growth while there is a lack of studies which investigate the effect of remittances on shadow economy. The authors explore empirically the effect of remittances and its interaction effect with tax on shadow economy by using panel data covering the period 2004-2015 and applying the GMM method for 141 countries. Their empirical model, in which a remittance-recipient government, operating in tax environment of some regimes (imposition of different levels and kinds of taxes), predicts a negative effect of remittances on shadow economy, is mitigated by a higher tax regime. In other ...

  • does_securitization_government_staff_personal_loan_perform_baharom.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Mohammed Hariri Bakri; Nurayati Dabas; Shafinar Shafinar Ismail; Baharom Abdul Hamid (2018)

  • Malaysian firms have been reported to involve in Asset-Backed Securities since 1986s where Cagamas is a pioneer. The objective of this study to determine the primary market spread and analyze on firm financial performance. The methodology for this paper using regression analysis for the study period 2007-2012. They are three determinants that contribute and statistically significant for this research paper. The measurement of financial performance does not have any impact during subprime mortgage crisis. The firm results shows increasing profitability, reducing debt, stronger company value and shareholders earning better dividend.