Prof. Dr. Zulkarnain Muhamad Sori
Qualification:PhD, Corporate Governance and Auditing, Cardiff University, UK (2005).
Fields/Area of Specialization:Accounting, Auditing, Corporate Governance, Entrepreneurship, Finance and Takaful
Prof. Dr. Zulkarnain Muhammad Sori begin his academic career in 1999 after serving the industry for almost 5 years (i.e. in local and international organizations). He earned his PhD degree in Corporate Governance and Auditing from Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University, United Kingdom in 2005. His research and academic duties focus on Accounting and Finance disciplines with concentration on the following areas: Corporate Governance, Auditing, Financial Accounting, Ethics, Applied Finance, Financial Reporting, Entrepreneurship and Takaful. He currently serves as Deputy Director for BNP-Paribas-INCEIF Centre for Islamic Asset and Wealth Management.

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Showing results 1 to 10 of 87
  • chapter 2_comparison_MASB_AAOIFI_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2019)

  • This chapter provides new findings to accounting and finance literature, where, it compares the conceptual framework of both of the MASB- and the AAOIFI- in the context of financial reporting of Islamic financial institutions (IFls). The conceptual framework or some authors referred as "accounting constitution" set the tone for a consistent accounting standards and become a reference point for developing future standards for financial accounting and reporting (Barker et al., 2014; Abela et al., 2014; Holzmann & Munter, 2014 (Sutton et al., 2015; Gebhardt et aI., 2014; Norby, 1977; Gore & Zimmerman, 2007). In this context, more than 120 countries (including major players in Islamic fin...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Hussin, Syaryanti (2019)

  • One of important non-financial information to be disclosed by IFIs is the information related to environment, social and governance (ESG) matters. Solid ESG practices result in lower risk and better operational performance of firm. The increasing cases of corporate collapse over non-financial issues during the last decades have highlighted the importance of ESG disclosure. IFIs have been seen left behind in term of providing their stakeholders with enough information to the stakeholders' attached surrounding from environmental aspect. In addition of that , the study examines SC characteristics from SC size, SC meeting and international member on the linkages between governance mechani...

  • chapter 4_revenue_recognition_Islamic_banks_Zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2019)

  • Accounting for revenue recognition has been a subject of interest for regulators and other market participants. The interest stems from the fact that revenue forms the greatest single item in the financial statements (FASB, 2002 , p. 1). Indeed, aggressive revenue recognition has always been associated with corporate financial scandals like Enron, Worldcom and Parmalat. It has been used to mask firms' real performance with the aim of preventing shareholders and stakeholders from scrutinizing their financial performance and other wrongdoings. The Securities and Exchange Commission in the US documented that mistake in revenue recognition as the lead issue in "financial reporting errors"...

  • chapter 3_analysis_accounting_Islamic_perspectives_Zulkarnain_Nurazleena.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ismail, Nurazleena (2019)

  • This chapter provides a discussion of a study that examines accounting in Islamic perspectives. The discussion includes an overview of the development of Islamic finance, accounting in Islamic perspectives, decision usefulness, stewardship, accountability, financial measurement, disclosure and presentation and four key accounting assumptions, namely 'substance over form', 'time value of money', 'fair value' measurement and 'recognition based on probability', which serve as important guides to preparers of financial information ...

  • contemporary issues in financial reporting_zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Abdul Wahab, Sazali; Al Homsi, Mahmoud (2019)

  • This book presents contemporary issues in financial reporting of Islamic financial institutions. Two key areas are covered namely, accounting for Islamic financial transactions and shariah governance. The main motivation to publish this book is to share our understanding on the unique nature of Islamic finance industry and the approach taken in accounting and reporting of Islamic financial transactions. Also, the book illustrate the importance of shariah governance in ensuring end-to-end shariah compliance. This book is to provide a practical guidance to researchers, industry practitioners and the other stakeholders.

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohd Daud, Mohd Ariff (2019)

  • The provision of shelter is a fundamental human right as implied in the Maqasid al-Shari'ah, hence Islamic finance should provide avenues to facilitate society in buying affordable homes. This challenge covers the funding aspect of affordable housing development albeit other critical challenges associated such as high land cost, compliance and construction cost, and developers' profit margin. The issue is that market forces dictate property prices that many cannot afford; hence lack of affordable housing is a serious issue being faced by major cities around the globe, including Malaysia. As the public resort to government assistance for policy change to support more affordable housing...

  • perceived_public_accounts_committee_independence_zulkarnain et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Zainal Abidin, Zaharuddin; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Mat Daud, Zaidi; Senik, Rosmila (2019)

  • The objective of the study is to examine perceived Public Account Committee's (PAC) independence from the perspective of PAC members and non-PAC members. The findings indicate that for the PAC to be independence, it should be free from any form of interference from any party when exercising and conducting its responsibilities. The PAC must be free to select any topic or issue to be examined that they think important and involves the public interest. However, being independent can also be seen as a way of gaining political mileage for PAC members and also gives advantages to the opposition members too. Overall, the independence of the PAC is still debatable judging from the decision an...

  • view_practice_stock_market_reaction_sukuk_credit_rating_changes_Malaysia_zulkarnain_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; AlHomsi, Mahmoud (2019)

  • Documented evidence on conventional bond markets shows negative market reaction to bond credit rating downgrade and no reaction to credit rating upgrade. Despite the fact that sukuk issuances make up more than 58.8% of the value of outstanding bonds in the country and Malaysia issues at least half of the world's sukuk and is widely recognized as a leader in the sukuk space, there is no documented evidence on the stock market reaction to sukuk credit rating changes. This study analyzed the wealth effect of sukuk credit rating changes in Malaysia using 16 sukuk upgrades and 20 sukuk downgrades for the period 2000-2014. The evidence shows negative market reaction to downgrades and positi...

  • chapter 9_shariah_committees_shariah_governance_Zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This chapter discusses some challenges of Shariah Committees In Islamic financial institutions in dispensing their responsibilities in mitigating the non-compliance risks. The concept of shariah governance has its foundation in the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Shariah (which literally means "the way") is the divinely ordained guidelines of conduct for Muslims in all aspects of their life, which includes financial matters. Any form of transaction, irrespective of financial or otherwise, must be free of any element of injustice to the transacting parties. For financial transactions, any elemerit or form of activity that could be construed as 'riba' or injustice to any of the participants in t...

  • chapter 8_application_Shariah_governance_framework_Islamic_financial_institutions_Zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This chapter provides discussion on a study that investigates the perceptions on shariah governance practices among Malaysian Islamic financial institutions. The chapter explores the effectiveness of implementation of Shariah Governance Framework among Malaysian IFIs with the focus on their level of commitment, the challenges and suggestions to further improve the effectiveness of implementation of this framework. The system of corporate control, effective and efficient governance that is consistent with shariah guidance has been an important agenda for Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) since the existence ofIslamic Finance in Malaysia. This is especially important in light of rap...

Prof. Dr. Zulkarnain Muhamad Sori
author picture
Qualification: PhD, Corporate Governance and Auditing, Cardiff University, UK (2005).
Fields/Area of Specialization: Accounting, Auditing, Corporate Governance, Entrepreneurship, Finance and Takaful
Prof. Dr. Zulkarnain Muhammad Sori begin his academic career in 1999 after serving the industry for almost 5 years (i.e. in local and international organizations). He earned his PhD degree in Corporate Governance and Auditing from Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University, United Kingdom in 2005. His research and academic duties focus on Accounting and Finance disciplines with concentration on the following areas: Corporate Governance, Auditing, Financial Accounting, Ethics, Applied Finance, Financial Reporting, Entrepreneurship and Takaful. He currently serves as Deputy Director for BNP-Paribas-INCEIF Centre for Islamic Asset and Wealth Management.
Showing results 1 to 10 of 87
  • chapter 2_comparison_MASB_AAOIFI_Zulkarnain_Shamsher.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad (2019)

  • This chapter provides new findings to accounting and finance literature, where, it compares the conceptual framework of both of the MASB- and the AAOIFI- in the context of financial reporting of Islamic financial institutions (IFls). The conceptual framework or some authors referred as "accounting constitution" set the tone for a consistent accounting standards and become a reference point for developing future standards for financial accounting and reporting (Barker et al., 2014; Abela et al., 2014; Holzmann & Munter, 2014 (Sutton et al., 2015; Gebhardt et aI., 2014; Norby, 1977; Gore & Zimmerman, 2007). In this context, more than 120 countries (including major players in Islamic fin...

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Hussin, Syaryanti (2019)

  • One of important non-financial information to be disclosed by IFIs is the information related to environment, social and governance (ESG) matters. Solid ESG practices result in lower risk and better operational performance of firm. The increasing cases of corporate collapse over non-financial issues during the last decades have highlighted the importance of ESG disclosure. IFIs have been seen left behind in term of providing their stakeholders with enough information to the stakeholders' attached surrounding from environmental aspect. In addition of that , the study examines SC characteristics from SC size, SC meeting and international member on the linkages between governance mechani...

  • chapter 4_revenue_recognition_Islamic_banks_Zulkarnain.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain (2019)

  • Accounting for revenue recognition has been a subject of interest for regulators and other market participants. The interest stems from the fact that revenue forms the greatest single item in the financial statements (FASB, 2002 , p. 1). Indeed, aggressive revenue recognition has always been associated with corporate financial scandals like Enron, Worldcom and Parmalat. It has been used to mask firms' real performance with the aim of preventing shareholders and stakeholders from scrutinizing their financial performance and other wrongdoings. The Securities and Exchange Commission in the US documented that mistake in revenue recognition as the lead issue in "financial reporting errors"...

  • chapter 3_analysis_accounting_Islamic_perspectives_Zulkarnain_Nurazleena.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ismail, Nurazleena (2019)

  • This chapter provides a discussion of a study that examines accounting in Islamic perspectives. The discussion includes an overview of the development of Islamic finance, accounting in Islamic perspectives, decision usefulness, stewardship, accountability, financial measurement, disclosure and presentation and four key accounting assumptions, namely 'substance over form', 'time value of money', 'fair value' measurement and 'recognition based on probability', which serve as important guides to preparers of financial information ...

  • contemporary issues in financial reporting_zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Abdul Wahab, Sazali; Al Homsi, Mahmoud (2019)

  • This book presents contemporary issues in financial reporting of Islamic financial institutions. Two key areas are covered namely, accounting for Islamic financial transactions and shariah governance. The main motivation to publish this book is to share our understanding on the unique nature of Islamic finance industry and the approach taken in accounting and reporting of Islamic financial transactions. Also, the book illustrate the importance of shariah governance in ensuring end-to-end shariah compliance. This book is to provide a practical guidance to researchers, industry practitioners and the other stakeholders.

  • item.jpg
  • PhD


  • Authors: Mohd Daud, Mohd Ariff (2019)

  • The provision of shelter is a fundamental human right as implied in the Maqasid al-Shari'ah, hence Islamic finance should provide avenues to facilitate society in buying affordable homes. This challenge covers the funding aspect of affordable housing development albeit other critical challenges associated such as high land cost, compliance and construction cost, and developers' profit margin. The issue is that market forces dictate property prices that many cannot afford; hence lack of affordable housing is a serious issue being faced by major cities around the globe, including Malaysia. As the public resort to government assistance for policy change to support more affordable housing...

  • perceived_public_accounts_committee_independence_zulkarnain et al.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Zainal Abidin, Zaharuddin; Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Mat Daud, Zaidi; Senik, Rosmila (2019)

  • The objective of the study is to examine perceived Public Account Committee's (PAC) independence from the perspective of PAC members and non-PAC members. The findings indicate that for the PAC to be independence, it should be free from any form of interference from any party when exercising and conducting its responsibilities. The PAC must be free to select any topic or issue to be examined that they think important and involves the public interest. However, being independent can also be seen as a way of gaining political mileage for PAC members and also gives advantages to the opposition members too. Overall, the independence of the PAC is still debatable judging from the decision an...

  • view_practice_stock_market_reaction_sukuk_credit_rating_changes_Malaysia_zulkarnain_shamsher.pdf.jpg
  • Journal Article


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; AlHomsi, Mahmoud (2019)

  • Documented evidence on conventional bond markets shows negative market reaction to bond credit rating downgrade and no reaction to credit rating upgrade. Despite the fact that sukuk issuances make up more than 58.8% of the value of outstanding bonds in the country and Malaysia issues at least half of the world's sukuk and is widely recognized as a leader in the sukuk space, there is no documented evidence on the stock market reaction to sukuk credit rating changes. This study analyzed the wealth effect of sukuk credit rating changes in Malaysia using 16 sukuk upgrades and 20 sukuk downgrades for the period 2000-2014. The evidence shows negative market reaction to downgrades and positi...

  • chapter 9_shariah_committees_shariah_governance_Zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This chapter discusses some challenges of Shariah Committees In Islamic financial institutions in dispensing their responsibilities in mitigating the non-compliance risks. The concept of shariah governance has its foundation in the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Shariah (which literally means "the way") is the divinely ordained guidelines of conduct for Muslims in all aspects of their life, which includes financial matters. Any form of transaction, irrespective of financial or otherwise, must be free of any element of injustice to the transacting parties. For financial transactions, any elemerit or form of activity that could be construed as 'riba' or injustice to any of the participants in t...

  • chapter 8_application_Shariah_governance_framework_Islamic_financial_institutions_Zulkarnain et al.jpg.jpg
  • Chapter in Book


  • Authors: Muhamad Sori, Zulkarnain; Ramadili Mohd, Shamsher Mohamad; Mohd Rasid, Mohamed Eskandar Shah (2019)

  • This chapter provides discussion on a study that investigates the perceptions on shariah governance practices among Malaysian Islamic financial institutions. The chapter explores the effectiveness of implementation of Shariah Governance Framework among Malaysian IFIs with the focus on their level of commitment, the challenges and suggestions to further improve the effectiveness of implementation of this framework. The system of corporate control, effective and efficient governance that is consistent with shariah guidance has been an important agenda for Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) since the existence ofIslamic Finance in Malaysia. This is especially important in light of rap...